New answers tagged distributions
General notes: With the current user basis and the company support for Ubuntu, I would assume that this is currently one of the distros with the broadest hardware and software support. Ubuntu itself is Debian-based, but with Debian's focus on stability (for good reasons), Debian usually does not offer the latest software versions. So if you want to switch ...
If your tablet came with Android installed, the place to start looking is the XDA site. There are all sorts of patches and mods there, and, depending on the exact model of your tablet, somebody might have ported a Linux distro to it. Some tablets even allow dual boot, others can't be modified at all (that is, there is no known way to root them).
Take a look at this: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Touch/Devices Maybe your tablet is on the list of supported devices
I read the rules and it does seem to indicate open ended questions like this are not encouraged. Here is a quick link to them: http://unix.stackexchange.com/help However in case it is allowed, I would suggest reading Linux CompTIA or any of the very popular certification courseware. You will need more than just the understanding of disks to become ...
I know of only one GNU/Linux distribution which dispenses with the Filesystem Hierarchy Standard and installs each application into its own directory structure: GoboLinux. While it doesn’t use /opt as the location for installing applications (it uses /Programs), it may be the distribution that you’re thinking of.
http://coteyr.net/articles/3-Moving-to-Open-Source Fair warning it's my own site. But the core of the article (which is quite old), take it slow, make a complete list of what you use and try to migrate to it one at a time. Give your self time and expect a productivity drop. As for running specific software, you will have to do your own research. Some ...
For a beginner i would recommend using ubuntu 15, it is very similar to windows with it's interface and design, and has lots of resources available online for help. Most linux distros are anyways free, so you can try more than 1 if you wish (By using a bootable USB). You can use java,arduino software, itnues and matlab on linux, It is also possible to use ...
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