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29

While I don't know why one crashes (bad stick? corrupt image?), the usual suspect for differences in "identically" created file systems, be they ISO9660 or otherwise, is time stamps, e.g. for creation time. Or a random default file system label. If you want identical data on both, dd the good image onto the other stick and verify their checksums (md5sum or ...


21

In all likelihood, they don't differ by just one byte. This is just the first differing byte. Run cmp -l dev/sdb /dev/sdc to list all the differences. The first 512 bytes of the stick is its boot sector. Offset 441 (440 if you start numbering at 0) is the location of the disk signature which is supposed to identify the disk uniquely (for the benefits of ...


16

The shell will open the device /dev/sdX. All output of the cat command, which ends up being the contents of debian.iso, is written directly to that device. The end result is that debian.iso is written byte-for-byte to the start of the disk underlying /dev/sdX. In effect, the device node makes it appear that the low-level contents of your storage medium ...


8

You need to install an EFI bootloader to the USB drive; elilo is what I've used before, but you could potentially use GRUB2. The Ubuntu amd64 elilo package installs the 64bit binary to /usr/lib/elilo/elilo.efi and the 32bit binary to /usr/lib32/elilo/elilo.efi. EFI firmware will search removable media for a FAT32 filesystem containing the file ...


7

There isn't such thing as "standard Linux". For learning (what do you want to learn, specifically?), a minimal install of Slackware should do. You can easily build a kernel that boots, but it will be useless without userspace applications (e.g. shell and utilities). If you want to build your own system from scratch, check Linux from Scratch. Linux From ...


6

Assuming you are on nix and the distro you are interested in is oneiric ozelot or above then the following should work sudo dd if=<isofile> of=/dev/sd<USBSTICK> oflag=direct bs=1048576 Please be triple careful with the argument to of. dd will NOT check if it's sensible/mounted/empty/..., it will just write. If you happen to specify your root ...


5

I resolved the problem myself: On a thread about live usb boot I found the hint that helped solving this: The USB-stick written with the downloaded original image with dd is mounted. Do this on any version of any *BSD system (need BSD because it needs UFS filesystem mount capability) Mac OSX would also do BTW. # mount /dev/da0a /mnt Then the following ...


5

The LiveCD's are setup to specifically work with a read only system. When you copied the data via UNetBootin, it merely just made a copy, the only difference is the boot medium. The filesystem and the OS are still designed as if the medium is read-only, whether that is the case or not. The feature you are looking for is called "Persistence" or "Live CD ...


5

That looks to me like filesystem damage - the first screenshot show an IO error while trying to rename /etc/apt/sources.list.new, and the third screenshot shows a lot of ext2 errors. It probably can't boot because it can't write to its filesystem. What exactly is your goal? If you need to recover important data from the persistence image: Boot a working ...


4

This is probably caused by some peculiarity of your BIOS. Definitely not intentional.


4

Introduction For a drive with PC partitions (which is what you'll find on most USB sticks), the bootloader consist in a tiny part at the very beginning of the drive (the stage 1 bootloader, in the boot sector of the drive) and a larger part elsewhere (the stage 2 bootloader, in a file). The stage 1 data contains the physical location of stage 2. If you copy ...


4

There are only two versions of grub listed there, the 1x series (most recent being 0.97) and the 2x series (most recent being 1.99). Both can be customized and used for your purpose. The 1x series has more standard compatibility with old hardware and distros, but we the 2x series is coming along nicly and many major distros are switching to it. 32bit vs 64 ...


4

A similar question has been answered at SuperUser. I also suggest you to check this page for more information about USB booting and partitions.


4

Slackware should do. And to be honest - there is no "standard" linux. You define your standard afer you defined what you need to do with it and what to expect from it. The low-level (plug and play, device-naming, network configuration, system configuration, detection of network services, hardening) is quite different on different linux distributions. Even ...


4

You might try looking at a BSD distribution. If you are mainly interested in having a look at how Unix works than the BSDs are nice and clean in my opinion, especially the so called base system, which you sound like you are interested in is clearly separated from the applications etc. I recommend FreeBSD, because, once you've had a look around, you may ...


4

I recommend you Install Ubuntu which is very user-friendly and doesn't depend on command line skills, etc, but as you learn them you can use them. Ubuntu has a massive community that will enable you to find answers easier than a custom built solution of your own.


4

I can have multiple driver configurations for every computer I plug it into and the correct driver set can be autodetected. Is there a way to do this with a Linux distro? A normal linux distro with a generic modular kernel already does this. Last time I checked, an out-of-the-box linux live CD would run on any x86 computer I had access to try it on ...


4

You can use any flavor of linux from a liveUSB, none will require the presence of a linux install on your machine. That's one of the main purposes of a liveCD/liveUSB, to be able to try/use a distro from an external medium, regardless of the OS that is actually installed on that machine. As long as you don't start any install setup, it will not touch your ...


4

Please download memstick image from here (or you can use amd64 of course). Attach the pendrive and write the img file with dd: dd if=your_img_file.img of=/dev/device_name_of_pendrive bs=512 The device_name_of_pendrive is the device name of pendrive, NOT partition! (e.g. /dev/sdc and not /dev/sdc1 or similar)


3

Most “live CD” distributions can be installed on a pen drive instead of a CD. Then you can use the rest of the pen drive (if it's large enough) as storage. For example, for Ubuntu, prepare a “live CD” on a USB pen drive. The pen drive creator utility will let you choose how much space to devote to storage. Alternatively, just do a normal installation that ...


3

You can use Tiny Core Linux; it takes 8mb


3

Using a graphical partition editor (Like Disk Utility on a Mac or GParted) simply make two FAT32 partitions and use the first one as your Windows-readable partition (as Windows only reads the first partition on a disk) and then use the second partition as your bootable startup disk (as the BIOS recognizes both partitions and knows which to boot from). ...


3

Some time ago I bought HP Compaq t5000 Thin Client (t5710 model (it was really cheap (about $100) on some auction portal)) and it is great for my needs. I'm using it as: VPN server ssh server for accessing my home network wake on lan for other devices from time to time as webserver battery charger for my mobile.. ;) CPU: pbm@lantea:~$ cat /proc/cpuinfo ...


3

If I understand correctly, you are using a live disk. Without mounting any harddrives (which is the default behavior on most live disks) everything you do is actaully just in memory (the whole directory structure you see is loaded from the disk when you've booted) and will be gone after a reboot. You can't write on the disk itself by default.


3

Archbang and Manjaro both are distroes based on Arch-Linux with an easy to use install script, both have ability to be used as a Live system using a CD/DVD drive or any USB drive; In USB mode there are some way to install ArchBang as a persistent system. Here is a tutorial on how to make a live persistent distribution. Take look at chakra, it has a very ...


3

Get UNetbootin from your package manager/software-center if you're already running Linux: Open a terminal and type sudo apt-get install unetbootin for Debian and other Debian-based systems such as Ubuntu. - drop "sudo" if you are running as root. Type unetbootin in the terminal to launch. You can then use the second option to find and load onto the usb ...


3

You can try dd, like dd if=/path/to/slax.iso of=/dev/sdb bs=1M . Make sure to replace sdb with the actual USB stick.


3

It is certainly possible to roll your own version of this concept with Grub. However there are also tools that can make the process much easier. PenDriveLinux lists several tools. Of those I have had good luck with Yumi, which is Windows based, and MultiSystem which is Linux-based. The MultiSystem project website is in French, but PenDriveLinux has good ...


3

You should be able to use any of the 2 systems, but if your system is a UEFI based system, then it will only accept the FAT32 format. Check the Wikipedia Article: The UEFI specification explicitly requires support for FAT32 for EFI System partitions (ESPs), and FAT16 or FAT12 for removable media:specific implementations may support other file systems.


3

If you just copy the .iso file to FAT32 or NTFS formatted USB drive, you will NOT be able to boot from it. So in short: You do not need to chose any file system, nor format your drive the way you are doing it. Before you start the drive can be any filesystem (NTFS or FAT32). You need wirte .iso file to USB. For this you can use Win32DiskImager ...



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