That's not really possible; LVM doesn't know anything about files.
LVM creates logical volumes, which are block devices. They function much like other any other block device, such as a hard disk, and thus they they don't know or care what the data stored on them means. To LVM, its just a series of 0s and 1s, organized in x-byte blocks.
You've stored a filesystem on that block device (the logical volume). The filesystem knows about files, but it doesn't export that knowledge down to the block device.
Just as you couldn't ask your hard disk which platters contain files, you can't ask LVM which PVs contain files.
[You could, of course, go through each file in the file system, ask the filesystem which blocks its stored on, then ask LVM where each of those blocks are, and put that all together, but I'm not aware of any tool to do that. Nor am I sure why you'd want to do that.]