The processor architecture of most PCs and servers, including the 386/486/Pentium/… (IA-32) 32-bit family and the amd64 64-bit family. Most x86 processors are made by Intel or AMD.

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78
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4answers
43k views

What do the flags in /proc/cpuinfo mean?

How can I tell whether my processor has a particular feature? (64-bit instruction set, hardware-assisted virtualization, cryptographic accelerators, etc.) I know that the file /proc/cpuinfo contains ...
23
votes
6answers
100k views

How to determine Linux kernel architecture?

uname -m gives i686 and uname -m gives i686 i386 output in Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 5.4 (Tikanga) machine. I need to install Oracle Database 10g Release 2 on that machine. So, how can I ...
23
votes
2answers
2k views

Is it possible to compile a full Linux system with Intel's compiler instead of GCC?

Perhaps this is a stupid idea? Maybe there are some compatibility issues? I have the impression that for Intel-based systems, the Intel compiler would potentially do a better job than GCC. Perhaps ...
21
votes
4answers
10k views

Using ABI_X86 in Gentoo

For one reason or another (I've been busy, I guess), it's been months since I've updated my Gentoo system. And, as you can imagine, this means there's a lot of packages (and USE changes) I need to go ...
11
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4answers
14k views

How do I know that my CPU supports 64bit operating systems under Linux?

How can I find out that my CPU supports 64bit operating systems under Linux, e.g.: Ubuntu, Fedora?
11
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2answers
5k views

Why does my system show only 3.2 GiB of RAM when I definitely have 4.0 GiB

I have 2x2 GiB sticks of RAM installed. Running memtest86 from the grub boot menu confirms this.. memtest86 reports no errors. However every which way I check my available memory in a running ...
10
votes
4answers
6k views

32-bit, 64-bit CPU op-mode on Linux

I'm confused. Running Fedora Linux, lscpu yields: Architecture: i686 CPU op-mode(s): 32-bit, 64-bit ... But when I try to install a 64-bit program (Chrome) I get error like: ...
10
votes
1answer
4k views

Load Linux bzImage in QEMU?

I compiled a Linux by doing make menuconfig then make and now I have compiled the most recent version of Linux. How can I load the kernel into QEMU?
9
votes
1answer
3k views

How can I determine if my processor is 64 or 32 bit? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How do I know that my CPU supports 64bit operating systems under Linux? I am running Debian Squeeze, how can I determine whether my processor is 64 or 32-bit? I'm ...
8
votes
6answers
1k views

What are the platforms that Linux is being used frequently on besides x86?

What are the platforms that Linux is being used frequently on besides x86? I know that x86 dominates. But, what are other platforms that some people also use Linux for? Are there links for ...
8
votes
1answer
598 views

Does Linux still have to reside within the first XX cylinders of a HDD?

It's been a while since I last bothered with partitioning my hard drive, but now it's time again and I remember last time I did this there was a requirement to put the root partition (or only GRUB?) ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

User Kernel split in 64bit Linux

What is the default user/kernel split in the 64bit linux ? I read Documentation/x86_64/mm.txt (which someone pointed out), but I could not make out. Can somebody provide a direct answer (something ...
7
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2answers
3k views

Which Fedora CPU architecture should I choose? i386 or i686?

I have an old Thinkpad X32 which has an Intel(R) Pentium(R) M processor 1.80GHz based on the result of cat /proc/cpuinfo and I was wondering which is better to use on it, the i386 or the i686 version ...
7
votes
1answer
704 views

Can I run multiple cores at different clock speeds?

I see the cores on an Intel i5 machine I'm looking at can only be run at the same clockspeed: /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu1/cpufreq/related_cpus lists all of the CPUs. Setting cpu1's clockspeed changes ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Overclocking tools in Linux

I am trying to overclock my machine. All the changes are made on the BIOS level, but then one needs to check all the temperatures, voltages, etc and test the stability of the overclock. Most tutorials ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

Implications of Linux support for AMD Fusion APUs?

As I understand it, the Linux kernel has had good support for Intel and AMD CPUs (pretty obvious since your OS installs and runs fine!). But now that AMD is releasing their new Fusion APUs, is it ...
6
votes
2answers
250 views

Is there a command or method (other than RTFM) to determine if a system has a UEFI BIOS?

My inspiration for asking this is this other question on Ask Ubuntu. One reason I am asking is that I am just curious. I would like to know more about this for whatever value it might have in the ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Difference between “machine hardware”, “processor type” and “hardware platform”

My Linux machine reports "uname -a" outputs as below: [root@tom i386]# uname -a Linux tom 2.6.9-89.ELsmp #1 SMP Mon Apr 20 10:34:33 EDT 2009 i686 i686 i386 GNU/Linux [root@tom i386]# As per man ...
6
votes
1answer
696 views

Files bigger than max(off64_t) on Solaris, eg “/proc/../as”

How do I read or seek from a file that's bigger than the maximum off64_t? The problem arises because the address space of a process is represented in the /proc/.../as file, which is a huge sparse file ...
5
votes
3answers
630 views

Really light weight linux for VM no extensions

I need to host a ssh server on a x86-64 Debian squeeze machine with no VT-extensions :( I am using virtlib with qemu (set up and working). I have tried a number of things and non have been perfect, ...
5
votes
1answer
524 views

Compiler flags for mplayer2 to optimize it for old hardware

I just compiled mplayer2 from source (git://git.mplayer2.org/mplayer2-build.git) because the repository (ubuntu 12.04) version didn't work on my system. Since I have old hardware I was just wondering ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

What a 64 bit Linux can do that 32 bit linux can't?

I ordered a server from fdcserver. Then I realized that, unless changed, fdcserver actually provides 32 bit operating as default. I logged in using SSH, typed uname -m, and to my horror I saw that I ...
4
votes
4answers
8k views

Linux distribution for the AMD Geode LX 800 (i586) [closed]

The manufacturer recommendfs RH9 (ugh) and many of the google search hits come up with comments from 2006/7 which detail xorg problems with the AMD video driver and I'm hoping someone here has had ...
4
votes
3answers
856 views

8086 emulator for unix-like OSs?

Is there any 8086 emulator (free or paid) for Fedora 17? I am learning assembly language using AT&T style.
4
votes
1answer
216 views

updating BIOS without MS Windows (or a floppy drive)

I'm running Kubuntu 12.04. I need to update my motherboard BIOS. The Arch Linux Wiki says, "By far the easiest way to make a bootable FreeDOS USB Stick is using unetbootin." So I did that. Using ...
4
votes
1answer
498 views

Why do the data and code segments completely overlap in Linux?

Context: I'm reading "Understanding the Linux kernel, 3d ed", which uses the 2.6.11 kernel. Question: As I understand, the physical address is obtained by translating the linear address, which is ...
4
votes
1answer
632 views

System call invokation methods in new kernel

I read that in the newer kernels system calls are invoked using the INT X80 instruction and also using the sysenter instruction. And also the sysenter instruction gives faster invocation as compared ...
4
votes
1answer
940 views

AES-NI not passed to guest in Virtualbox

I'm trying to use encryption inside a virtual machine. The problem is that the AES-NI doesn't seem to be passed to the guest virtual machine. I have Vt-x enabled. This is my host cpuinfo: processor ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

What determines whether an interrupt is IO-APIC-edge or IO-APIC-level?

Looking at the contents of /proc/interrupts on an x86 Linux, I see that some of the interrupts are IO-APIC-edge while others are IO-APIC-level. I wonder what determines the interrupt type, is it the ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Use aes-ni in Debian

I am considering building a small home server. I'd like to encrypt some folders on this server, therefore using the instruction set aes-ni which is supported by newer (mostly Intel) chips would be ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

change interrupt smp_affinity

As you can see below, nvidia is sharing the intrerrupt and the interrupt is using only CPU0, how can I change the interrupt for nvidia, and how can I make it use both CPU's ? Here is an article ...
4
votes
0answers
568 views

getting the message “out of partition” after installing GRUB 2. What is happening?

I recently moved a partition with a complete Linux install except /home to a new disk (with DD). Everything went fine, I can mount the partition, browse it... perfect. Next step: install GRUB to ...
3
votes
2answers
48 views

Running -march optimized software on another architechture?

I'm running an Athlon64 server with LFS and would like to have a local copy of the server in a virtual machine for testing purposes and building software. My PC uses an i7 and the existing server ...
3
votes
1answer
476 views

Is PAE worth it when I have 4GB RAM?

I have 4GB RAM installed on my machine, and I'm considering using all of it (IE, installing PAE-enabled kernel). I heard there's a performance penalty for this, so I wanted to know about other's ...
3
votes
1answer
694 views

Real mode and loading linux kernel confusing

As far as I know, protected mode will be activated in kernel and in grub stages it still real mode. My misunderstanding is: In real mode, total memory available for use is less than 1MB but how grub ...
3
votes
1answer
885 views

Do I have PCLMUL instruction set support?

Here are the flags from /proc/cpuinfo: fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush dts acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm pbe syscall nx rdtscp lm constant_tsc ...
3
votes
1answer
625 views

Turn system on by USB keyboard?

To hibernate my Debian Wheezy system, I run the following command: sudo sh -c 'echo disk > /sys/power/state' To wake up the system, I can press any key on my USB keyboard. My understanding of ...
3
votes
0answers
94 views

Does Linux provide Predictive Self-Healing on x86?

Predictive Self Healing is a feature of the OS to predict, detect a fault with one of its components and automatically repair it. MINIX, Solaris OS and Linux on POWER all have this. But is it ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Linux and Android apps on ARM vs x86

There are a plethora of low-cost ARM-based mini-devices coming out (Cotton Candy, etc). Some of these are Android-only, some Linux-only, and some allow both operating systems to run. The only issue ...
2
votes
2answers
74 views

Running X86 binaries on armv7

I am trying to run a SNBC USB printer on Raspberry Pi2. For that I need to copy the filter binary of the SNBC USB printer to /usr/lib/cups/filter. But the filter binary is compiled using a x86 ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Get device's bus port

How can I get a list of device bus ports? For example the parallel port is the 0x378. Is there a command to list each port and its device? On Windows it is possible looking device detail in the ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Debian Wheezy rebooting instead of powering off

I'm having a weird issue with my Debian Wheezy desktop. When I try to shutdown the system (either from Gnome or from the command line with shutdown -h now) the computer automatically reboots. The ...
2
votes
1answer
135 views

Unexpected processor/core counts for AMD processor

I wanted to determine if a machine has hyperthreading enabled or not. To determine this, I used advice I found online, which operates as follows: physical_proc_count = `grep "physical id" ...
2
votes
1answer
759 views

Where is max process size specified?

I've got a RHEL4 machine with 1TB of memory and have discovered that malloc and mmap refuse to allocate any memory above 512GB. Meanwhile, I don't seem to have a problem with RHEL5 machines. I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
491 views

Which edac module should I enable here?

I got a Intel(R) Core(TM) i5-2450M CPU @ 2.50GHz CPU here , not sure which module should be enabled for EDAC: Chipset: Inter Coporation 6 Series/C2000 , driver in use: i801_smbus
2
votes
2answers
405 views

Fedora 15 i686 report only 2.6 GB RAM

I have laptop Asus N53SV with 4 GB of RAM, i7 with integrated card and dedicated GPU. My problem on Fedora is that system reports only 2.6 GB RAM. I know that I should use kernel with PAE but even ...
2
votes
0answers
89 views

How to run Ubilinux / u-boot under qemu (x86)

I wish to test Ubilinux (http://www.emutexlabs.com/ubilinux) before flashing it onto my Intel Edison board, which currently has Yocto on it. I am able to emulate Yocto for Edison with qemu, running ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

RAM for Kali Linux 1.0.9 VMWare 32 bit (i486)

How much RAM is the Kali Linux 1.0.9 VMWare 32 bit (i486) pre-configured to use. I have been searching on Google and various sites and cannot find the answer. I have limited, slow internet and need to ...
2
votes
0answers
215 views

How many rings does OpenBSD use?

Usually a Windows/Linux operating system uses afaik max 2 rings But how many rings does OpenBSD use?
2
votes
0answers
869 views

32 bit appplication on 64 bit linux not working

I'm running linux mint LMDE 64 bit version, I have to install this i386 software to use my modem. So I did it with --force-architecture mode, installation completed with errors. Here is the log dpkg: ...