The processor architecture of most PCs and servers, including the 386/486/Pentium/… (IA-32) 32-bit family and the amd64 64-bit family. Most x86 processors are made by Intel or AMD.

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49
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3answers
22k views

What do the flags in /proc/cpuinfo mean?

How can I tell whether my processor has a particular feature? (64-bit instruction set, hardware-assisted virtualization, cryptographic accelerators, etc.) I know that the file /proc/cpuinfo contains ...
21
votes
2answers
2k views

Is it possible to compile a full Linux system with Intel's compiler instead of GCC?

Perhaps this is a stupid idea? Maybe there are some compatibility issues? I have the impression that for Intel-based systems, the Intel compiler would potentially do a better job than GCC. Perhaps ...
14
votes
2answers
4k views

Using ABI_X86 in Gentoo

For one reason or another (I've been busy, I guess), it's been months since I've updated my Gentoo system. And, as you can imagine, this means there's a lot of packages (and USE changes) I need to go ...
10
votes
2answers
4k views

Why does my system show only 3.2 GiB of RAM when I definitely have 4.0 GiB

I have 2x2 GiB sticks of RAM installed. Running memtest86 from the grub boot menu confirms this.. memtest86 reports no errors. However every which way I check my available memory in a running ...
9
votes
4answers
55k views

How to determine Linux kernel architecture?

uname -m gives i686 and uname -m gives i686 i386 output in Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 5.4 (Tikanga) machine. I need to install Oracle Database 10g Release 2 on that machine. So, how can I ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

How can I determine if my processor is 64 or 32 bit? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How do I know that my CPU supports 64bit operating systems under Linux? I am running Debian Squeeze, how can I determine whether my processor is 64 or 32-bit? I'm ...
8
votes
6answers
1k views

What are the platforms that Linux is being used frequently on besides x86?

What are the platforms that Linux is being used frequently on besides x86? I know that x86 dominates. But, what are other platforms that some people also use Linux for? Are there links for ...
8
votes
1answer
574 views

Does Linux still have to reside within the first XX cylinders of a HDD?

It's been a while since I last bothered with partitioning my hard drive, but now it's time again and I remember last time I did this there was a requirement to put the root partition (or only GRUB?) ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

32-bit, 64-bit CPU op-mode on Linux

I'm confused. Running Fedora Linux, lscpu yields: Architecture: i686 CPU op-mode(s): 32-bit, 64-bit ... But when I try to install a 64-bit program (Chrome) I get error like: ...
7
votes
3answers
7k views

How do I know that my CPU supports 64bit operating systems under Linux?

How can I find out that my CPU supports 64bit operating systems under Linux, e.g.: Ubuntu, Fedora?
7
votes
2answers
967 views

Overclocking tools in Linux

I am trying to overclock my machine. All the changes are made on the BIOS level, but then one needs to check all the temperatures, voltages, etc and test the stability of the overclock. Most tutorials ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Load Linux bzImage in QEMU?

I compiled a Linux by doing make menuconfig then make and now I have compiled the most recent version of Linux. How can I load the kernel into QEMU?
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Which Fedora CPU architecture should I choose? i386 or i686?

I have an old Thinkpad X32 which has an Intel(R) Pentium(R) M processor 1.80GHz based on the result of cat /proc/cpuinfo and I was wondering which is better to use on it, the i386 or the i686 version ...
6
votes
2answers
176 views

Is there a command or method (other than RTFM) to determine if a system has a UEFI BIOS?

My inspiration for asking this is this other question on Ask Ubuntu. One reason I am asking is that I am just curious. I would like to know more about this for whatever value it might have in the ...
6
votes
1answer
733 views

User Kernel split in 64bit Linux

What is the default user/kernel split in the 64bit linux ? I read Documentation/x86_64/mm.txt (which someone pointed out), but I could not make out. Can somebody provide a direct answer (something ...
6
votes
1answer
444 views

Can I run multiple cores at different clock speeds?

I see the cores on an Intel i5 machine I'm looking at can only be run at the same clockspeed: /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu1/cpufreq/related_cpus lists all of the CPUs. Setting cpu1's clockspeed changes ...
6
votes
1answer
446 views

Files bigger than max(off64_t) on Solaris, eg “/proc/../as”

How do I read or seek from a file that's bigger than the maximum off64_t? The problem arises because the address space of a process is represented in the /proc/.../as file, which is a huge sparse file ...
6
votes
1answer
264 views

How to make linux 'perf record' work for libc and libstdc++ symbols?

I'm using perf record -g on x86-64 Linux to profile a program. Several symbols in libc or libstdc++ have 0 as a parent: __GI___strcmp_ssse3 (libc) and strcmp@plt (libstdc++) for example. (I can ...
5
votes
1answer
398 views

Compiler flags for mplayer2 to optimize it for old hardware

I just compiled mplayer2 from source (git://git.mplayer2.org/mplayer2-build.git) because the repository (ubuntu 12.04) version didn't work on my system. Since I have old hardware I was just wondering ...
4
votes
3answers
445 views

8086 emulator for unix-like OSs?

Is there any 8086 emulator (free or paid) for Fedora 17? I am learning assembly language using AT&T style.
4
votes
1answer
118 views

updating BIOS without MS Windows (or a floppy drive)

I'm running Kubuntu 12.04. I need to update my motherboard BIOS. The Arch Linux Wiki says, "By far the easiest way to make a bootable FreeDOS USB Stick is using unetbootin." So I did that. Using ...
4
votes
1answer
94 views

Why do the data and code segments completely overlap in Linux?

Context: I'm reading "Understanding the Linux kernel, 3d ed", which uses the 2.6.11 kernel. Question: As I understand, the physical address is obtained by translating the linear address, which is ...
4
votes
2answers
866 views

Difference between “machine hardware”, “processor type” and “hardware platform”

My Linux machine reports "uname -a" outputs as below: [root@tom i386]# uname -a Linux tom 2.6.9-89.ELsmp #1 SMP Mon Apr 20 10:34:33 EDT 2009 i686 i686 i386 GNU/Linux [root@tom i386]# As per man ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

What determines whether an interrupt is IO-APIC-edge or IO-APIC-level?

Looking at the contents of /proc/interrupts on an x86 Linux, I see that some of the interrupts are IO-APIC-edge while others are IO-APIC-level. I wonder what determines the interrupt type, is it the ...
4
votes
1answer
984 views

Use aes-ni in Debian

I am considering building a small home server. I'd like to encrypt some folders on this server, therefore using the instruction set aes-ni which is supported by newer (mostly Intel) chips would be ...
4
votes
0answers
346 views

getting the message “out of partition” after installing GRUB 2. What is happening?

I recently moved a partition with a complete Linux install except /home to a new disk (with DD). Everything went fine, I can mount the partition, browse it... perfect. Next step: install GRUB to ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

What a 64 bit Linux can do that 32 bit linux can't?

I ordered a server from fdcserver. Then I realized that, unless changed, fdcserver actually provides 32 bit operating as default. I logged in using SSH, typed uname -m, and to my horror I saw that I ...
3
votes
2answers
43 views

Running -march optimized software on another architechture?

I'm running an Athlon64 server with LFS and would like to have a local copy of the server in a virtual machine for testing purposes and building software. My PC uses an i7 and the existing server ...
3
votes
1answer
312 views

Real mode and loading linux kernel confusing

As far as know, protected mode will activated in kernel and in grub stage it still real mode. My misunderstanding is: In real mode, total memory available for use is less than 1MB but how grub can ...
3
votes
1answer
676 views

Do I have PCLMUL instruction set support?

Here are the flags from /proc/cpuinfo: fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush dts acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm pbe syscall nx rdtscp lm constant_tsc ...
3
votes
1answer
213 views

Turn system on by USB keyboard?

To hibernate my Debian Wheezy system, I run the following command: sudo sh -c 'echo disk > /sys/power/state' To wake up the system, I can press any key on my USB keyboard. My understanding of ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Linux and Android apps on ARM vs x86

There are a plethora of low-cost ARM-based mini-devices coming out (Cotton Candy, etc). Some of these are Android-only, some Linux-only, and some allow both operating systems to run. The only issue ...
2
votes
1answer
525 views

Where is max process size specified?

I've got a RHEL4 machine with 1TB of memory and have discovered that malloc and mmap refuse to allocate any memory above 512GB. Meanwhile, I don't seem to have a problem with RHEL5 machines. I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
321 views

Which edac module should I enable here?

I got a Intel(R) Core(TM) i5-2450M CPU @ 2.50GHz CPU here , not sure which module should be enabled for EDAC: Chipset: Inter Coporation 6 Series/C2000 , driver in use: i801_smbus
2
votes
2answers
373 views

Fedora 15 i686 report only 2.6 GB RAM

I have laptop Asus N53SV with 4 GB of RAM, i7 with integrated card and dedicated GPU. My problem on Fedora is that system reports only 2.6 GB RAM. I know that I should use kernel with PAE but even ...
2
votes
0answers
189 views

How many rings does OpenBSD use?

Usually a Windows/Linux operating system uses afaik max 2 rings But how many rings does OpenBSD use?
2
votes
0answers
673 views

32 bit appplication on 64 bit linux not working

I'm running linux mint LMDE 64 bit version, I have to install this i386 software to use my modem. So I did it with --force-architecture mode, installation completed with errors. Here is the log dpkg: ...
1
vote
2answers
337 views

What is the Execute Disable bit?

I read an article about the Execute Disable Bit (EDB) on x86 CPUs. This is more widely known as the NX bit; Intel also calls it XD. So Windows XP supports this hardware feature. Yay! But how do I ...
1
vote
1answer
730 views

Which “Processor family” to choose under “Processor type and features”?

I have recently compiled a minimal kernel for my Intel(R) Pentium(R) Dual CPU T3400 @ 2.16GHz, and chose CONFIG_MCORE2 (Core 2/newer Xeon) under "Processor type and features > Processor family" I ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Debian Wheezy rebooting instead of powering off

I'm having a weird issue with my Debian Wheezy desktop. When I try to shutdown the system (either from Gnome or from the command line with shutdown -h now) the computer automatically reboots. The ...
1
vote
1answer
323 views

Installing GRUB from scratch

I am trying to make a scratch linux installation on a PC board that has an x86 processor running on it. It also has a compact flash drive on it to which I have copied my compiled kernel image. The ...
1
vote
1answer
858 views

AES-NI accelerated ZFS v31 encryption in Solaris 11

I'm not quite sure if this is the right place to ask this, if not, feel free to migrate it to wherever it fits in. I'm testing the encryption feature in ZFS v31 in a Solaris 11.11.11 VM under ESXi ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Find alternative for Debian 5 to work with big files

I have a problem using find find ./ -mtime +7 Value too large for defined data type because of 2 Gb file (backup) on x32 VDS and it is not possible to reinstall OS. I need to remove old files ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Atom - compatible processors for a kernel

Does anyone know any Atom N270-compatible processors (what I mean is not that they run on the same socket, but that they can share a kernel with nothing going wrong). Btw, this also means that they ...
1
vote
1answer
537 views

Cannot install ia32-libs-i386

I'm trying to install ia32-libs-i386, but it's giving me this error: Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done Some packages could not be ...
1
vote
0answers
198 views

i386 libtool conflicting with x86_64 libtool when installing Handbrake

I've been trying to install Handbrake on centos 5.8 with the help of some different guides. I'm running x86_64, and whenever I try to install packages necessary to build the binary, the arch ends up ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Debian package available for ia64 but not for x86_64?

I want to download aptitude to build it from source on my 64bit machine. It is a Thinkpad with a normal x86_64 CPU, nothing special. The download page only has: alpha amd64 armel armhf hppa ...
0
votes
2answers
105 views

Ubuntu 10.04 on 64bit

I need to download the 64bit version of Ubuntu 10.04, I found this link http://releases.ubuntu.com/lucid/ and select this option: PC (Intel x86) desktop CD But it is x86? And the other 64bit ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

make: arm-elf-gcc: Command not found [duplicate]

I'm working on an application for a Moxa UC-7110, and I have installed their tool chain, which provides a cross compiler for their arm architecture on uClinux. I'm on on Ubuntu 12.04 LTS. I'm having ...
0
votes
0answers
370 views

Undervolting in Linux

Could you recommend me something different like Linux-PHC for undervolting in Linux? I would like to undervolt my AMD Phenom 9850 CPU. I am using Debian squeeze x64. For underclocking I use ...