The processor architecture of most PCs and servers, including the 386/486/Pentium/… (IA-32) 32-bit family and the amd64 64-bit family. Most x86 processors are made by Intel or AMD.

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who has loaded an identity mapped page table?

I want to understand Linux x86_64 's startup steps, after reading some articles and linux-3.14.65/Documentation/x86/boot.txt, and almost know that the first instruction to run in vmlinux is ...
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76 views

Maintaining single binary across Debian distributions

We are currently migrating our system from Debian 6 to 8. The agenda is to try to maintain single binary across OS platforms (x86 based) However, I tried running a Debian 8–compiled binary in ...
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1answer
40 views

Cannot compile a linux kernel for an ARM board [closed]

I am trying to compile a linux kernel (2.6.32.70) for an ARM board (versatilepb), it is my first steps in embedded linux. At the end of the compilation, two compressed kernel images are generated ...
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3answers
113 views

How to install 'build-essential:i386' on Debian 7.9 x64

I'm on Debian 7.9 (wheezy) x64, and I would like to install build-essential: i386. I already added i386 in dpkg --architecture, updated aptitude and installed java-jdk-1.6:i386 successfully. BTW, no ...
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1answer
46 views

What is the power dissipation of the CPU and how does it work?

I'm looking into TLP and there is this setting that I don't know what does it do: # Set Intel P-state performance: 0..100 (%) # Limit the max/min P-state to control the power dissipation of the CPU. ...
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1answer
39 views

How to detect the architecture of the chroot from inside the chroot?

Let's say for example the host system is running Debian amd64. And on that system, another Debian i386 has been installed inside a folder using debootstrap. Then assume a shell script is running ...
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82 views

Debian x86_64 and 4 GB RAM

I bought additional 2GB of RAM and inserted it into my laptop. The BIOS sees 4GB of RAM but Linux sees only 3GB. Output of free -m: total used free shared buffers ...
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1answer
51 views

How to distinguish between v2 and v3 of Xeon processors?

I'm trying to determine what processor my server is running. I tried looking at /proc/cpuinfo, using lshw and dmidecode. In all of them I get: Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E31220 @ 3.10GHz How do I ...
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1answer
97 views

Debian: what instructions do x86-64 binaries use?

I'd like to know whether binaries use (are compiled for) special instruction sets like SSE 4.1/4.2, AVX, F16C or not. How can I find out whether a binary in a package uses certain instruction sets? I ...
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47 views

Missing library in ia32-libs when compiling with gcc-3.4.6 in 32 bit mode

I installed gcc-3.4 on Ubuntu 14.04 and tried to run a program with the -m32 flag. #gcc --v gcc version 3.4.6 (Debian 3.4.6-5) When trying to run the program I receive the following error ...
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281 views

Installing Linux onto Teclast X80H x86 tablet

I'm trying to install Linux (any linux, but preferrably Ubuntu Mate) onto my cheap tablet Teclast X80H, which came preinstalled with WIN8/Android x86. Main specs are: CPU: Intel Bay Trail, 1830 MHz, ...
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1answer
47 views

Why debian8 64 bit version can't be installed into my 64 bit virtualbox?

uname -a Linux hwy 3.16.0-4-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 3.16.7-ckt11-1+deb8u6 (2015-11-09) x86_64 GNU/Linux The virtualbox installed on my pc is 64 bit version too,it is installed this way . dpkg -i ...
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1answer
107 views

Linux Permissions UID 0 vs Ring 0

I am studying for a Computer Security exam, and I am struggling to understand the following sample question. 'Explain the difference between running in ring 0 on x86 and running as UID 0 in Linux. ...
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0answers
21 views

Copying build of Intel Edison to another

I'll preface by saying I am very new to programming devices such as the edison and I wasn't exactly sure where to ask this question. All of my searches outside of this site have not led me to the ...
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1answer
439 views

Added i386 support for wine, removed it now I can't remove the architecture

I've previously added i386 support in order to install wine32 with: sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386 Now I don't need wine32 anymore and removed it, then wanted to remove the i386 architecture ...
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2answers
4k views

Upgrading CentOS 6.7 to CentOS 7 on VMWare 11.0

I tried to upgrade(in-place) CentOS 6.7 to CentOS 7.0 on the various environments. I installed CentOS-6.7-x86_64-bin-DVD1.iso on VWware 11.0. And I followed the ...
2
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1answer
217 views

check-config errors on Linux 3.19.0 kernel, configured under Ubuntu 15.04 x86-64

I'm new to configuring Linux kernels, and am receiving the following errors when running config-check: check-config: /tmp/tmp.tnqExc0fHn/CONFIGS/amd64-config.flavour.generic: loading config ...
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2answers
2k views

SSE2 requirement for John The Ripper

I have a kinda problem about john in Kali x86. To make long story short, I can't allow to run john under Kali Linux 2.0 installed into LV, but as I remember I was able to run in older Kali and older ...
2
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1answer
151 views

All of system ram not available on Debian OS partition

I have a computer with a Windows 7 and a Debian OS disk partition. The computer has 12GB ram as can be seen when logged in on the Windows 7 OS. However, the Debian partition is only recognizing just ...
2
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1answer
43 views

Can I trust in memory information of dmicode?

I want to buy 16gb memory for my notebook. I ran dmicode and found this information: Handle 0x0005, DMI type 5, 20 bytes Memory Controller Information Error Detecting Method: None ...
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2answers
2k views

Running X86 binaries on armv7

I am trying to run a SNBC USB printer on Raspberry Pi2. For that I need to copy the filter binary of the SNBC USB printer to /usr/lib/cups/filter. But the filter binary is compiled using a x86 ...
2
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1answer
64 views

Get device's bus port

How can I get a list of device bus ports? For example the parallel port is the 0x378. Is there a command to list each port and its device? On Windows it is possible looking device detail in the ...
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1answer
64 views

What is the register %gs used for?

All I was able to find out about the %gs register is, that it seems to be a free to use register on >32bit x86 architectures. It seems that a gs_change is executed before any system-call. Can someone ...
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2answers
89 views

Using another's device resources for software execution

I have an old weak laptop (core duo at 1.7Ghz) and a quad core phone(arm cortex a7). Both are running linux. Could I use phone's resources from laptop to execute(process) stuff for laptop? Is there ...
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0answers
319 views

How to run Ubilinux / u-boot under qemu (x86)

I wish to test Ubilinux (http://www.emutexlabs.com/ubilinux) before flashing it onto my Intel Edison board, which currently has Yocto on it. I am able to emulate Yocto for Edison with qemu, running ...
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0answers
83 views

Is it possible to use u-boot or redboot to boot a linux (minimal ubuntu) image on x86_64?

I am reading conflicting information about if this is possible or if it is a bad idea. I have used u-boot with Pandaboard but obviously this isn't x86_64 architecture. I have not seen any examples ...
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1answer
350 views

Will most Distros run on an old pentium d?

I am starting out in Linux for my first time and i'm wanting to know if the old Pentium D w/ p35 chipset will be compatible for most distros. It will be my "training" computer as I learn Linux. I am ...
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1answer
242 views

Socket and Core information - How do I check empty sockets?

I am trying to grab the number of sockets and core information. Till now I found that one socket can have multiple cores. http://rcritical.blogspot.com/2010/09/finding-cpu-socket-and-core-using.html ...
3
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1answer
388 views

Unexpected processor/core counts for AMD processor

I wanted to determine if a machine has hyperthreading enabled or not. To determine this, I used advice I found online, which operates as follows: physical_proc_count = `grep "physical id" ...
0
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1answer
95 views

How to install POV-Ray

I've Downloaded povlinux-3.6.tgz binary distribution and after ./install I got the message POV-Ray 3.6 installation This machine does not seem to be a Linux PC. This version of POV-Ray ...
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1answer
390 views

Role of the Intel P state driver

I searched high and low for what “Intel P state” is and what it does. I found out that it has to do with performance and power consumption. I learned that if you build it in the kernel, it'll becomes ...
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1answer
196 views

Does Linux provide Predictive Self-Healing on x86?

Predictive Self Healing is a feature of the OS to predict, detect a fault with one of its components and automatically repair it. MINIX, Solaris OS and Linux on POWER all have this. But is it ...
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2answers
2k views

ld.so.preload doesn't differ x86_32 and x86_64

— It's known you can run x86_32 programms with x86_64 kernel if it was compiled with support for that. But dynamic linker doesn't provide any way to define a separate set of preload libraries for ...
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1answer
2k views

RAM for Kali Linux 1.0.9 VMWare 32 bit (i486)

How much RAM is the Kali Linux 1.0.9 VMWare 32 bit (i486) pre-configured to use. I have been searching on Google and various sites and cannot find the answer. I have limited, slow internet and need to ...
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3answers
4k views

Debian Wheezy rebooting instead of powering off

I'm having a weird issue with my Debian Wheezy desktop. When I try to shutdown the system (either from Gnome or from the command line with shutdown -h now) the computer automatically reboots. The ...
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0answers
11 views

make: arm-elf-gcc: Command not found [duplicate]

I'm working on an application for a Moxa UC-7110, and I have installed their tool chain, which provides a cross compiler for their arm architecture on uClinux. I'm on on Ubuntu 12.04 LTS. I'm having ...
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159 views

Atom - compatible processors for a kernel

Does anyone know any Atom N270-compatible processors (what I mean is not that they run on the same socket, but that they can share a kernel with nothing going wrong). Btw, this also means that they ...
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6answers
1k views

What are the platforms that Linux is being used frequently on besides x86?

What are the platforms that Linux is being used frequently on besides x86? I know that x86 dominates. But, what are other platforms that some people also use Linux for? Are there links for ...
8
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1answer
611 views

Does Linux still have to reside within the first XX cylinders of a HDD?

It's been a while since I last bothered with partitioning my hard drive, but now it's time again and I remember last time I did this there was a requirement to put the root partition (or only GRUB?) ...
4
votes
1answer
730 views

Why do the data and code segments completely overlap in Linux?

Context: I'm reading "Understanding the Linux kernel, 3d ed", which uses the 2.6.11 kernel. Question: As I understand, the physical address is obtained by translating the linear address, which is ...
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1answer
956 views

Turn system on by USB keyboard?

To hibernate my Debian Wheezy system, I run the following command: sudo sh -c 'echo disk > /sys/power/state' To wake up the system, I can press any key on my USB keyboard. My understanding of ...
4
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1answer
252 views

updating BIOS without MS Windows (or a floppy drive)

I'm running Kubuntu 12.04. I need to update my motherboard BIOS. The Arch Linux Wiki says, "By far the easiest way to make a bootable FreeDOS USB Stick is using unetbootin." So I did that. Using ...
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2answers
1k views

What is the Execute Disable bit?

I read an article about the Execute Disable Bit (EDB) on x86 CPUs. This is more widely known as the NX bit; Intel also calls it XD. So Windows XP supports this hardware feature. Yay! But how do I ...
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1answer
64 views

Debian package available for ia64 but not for x86_64?

I want to download aptitude to build it from source on my 64bit machine. It is a Thinkpad with a normal x86_64 CPU, nothing special. The download page only has: alpha amd64 armel armhf hppa ...
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4answers
14k views

Using ABI_X86 in Gentoo

For one reason or another (I've been busy, I guess), it's been months since I've updated my Gentoo system. And, as you can imagine, this means there's a lot of packages (and USE changes) I need to go ...
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2answers
13k views

Top “id” is using 50-99% of CPU

My i386 Lubuntu install is running with a constantly 100% CPU. Using top I have diagnosed "%id" as using up a lot of CPU, usually between about 50% and 99%. Why is this happening, and how can I stop ...
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3answers
1k views

8086 emulator for unix-like OSs?

Is there any 8086 emulator (free or paid) for Fedora 17? I am learning assembly language using AT&T style.
12
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4answers
8k views

32-bit, 64-bit CPU op-mode on Linux

I'm confused. Running Fedora Linux, lscpu yields: Architecture: i686 CPU op-mode(s): 32-bit, 64-bit ... But when I try to install a 64-bit program (Chrome) I get error like: ...
3
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2answers
1k views

Real mode and loading linux kernel confusing

As far as I know, protected mode will be activated in kernel and in grub stages it still real mode. My misunderstanding is: In real mode, total memory available for use is less than 1MB but how grub ...
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0answers
700 views

getting the message “out of partition” after installing GRUB 2. What is happening?

I recently moved a partition with a complete Linux install except /home to a new disk (with DD). Everything went fine, I can mount the partition, browse it... perfect. Next step: install GRUB to ...