Zsh is a shell with many advanced command-line and scripting features.

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changeshell -chsh (to zshell) asks for password often [on hold]

I use ubuntu 14.04 in my Desktop. I switch to zsh using the command chsh -s /bin/zsh from .bashrc. And when i open a new shell prompt, it always asks for a password. When i do source .zshrc, it ...
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3answers
460 views

Echo command with AND operator doesn't exit

echo hai && echo bye prints hai bye while echo hai && echo $? prints hai 0 When the first echo command's return value is 0, how does the echo statement after AND operator ...
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2answers
40 views

autocomplete weirdness as a result of ugly hack for zsh prompt

I currently have the following line in my .zshrc: export PROMPT=$(printf "\e[38;5;6m")%m$(printf "\e[m")%d-%h:" " Which is supposed to show the hostname in blue and history and current working ...
2
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2answers
102 views

zsh keeps forgetting PATH vars

I'm using [oh-my-zsh] in iTerm on MacBook running Mavericks. I have iTerm set to source my .zsh file on load, and mostly that works. cd && source .zsh Except when it doesn't. Sometimes, ...
3
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1answer
31 views

Shell glob - substitute file path arg with file's contents

In curl command, there is --data option, which substitutes the file contents when the option value is prefixed by @ symbol like, curl -X POST --data @abc.json hostaddr.com abc.json file contents ...
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3answers
91 views

Bash long string, no word splitting?

I want to tidy up some script with long commands, so that for example: { somecheck || somecomand "reallyreallyreallyreallyreallyreallylongstring" } &> /dev/null & becomes something like: ...
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1answer
31 views

zsh parse error after alias do=…

I have the following .zshrc file in my home directory: # modify the prompt to contain git branch name if applicable git_prompt_info() { current_branch=$(git current-branch 2> /dev/null) if [[ ...
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1answer
32 views

How can I use !! in zsh alias

I am trying to create an alias that builds upon my previous command. Say I run ag foo After looking at the list I want to be able to use those results in vim so I do vim -q<(!! --vimgrep) The ...
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42 views

How to make zsh correct remember my decision

I have enabled correction (I wouldn't call it autocorrection specifically because of this issue) in zsh by enabling setopt correct in my .zshrc. Now, when I type dtae in a terminal, I get: dtae ...
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1answer
51 views

What does $'text' do exactly in Bash? Can it be used in Zsh?

I recently run into the following proposed solution: cat results.csv | tr $'\x01' \\t > result.csv to convert a malformed csv file (one that uses \x01 unicode as a separator) into a correct one. ...
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37 views

Making zsh filename completion case-insensitive everywhere

I have the following line in my zshrc to make filename completions case-insensitive: zstyle ':completion:*' matcher-list 'm:{a-zA-Z}={A-Za-z}' This works most of the time but I’ve noticed that if I ...
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2answers
51 views

Is there a nice way to set directory/project local environment variables?

I have been working on several projects and they require different environment variables (e.g., PATH for different versions of clang executables, PYTHONPATH for several external modules). Whenever I ...
4
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2answers
60 views

Coming back to a command I have partially written [duplicate]

Often I find myself partway through writing a long command (or chain of commands) and realise I need to run another command before I can finish typing out this current one. Examples Sometimes, I... ...
2
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1answer
237 views

alias -g '${1+“$@”}'='“$@”', what does it do?

Most makefile have this strange set of symbols '${1+"$@"}'. $@ is the makefile target filename. But why does, people try to use the complex symbol like '${1+"$@"}'?
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1answer
127 views

Why does brace expansion range use two dots instead of three (ellipsis)?

I finally understood/discovered why I never got to using bash's (and also zsh's) brace expansion range properly: the syntax is {1..10} instead of what I assumed to be an ellipsis, i.e. {1...10}. May ...
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5answers
160 views

How can I use a wildcard to match just files, not directories?

I have a folder called home/homeLife I have a file called home1 home2 and home3 stored in /home I want to move all files that start with home* to home/homeLife/.. I typed mv home* /home/homeLife ...
3
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1answer
35 views

Zsh gpg2 autocompletion

I am using zsh with oh-my-zsh on OSX. I installed gnupg2 from homebrew giving me the executable gpg2. Unfortunately zsh auto completion appears to only support gpg (even though that executable is not ...
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32 views

zsh git command auto-complete add extra origin to the git branch name

After I clone a git repository locally, I want to switch branch to, says, 'ABCD'. $ git branch -a * master remotes/origin/ABCD remotes/origin/HEAD -> origin/master remotes/origin/master $ ...
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17 views

Is there a better to find out the script location which is part of a zprezto module?

I am writing a custom module to extend the zprezto framework for myself. The goal is to be able to start a tmux with proper configuration by name. Here is the code of the init.zsh of my custom module: ...
2
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1answer
52 views

Combining zsh’s tab completion with case insensitivity

I have zsh 5.0.7 configured to use case-insensitive tab completion with zstyle ':completion:*' matcher-list 'm:{a-zA-Z}={A-Za-z}' The problem I’m having is that this case insensitivity often leads ...
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1answer
61 views

How to turn on tab completion in zsh/prezto?

I have installed prezto and trying out zsh. However tab completion is not on by default. What is the best way to enable tab completion in prezto?
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28 views

Why does select-word-style stop me from using backward-kill-word for leading whitespace?

If I have just some whitespace at be beginning of my zsh prompt, I can usually ^W (backward-kill-word) it away. However, as soon as I load select-word-style - even if I don't select any special style ...
3
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1answer
82 views

Why is `setopt nohup` required to make `nohup watch` work in zsh?

In zsh, setopt nohup seems to be required to make nohup work, as follows: # nohup does not work without setopt nohup ➜ /tmp zsh ➜ /tmp nohup watch ls & [1] 31556 nohup: ignoring input and ...
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1answer
28 views

Is there a valid way of exporting a variable across different shells?

For some reasons, Im using ksh and zsh in my scripts and returning to -bash, I need to use already set variable values in the spawned shells, writing it to some temp file and using that didn't look ...
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43 views

How can I complete a -N numeric parameter?

I'm writing an autocomplete script for supervisorctl. Is it possible to complete a numeric parameter such as -6, -999 etc? Currently my call to _arguments looks like, which doesn't work: _arguments ...
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1answer
61 views

Ctrl-Arrow does not work anymore after installing Prezto

I have this in my .inputrc: "\e[A": history-search-backward "\e[B": history-search-forward set show-all-if-ambiguous on set completion-ignore-case on # mappings for Ctrl-left-arrow and ...
3
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1answer
63 views

Filename expansion from date ranges

Consider dates in the ISO 8601 format i.e. ‘YYYY-MM-DD’, e.g. 2015-01-28, and say we have a folder with files of the form: AAAA_<date>_BBBB I am looking for a glob pattern in zsh (or Bash) ...
2
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1answer
74 views

terminal converts first letter to uppercase

After a $ vagrant ssh into a Centos 7 VM, - If I type a command in the VM terminal that uses zsh shell, the first letter gets uppercased. How can I stop this behaviour? I briefly looked at $ stty ...
2
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1answer
72 views

Multi-month view in calendar (cal) in OS X

I am hoping to run some of the commands listed in this article, e.g.: cal -3 which is supposed to show me the last month, this month, and next month. This command does not work in OS X. $ cal -3 ...
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2answers
93 views

Export Command History into a Shell Script

Often I have complicated installation procedures to follow, like having to build dependencies for buildtools, to build dependencies for the application I wish to install from source. Once I have done ...
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2answers
53 views

Why does zsh allow name to be null in ${name:-word}?

From zsh documentation: ${name-word} ${name:-word} If name is set, or in the second form is non-null, then substitute its value; otherwise substitute word. In the second form name may ...
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2answers
67 views

ls .. doesn't work properly with symlinks

I have directories set up a bit like this ~/code ~/code/src ~/code/build -> /path/to/somewhere/else That last one's a symlink. If I do this cd ~/code/build ls .. then I get the listing for ...
1
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1answer
82 views

Every time I run tmux, new ssh-agent child process is started (zshell)

Every time I start tmux or split tmux, new instance of ssh-agent is started ("Agent pid XXXX" appears on the top), which is quite annoying because I have to type the key password every time I want to ...
3
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2answers
111 views

Compatibility scripting: Save $? for use later

I would like to write a small part of a script that saves the error status, executes some other code, and sets the error status to the original error status. In Bash it looks like this: << some ...
4
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1answer
133 views

Tab autocompletion of accented characters with oh-my-zsh doesn't work

I am not able to properly display autocompleted filenames that contain accented characters like ã in my shell configuration of zsh and oh-my-zsh. I've created a filename cão.txt to demonstrate this ...
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2answers
74 views

Zsh completion on the second command or after an alias?

I have changed my OS X Yosemite shell to Zsh and configured with "oh my zsh" plugins, recently i installed proxychains-ng to proxy command line tools, but i found zsh completion does not work on the ...
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3answers
326 views

How could I reach root after switching from bash to zsh?

It's very weird that after switching to zsh from bash, I can't access root. I normally use 'su' to login as root after I login as a normal user (username is normalusername) with less privileges. And ...
0
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1answer
20 views

Why urxvtc doesn't accetp zsh functions when called with a “-c” argument?

In order to launch a new terminal and run a zsh function on it, I am trying to run the following command from within an urxvtc terminal (the urxvtd is running as a systemd service) urxvtc -e zsh ...
4
votes
2answers
234 views

Running commands stored in shell variables

The following works in my shell (zsh): > FOO='ls' > $FOO file1 file2 but the following doesn't: > FOO='emacs -nw' > $FOO zsh: command not found: emacs -nw even though invoking emacs ...
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2answers
115 views

Passing a command with arguments to a script

I am trying to write a shell script that receives as an input a command with arguments and runs it. As an example, I am hoping to use this in cron as follows: 0 11 * * * my_wrapper.sh "task_name" ...
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1answer
144 views

Redirection differences between &> >& and 2>&1

On this SO thread and a few other threads I have seen the following commands for redirecting stdout and stderr to a file. Are they all equivalent? Is there any difference between them? command1 ...
0
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1answer
64 views

how to find file defining an alias

I am having a problem I'm not sure how to get around. Somehwhere on my system, I have an alias defined as such: alias subl=\''/Applications/Sublime Text 2.app/Contents/SharedSupport/bin/subl'\' I ...
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366 views

How can I list all shell variables?

Reading about this question: In zsh how can I list all the environment variables?, I wondered, how can I list all the shell variables? Also, does the distinction between shell variables and ...
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1answer
24 views

Switching shells for one cron job

Say I have the following in my crontab: * * * * * command1 -option A; command2; command3; etc. I would like cron to run the commands I have in that line with a specific shell. How can I do that? ...
4
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128 views

Change Zsh theme in Android Studio

I've recently jumped ship to zsh and I'm using the Oh my Zsh! theme blinks. It looks very nice in the OSX Terminal, but it looks very bad in Android Studio's terminal. So my question is is there a ...
2
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1answer
35 views

Pipelines, Jobs and Processes in Zsh

I went through the Jobs & Signals documentation in Zsh, but some things aren't still clear to me. It says: If the MONITOR option is set, an interactive shell associates a job with each ...
1
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1answer
40 views

When using zsh tab-completion, Ignore CDPATH if a local file or directory matches

I love Z shell's tab completion with CDPATH, but sometimes it's overkill. I'd like it to only kick in as a fall-back if nothing in the local directory matches. For instance, I was just in ...
1
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1answer
91 views

zsh colored prompt

this is my PROMPT PROMPT='%{$fg[green]%}%n%{$reset_color%}@%{$fg[white]%}%m%{$reset_color%}:%{$fg[yellow]%}%~%{$reset_color%} $(git_super_status) %{$fg[white]%}\$%{$reset_color%}' Yes, the new line ...
3
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1answer
102 views

Problem with passing parameters containing spaces and wild card characters

I have a problem passing parameters if the parameters may contain wildcards and/or spaces, if those parameters are optional. Since this sounds pretty abstract, let's have a small example: The ...
3
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1answer
42 views

Keep the space after completion for some characters in zsh

Zsh has a bit of completion-related automation that's nice most of the time: after pressing Tab, a space is inserted automatically (or some other appropriate character such as , inside braces). I ...