xargs is a command that executes another command and generates its arguments from stdin

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Why are “{}” and “%” commonly used as replstr in xargs?

I often see xargs -I {} or xargs -I % (less). Is there any reason why those two are commonly used? Why is {}, as longer and more likely to be bad-interpreted, preferred?
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19 views

Using Xargs to write a tar archive in numerical order

I need to write an LTO of single frame files (DPX) in frame number order. When using the standard command below the frames are written out of order. tar -b 1024 -cvf /dev/nst0 <directory> ...
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35 views

process substitution for opening a list of files with an application

I wish to use process substitution to direct a list of files (produced, for example, by ls or find) to a particular application for opening/viewing. While piping such a list to xargs is suitable for a ...
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40 views

Why is the “move” word necessary when using find + xargs + rsync in this example? [duplicate]

I often use this sort of command on my Mac to transfer files remotely: find . -iname '*.txt' -print0 \ | xargs -0 -J % rsync -aP % user@ip:/foo/bar I had to perform this on Linux. Since GNU ...
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51 views

Multiple arguments using xargs.

I know xargs can take many arguments like so. xargs -n5 -I{} echo {} but how do I put the arguments in a particular location I want do something like. xargs -n5 -I{} curl ...
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56 views

Find files recursively that are older than one year and not owned by a specific user

I'm trying to find any files on a specific mount that are older than one year and do not belong to a specific user. This is the command I'm using (within the root directory of the mount): find . ! ...
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68 views

Find file, check size and overwrite when filesize is different

Today I found a little bug in my own written CMS. Now I want to rewrite all the files on the server with the same filename. However, I do have some customers with the specific file customized so I ...
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82 views

Combining bash % with xargs %

This article says you can use a % syntax to remove file extensions: $ s=a/b.mkv $ echo ${s%.*} a/b How do you combine the % syntax with the % in xargs to achieve the desired result for a set of ...
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1answer
34 views

basename doesn't work as expected

How do I make ".mkv" disappear in the target filename? $ echo a/b.mkv | xargs -I % echo ffmpeg -i "%" $(basename "%" ".mkv").mp4 ffmpeg -i a/b.mkv a/b.mkv.mp4
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67 views

How to tell xargs to unpack tar into certain directory [closed]

I wrote my first script which goes: find /media/temp/test -type f -printf '%T@ %p\n*.tar.gz' | sort -n | tail -1 | cut -f2- -d" " | xargs tar -xvpf I would like to find latest modified file which ...
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understanding sed, awk and curl interaction extracting ssh URL information from github page

I needed to pull every public repo in a user's GitHub account. To do this I got the API output of https://api.github.com/users/SOMEUSER/repos This is what I came up with. To extract the ssh_url line ...
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1answer
111 views

cmd2 `cmd1` vs cmd1 | xargs cmd2

I'm trying to find a file with find and then pass the found path to sqlite3. I'm only dropped into the sqlite> prompt if my command is of the form: sqlite3 `find . -type f -iname "*.db" | head ...
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269 views

How to quote arguments with xargs

Suppose that I want to delete all files in a folder that are greater than 1 MB. $ find . -size +1M | xargs -0 rm This will not delete files that have space in their names. So I want it to quote all ...
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1answer
65 views

Command that prints file contents given filename on stdin

I have a command that produces some output part of which is actually a file name containing the full output data. I want to extract the file name (which I trivially do with cut) and then pass it to ...
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3answers
358 views

find, xargs and mv: renaming files with double-quotes, expansion and bash precedence issue

Ok, I'm simply trying to strip out double-quotes in my filenames. Here's the command I came up with (bash). $ find . -iname "*\"*" -print0 | xargs -0 -I {} mv {} {} | tr -d \" The problem is the ...
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64 views

Cannot prompt user using rm bultin prompt option -i with xargs and find

I am using xargs and rm with find in order to remove files that follow a specific pattern defined by find as follows. touch file find . -name file | xargs rm Everything works fine with the above ...
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1answer
25 views

xargs: running command once with all arguments

My aim is to get a list of files that have been modified in git, then run rspec command passing each file in as an argument. Currently I have: $ git status -s | awk '{if ($1 == "M") print $2}' | tr ...
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1answer
47 views

Problems with find, xargs and egrep

I this is what I what I'm trying to end up with (except working) find ./ -mindepth 1 -type f -mtime +60 -print0 | xargs -0 egrep -vZ 'vvv|iii' What am I doing wrong? $ ll total 0 -rw-rw-r-- 1 ...
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1answer
47 views

Where does `xargs` add the option from STDIN?

Due to some reasons, the option order is important to the command. For example, different options order may cause different actions in ffmpeg, so where does xargs add the option from stdin? For ...
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82 views

Seaching a File in Unix for a given string and then another set of Strings within this file and print file properties too

I am using command to search for files staring from a given Directory in Unix , files ending *.sas and containing the string DB2. I then inturn want to search the resultant set of files for the ...
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33 views

Exact format of xargs -I parameters?

Indeed, I would like to know the exact format of '-I' parameter (string, variant, etc.) for a script like this, seq 15 | xargs -I num seq 15 | xargs -I num bash -c "echo num" will work The ...
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55 views

How to pipe a the output of find to another find invocation

Here's what I'm trying to do find . -maxdepth 1 -type d -print0 | xargs -0 -P4 find -name 'war' -type d I would like to create a list of directory names, null-terminated, and then pass this list to ...
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54 views

echoing basename under xargs?

I have the following command : ls /some/path/*dat | xargs -n 1 -I @ sh -c "echo `basename @`" with the directory /some/path/ containing : /some/path/a /some/path/b /some/path/c /some/path/d I ...
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xargs, records, and standard input

I have a 0-byte-delimited file of records. Record 1, Line 1 Record 1, Line 2 [zero byte] Record 2, Line 1 Record 2, Line 2 I'd like to run the "process.sh" command once for each record, with the ...
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105 views

grep for files and open the resultant matches

I'm trying to open all files based on some return values from grep in the command line. I know that I can use the -l option to only return filenames, but I would like to combine this somehow with ...
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1answer
415 views

How to use defined function with xargs

This is my code #!/bin/bash showword() { echo $1 } echo This is a sample message | xargs -d' ' -t -n1 -P2 showword So I have a function showword which echoes whatever string you pass as a ...
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165 views

using modified file content as arguments

In a script I'd like to purge a mercurial repository but be able to retain a number of (configurable) file patterns which I read from $FILENAME. The syntax for the hg command is hg purge --all ...
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61 views

Getting the size of parent folders when using find to search for criteria?

I am hunting for a certain regular expression within the filenames and am seeking to return the parent folders with their sizes in a unique fashion. For example, here is the command that I expected ...
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3answers
243 views

xargs line too long

I am trying to remove all files that have a hexadecimal digit in the first two digits, so I am using the following expression: ls | grep -Z '^[0-9a-f][0-9a-f]' | xargs -0 rm However, the terminal ...
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317 views

xargs command results in sed: ;: No such file or directory

Trying to search and replace recursively across multiple files on a mac running OS X using the following command: grep -rl string1 ./ | xargs sed -i '' s/string1/string2/g \; but it returns the ...
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xargs how to put result {} into $(cmd {})? [closed]

for example: find /usr/lib -maxdepth 1 -type l -iname "*libblas*"|xargs -I{} echo "{} =>" $(realpath {}) I would like it to output: /usr/lib/libblas.so.3gf=>/usr/lib/libblas/libblas.so.3gf.0 ...
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187 views

Is the output mixed like this because of xargs and how can I fix it?

I'm learning a bit of Bash by using xargs to list whois records for a bunch of IP addresses. The command used is: echo "$1" | tr "\n" "\0" | xargs -0 -n 1 -t -P 3 -I % sh -c 'echo "\n 44rBegin whois ...
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265 views

Have xargs use alias instead of binary

Bash 4.2 on CentOS 6.5: In my ~/.bash_profile I have a bunch of aliases, including: alias grep='grep -n --color=always' so that I can get color highlighting and print line numbers automatically ...
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1answer
202 views

Using xargs with git

I am trying to practice using xargs. I tried the following, passing the SHA1 via xargs: $ git show SHA1 --name-only I also tried: $ git log --author=jim --grep="patch" |head -n 1|cut -d ' ' ...
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Is there a way to make this one-liner faster?

Context I have a directory of thousands of zip files that are dated in the form YYYYMMDD_hhmmss.zip and each about 300K. Within each zip file is about 400 xml files each about 3K. The problem I ...
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148 views

Change directory based on a pipeline's output

I want to go to a directory with using filter For example there is a file named this-is-awsome ls | grep this-is-awsome | xargs cd How can I go to a directory with filter?
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What is the syntax for passing the output of a command to xargs?

As an example I am using xdotool to obtain the list of windows on my desktop, which outputs a list of numbers, one on each line. An example command for that is: xdotool search --name "a_program", ...
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132 views

How to make xargs ping and head output as expected?

Given an array of domains I would like to obtain their IP addresses, in the following format: 98.139.183.24 98.137.236.24 This script #!/bin/bash domains=(yahoo.com yahoo.ca) printf "%s\0" ...
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3answers
137 views

zsh's “echo SomeText >> **/filename” in other shells

I need to fill all files with a specific filename (recursively) with a text. In zsh this can be done with echo SomeText > **/TheFileName I search generic solutions for sh-compatible and/or tcsh ...
4
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1answer
252 views

Blank lines when executing “grep | xargs” in a “find -exec”

I'm trying to list all directories of a web server that are blocked by Apache via a .htaccess (containing deny from all). I've managed to get the list of blocking .htaccess but when I try to extract ...
4
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1answer
121 views

Why do bash variables disappear when I use xargs?

I have a simple bash script and want to count how often a command gets called. Here is a minimal example, the counter is called c and should be 4 at the end: #!/bin/bash c=0; for a in X Y; do for ...
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59 views

remove files after insertion into tarball

I want to limit the number of files that get put into a tar ball and erease them after they've been inserted into the tarball and being indipendent from the current directory. I've tried this: tar -C ...
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2answers
163 views

Output of command when piped to another command

I am running a command which does a quick checksum of some file like so find / -type f -ctime +30 -mtime +30 -atime +30 -exec md5sum {} \; | xargs -P 4 and I am trying to run it in parallel with ...
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172 views

How to create infinite pipe of strings in bash

I have about 10 links in file links.txt. I download them through cat links.txt | xargs -i --max-procs=4 bash -c "wget {}" I whould like do it repeatedly like while : do cat links.txt | ...
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1answer
436 views

How to create multiple tar files with bash script and use date as file names?

I have a lot of files and want to create an archive for every 100 files i.e. the first 100 files are in one tar file, and the 101st to 200th files are in another tar file. And I want to use the date ...
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1answer
219 views

How to get exit code of a parallel process launched by xargs?

I'd made a script for launching parallel rsync process: #! /bin/bash LIST=$1 DEST_DIR=$2 RSYNC_OPTS=$3 #echo "rsyncing From=$SRC_DIR To=$DEST_DIR RSYNC_OPTS=$RSYNC_OPTS" echo $LIST|xargs -n1 -d, ...
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1answer
532 views

Convert newlines to null-delimited when using tail

How can I change the output from tail to use null-terminated lines instead of newlines? My question is similar to this one: How to do `head` and `tail` on null-delimited input in bash?, but differs ...
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464 views

How to execute a command repeatedly with different arguments?

I'm on Ubuntu. I copied some arguments (separated by newline) and I can use xsel to print them out like this $ xsel arg1 arg2 arg3 arg4 ... Now, I want to use each of these arguments for another ...
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1answer
389 views

When should you use subshells vs `xargs`?

Many simple commands using xargs could be rewritten as commands using subshells. For instance, here is something I was using earlier today, to concatenate the ten largest binaries in /usr/bin, written ...
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2k views

How can I concatenate all files in a directory together in one command line operation? [duplicate]

I have 1000 csv files in a directory. I would like to concatenate them all together in order. They are named img_size_1.csv to approx img_size_1000.csv This answer is close but assumes a list file. ...