I'm trying to set up an rsync that excludes all .* files except for .htaccess but unfortunately, this doesn't work:

rsync -avP --exclude=".*" --include="./.htaccess" ./. user@server:/dir

Is it possible to somehow exclude general exclude rules?


The first matching rule applies, so include .htaccess before excluding .*.

rsync -avP --include=".htaccess" --exclude=".*" . user@server:/dir

This copies .htaccess at every level. I don't know what you intended with ./.htaccess; if you want to match a file at the root of the copy only, start the pattern with a /. If you only want the root .htaccess, you can't just use --include='/.htaccess' --exclude='.*', because the non-rooted rule actually takes precedence here, you need to do something more complicated:

rsync -avP --exclude='/*/**/.htaccess' --include='.htaccess' --exclude=".*" . user@server:/dir

Further reading: basic principles for rsync filters.

  • @fred.bear: That one was a genuine typo, and a nasty one. Thanks for spotting it! – Gilles Apr 11 '11 at 12:22
  • Thanks, I had tried putting the --include first, but the "./" in front of the "./.htaccess" was what was killing it. – Rich Apr 11 '11 at 18:26
  • 1
    @Rich note that if there are hidden directories that contain a .htaccess file, you'll have to --include='.*/' (I think) before the final --exclude, see also here – Tobias Kienzler Nov 19 '12 at 14:47

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.