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Is it possible and if so how do I:

  1. Start a /bin/bash process that is not bound to a terminal from a terminal? Hence, a shell process that shows up in the process tree as init -- bash. (Shells usually have the process tree structure terminal-emulator-of-your-choosing -- bash)
  2. Start a /bin/bash process not bound to a terminal that has as its child another process e.g. a browser like firefox from a shell session in a terminal? Hence, a shell process with a child that shows up in the process tree as init -- bash -- firefox.
  3. It is easy to get init -- firefox directly from the shell via something along the lines of exec firefox & exit or /bin/bash -c firefox & exit.

(This question is part of a series of related questions that first enabled me to formulate these questions precisely (cf. How to "correctly" start an application from a shell and Is reparenting from the shell possible?). The three questions have been formulated and discussed partially in the comments of the two former questions but as I see it not been answered. Furthermore, they do seem more appropriate as short question in their own right not suited for discussion in comments.)

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    Yes, yes and yes. There, now the "Is it possible" part is answered. How is another beast altogether. – Braiam Aug 28 '14 at 13:10
  • Yeah, I learned that the hard way... I tried and tried and searching the internet is not helpful either... – lord.garbage Aug 28 '14 at 13:34
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    Try setsid sh -c 'firefox&' <> /dev/null >&0 2>&0 (note that it makes it immune to SIGINTs) – Stéphane Chazelas Aug 28 '14 at 13:39
  • See also unix.stackexchange.com/q/68574/22565 – Stéphane Chazelas Aug 28 '14 at 13:46
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    Sorry setsid bash -c 'firefox; exit' if you actually want init -- bash -- firefox not connected to a terminal (setsid sh -c 'bash -c "firefox; exit" &' to make sure that bash doesn't get control of a terminal if it ever opens one). – Stéphane Chazelas Aug 28 '14 at 13:53

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