About

debian

Debian is a community-driven Linux distribution with a very large number of packages and many supported architectures. Several distributions derive from it in some form, the best-known being Ubuntu.

Philosophy

The goal of the Debian project is to produce a free operating system. The Debian Free Software Guidelines are one of the notable definitions of free software, and the Open Source Definition derives from it. Debian provides a small amount of non-free software, though it is not formally part of Debian.

Releases

At any point in time, there are three distributions of Debian:

  • stable: the officially released distribution.
  • testing: the preparation ground for “stable”. This can be seen as a rolling release.
  • unstable: the latest packages as they come in.

In addition to Debian GNU/Linux, there are projects for BSD-based versions of Debian and Debian GNU/Hurd.

Documentation

Common tasks

  • Install a package: apt-get install package-name
  • Apply updates: apt-get update; apt-get upgrade

Further reading

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