Is there any Linux distribution with preinstalled NVIDIA CUDA support that could be launched from a live CD/USB drive?
Dotsch/UX is one.
Dotsch/UX - A USB/Diskless/Harddisk BOINC Ubuntu Linux Distribution
The purpose is to make a Linux distribution for BOINC which easily installs and boot from a USB stick, hard disk and from diskless clients and also has some interfaces to setup the diskless server and the clients automatically.
BOINC Client : The BOINC client comes pre installed and would be started as daemon and would be monitored and kept alive from this daemon. Dotsch/UX 1.0 includes the BOINC client 6.2.15. Dotsch/UX 1.1 includes the BOINC client 6.4.5 for CUDA support.
PClinux OS seems to be the only live distro having no problems with nvidia drivers. I've got an old laptop without hard drive (broken), PClinux on USB deals with nvidia driver and the Quantum Firefox with no problems at all, which is all I need to connect laptop to the HDTV set.