The X window system (commonly X Window System or X11, based on its current major version being 11) is a computer software system and network protocol that provides a basis for graphical user interfaces (GUI) for networked computers.

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Why can't I run GUI apps from 'root': “No protocol specified”?

I installed debian onto my machine last night. Now, I don't understand why I can't run GUI apps from a terminal when running as root. For example: sudo -i glxgears Generates the following output: ...
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List/query Open X11 Display Connections?

I am hitting this bug: NEWT errors when closing sketch on Linux · Issue #1651 · processing/processing · GitHub, when using Processing on Linux (Ubuntu 11.04); my messages are: X11Util.Display: ...
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How can I get `cacafire` to show up in the original gnome-terminal, instead of a separate window?

If I am in a Linux virtual terminal (pressing Control-Alt-F1 on Ubuntu), and I use the command cacafire, I get the flames inside the actual terminal. However, if I am in the gnome environment, and I ...
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xinitrc: starting xterm with tmux causes all windows to share same geometry

I have xterm with tmux open upon startup of X11 with the following line in my xinitrc file: xterm -e tmux & However the -e tmux causes all windows to assume the geometry of the first -geometry ...
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108 views

How to bind super key to Ctrl+Shift using xmodmap?

I have read the xmodmap documentation. I could only find information on how to bind one key to another. How do I bind one modifier key to a combination of other modifier keys? Can I do this using ...
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Keypad plus and minus names in ~/.XCompose

I use XIM under Debian Linux with Gnome 2. Many compose sequences are already defined in the system, including the one for ± sign: palec@Palec:~$ grep PLUS-MINUS ...
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FVWM HowTo Swallow?

How could I swallow things like xclock, tray and other stuff to FvwmButtons? Is FvwmButtons the only option to swallow this type of things? How to swallow FvwmWinList to FvwmButtons?
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189 views

Directx application using wine over ssh -x

I'm trying to run a Windows app (Artemis video game - server mode) on my archlinux server. As it is an windows application I have to run it using Wine. As I'd like to be able to launch the server ...
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How to remove “dead window parts” after GUI errors?

I have experienced this problem with Chrome only (but for quite a while now, different versions) but the question is not about Chrome but about X (I guess). Sometimes (I am not aware of any pattern) ...
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190 views

FVWM 's Windows buttons (Maximize Minimize …), Themes

I'm using the F Virtual Window Manager (FVWM). I'm wondering how to customize the window appearance (the theme) to Add a minimize, maximize, and close button, so I have four buttons, arranged like ...
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Cannot start xterm over ssh after several successes

I am running some MATLAB scripts on the command-line of a remote computer using ssh. These scripts launch 5 xterms that are forwarded to me via ssh (using the -X option). At the moment I am debugging ...
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How to get the list of all active X sessions and owners of them

I'm implementing USB plug/unplug notification (here's related question), and I need to execute something like notify-send "device plugged" "My Device Title". The problem is that to make this command ...
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How do keyboard input and text output work?

Suppose I press the A key in a text editor and this inserts the character a in the document and displays it on the screen. I know the editor application isn't directly communicating with the hardware ...
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283 views

VMD X11 session over ssh

I have a remote compute server on which I would like to run VMD. Every time I start the application, it crashes with the following error report: Info) VMD for LINUXAMD64, version 1.9.1 (February 1, ...
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Adding script to autostart

I have this script: #! /bin/bash xrandr --newmode "1920x1080_60.00" 173.00 1920 2048 2248 2576 1080 1083 1088 1120 -hsync +vsync xrandr --addmode DVI-I-1 1920x1080_60.00 xrandr --output DVI-I-1 ...
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With XenServer, how can I give a PV guest a display?

I have Xen running through XenServer 6.2. I created a PV Debian 7 guest using the built-in template, and chose to install the Gnome desktop environment. However, the guest only has a text console by ...
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104 views

Multiple GUI windows in one (GUI applications windows multiplexer/wrapper)

I was wandering if there are some programs or methods, where I can do something similar like Terminal multiplexer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - except where each region of the "multiplexer" ...
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logname not working under X session

I would like to find out the name of the user at the end of a sudo-chain. The exact tool for this is logname or also who am i works as well. My problem is that while over SSH or tty1 (Ctrl+Alt+F1) ...
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Program for choosing computers to run X clients on - what are such programs called?

At my college some 20 years ago they ran HPUX and had several X-terminals (terminals with graphic-cards that ran an X server, but left the running of X clients to the main computer). The college had ...
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How to configure external USB touchpad for a laptop

I have a laptop that, obviously, comes with a touchpad and a keyboard. However, I have an USB keyboard with integrated touchpad that better suits my needs. I use Ubuntu 13.10 and I cannot find how to ...
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118 views

How to start X program on local display? [duplicate]

I'm ssh-ing into a Raspberry Pi. I would like to start an X program remotely, on the Pi's display. I know you can export DISPLAY to have programs open up on your computer when you ssh-in. But I'm ...
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Why doesn't rc.local run entirely

Here is my rc.local #!/bin/sh -e # # rc.local # # This script is executed at the end of each multiuser runlevel. # Make sure that the script will "exit 0" on success or any other # value on error. # ...
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Desktop environment that just starts a full screen terminal

I have the following xsession file: [Desktop Entry] Name=... Comment=This session will start ... Exec=???? TryExec=??? Type=???? ...
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Command works from a terminal but not in .profile

I included this command in my .profile file: xfce4-power-manager --no-daemon. The .profile runs at startup as expected, but it's unable to run this command (which is the last in the file, so other ...
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Map Caps Lock to Control in Linux Mint

I am running the latest version of Linux Mint with Cinnamon. I'm trying to map caps lock to control, but I cannot figure out how to do it. All web searches i've done has lead me to older versions of ...
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Getting the value of the clipboard

Is there a command to output the current value of the clipboard? Example (this command doesn't exists, it's just an example of what I'm looking for: cat clipboard > Hello world! Also, if the ...
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Multiple XkbOptions in xorg.conf

how should I write multiple XkbOptions in xorg.conf? I've tried "option,option,option", "option, option, option", "option option option" and none of these worked - only the first option was executed.
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How to turn on Keyboard Autorepeat permanently on VMware instances of CentOS 6?

In my lab we have about 40-50 machines, all cloned with the same image of CentOS 6. For some reason the keyboard auto repeat function decides to randomly turn itself off. Typically we just have ...
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Cannot connect to X server :0.0 as superuser

When I am online, I get following error and the tool does not start: [root@dhcppc9 lin64]# ./ise No protocol specified _pn: cannot connect to X server :0.0 But everything is OK when I am not a ...
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How to set up screen resolution permanently

I just installed Fedora 19 on a VirtualBox and when I started it for the first time it only allowed the screen resolution 1024x768 After some research I managed to install the guest additions and I ...
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ssh returns message “X11 forwarding request failed on channel 1”

When I ssh into a remote server that's not running any type of X11 desktop environment I get the following message. $ ssh user@server X11 forwarding request failed $ ssh user@server ls X11 ...
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What are the purposes of the different types of XWindows fonts?

In my /usr/share/fonts/ I have four sub-directories categorizing types of fonts: cmap truetype type1 X11 The command fc-list produces a list of them. Are these different categories for specific ...
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Missing unicode characters

I've just switched from KDE to lightweight slim+xmonad environment and my fonts are not rendering correctly. I use DejaVu font family (default for Debian 7.x) which supports all characters I need ...
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552 views

Install Cinnamon on openSUSE

I would like to install Cinnamon on my openSUSE 13.1 minimal installation. But I've the following Problem. I add te repo install it from Yast/Zypper. sudo zypper ar ...
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45 views

Disable emulated scroll wheel (EmulateWheel) for specific programs

Is it possible to disable evdev's EmulateWheel option when using specific programs? In my use case, I would like to be able to interact with the Acme text editor and with some VMs using my Thinkpad's ...
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1answer
226 views

how to send keyboard signal using a shell script

I have an application in graphical interface that when I run it, it's not opened in full screen mode, but when I use the keyboard shortcut Alt+Ctrl+M , it becomes fullscreen, I want to change the ...
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Xorg Configuration for Unregistered Resolution

I have a monitor with native resolution of 1600*900_60.00, and the intel on board Gen3 Xeon video chipset (i915). when i do $> xrandr the 1600x900 resolution is not in the list. I tried to write an ...
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53 views

configure xscreensaver through X resource database

I want to get rid of the xscreensaver config file in my home .xscreensaver. I read in man xscreensaver, that: Options to xscreensaver are stored in one of two places: in a .xscreensaver file in ...
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Xinerama configuration on OpenSuse

Configuration: OpenSuse 12.3 installed from the Sage Live CD (http://www.sagecommons.org) Latest proprietary NVIDIA drivers Dual GTX580s Four displays (two per card) Displays in a 2x2 arrangement. ...
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Writing single-handed layouts for X

I know someone who'd really like to be able to type with only the left hand, so I had the idea of writing a layout which "switches" the sides of the keyboard when the caps lock key is pressed. For ...
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convert display to monochorme

My Asus netbook has Debian Wheezy. I came across a weird idea. How would it look if my display screen is monochrome. Is it possible to configure X11 to make the display monochrome?
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“Unable to connect to X server” after TTY login

I'm using Ubuntu 13.10. Whenever I login on the command line (tty1-tty6) I get the following output: Last login: ... Welcome to Ubuntu 13.10 ... Unable to connect to X server Unable to connect to X ...
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launch x11vnc on bootup

I am using archlinux version 3.10.27-1-ARCH on my remote PC and I would like it to launch x11vnc server on successful bootup. Though i can start the x11vnc server manually, I am having trouble ...
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108 views

SSH X11 forwarding put on a different monitor

Is there a way to use ssh and X11 forwarding with multiple monitors, such that one screen gets the remote session and one keeps the current session? Note: In case I didn't clarify, I meant forwarding ...
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1answer
106 views

Filter the clipboard content without using an intermediate file

I'm trying to modify the text that is in my clipboard, remove certain lines of that contains some strings and then get the output for further manipulation (I prefer coping to my clipboard only if I ...
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Debian: How to resolve Xserver failure

I keep finding similar posts online but I can't really use the solutions in my case. in my /etc/bash.bashrc file, I have the following code placed at the very bottom: if [ -e /tmp/.X0-lock ]; then ...
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Why does the bell character have a limit?

If I repeatedly execute echo -e "\a" it will only sound on regular intervals rather than every time I execute the command. I've tried shortening the duration using xset but this doesn't seem to ...
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What is a windowing system?

Can someone provide me with a very clear and practical example of a "windowing system"? I was reading on Linux, and although I've always known that it's a kernel, I didn't really know what a kernel is ...
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Running GUI application as another (non-root) user

Let's say I have 2 user accounts user1 and user2. When I login as user1, and then switch to user2 using su, I can execute command-line programs, but GUI programs fail. Example: user1@laptop:~$ su - ...
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657 views

Set default window manager (i3) in OpenSuse

How do I set the default window manager in OpenSuse in CLI? I've a CLI installation and would like to set i3 as default window manager...