The X window system (commonly X Window System or X11, based on its current major version being 11) is a computer software system and network protocol that provides a basis for graphical user interfaces (GUI) for networked computers.

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How do keyboard input and text output work?

Suppose I press the A key in a text editor and this inserts the character a in the document and displays it on the screen. I know the editor application isn't directly communicating with the hardware ...
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4answers
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Open a window on a remote X display (why “Cannot open display”)?

Once upon a time, DISPLAY=:0.0 totem /path/to/movie.avi after ssh 'ing into my desktop from my laptop would cause totem to play movie.avi on my desktop. Now it gives the error: No protocol ...
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5answers
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What process created this X11 window?

Given an X11 window ID, is there a way to find the ID of the process that created it? Of course this isn't always possible, for example if the window came over a TCP connection. For that case I'd ...
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4answers
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What is “.xsession” for?

What is the purpose of the .xsession file in the home folder? What should be put in there? The desktop environments don't use that file and for the X startup from the tty there is .xinitrc.
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6answers
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How to get keycodes for xmodmap?

I'm trying to use xmodmap to remap Alt / Super keys on Dell L100 keyboard, and have trouble getting the keycodes. For instance, using xev doesn't give me keycode for Alt FocusOut event, serial 36, ...
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How to speed up X over SSH on a slow network connection?

Are there any specific recommendations on speeding up X applications over ssh on a slow network connection? In this specific case, I am accessing a server located in west coast from a laptop in east ...
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3answers
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Can I “drag” a file into a window without a file manager?

(I'm on Arch Linux, using i3 as my wm and xterm as my terminal emulator, though I don't know if any of that is relevant.) Occasionally, a website asks me to drag a file with my mouse from my desktop ...
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6answers
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Why does the X Window System use a server?

I never really understood why a window system must have a server. Why do desktop environments, display managers and window managers need xorg-server? Is it only to have a layer of abstraction on top ...
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1answer
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Can another program on X capture my root password while I type it in a virtual terminal?

Usually I only install open source programs on my linux box because I don't trust closed source applications. Recently I had to use Dropbox for a university project. I created a separate linux account ...
21
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3answers
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What is Wayland?

I was looking for a lightweight X server, but failed to find one. Then I found out about Wayland. I says that it aims to coexist with X, but can run standalone. When I try to compile it, it needs ...
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4answers
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Terminology reconciliation: Display manager vs. session manager, Windowing system vs. Window manager

I am taking the Linux Foundation's Introduction to Linux course. Some of the terminology seems to overlap or contradict, especially when I try to supplement the course material with other sources, ...
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3answers
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Reattach to lost X11 session

I'm using X11 forwarding over ssh to run Linux apps on my Windows box, and when the network drops it loses everything that was running. Is there anything similar to screen for X11?
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Setting the window dimensions of a running application

I'm trying to start an application within Ubuntu (xfce or gnome) and via the command line and was wondering if there's a generic way to set the dimensions of a given window of a given app that is ...
19
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2answers
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GNU Emacs; Does the GUI version offer anything more than the ability to have a GUI menu?

I've been looking at GNU Emacs for a few months now, on and off (mainly off), and I've really only gone as far as testing a few basic things which I especially want in an editor... I'm slowly getting ...
18
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1answer
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X, Xorg and D-Bus: what is the difference?

In the process of learning to do certain things in GUI programming (e.g., reserving space on the screen for an application), I have to learn more about the Window Manager, usually X11 on Linux (I'm ...
18
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3answers
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How do I find the window dimensions and position accurately including decorations?

I've been trying to figure out the size of a window for use in a small script. My current technique is using wmctrl -lG to find out the dimensions. However, the problem is this: The x and y figures ...
18
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1answer
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Shortcut keys that are independent to keyboard layout

Is there a way to define an association of a particular physical key of the keyboard to some action, independently of the letter that this key is associated to in any layout? Example: In most ...
18
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3answers
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How to get near-perfect screen recording quality?

Someone suggested I direct a copy of the unmodified X display to a file and afterwards convert that file to a general purpose video file. What commands would I use to do this on a Kubuntu system? ...
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3answers
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How can I use just one unified clipboard? (even for IntelliJ's “copy path”)

I don't really understand the linux clipboard/s scheme. Instead of understanding it, is there a way to simplify it into one, unified clipboard? You know, so I could copy in any app and paste in any ...
16
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2answers
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Copying files from command line to clipboard

In a GUI file manager it is possible to select a few files, press Ctrl-C (which supposedly copies come info about the files to clipboard), then navigate to another folder and press Ctrl-V, which will ...
16
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2answers
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How to use keyboard instead of mouse middle-click for copy/paste? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Pasting X selection (not clipboard contents) with keyboard Is there a shortcut for copy-paste under X? I'd like to use the keyboard for pasting.
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2answers
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Make mouse movements scroll when the middle button is held down

In Windows, I'm used to clicking the center button and it offering a "fast scroll" option up or down. How can I get this behavior on Linux? It currently seems to use the back button upon center click ...
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3answers
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Manipulating X key and pointer grabs on the command line

What command line tools exist to list and manage X server grabs? (That's grab as in key and pointer grabs, i.e. restricting the use of a particular key or mouse button to a particular application, or ...
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4answers
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How can I set mouse sensitivity, not just mouse acceleration?

I can't find a single desktop environment that supports setting both mouse acceleration AND mouse sensitivity. I don't want any mouse acceleration, but I want to increase the speed of my mouse. That ...
15
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1answer
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How do I find out what program 'owns' a hotkey?

I'm running XFCE 4.12 on top of Gentoo with a 4.2.0 kernel. My PlayPause button on my keyboard used to work as a global hotkey for VLC. Now VLC won't even recognize the key. It does see "Alt + Media ...
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How to make X less sensitive when right clicking?

Whenever I right click in X, I almost always seem to trigger the first option in the menu unless I am thinking about what I am doing because I: Mouse down; menu appears Accidentally drag mouse 1-3 ...
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6answers
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ssh returns message “X11 forwarding request failed on channel 1”

When I ssh into a remote server that's not running any type of X11 desktop environment I get the following message. $ ssh user@server X11 forwarding request failed $ ssh user@server ls X11 ...
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3answers
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Copy file to xclip and paste to Firefox

I'm coping file to xclip cat file.txt | xclip I'm pasting without problem with xclip -o When I want to paste it to Firefox with Ctrl+V it pastes old text (that shouldn't already be in the ...
14
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2answers
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How to start a second X session?

I tried to do it with the command startx 1. It seemed to flicker to a different screen momentarily, but then exited. Got the following error: /usr/bin/xterm: No absolute path found for shell: :1 ...
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2answers
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Find X.org pointer grab owner

I have an application that seems to have grabbed the mouse (I can move it but can't click anywhere), is there a way to find which app owns the X.org mouse grab? The shortcut given here to release the ...
14
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2answers
4k views

How to tell which keyboard was used to press a key?

I frequently work on pairing stations where there are multiple keyboards installed. I can use setxkbmap with -device <ID> to set the layout for a specific keyboard (using an ID from xinput), but ...
14
votes
1answer
674 views

vim/gvim failing to put X11 clipboard in registers “+ or ”*?

Due to the lack of security with standard vino server, I switched to use x11vnc on my linux (with Xubuntu 14.04) box and SSVNC on the windows side. With vino, cut and paste from windows to Linux ...
13
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2answers
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Record every keystroke and store in a file

I need to record every keystroke and store in a file in the user directory ~, when using my account, I am not sudoer and I cannot install programs (like logKeys) in any way. How could I do so using ...
13
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5answers
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How to send keystrokes (F5) from terminal to a process?

I'm using an Raspberry Pi in combination with Chromium (kiosk mode) to show up some stats. The Pi doesn't have an connected keyboard so I searched for a solution to send keystrokes from the terminal ...
13
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3answers
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How to prevent the caps-lock toggle effect, without remapping or disabling it?

I have an X11 program that grabs caps-lock, and uses it. The problem is, I want to disable the regular caps-lock toggling, but doing so seems to disable the key. So whatever X11 gets for a caps-lock ...
13
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3answers
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Why does my X11 forwarding attempt fail with “connect /tmp/.X11-unix/X0: No such file or directory”?

On my local machine, I run: ssh -X me@remotemachine.com (For completeness, I have also tested all of the following using -Y with identical results). As expected, this accesses remotemachine.com ...
13
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1answer
1k views

How can I find out if the ~/.XCompose file has loaded?

I've added a simple sequence, but it won't work. How can I find out if the OS (Ubuntu 12.10 with Unity) is actually loading the file?
13
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4answers
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How can I run a script that starts before my login screen?

I was calibrating my touch screen, and saw that the best tool around was xinput_calibrator. So I used it. It have two options (one of which did not work), so I am here for the second. It says I should ...
13
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1answer
2k views

Screenshot of X from tty

Using Xvfb I can launch an application and take a screenshot. What I'm wondering about is how to capture from an existing (dormant) X session. Say from tty or over ssh. From what I understand ...
13
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2answers
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How do I activate Xorg record module on Raspbian?

I'm trying to automate some tests on my RaspberryPi and I'm using python's pymouse to perform some emulated clicks. On my Debian it works fine, but when it comes to Raspbian it keeps failing with this ...
13
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2answers
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How to Save X Session — ArchLinux+Openbox

I use Arch Linux and Openbox. How can I save the state of my current openbox/X session and later restart them? The scenario is like this: I've several browsers windows open, terminals, file ...
12
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2answers
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What is DISPLAY=:0? [duplicate]

What is DISPLAY=:0 and what does it mean? It isn't a command, is it? (gnome-panel is a command.) DISPLAY=:0 gnome-panel
12
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3answers
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How can I disable selection highlight auto-copying?

I've finally found myself at home in Linux, but there is still one thing that has bothered me since the start, and I have not found a realistic solution: How do I disable the automatic copying of ...
12
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4answers
514 views

Gallery of installed fonts

I want to view the fonts that are installed on my system. Specifically, I want the client-side (fontconfig) fonts, not the old-style X11 bitmap fonts on the server (for which xfontsel does an adequate ...
12
votes
1answer
2k views

What's the difference between Primary Selection and Clipboard Buffer?

I am tweaking in Webkit-browser land in Linux and I come accross the terms "Primary Selection" and "Clipboard selection or buffer" very often. I want to understand what are they and what ...
12
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1answer
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Have you seen this cat?

I am of course referring to the 'screenmate' cat, Neko - looks like this: A few years ago, I remember Neko could follow my mouse cursor around, and was a helpful distraction from during long hours ...
12
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1answer
739 views

Does window minimizing free memory usage?

Both the undisplayed maximized window and minimized window are invisible to the end user. By undisplayed I mean an inactive maximized window covered by the active window. There is a difference ...
11
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4answers
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How do I type the degree symbol under X11 (using a default English keyboard layout)?

I'm trying to put in an email the temperature outside in degrees. On my Mac, the degree symbol (°) is Option+Shift+8. But I'm writing the email in Thunderbird on an Ubuntu 10.10 with the default US ...
11
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3answers
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How can I set the position that terminal opens at?

I'd like Terminal to open near the bottom of my screen. Is there a way to set the default size and position? I'm using Linux Mint 13, Cinnamon.
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8answers
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Record screen in X

How can I record all activity on the screen for a certain amount of time? I know about tools like xwd that capture a still image; can they be extended to record video? I'd prefer not using any fancy ...