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6

The timeout command will do this for you, i.e. timeout 10s command It will kill command after 10 seconds. Instead of s for seconds, you can also use m for minutes, h for hours or d for days.


3

I assume you're not describing your real-world scenario: not only do you want to copy hundreds of thousands of files, but you want to sleep for hundreds of thousands of seconds... wtf?!? Anyway: while IFS= read -r file1 IFS= read -r file2 do cp "$file1" "${file1##*/}-backup" cp "$file2" "${file2##*/}-backup" sleep 1 done < inputFile


1

Sorry: I have not noticed the "txt file" with the "hundreds thousands of lines". This is just a naif solution... for a in test*; do ls -l $a; if [[ $((i++ % 2)) != 0 ]]; then sleep 1; fi; done Update: Explanation and (partially update to txt file with filenames). ...reformating: for a in `cat file.txt` do cp "$a" "$a-backup" ## REPLACE ...


1

Split urls into one file per host. Then run 'parallel -j5' on each file. Or sort urls and insert a delimiter '\0' when a new host is met, then split on '\0' and remove '\0' while passing that as a block to a new instance of parallel: sort urls.txt | perl -pe '(not m://$last:) and print "\0";m://([^/]+): and $last=$1' | parallel -j10 --pipe --rrs -N1 ...


1

For a large or a considerable range of ip's my recommendation for you is use ipset If want to block an entire country ip block you can use the geoip module for iptables.



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