Globbing means matching files by name patterns containing wildcards.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (2)

34
votes
2answers
25k views

How to use wildcards (*) when copying with scp?

Why can't I copy with scp when I'm using * characters in the path? scp SERVERNAME:/DIR/* . What configs do SCP need to allow * in the path? UPDATE: the problem is not on server side, pscp is ...
10
votes
4answers
10k views

How do I reverse a for loop?

How do I properly do a for loop in reverse order? for f in /var/logs/foo*.log; do bar "$f" done I need a solution that doesn't break for funky characters in the file names.
-2
votes
1answer
271 views

Why does this script show all files in the directory and not just PDF files?

I wrote the script below to find the number of PDF files in a given directory. However, it instead shows all the files in the directory: #!bin/bash message="." message1="*.pdf" ls -al $message ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

ZSH: Recursive globbing with .directories

I thought the glob pattern: **/(*|.*) would represent every folder and file starting with dot (.) or not, but it skips directories in the current directory that start with .. What is the glob ...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

How to silently get an empty string from a glob pattern with no matches

Say I have a folder with three files: foo1 foo2 bar 1. If I run list_of_files=$(print foo*) echo $list_of_files I get: foo1 foo2 2. If I run list_of_files=$(print bar*) echo $list_of_files ...
1
vote
2answers
240 views

Generate a list of files from a file containing a series of globbing patterns

I am looking for a way to build a list of files by parsing a file that contains a sequence of zsh globbing patterns. The final goal is to pass this list of files to hg add in mercurial. For those ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

Access the last file (alphabetically) in a directory

I'm trying to open a file with vim from the command line, the file is in a directory filled with automatically generated files that are prepended with a time stamp. Since I don't know the time stamps ...
4
votes
2answers
913 views

mv on a glob pattern does not work without sudo

I am using MySQL database on Ubuntu machine. My MySQL data directory is /var/lib/mysql/ , since I have a database named "db_test" , so, I have a directory named db_test/ under /var/lib/mysql/ . And ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Multidigit ranges of files in lexicographical order in zsh

I would like to specify a range of files (in lexicographical order) with two integers (e.g. 2 to 57) in zsh by globbing. For example: "pick the files 2 to 57 in lexicographical order under the path ...
4
votes
3answers
948 views

Delete matching file from every subfolder of current dir

I used this one to copy file in every dir: find -type d -maxdepth 1 -print0 | xargs -0 -n1 cp .htaccess Now i need to do reverse one and delete file with matching name from every sub directory of ...
4
votes
2answers
6k views

How to use 7z to archive all the files and directories (including hidden ones) in a directory?

Because of specifics of my archiving needs I am not comfortable with solid tar.gz archives and use 7z instead. I use the following command to do this: 7z a -t7z -m0=lzma -mx=9 -mfb=64 -md=32m ...
10
votes
4answers
19k views

How do I recursively delete directories with wildcard?

I am working through SSH on a WD My Book World Edition. Basically I would like to start at a particular directory level, and recursively remove all sub-directories matching .Apple* - how would I go ...
16
votes
1answer
550 views

How do ${0##*/} and ${0%/*} work?

I'm quite confused about the following regular expressions I found in a shell script: ${0##*/} ${0%/*} How do they work?
4
votes
4answers
5k views

How to exclude numeric directories with rsync?

I know rsync has an --exclude option which I use quite frequently. But how can I specify that it should exclude all "numeric" directories? In the directory listing below I would like to only have it ...
13
votes
6answers
10k views

Show only hidden files (dot files) in ls alias

I'm using the command ls -a | grep '^\.' for showing only the hidden files. I added the line alias hidden='ls -a | grep '^\.'' # show only hidden files to .bash_aliases file but this does not ...
3
votes
1answer
308 views

Copy files in different subdirectories that excludes a string

I'm trying to copy all files of a type in a given directory and subdirectories but excluding files of a different type. find /var/ftp/pub/bs -iname "*foo*.foo" -exec cp {} /var/ftp/pub/bs1 \; ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Why doesn't “rm *” work when there are files that begin with a hyphen?

from: http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2011/Sep/190 [USER@MACHINE ~] mkdir ejha [USER@MACHINE ~] cd ejha/ [USER@MACHINE ~/ejha] touch ize [USER@MACHINE ~/ejha] touch -- -f -i [USER@MACHINE ...
4
votes
4answers
624 views

Find files without a number

I am trying to write a simple script that will iterate through all drives except sda. Right now I have this for i in $(find /dev/ -name "sd*" ! -name "sda*") do echo $i done However this ...
5
votes
1answer
524 views

ZSH: Globbing the first N files under a path in lexicographic order

I was wondering if there is a way to specify the first N files under a given a directory in zsh. I am interested in solutions for recursive enumeration (i.e. any file recursively below a path is ...
9
votes
1answer
9k views

How to download specific files from some url path with wget

If I don't want to have to download the files found in a specific url path manually, what options do I have? Using wildcards fail: $ wget 'http://www.shinken-monitoring.org/pub/debian/*deb' Warning: ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

rsync pattern copy: dotfiles

I followed the advice given in the question Rsync filter: copying one pattern only to setup a command line I need to backup only the dotfiles .inF* Yet with the command: rsync -av --include='.inF*' ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

How does a shell (bash, for example) expand wildcard patterns?

Assume that a directory has 100 files starting with the letter 'a'. If I do a grep <some string> a* from the terminal, how will the shell handle this? Will it expand the regular expression, ...
3
votes
2answers
416 views

Splitting a large directory tree by file type

I have a large data directory (20-30Gb) on my Ubuntu 10.10 desktop machine that consists of many raw data files, processed data files, and assorted scripts, tables, figures etc. generated from the ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

file $(ls /usr/bin/* | grep zip) command gives me errors. What's wrong?

I'm a total noob when it comes to unix/linux commands and I decided to read a book. I've reached a chapter where they try to explain how to pass the output of commands as expansions to the shell. ...
4
votes
8answers
273 views

“which” with a little “grep”-like solution?

# which mkdir /bin/mkdir # which mkdi # How can I get the path of the e.g.: mkdir's binary without knowing the name of the binary file? (command). So that which mkdi would output the /bin/mkdir ...
4
votes
1answer
949 views

shopt -s nocaseglob is not working on Ubuntu

Case insensitive file name globbing is not working in bash on Ubuntu 11.04 64bit. The shell options specified in .bashrc are as follows: shopt -s nocaseglob shopt -s nocasematch shopt also shows ...
11
votes
1answer
28k views

How can I assign the output of a command to a shell variable?

I want to assign the result of an expression to a variable and concatenate it with a string, then echo it. Here's what I've got: #!/bin/bash cd ~/Desktop; thefile= ls -t -U | grep -m 1 "Screen Shot"; ...
1
vote
1answer
359 views

restricting pushes to selected Mercurial repositories using `ssh` forced commands and `hg-ssh`

The context of this question is the hg-ssh script. It is helpful but not critical to know something about Mercurial. This script sets up a forced command using public keys so the given public key ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

Get the number of files that match a pattern in a directory and delete the oldest one

I'd like to do the following: Get the number of files in a given directory that match a given pattern, for example: ExtractBackup_{date}.tar.gz If that number is 2 or higher, delete the oldest file ...
4
votes
1answer
217 views

How/why does this globbing expression work?

In one of my bash scripts I needed to obtain the last part of a colon delimited string. For example I needed to grab the numeric 289283 value from the following value: OK: DriveC-ReadBytesPerSec: ...
0
votes
0answers
111 views

How to use find command with wildcard when current directory contains a match? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: find not recursive when file at top I'm having some confusion with the find command. If I type: find . -name *.xml or find ./ -name *.xml I receive a list of all ...
5
votes
4answers
7k views

Find a string only in a specific file inside subdirectories

Let's say I need to find the function GetTypes() in all C# source file (.cs) the directories/subdirectories. I used grep -rn GetTypes *.cs, but I got an error with grep: *.cs: No such file or ...
2
votes
6answers
381 views

Copy/Move whole folder but with certain extentions

I have a backup copy of my site located in /tmp/backup and want to copy it to /home/mysite/public_html But my aim is to copy only the .php files (with nested folders) and replace. If I don't have ...
3
votes
2answers
186 views

returning strings corresponding to shell glob matching

Suppose I have a subdirectory called sub. Then I want to operate on all files in that directory with the extension "txt". I want something like for f in sub/*.txt do enscript -b "" -o {$f ...
6
votes
3answers
393 views

“mkdir foo; svn mv * foo”

I often want to do some variant of this idiom: $ mkdir 2010 $ svn mv * 2010 Of course, I get an error because the glob matches 2010 as well: svn: Cannot copy path '2010' into its own child ...
6
votes
5answers
5k views

How to copy all html files from a directory tree to a single directory?

I want to copy all the .html files in myDir and its subdirectories to ~/otherDir. Here's what I tried (it doesn't work): $ find myDir -name *.html -print | xargs -0 cp ~/otherDir usage: cp [-R [-H | ...
6
votes
1answer
344 views

Can I have my shell history record how wildcards expanded?

If I run: $ ls * foo bar buzz $ history | tail -1 ls * You can see that in my shell history it remembers that I ran ls * rather than ls foo bar buzz. Ideally, I'd like to record both in separate ...
4
votes
3answers
8k views

checking an argument to a bash script is a string of all digits

The Bash FAQ says If you're validating a simple "string of digits", you can do it with a glob: # Bash if [[ $foo = *[!0-9]* ]]; then echo "'$foo' has a non-digit somewhere in it" else echo ...
1
vote
2answers
243 views

Listing all my files modified more than X days ago, in long format

How can I list in long format all files (located in a directory) which belong to me (rights) and were modified more than 7 days ago?
2
votes
3answers
3k views

How can I loop through lines of a file and find files matching each line?

In a BASH shell, I would like to take the lines of a file (eg pattern.txt) and find the files on my system whose names contain the patterns in each line of my file. So, I have the following for loop ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

untar a directory of *.tgz files using a wildcard

I've got a directory that looks like $ ls Broad_hapmap3_r2_Affy6_cels_excluded.tgz DINGO.tgz GIGAS.tgz index.html IONIC.tgz passing_cels_sample_map.txt ...
12
votes
8answers
4k views

How do I delete everything in a directory?

I'm sorry for asking such a basic question: How do I delete everything in a directory, including hidden files and directories? Right now, I use the following: rm -rf * rm -rf .*
5
votes
2answers
696 views

ls, regexp and environment variable

I wanted to declare an environment variable that stocks all the extensions of video files so I can use it when using the shell. I tried several things but never got it to work: If in my .bash_profile ...
47
votes
6answers
45k views

How do you move all files (including hidden) in a directory to another?

How do I move all files in a directory (including the hidden ones) to another directory? For example, if I have a folder "Foo" with the files ".hidden" and "notHidden" inside, how do I move both ...
2
votes
3answers
3k views

Selecting files that start with $LETTER, or a letter later than $LETTER in the alphabet

Suppose a directory contains the following files: afile1 afile2 bfile cfile ffile ffile2 qfile zfile I am looking for an easy way of selecting all the files which start with $LETTER, or start with ...
3
votes
1answer
766 views

scp, globbing, and different shells

The other day at work I tried doing scp remotehost:~/*.txt . and I received an error about the *, *.txt file not found sorry, not at work and I forget the exact error on my workstation I run zsh ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How can I search for a file with fixed name length using ls?

In a directory, I have files like lazer_100506 lazer_100707 lazer_091211 lazer_110103 lazer_100406_temp lazer_100622#delete etc How can I get a listing of only the first four files? $ ls ...
35
votes
8answers
33k views

Rsync filter: copying one pattern only

I am trying to create a directory that will house all and only my PDFs compiled from LaTeX. I like keeping each project in a separate folder, all housed in a big folder called LaTeX. So I tried ...
5
votes
4answers
219 views

is the behaviour of .* to include . and .. defined in LSB or POSIX or some other specification?

as title: is the behaviour of .* to include . and .. defined in LSB or POSIX or some other specification?
1
vote
2answers
7k views

Delete files in a directory that match a regexp, using a Mac terminal

How do I delete files in a directory that match a given regexp, or a similar solution, using a Mac terminal?