I often use more than one terminal (or terminal emulator) at a time; and while in X I can copy-paste commands, besides not being very practical, it obviously does not work on the real TTY. The first idea that occurs to me is something alike:

command > /dev/sometty

Unfortunately, the command is run before it is piped, and no tricks like echo `command` will work, no matter how many weird bash characters ($, `, ", etc.) are there. So /dev/sometty simply gets some text.

The problem is that, sometimes, it is even worth for I to pipe those commands into a file, make it executable, etc., or shortly: making a script and running it from the appropriate terminal. But that is a lot of work. I've been thinking of making a script to make these files, for an instruction:

termpipe -e "command1\ncommand2\"command 1 argument\\n(s)\"" -t /dev/sometty 

it would do something like:

  1. pipe the commands to, say, /tmp/termpipe-20140208-153029-1.sh
  2. make the file executable
  3. run the file in the appropriate terminal
  4. delete the script when it is done executing

AFAIK, the problem is in 3.: this doesn't solve any problem, as I'd need another termpipe instance to run the first on the appropriate terminal. And one for that one. And another for that, ad infinitum. So this cannot work. Or can it?...

The solution could be to use a named pipe per terminal, and when each starts, a script would tell the pipe to forward anything it receives to the terminal, and then to execute it (like a sort of daemon).

I think this might work but I don't know how to set up the initial script. How can I? How can I tell the FIFO to give piped commands for the respective terminal to run? I don't know much Bash, so I'd appreciate full explanations.

  • 2
    Use screen or tmux (which have keyboard based copy pasting). On Linux, you can also use gpm to do copy-pasting with the mouse. – Stéphane Chazelas Feb 8 '14 at 16:51
  • @StephaneChazelas, thanks, I didn't know tmux could do that. But isn't there any way for what I suggested work? – JMCF125 Feb 8 '14 at 17:35
  • @Stephane, I've been searching, andit turns out what I was thinking works! Now I just need a way for my script to start whenever a terminal starts. Maybe using cron... But that's another question... – JMCF125 Feb 8 '14 at 19:31
  • I have no idea what you're trying to do. What does “Unfortunately, the command is run before it is piped”? There isn't even a pipe here, there's a redirection, and it happens before the command starts. Please explain what you mean by piping, or better, use standard terminology. – Gilles Feb 8 '14 at 21:54
  • 1
    So it's an interactive command? Can you give an example? Did you try command </dev/tty3 >/dev/tty3 2>/dev/tty3? (If this dialog gets any longer, please consider continuing in chat.) – Gilles Feb 8 '14 at 22:55

Following this, one can very well make that last plan of yours work. For the command to-be-sent not to be processed by the shell, it has to be in the form of a string when reaches the pipe (thus echo "command", not echo `command`). Then it has to be read by a background process (alike a daemon, but not necessarily) started in the appropriate terminal. It should be evaluated by the same process.

But it is boiler-platey to have a script per pipe. So let's generalize making a script as term-pipe-r.sh (don't forget to chmod +x it!):


pipe=$1                     # the pipe name is the first argument
trap 'rm -f "$pipe"' EXIT     # ignore exit and delete messages until the end

if [[ ! -p $pipe ]]; then   # if the pipe doesn't exist, create it
    mkfifo $pipe

while true                  # cycle eternally..
    if read line <$ pipe; then
        if [[ "$line" == 'close the term-pipe pipe' ]]; then
            # if the pipe closing message is received, break the while cycle

        echo                # a line break should be used because of the prompt 
        eval $line          # run the line: as this script should be started
    fi                          # in the target terminal, 
done                            # the line will be run there.

echo "<pipe closing message>"   # custom message on the end of the script

So say you want /dev/tty3 to receive commands: just go there, do

./term-pipe-r.sh tty3pipe &     # $1 will be tty3pipe (in a new process)

And to send commands, from any terminal (even from itself):

echo "command" > tty3pipe

or to run a file there:

cat some-script.sh > tty3pipe

Note this piping ignores files like .bashrc, and the aliases in there, such as alias ls='ls --color'. Hope this helps someone out there.

Edit (note - advantage of non-daemon):

Above I talked about the pipe reader not being a daemon necessarily, but in fact, I checked the differences, and it turns out it is way better to be a mere background process in this case. Because this way, when you close the terminal, an EXIT signal (SIGHUP, SIGTERM, or whatever) is received by the script as well, and the pipe is deleted then (see the line starting with trap in the script) automatically, avoiding a useless process and file (and maybe others if there were such redirecting to the useless pipe).

Edit (automation):

Still, it is boring to have to run a script you (I, at least) probably want most of the time. So, let's automatize it! It should start in any terminal, and one thing all of them read is .bashrc. Plus, it sucks to have to use ./term-pipe-r.sh. So, one may do:

cd /bin # go to /bin, where Bash gets command names
ln -s /directory/of/term-pipe-r.sh tpr  # call it tpr (terminal pipe reader)

Now to run it you'd only need tpr tty3pipe & in /dev/tty3 whenever you'd want. But why do that when you can have it done automatically? So this should be added to .bashrc. But wait: how will it know the pipe name? It can base the name on the TTY (which can be know with the tty command), using simple REGEX's in sed (and some tricks). What you should add to ~/.bashrc will then be:

pipe="$(sed 's/\/dev\///' <<< `tty` | sed 's/\///')pipe"
                # ^^^- take out '/dev/' and other '/', add 'pipe'
tpr $pipe &     # start our script with the appropriate pipe name
  • I will update this to run the script on start-up for every terminal ASAP. – JMCF125 Feb 8 '14 at 21:18
  • I see as @Gilles referred, if the target terminal is running something (with input, output and errors displayed there), there may be a problem. Say, with startx, there's simply no shown output of the directed command; but it can be much worse. I will try to address to that problem ASAP. – JMCF125 Feb 9 '14 at 18:21
  • @ChrisDown, thanks, now I fixed it in my computer as well. I didn't notice the mistake (still a newbie in Bash), just forked it from here, where it is wrong originally. – JMCF125 Feb 10 '14 at 11:17
  • This works fantastically on the ksh .profile on AIX! This will be very handy in the future. – bgStack15 Jul 9 '14 at 18:06

Vim's variant. Vim should be the default editor.

  1. Pick a long command from the history, using up/down arrows. I have chosen this:echo "one two three" > new_file.txt
  2. Press Ctrl + x Ctrl + e combination. It will open our long command inside Vim. Press Ctrl + g, for showing the temporary file name in the bottom of the vim window. In my case it is /tmp/bash-fc.230BC2
  3. Go to another tty, type vim /tmp/bash-fc.230BC2 (using filename autocomplete, of course). It will tell you "Swap file already exist" - press O, for open read only.
  4. Then, inside vim, you are needed the next key sequence: y$ : ! Ctrl+r " Enter
    • y$ - copy all characters in the line, except trailing newline.
    • : - go to the command-line mode
    • ! - execute command with shell
    • Ctrl+r " - paste the copied line to the command line.
    • Enter - execute command

I should mention, that all this key sequence can be mapped to one keystroke, by .vimrc file edit.

It is done - command was copied from one tty to another and executed.

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