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I have some basic knowledge about Linux OS like it consist of Kernel.The kernel is core of Linux , It manages all processes, device drivers, and I/O.But My Question is what Linux consists of beside Kernel , Binaries , Device Files and Libs ? Linux Distro's are Open Source so how do I compile whole distro myself ? Like Compiling Whole Arch Linux or Ubuntu Linux on my own then installing it on my computer ?

closed as too broad by jasonwryan, slm, vonbrand, Hauke Laging, Karlson Feb 26 '14 at 20:33

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    You should consider to star with something like linux from scratch to understand better the concept of linux distribution. – Kiwy Feb 26 '14 at 8:23
  • Linux is just the kernel, or it is the whole distro (better called Gnu/Linux). – ctrl-alt-delor Feb 20 '15 at 12:37
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Linux Distro's are Open Source so how do I compile whole distro myself ?

Compiling your own is an excellent way to learn what it consists of. Fortunately, there are linux distributions that are designed to be compiled by end-users and it would be easier to start with one of those. There is a list of such distributions here. Gentoo is probably the most popular among them.

  • What about other distro's ? – Sigma Feb 26 '14 at 8:19
  • @Sigma If you pick a distro that was designed for binary distribution, like Ubuntu, it would still be possible to compile it yourself but it would be a whole lot more effort and, likely, frustration on your part than if you picked a distro that is designed from scratch for end-user compilation. – John1024 Feb 26 '14 at 8:28
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If you want to learn something about linux and how to setup a system from scratch I would recommend you LSF (Linux From Scratch). It is nothing more than a manual on "How to build your own linux". Even Arch Linux was build from this manual, if you check the history.

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Compiling the whole shebang by yourself will only teach you how to stare at the screen. A Linux distribution is some 30 million lines of code, getting to grasp that is a job for more than a lifetime. Better select some part of it that particularly interests you, and get involved in it's development.

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