There is often a need in the open source or active developer community to publish large video segments online. (Meet-up videos, campouts, tech talks...) Being that I am a developer and not a videographer I have no desire to fork out the extra scratch on a premium Vimeo account. How then do I take a 12.5 GB (1:20:00) MPEG tech talk video and slice it into 00:10:00 segments for easy uploading to video sharing sites?


11 Answers 11


Here is the one line solution:

ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -c copy -map 0 -segment_time 00:20:00 -f segment output%03d.mp4

Please note that this does not give you accurate splits, but should fit your needs. It will instead cut at the first frame after the time specified after segment_time, in the code above it would be after the 20 minute mark.

If you find that only the first chunk is playable, try adding -reset_timestamps 1 as mentioned in the comments.

ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -c copy -map 0 -segment_time 00:20:00 -f segment -reset_timestamps 1 output%03d.mp4
  • 15
    It actually gives you very accurate splits, if you value video quality. Rather than splitting based on a particular time, it splits on the nearest keyframe following the requested time, so each new segment always starts with a keyframe.
    – Malvineous
    Commented Feb 25, 2017 at 6:51
  • 4
    what are the units? 8s? 8min? 8h? Commented Mar 20, 2017 at 20:58
  • 1
    @user1133275 its second
    – Jon
    Commented Mar 20, 2017 at 21:11
  • 6
    On Mac, I found that this resulted in N output video chunks but only the 1st of them was a valid, viewable MP4. The other N-1 chunks were blank video (all black) with no audio. To make it work, I needed to add the reset_timestamps flag like so: ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -c copy -map 0 -segment_time 8 -f segment -reset_timestamps 1 output%03d.mp4.
    – jarmod
    Commented Jun 5, 2017 at 15:32
  • 27
    found that adding -reset_timestamps 1 fixes the issue for me
    – jlarsch
    Commented Oct 30, 2017 at 8:27
$ ffmpeg -i source-file.foo -ss    0 -t 600  first-10-min.m4v
$ ffmpeg -i source-file.foo -ss  600 -t 600 second-10-min.m4v
$ ffmpeg -i source-file.foo -ss 1200 -t 600  third-10-min.m4v

Wrapping this up into a script to do it in a loop wouldn't be hard.

Beware that if you try to calculate the number of iterations based on the duration output from an ffprobe call that this is estimated from the average bit rate at the start of the clip and the clip's file size unless you give the -count_frames argument, which slows its operation considerably.

Another thing to be aware of is that the position of the -ss option on the command line matters. Where I have it now is slow but accurate. The linked article describes fast-but-inaccurate and slower-but-still-accurate alternative formulations. You pay for the latter with a certain complexity.

All that aside, I don't think you really want to be cutting at exactly 10 minutes for each clip. That will put cuts right in the middle of sentences, even words. I think you should be using a video editor or player to find natural cut points just shy of 10 minutes apart.

Assuming your file is in a format that YouTube can accept directly, you don't have to reencode to get segments. Just pass the natural cut point offsets to ffmpeg, telling it to pass the encoded A/V through untouched by using the "copy" codec:

$ ffmpeg -i source.m4v -ss       0 -t  593.3 -c copy part1.m4v
$ ffmpeg -i source.m4v -ss   593.3 -t 551.64 -c copy part2.m4v
$ ffmpeg -i source.m4v -ss 1144.94 -t 581.25 -c copy part3.m4v

The -c copy argument tells it to copy all input streams (audio, video, and potentially others, such as subtitles) into the output as-is. For simple A/V programs, it is equivalent to the more verbose flags -c:v copy -c:a copy or the old-style flags -vcodec copy -acodec copy. You would use the more verbose style when you want to copy only one of the streams, but re-encode the other. For example, many years ago there was a common practice with QuickTime files to compress the video with H.264 video but leave the audio as uncompressed PCM; if you ran across such a file today, you could modernize it with -c:v copy -c:a aac to reprocess just the audio stream, leaving the video untouched.

The start point for every command above after the first is the previous command's start point plus the previous command's duration.

  • 2
    "cutting at exactly 10 minutes for each clip" is a good point.
    – Chris
    Commented Sep 7, 2010 at 11:42
  • maybe by using the -show_packets param you can make it more accurate.
    – rogerdpack
    Commented Jun 13, 2011 at 21:36
  • how to put above in a loop?
    – kRazzy R
    Commented Dec 6, 2017 at 19:32
  • i Use this cmd ya it split into right but Now the video and audio are not on SYNC any help Commented Mar 16, 2018 at 6:08
  • @SunilChaudhary: A/V file formats are complex and not all software implements them the same way, so that the information ffmpeg needs to maintain synchronization between the audio and video streams might not be present in the source file. If this is happening to you, there are more complicated methods of splitting that avoid the problem. Commented Mar 16, 2018 at 21:32

An Alternate more readable way would be

ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -ss 00:00:00 -to 00:10:00 -c copy output1.mp4
ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -ss 00:10:00 -to 00:20:00 -c copy output2.mp4

* -i  input file
* -ss start time in seconds or in hh:mm:ss
* -to end time in seconds or in hh:mm:ss
* -c codec to use

Here's the source and list of Commonly used FFmpeg commands.


Just use what is built into ffmpeg to do exactly this.

ffmpeg -i invid.mp4 -threads 3 \
       -vcodec copy -f segment -segment_time 10:00 \
       -reset_timestamps 1 \

This will split it into roughly 10-minute chunks, split at the relevant keyframes, and will output to the files cam_out_h264_01.mp4, cam_out_h264_02.mp4, etc.

  • Not sure I understand why is this answer down voted. It seems to work fine.
    – Costin
    Commented Aug 23, 2019 at 10:21
  • This is the best solution! The only issue is that the timestamps are the same as the old timestamps, so at file 0004 it starts at 4 * segment_time seconds.
    – Jasper
    Commented May 24, 2020 at 15:58
  • 6
    @Jasper you can use the --reset_timestamps flag to undo that Commented Jul 6, 2021 at 1:03

If you want to create really same Chunks must force ffmpeg to create i-frame on the every chunks' first frame so you can use this command for create 0.5 second chunk.

ffmpeg -hide_banner  -err_detect ignore_err -i input.mp4 -r 24 -codec:v libx264  -vsync 1  -codec:a aac  -ac 2  -ar 48k  -f segment   -preset fast  -segment_format mpegts  -segment_time 0.5 -force_key_frames  "expr: gte(t, n_forced * 0.5)" out%d.mkv
  • This should be the accepted answer. Thanks for sharing mate! Commented Jul 21, 2019 at 7:02
  • 1
    @StephanAhlf: Usually you want to avoid re-encoding, both for quality and CPU usage. It's only worth doing this if you really need exact split points and there aren't already I-frames there in the original. This also has a bunch of arbitrary choices for options, like forcing a frame-rate of exactly 24 FPS, not 24000/1001, and libx264's defaults of CRF23, plus a lower-quality preset fast, and FFmpeg's low-quality aac built-in encoder with 48k bitrate. Commented Jan 8, 2022 at 15:12
  • 1
    there's to much in this command without explanation for being a good answer Commented Jun 11, 2022 at 23:20

Faced the same problem earlier and put together a simple Python script to do just that (using FFMpeg). Available here: https://github.com/c0decracker/video-splitter, and pasted below:

#!/usr/bin/env python
import subprocess
import re
import math
from optparse import OptionParser
length_regexp = 'Duration: (\d{2}):(\d{2}):(\d{2})\.\d+,'
re_length = re.compile(length_regexp)
def main():
    (filename, split_length) = parse_options()
    if split_length <= 0:
        print "Split length can't be 0"
        raise SystemExit
    output = subprocess.Popen("ffmpeg -i '"+filename+"' 2>&1 | grep 'Duration'",
                              shell = True,
                              stdout = subprocess.PIPE
    print output
    matches = re_length.search(output)
    if matches:
        video_length = int(matches.group(1)) * 3600 + \
                       int(matches.group(2)) * 60 + \
        print "Video length in seconds: "+str(video_length)
        print "Can't determine video length."
        raise SystemExit
    split_count = int(math.ceil(video_length/float(split_length)))
    if(split_count == 1):
        print "Video length is less then the target split length."
        raise SystemExit
    split_cmd = "ffmpeg -i '"+filename+"' -vcodec copy "
    for n in range(0, split_count):
        split_str = ""
        if n == 0:
            split_start = 0
            split_start = split_length * n
            split_str += " -ss "+str(split_start)+" -t "+str(split_length) + \
                         " '"+filename[:-4] + "-" + str(n) + "." + filename[-3:] + \
    print "About to run: "+split_cmd+split_str
    output = subprocess.Popen(split_cmd+split_str, shell = True, stdout =
def parse_options():
    parser = OptionParser()
    parser.add_option("-f", "--file",
                      dest = "filename",
                      help = "file to split, for example sample.avi",
                      type = "string",
                      action = "store"
    parser.add_option("-s", "--split-size",
                      dest = "split_size",
                      help = "split or chunk size in seconds, for example 10",
                      type = "int",
                      action = "store"
    (options, args) = parser.parse_args()
    if options.filename and options.split_size:
        return (options.filename, options.split_size)
        raise SystemExit
if __name__ == '__main__':
    except Exception, e:
        print "Exception occured running main():"
        print str(e)
  • 1
    Next time do this please in a comment. Link-only answers aren't really liked here, and the same if you advert your site. If it is an opensource project with source code, maybe it is an exception, but I now risked my reviewing privileges by not voting for the removal of your answer. And yes, you can't post comments, but after you collected 5 upvotes (which seems very fast in your case) you will.
    – peterh
    Commented Nov 21, 2014 at 0:40
  • 3
    Hi and welcome to the site. Please don't post link only answers. While your script itself would probably make a great answer, a link to it is not an answer. It is a signpost pointing to an answer. More on that here. Since you kindly gave the link, I went ahead and included the script in the body of your answer. If you object to that, please delete the answer altogether.
    – terdon
    Commented Nov 21, 2014 at 1:54
  • @terdon, you probably shouldn't have done that without specific permission to redistribute as Creative Commons. The source has the Apache licence, which doesn't automatically confer that right. Commented Jul 12, 2021 at 6:46
  • @TobySpeight the OP is the author of the tool. If they objected, they would have removed it and without the code, the answer would have been deleted.
    – terdon
    Commented Jul 12, 2021 at 8:29
  • Yes, but you'd still have infringed the licence. In this case, it appears you got away with that. Commented Jul 12, 2021 at 10:27

Note the exact punctuation of the alternative format is -ss mm:ss.xxx. I struggled for hours trying to use the intuitive-but-wrong mm:ss:xx to no avail.

$ man ffmpeg | grep -C1 position

-ss position
Seek to given time position in seconds. "hh:mm:ss[.xxx]" syntax is also supported.

References here and here.

  • 1
    For the record, 01:00:00 is 1 hour. You can have fractional sections as part of the h:m:s. Commented Jan 8, 2022 at 15:15
ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -force_key_frames expr:gte(t,n_forced*600) -f segment -segment_time 600 -reset_timestamps 1 -map 0 -segment_format_options movflags=+faststart output_%03d.mp4

To split the video more accurately, you can use the -force_key_frames option to specify keyframes at the desired split points.

  • -f segment -segment_time 600 sets the segment length
  • gte(t, n_forced*600): This is the expression itself, where:
    • t represents the current time of the video frame being processed.
    • n_forced represents the number of keyframes that have been forced so far.
    • *600 multiplies n_forced by 600, which is the time interval in seconds.

if [ "X$1" == "X" ]; then
    echo "No file name for split, exiting ..."
    exit 1

if [ ! -f "$1" ]; then
    echo "The file '$1' doesn't exist. exiting ..."
    exit 1

duration=$(ffmpeg -i "$1" 2>&1 | grep Duration | sed 's/^.*Duration: \(.*\)\..., start.*$/\1/' | awk -F: '{ print ($1 * 3600) + ($2 * 60) + $3 }')      #'


while [ ${time} -le ${duration} ]; do

echo    ffmpeg -i "$1" -vcodec copy -ss ${time} -t ${split_time} "${filename}-${part}.${postfix}"
    (( part++ ))
    (( time = time + split_time ))


One line solution

for i in {3..100}; do ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -ss $(($((i))*600)) -t $(($((i+1))*600)) $i.mp4 ; done;

  • 2
    Welcome to the site, and thank your for your contribution. Please note that it is not necessary to have nested $((...)) constructs, $(( i*600 )) or $(( (i+1)*600 )) are totally fine. Also, it is good practice to double-quote parameter expansions, as in "$i.mp4" (although in your example there is little danger of unwanted word-splitting).
    – AdminBee
    Commented Sep 24, 2020 at 7:13

Please have a look into below command

fun trim(): Array<String?>{
        val cmdList = ArrayList<String>()
        var cmds: Array<String?>? = null




            cmds = arrayOfNulls<String>(cmdList.size)

        }catch (e:Exception){
        return cmds!!
  • 2
    Welcome to the site, and thank you for your contribution. You may want to add some explanation on what this command does and how to use it to solve the OPs problem.
    – AdminBee
    Commented Jun 23, 2021 at 11:25
  • 2
    What language is that, and why did you choose it instead of an ordinary shell for running commands? Commented Jun 24, 2021 at 10:29
  • @TobySpeight looks like Kotlin, and it's unusual because all it does is create an argv for launching ffmpeg and doesn't launch it itself in a subprocess or other such mechanism
    – moshbear
    Commented Jul 12, 2021 at 6:28

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