I new with Debian. I want to use php on Debian. I do:

apt-get install php5-cli php5-cgi spawn-fcgi

Create file /usr/bin/php-fastcgi:

#! /bin/sh
exec /usr/bin/php5-cgi

Create file /etc/init.d/init-fastcgi:

PHP_SCRIPT="/usr/bin/spawn-fcgi -a -p 9000 -u www-data -g www-data -f     /usr/bin/php-fastcgi"
case "$1" in
killall -9 php5-cgi
killall -9 php5-cgi
echo "Usage: sudo /etc/init.d/init-fastcgi {start|stop|restart}"
exit 1
exit $RETVAL

Ater do:

chmod 755 /usr/bin/php-fastcgi
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/init-fastcgi 

Into /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default add:

location ~\.php$ {
 root /srv/www/ekb.mydomain.com/public_html;
 include /etc/nginx/fastcgi_params;
 fastcgi_index index.php;
 fastcgi_param QUERY_STRING $query_string;
 fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /srv/www/ekb.mydomain.com/public_html$fastcgi_script_name;

Create directories:


Create file /srv/www/ekb.mydomain.com/public_html/test.php


Start serice:

/etc/init.d/init-fastcgi start
/etc/init.d/nginx start

In browser:


but get 404 error.

What i can do wrong?

  • 1
    Go with PHP-FPM instead of fastcgi and use unix-socket instead of localhost.
    – r004
    Commented Mar 24, 2014 at 15:06
  • +1. THere is no reason to do this instead of simply installing php5-fpm package.
    – ek9
    Commented Mar 24, 2014 at 19:56
  • nginx killing me.I war remove nginx,php5,php5-cgi and install it again, after do all configs from my question and php start to work. Magik.
    – Kliver Max
    Commented Mar 26, 2014 at 7:25

2 Answers 2


You should really configure nginx with php-fpm. It's easier to install, configure and manage and is as fast.

$ apt-get install nginx php5-fpm
$ nano /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

worker_processes  4;
keepalive_timeout   2;

$ nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/default

server {
    listen   80; ## listen for ipv4; this line is default and implied
    listen   [::]:80 default_server ipv6only=on; ## listen for ipv6

    root /usr/share/nginx/www;
    index index.php index.html index.htm;

    # Make site accessible from http://localhost/
    server_name localhost;

    location / {
            # First attempt to serve request as file, then
            # as directory, then fall back to displaying a 404.
            try_files $uri $uri/ /index.html;
            # Uncomment to enable naxsi on this location
            # include /etc/nginx/naxsi.rules

    location /doc/ {
            alias /usr/share/doc/;
            autoindex on;
            allow ::1;
            deny all;

    # Only for nginx-naxsi used with nginx-naxsi-ui : process denied requests
    #location /RequestDenied {
    #       proxy_pass;

    #error_page 404 /404.html;

    # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
    error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
    location = /50x.html {
            root /usr/share/nginx/www;

    # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on
    location ~ \.php$ {
            try_files $uri =404;
            fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
            # NOTE: You should have "cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0;" in php.ini

            # With php5-cgi alone:
            # With php5-fpm:
            fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php5-fpm.sock;
            fastcgi_index index.php;
            include fastcgi_params;

    # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
    # concurs with nginx's one
    location ~ /\.ht {
            deny all;

Start nginx and php-fpm:

$ service nginx start
$ service php5-fpm start
  • I try install php5-fpm but apt-get says that can't find this package.
    – Kliver Max
    Commented Mar 26, 2014 at 4:40

Try editing /etc/hosts and add to the localhost line as below:    localhost ekb.maydomain.com

In other words, add ekb.maydomain.com to whichever line begins -- it may not look exactly like this one.

The problem is that "www.ekb.maydomain.com" is a real www address and the DNS resolver can't find it. By adding that line to /etc/hosts, you skip DNS resolution for that domain and instead use it as an alias for localhost, which is where your browser can actually find a web server running on the same machine.

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