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You may want to focus on architectures, as well as specific languages: CGI web application frameworks the rise of open source software, such as the Apache HTTP server browser wars that led to the evolution of JavaScript as a mature programming language


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The term "scripting language" is now-a-days really an ambiguous, wishy-washy, or just plain prejudicial one, but a discussion of how that came to be is a discussion of the evolution of the languages to which the label is often applied. Originally, scripting referred to languages whose source was interpreted at runtime instead of compiled (e.g., shells ...


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Create a .desktop file and move it to /usr/share/applications How to do so, you'll find on the Arch Linux Wiki.


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I think the Wikipedia topic titled: "Utility Software" nails it: Utility software usually focuses on how the computer infrastructure (including the computer hardware, operating system, application software and data storage) operates. Due to this focus, utilities are often rather technical and targeted at people with an advanced level of computer ...


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Wikipedia contrasts application software with system software. The latter: Provides a platform for application software by providing access to hardware, etc. Performs system specific tasks -- for example, most common command line utilities. However, many command line programs are really applications (e.g., wget, make, ssh). Application software could ...


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Strictly speaking, Unix utilities are only a well defined set of commands usable by portable shell scripts and specified by POSIX. The term is also sometimes loosely used to include non standard CLI only commands still common in Unix and Linux systems, like say less, emacs, perl, zipand a gazillion of others. Applications are almost anything running in ...


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Utilities in Unix are meant to function well in command pipelines or scripts. They are not meant to be interacted with to a high degree while performing their tasks. Applications typically provide a notion of a workspace or project where you can work on a task or file (or multiple such things) interactively, and maybe even save/load that entire ...



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