I have converted a single file from BMP to PNG with ImageMagick's convert using the command below

convert CD\ Front.bmp CD\ Front.png

I have many such files, thus I tried:

for f in */*.bmp ; do convert $f ${f%bmp}png; done

but this command hangs forever.

What am I doing wrong?

3 Answers 3


You can use mogrify:

mogrify -format png *.bmp

Source: Imagemagick website


You most likely have a problem because you don't quote the file names:

for f in */*.bmp ; do convert "$f" "${f%bmp}png" ; done
#                             ^  ^ ^           ^

do this so the space in the file names do not cause problems.

  • 3
    $f should be quoted too
    – Mat
    Dec 15, 2013 at 10:50
  • You are right, thank you for pointing out
    – Zelda
    Dec 15, 2013 at 11:00
  • 1
    Quoting the variables is correct, but if you quote the glob then the shell will look for a literal */*.bmp.
    – evilsoup
    Dec 15, 2013 at 12:04
  • Thanks to you as well. I should try out my solutions before posting...
    – Zelda
    Dec 15, 2013 at 12:26

I would refactor the code like this. I find this method to be clearer & easier to debug:

find . -type f -name '*.bmp' |\
  while read BMP
    DIR=$(dirname "$BMP")
    PNG="$(echo $BMP | sed 's/.bmp//g')"
    convert "${BMP}" "${PNG}".png
  • 1
    I took the liberty to change JPEG into PNG while reviewing
    – Anthon
    Dec 15, 2013 at 17:09
  • Ahh, thanks. But it did work for JPEG’s as well! Dec 15, 2013 at 17:10
  • 1
    Yes, guess it does, but it was not what the OP asked for ;-)
    – Anthon
    Dec 15, 2013 at 17:21
  • Don't use find | while read, especially when a glob will suffice.
    – Kevin
    Dec 15, 2013 at 18:17
  • And the sed would be better as 's/\.bmp$/.png/', then obviously remove the .png from the actual command
    – Kevin
    Dec 15, 2013 at 18:19

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