Use this tag for questions about the system startup sequence after the kernel is loaded. Contrast with , which covers what happens before the kernel is loaded.

While the details vary greatly from distribution to distribution, the typical sequence goes like this:

  • The kernel initializes drivers and mounts the root partition.
  • The kernel runs the init program, which triggers subsequent stages.
  • Startup-time setup is performed, such as mounting filesystems other than root, configuring some hardware devices, bringing up the network, etc.
  • Daemons are started for network services, logging and monitoring, etc.
  • Login prompts are shown on the console.
history | show excerpt | excerpt history