I've been tinkering with my CentOS server login procedure, I want to have my MOTD update using the linux_logo program. I've already tried doing this in a few ways, but didn't get the desired effect. I have started with this command:

/usr/bin/linux_logo -c -u -y -t "$R" > /etc/motd

The key info to be updated here is the uptime.

I have tried adding it to my .bashrc file, and adding the command to a new bash script in /etc/profile.d/ folder, and making it executable. Both of these methods make it run at login, but only after the MOTD has been printed, so it's one login behind.

I also created an init script with the command in it using chkconfig to set it to start at runtime levels 345, this I believe just made it run the script during boot.

I have also tried adding the following to my sshd_config file:

ForceCommand /usr/bin/linux_logo -c -u -y -t "$R" > /etc/motd

This had the effect of closing my ssh connection every time I logged in :/

These were all suggestions from similar posts I found when googling for this, so I think I am missing something, at this point some help would be appreciated.

To summarise, I want the following, or similar command to run at login, prior to the motd being printed. Is this possible?

if [ -f /usr/bin/linux_logo ]; then
  /usr/bin/linux_logo -c -u -y -t "$R" > /etc/motd
  • 1
    Why not just run it in a crontab every hour or so? – terdon Oct 21 '14 at 18:58
  • I suppose I could, I just thought this was a designed function of linux_logo, since it has a flag for showing the uptime of the server, why is it so difficult to use? – Rumbles Oct 21 '14 at 19:21
  • I don't see anything hard about adding a crontab. Do you know how to? It would be trivial to just run that command every few minutes and update your motd. – terdon Oct 21 '14 at 19:35
  • yeah I guess that's the sensible way to do it, I just thought it made more sense for it to be triggered at logon I guess just adding it to crontab -e – Rumbles Oct 21 '14 at 19:38

There is no reason to have this run when a user logs on, just add it to root's crontab or /etc/crontab. To run your command and update the motd every 5 minutes, add this line to /etc/crontab:

*/5 * * * * root /usr/bin/linux_logo -c -u -y -t "$R" > /etc/motd
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According to the wikipedia article the /etc/motd is called before it executes the login shell. That explains why including anything in the .bashrc file doesn't work.

Via chkconfig and links in /etc/rcX.d/ the update is indeed only done at startup.

One thing you could try and look into is replace /etc/motd with a named pipe ( mkfifo /etc/motd ) and have a program somehow detect the reading from that pipe and fill the pipe with the desired output.

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in modern linux, anything that will write to /etc/motd.dynamic will change login.

If you want to do it 'right', create /etc/update-motd.d and place scripts there whose output will compose the MOTD.



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