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The umask 022 (or 0022) is the commonly used umask for UNIX systems which use the traditional style of user account management. In the traditional style of account management, when a user is created, the user is given a default group which would be something like a team or department, or maybe as simple as "users". setgid directories (we could call them ...


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After adding new user if you are loggedin as a 'root' then you can set the password using command passwd <username> Or, if you are not root, you can run sudo passwd <username> To set the password. Or if you are root then you can 'su' to the user and run 'passwd' to set the password. su <username> passwd


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Add the option -s /bin/bash while creating new users this will setup '/bin/bash' as default (login-)shell for your newly created user. You can always change your current shell to bash with exec bash. Existing users can be edited with vipw (there you can change the default shell)


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If you delete the user account, then the user no longer exists. It's perfectly normal that the user ID then gets reused: there is nothing to distinguish this user ID from any other unused user ID. If the account still owns files, the account still exists, so you need to keep it around. Don't delete the entry in the user database, mark it as disabled. On ...


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The possible way to add an user is more or less similar to what I had put in the question. I got this approach from here. To create a new account manually, follow these steps: Edit /etc/passwd with vipw and add a new line for the new account. Be careful with the syntax. Do not edit directly with an editor. vipw locks the file, so that other commands won't ...


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unix doesn't work with user/group, it work with uid/gid, you change uid/gid, please fix new uid/gui with your home directory: for example: chown 1002.1002 yourdir -R



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