I'm running nginx, PHP-FPM and MySQL on Debian Wheezy. I've set up chroot jails (with debootstrap) for each individual virtual host in /srv/. Everything is working like one would expect, but after each reboot I had to manually mount --bind /proc /srv/chrootjail/proc and mount --bind /run/mysqld /srv/chrootjail/run/mysqld.

This is why I added the following lines to /etc/fstab:

/proc       /srv/chrootjail/proc       none rw,bind 0 0
/run/mysqld /srv/chrootjail/run/mysqld none rw,bind 0 0

/srv/chrootjail/proc gets mounted properly, but /srv/chrootjail/run/mysqld does not and I can't find the reason why. /srv/chrootjail/run/mysqld just remains empty, although there are files in /run/mysqld. However, mount -a fixes the problem. For obvious reasons this is not the solution I was hoping for.

Does anyone see what I'm doing wrong here?

  • 1
    Do you mount anything on /run in the chroot? It could be something like /srv/chrootjail/run/mysqld is mounted and then something is mounted at /srv/chrootjail/run shadowing it. Commented Nov 9, 2014 at 8:16
  • Thank you for your valuable hint, but unfortunately that's not the case for me. There's no other entry in /etc/fstab but the two I added plus the ones for /, /dev/pts, /proc and /sys. /srv/chrootjail/etc/fstab is empty.
    – Oliver M.
    Commented Nov 9, 2014 at 16:43

1 Answer 1


I have very limited knowledge what mount --bind even does really, but I think I might have figured out why I'm facing this problem with /run/mysqld in particular. I've just noticed /run (previously /var/run) is a tmpfs and thus it gets emptied during a reboot. So my guess is that /run/mysqld doesn't exist when /etc/fstab gets parsed. It's the init-script /etc/init.d/mysql that checks for /run/mysqld and creates it if needed with this line:

# Could be removed during boot
test -e /run/mysqld || install -m 755 -o mysql -g root -d /run/mysqld

As a workaround I simply added a mount -a after that line. I guess I could just have it create the mysqld folder anywhere(?) but inside of /run (or /var/run), too. However, if nobody can tell me a better way to do it, I'll stick to this workaround. Thanks for your time!

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