How can I verify if a hard drive is encrypted in Fedora 20?
If not, does it mean I have to re install Fedora to encrypt it?
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Assuming that the drive is
/dev/sdb, and the partition you want to check is
/dev/sdb1, run this command:
$ blkid /dev/sdb1
the output will change if the partition is encrypted or not:
/dev/sdb1: UUID="xxxxxxxxxxxx" TYPE="crypto_LUKS" #encrypted /dev/sdb1: UUID="xxxxxxxxxxxx" TYPE="ext4" #not encrypted, fs is ext4
If the partition is not encrypted, and assuming that you are NOT trying to encrypt the
/ partition, you have to:
Initialize the partition as encrypted
$ cryptsetup luksFormat /dev/sdb1
BEWARE: this command will wipe all the contents of the partition!!!
It will ask you for a passphrase to open the volume; now if you try to run
blkid, the output should be
Open the encrypted partition to use it
$ cryptsetup luksOpen /dev/sdb1 secret
secret" is the name of the volume we are opening
Format the new "
$ mkfs.ext4 /dev/mapper/secret
Mount it providing the passphrase created before
$ mount /dev/mapper/secret /whereyouwant
Now you should be able to use the encrypted partition!
Optionally, if you want to mount it at reboot, you should edit
/etc/crypttab and insert a line similar to this (it will request the password at boot):
secret /dev/sdb1 none
secret is the name of the volume we created before.
Or something like this, if you want to put your password in some plain text file:
secret /dev/sdb1 /whereyouwant-sdb1-luks-pwdfile
Just keep in mind for this, you also have to add the key:
$ cryptsetup luksAddKey /dev/sdb1 /whereyouwant-sdb1-luks-pwdfile
And edit the
/etc/fstab and insert a line similar to this:
/dev/mapper/secret /whereyouwant ext4 defaults 1 2