I'm working on centos6.5 and bind9 and I have managed to add records to a DNS zone by doing this steps:

creating the key:

 dnssec-keygen -a HMAC-MD5 -b 128 -n HOST example.com.

editing conf. file:

// TSIG Key
key "example.com." {
     algorithm hmac-md5;
zone "example.com" IN {
     type master;
     file "example.com.zone";
     allow-update{ key "example.com."; };

give the named authorization to the /var/named folder:

# chown -R named:named /var/named
# find . -type d -exec chmod 770 {} \;
# find . -type f -exec chmod 660 {} \;

I have adding records using this script:

#Defining Variables
echo "
server $DNS_SERVER
zone $DNS_ZONE
update add $RECORD
send" | nsupdate -k Kexample.com.+157+55566.key

it didn't return any error.

I test if I add this record by using dig command:

#dig +short dd2.example.com.

but the problem that the record added doesn't appear in the zone file 'example.com.zone'.

even when I use reload: rndc reload MYZONE or rndc reload
it returns an error message like this:

[root@dd Shells]# rndc reload example.com.
rndc: 'reload' failed: dynamic zone

but when I restart the named service: service named restart the record appears in the zone file.

my question is :

Is it a way to the record to be added to the zone file without restarting the named service?

  • even though service named reload worked , is it considered as a good solution for performance? because service named restart is absolutely not @Christopher – Networker May 29 '14 at 20:39
  • Thanks, but did you have any idea why rndc reload zone didn't work? – Networker May 29 '14 at 20:48
  • service named reload didn't work too @Christopher – Networker May 31 '14 at 10:30

I have found the answer:

my problem was that BIND can't rndc reload zone with the dynamic zones so BIND won’t allow us to reload a dynamic zone. So we have to tell bind to temporarily stop allowing dynamic updates. This is handled with the freeze option.

rndc freeze example.com

then reloading

rndc reload example.com  

then allowing dynamic updates again:

rndc thaw example.com

Have you tried:

 rndc reconfig

This should do the trick.

But be aware that this command adds (removes) new (old) zones, but it cannot modify existing ones

  • I want to add records to the zone,, not adding a new zone @Neven – Networker May 27 '14 at 11:08
  • 1
    Have you changed serial number in SOA? – Neven May 27 '14 at 11:13
  • 1
    The best answer is: It depends on your DNS topology, do you have more than one DNS, bla bla bla... But I've found that changing SOA SN is really good thing to do, because I've encountered similar problems in past. So I always increment serial number. This is my proposition to you also and than try to reinitiate zone reload. – Neven May 27 '14 at 11:22
  • 1
    I have learned that if I don't increment SOA SN, BIND won't reload the zone contents. So, SN incrementation is essential. – Tero Kilkanen May 27 '14 at 12:08
  • 1
    @Neven, you should post the serial number increase as an answer. It needs to be incremented, that is how it works. – Jenny D May 31 '14 at 10:40

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