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20

"Everything is a file" is a bit glib. "Everything appears somewhere in the filesystem" is closer to the mark, and even then, it's more an ideal than a law of system design. For example, Unix domain sockets are not files, but they do appear in the filesystem. You can ls -l a domain socket to display its attributes, cat data to/from one, modify its access ...


7

The notion of multiple hierarchical protection domains, often called protection rings was introduced by the Multics operating system. Wheras original Multics system had eight distinct rings, many modern systems have fewer. Another difference is that in Multics, ring transitions happen in software, whereas many modern CPU architectures include some form of ...


7

This can be done by installing Cygwin and an openssh server on your Windows machine. Cygwin will come with bash, which can run your script, and openssh can be installed under Cygwin, and will allow you to login to the Windows machine remotely. Before logging in, you can transfer your script to the Windows machine using scp, and then run it directly with ssh. ...


6

Linux can read (and write) to many filesystems, including ntfs, which is likely how your windows partitions are formatted. Many OS installers (including Ubuntu apparently) will scan your disks for any partitions that Linux knows how to mount, and set those up to be mounted at boot, which is why you can access them.


5

Use the PSCP tool from the putty download page: http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/~sgtatham/putty/download.html PSCP is the putty version of scp which is a cp (copy) over ssh command. PSCP needs to be installed on your windows computer (just downloaded, really, there's no install process). Nothing needs to be installed on the school's servers. PSCP and ...


5

Assuming that you are using the same python script on both OSs, check its documentation: YouTube formats Using the -f option and other related options, you can specify the video format to be downloaded from YouTube. If you have an order of preference, specify the formats separating them with slashes: -f 22/17/18. Instead of keeping a video ...


5

No. (Modern) Windows is VMS-based (or rather, VMS-"inspired"). End-user questions about Windows can be posted to Super User.


5

Okay, I actually feel confident after doing some reading that using dd will do what you want. According to this website you can use dd to create an image of your drive, which is what you want to do. Backing up your system: So begin by booting from your live disk. Switch to root mode if you are not root already. su root, or sudo su root Check that no ...


4

From http://www.tuxera.com/community/ntfs-3g-advanced/extended-attributes/, An NTFS file is qualified by a set of four time stamps “representing the number of 100-nanosecond intervals since January 1, 1601 (UTC)”, though UTC has not been defined for years before 1961 because of unknown variations of the earth rotation. You'll find even more information ...


4

I use ArchLinux on all my machines. Unfortunately, the ArchLinux installer is no longer as beginner friendly as it once was but installing Arch or Gentoo is a good learning experience. Linux doesn't name partitions in terms of C:\, D:\, E:\ instead it will be /dev/sda1, /dev/sda2, /dev/sdb1. Note that *nix differentiates between partitions on the same ...


4

There are 2 main reasons for installing Windows first: 1 - The boot loader Configuring the Windows boot loader to load Linux is a royal pain in the butt. It completely overwrites any boot loader that is already there, so if you have Linux installed already you can no longer boot Linux without playing around for hours or reinstalling Grub from a boot CD. ...


4

I suppose it is because root permissions grant much more privileges than local admin rights on windows. Is that the case? That is not the case (at least not in principle), but one major difference is in how the user (account) is identified. A local admin account on Windows has its own SID (security identifier) distinct from any other account, and thus ...


4

Yes Samba is what you're looking for to handle file sharing. For the GPOS I believe you can use something like Likewise to authenticate Linux users into the AD, see this article: Authenticating Active Directory users on Linux with Likewise Open and this one titled: Likewise Open - Ubuntu Documentation. NOTE: I believe the LikeWise products were acquired by ...


4

I would be willing to bet that the problem is related to line endings. You're probably going through a non-*nix machine somewhere along the line. I also ran into a problem once where apache (running on Linux) was adding windows style line endings to uploaded text files so you might be seeing something similar. To test, take the file you downloaded and pass ...


4

A modern computer contains hundreds of parts that can be turned on and off or clocked faster or slower independently. The granularity is smaller than visible chips, smaller even than cores. A large part of power saving consists on turning parts on and off at the best time. Each part should be turned off when not in use, but only if it's going to remain used ...


4

I'm going use the term BIOS below when referring to concepts that are the same for both newer UEFI systems and traditional BIOS systems, since while this is a UEFI oriented question, talking about the "BIOS" jibes better with, e.g., GRUB documentation, and "BIOS/UEFI" is too clunky. GRUB (actually, GRUB 2 -- this is often used ambiguously) is the bootloader ...


4

If you squint, VM security looks a lot like LAN host security. It's just another machine on the network, with the same sort of attendant risks. If you would willingly put a Windows 7 host on the LAN, you shouldn't be especially worried about putting a Windows 7 VM on the VM host. It is possible to lock a VM down to the point where it is less dangerous to ...


4

Assuming a recent Linux, do this: $ mount -t cifs //bioinf-filesrv2.mycompany.fr/cluster15 /mnt Which will mount it at /mnt. You will need sufficient privilege (or be root). If you need to add credentials, try: $ mount -t cifs -o username=myuser,password=mypass //bioinf-filesrv2.mycompany.fr/cluster15 /mnt You may need to install a package from your ...


3

I don't know much about Windows' administration, but I don't think there's much difference between Windows' admin and Linux' root. (I may be misunderstanding something, but from your question I infer everyone in your company has a Windows normal PC or fat client, and a Linux thin client or simple user SSH access) It is normal practice not to give root ...


3

I also would like to know, if it was possible to just delete the hibernate file in Linux. But just for info, if you want to disable the "Fast Startup" option in windows 8 anyway, I found this: Unable to mount Windows (NTFS) filesystem due to hibernation There is a new feature in Windows 8 called Fast Startup. If this feature is enabled (which it is by ...


3

Use the WMI-Client here: http://www.orvant.com/packages/ and run the WMIC commands directly from Linux, although you will have to use the WQL equivalents of your commands, as this version does not support the non-WQL queryies.


3

Depends on the software you use. Most support some level of 3D now - VMware Workstation and VirtualBox both do to some extent. as an aside I have a HD7790 at home and it works fine under Ubuntu 13.04. Use either the open source radeon driver OR get the newest from AMD's website though. The one that comes with Ubuntu is too old to properly recognize the ...


3

os-prober Use os-prober. If it's not installed then install it. Then run grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg. UEFI secure boot After some additional digging it appears that Pre install windows 8 comes with UEFI secure boot enabled (UEFI which substitutes what we have known as the BIOS) which prevent unrecognized source to boot or Linux You can off the ...


3

Many wireless card manufacturers support only Windows or Mac OS platforms. When developing drivers to integrate the hardware with the operating system, they focus solely on these platforms. This leaves Linux-based distros on their own. Some wireless vendors release the specs to the open source community so they can write drivers for Linux, while other ...


3

Here's my basic rule of thumb when choosing an OS for... well, pretty much anything, really. What will run on it? Are there any specific applications requiring any specific OS, that can't be replaced with something else? If so, choose what supports the things you need. What support structure is needed? Do you need to have a support organization that you ...


3

There is a project called WINE that will allow you to run some Windows software under Linux. It works surprisingly well, I'm actually using it to run the Adobe Digital Edition software to read ebooks from my local library and it works near flawlessly, as far as I can tell. WINE is typically in your distributions repositories so I would suggest using your ...


3

If you have a second machine where you can install your Distribution Of Choice (DOC) or have it installed in a VM, and if Ubuntu actually would run on that laptop you can do the following. Before playing around with the disc, consider taking it out of the laptop, hooking it up to another system and make a full dump of the disk (not of partitions), so in ...


3

As long as you steer clear of Windows "system files" you should be safe enough. If you're worried about endangering your Windows installation and only need read access to your Windows partition from Ubuntu, you can always mount the Windows partition read-only. As root, open the file /etc/fstab and look for the line responsible for mounting your Windows ...


3

Is there something inherent to Linux operating systems that makes them poor managers of battery power by default? No [but see my first comment below]. Note it is used on a wide range of low power devices where it is not even possible to run Windows. The battery can't be magically drained, so if it is happening at an unusual rate, it could be that you ...


3

Microsoft provides VMs with various versions of IE at modern.ie for website testing. You can use VirtualBox to run these on Linux. Currently, they're offering these Internet Explorer – Windows versions: IE6 – XP IE8 – XP IE7 – Vista IE8 – Win7 IE9 – Win7 IE10 – Win7 IE11 – Win7 IE10 – Win8 IE11 – Win8.1



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