Any adjusting that the 2 HDD's will perform over time will be to keep their usable space, that's not corrupted or damaged, at the same byte counts. All this happens at a lower level to you, the user of the HDD, so I'd would expect that both HDDs would report identical capacities over time.
NOTE: All modern HDDs include a extra reserve of space that they can draw from as sectors become defective or wear out. The HDD recognizes that these sectors are failing or becoming damaged and will reallocate from the reserve, marking the failing sector as unusable, so that it's no longer part of the total pool of available sectors.
The HDD should continue to operate normally until this space has been exhausted, assuming there are not other catastrophic types of failures. Once the space has been used up, the HDD will be forced to make due with any bad sectors that remain. It will attempt to relocate this failed data to good sectors, but will begin to exhibit I/O errors in the process.
NOTE: You can monitor the reserve space of a HDD over its lifetime using SMART. In looking at the SMART attributes I would suspect that this count would be #5:
5 - Reallocated Sectors Count The number of the unused spare sectors. When encountering a read/write/check error, a device remaps a bad sector to a "healthy" one taken from a special reserve pool. Normalized value of the attribute decreases as the number of available spares decreases.On a regular hard drive, Raw value indicates the number of remapped sectors, which should normally be zero. On an SSD, the Raw value indicates the number of failed flash memory blocks.
You can check this using the
smartctl tool that's typically part of the
smartmontools pacakge (that's what its called on Fedora 20 anyway).
$ sudo smartctl --all /dev/sda
There's a lot of useful info in this output:
smartctl 6.2 2014-07-16 r3952 [x86_64-linux-3.16.3-200.fc20.x86_64] (local build)
Copyright (C) 2002-13, Bruce Allen, Christian Franke, www.smartmontools.org
=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
Device Model: LITEONIT LMT-256M3M
Serial Number: 002244119905
LU WWN Device Id: 5 000000 000000000
Firmware Version: VZJ4
User Capacity: 256,060,514,304 bytes [256 GB]
Sector Size: 512 bytes logical/physical
Rotation Rate: Solid State Device
Device is: Not in smartctl database [for details use: -P showall]
ATA Version is: ATA8-ACS, ATA/ATAPI-7 T13/1532D revision 4a
SATA Version is: SATA 3.0, 6.0 Gb/s
Local Time is: Fri Oct 10 12:32:12 2014 EDT
SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.
SMART support is: Enabled
=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: PASSED
General SMART Values:
Offline data collection status: (0x00) Offline data collection activity
was never started.
Auto Offline Data Collection: Disabled.
Self-test execution status: ( 0) The previous self-test routine completed
without error or no self-test has ever
Total time to complete Offline
data collection: ( 10) seconds.
Offline data collection
capabilities: (0x15) SMART execute Offline immediate.
No Auto Offline data collection support.
Abort Offline collection upon new
No Offline surface scan supported.
No Conveyance Self-test supported.
No Selective Self-test supported.
SMART capabilities: (0x0002) Does not save SMART data before
entering power-saving mode.
Supports SMART auto save timer.
Error logging capability: (0x00) Error logging supported.
General Purpose Logging supported.
Short self-test routine
recommended polling time: ( 1) minutes.
Extended self-test routine
recommended polling time: ( 10) minutes.
SCT capabilities: (0x003d) SCT Status supported.
SCT Error Recovery Control supported.
SCT Feature Control supported.
SCT Data Table supported.
SMART Attributes Data Structure revision number: 1
Vendor Specific SMART Attributes with Thresholds:
ID# ATTRIBUTE_NAME FLAG VALUE WORST THRESH TYPE UPDATED WHEN_FAILED RAW_VALUE
1 Raw_Read_Error_Rate 0x0003 100 100 070 Pre-fail Always - 0
5 Reallocated_Sector_Ct 0x0003 100 100 000 Pre-fail Always - 0
9 Power_On_Hours 0x0002 100 100 000 Old_age Always - 2248
12 Power_Cycle_Count 0x0002 100 100 000 Old_age Always - 706
171 Unknown_Attribute 0x0032 000 000 000 Old_age Always - 0
172 Unknown_Attribute 0x0032 000 000 000 Old_age Always - 0
173 Unknown_Attribute 0x0032 000 000 000 Old_age Always - 12
174 Unknown_Attribute 0x0030 000 000 000 Old_age Offline - 126
178 Used_Rsvd_Blk_Cnt_Chip 0x0003 100 100 000 Pre-fail Always - 0
187 Reported_Uncorrect 0x0002 100 100 000 Old_age Always - 0
192 Power-Off_Retract_Count 0x0003 100 100 000 Pre-fail Always - 126
230 Unknown_SSD_Attribute 0x0032 100 100 000 Old_age Always - 24851
232 Available_Reservd_Space 0x0003 100 100 010 Pre-fail Always - 2784
241 Total_LBAs_Written 0x0003 100 100 000 Pre-fail Always - 86211
242 Total_LBAs_Read 0x0003 100 100 000 Pre-fail Always - 25145
SMART Error Log Version: 0
No Errors Logged
SMART Self-test log structure revision number 1
No self-tests have been logged. [To run self-tests, use: smartctl -t]
Selective Self-tests/Logging not supported
The piece of info that I was referring to is in the last table, ID #5.