Globbing means matching files by name patterns containing wildcards.

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653 views

Configure bash globbing

After coming from cygwin, I'm quite confused about the bash (version 4.1.5) globbing on my Ubuntu 10.4. I'd love one of the following two possibilities: ignore . and .., match everything else ignore ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

rsync pattern copy: dotfiles

I followed the advice given in the question Rsync filter: copying one pattern only to setup a command line I need to backup only the dotfiles .inF* Yet with the command: rsync -av --include='.inF*' ...
3
votes
2answers
279 views

Error when calling mv with wildcards

#! /bin/bash error_text=$(tail -n +1 /path/dir/folder/exc/a/update/Abd/ER/* | \ grep 'Warning\|Loaded\|Event') echo $error_text nc 10.10.99.45 25 << EOF ehlo mail.abc.pvt mail from: ...
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3answers
2k views

How to delete 2 months back files in unix

Say I have below log files, AA_XX_20130719185428.log exec_xxx_cpb_20130712182453.log 13122013121327_AR_INC_DOBC_1.dprf.log 24122013_masterscript.LOG Date part contains both date and time. I want ...
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votes
4answers
3k views

How to rotate all images in a directory with imagemagic?

I want to rotate all the images in a directory that match a pattern. So far I have: for file in `ls /tmp/p/DSC*.JPG`; do convert $file -rotate 90 file+'_rotated'.JPG done but that gives no ...
2
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2answers
137 views

Discrepancy between the two expansions

If you input the command ls * and echo *, you will notice the remarkable discrepancy between the results. The former recursively includes while the latter totally excludes files in subdirectories. ...
2
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4answers
723 views

Passing wildcard * to a (bash?) script [duplicate]

I want to to remove all color codes which look like '@n', '@R' etc, from a moderately large size collection of text files. So in a file called 'remove_cc', I wrote the following: sed -ie 's/@r//g' ...
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4answers
16k views

Unix Command to return all files that end with single digit and TXT extension

Which command returns all files that end with a single digit and have the TXT extension ?
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5answers
629 views

Is it possible to reference the most recently modified file in a command line argument?

I frequently download PDF files with heinous numeric file names from my browser. These automatically go into ~/Downloads. Ideally I would like to just be able to open these files with: evince "the ...
2
votes
1answer
448 views

remote execution via ssh doesn't follow links?

ssh server ls /var/lib/edumate/backup/weekly/*DBB* returns one file /var/lib/edumate/backup/weekly/DBB.0.db2inst1.NODE0000.CATN0000.20120610020013.001 but ssh server ls /data/backup/weekly/*DBB* ...
2
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2answers
501 views

Bash copy all files that don't match the given extensions

When I import pictures from my camera in Shotwell, it also imports the video clips. This is somewhat annoying, as I would like to store my videos in another folder. I've tried to write a bash command ...
2
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2answers
113 views

Select a range of files after sorting them

One thing I notice slower for me if I switch from using a GUI file manager to CLI is: In a GUI file manager, I can quickly select a subset of files under a dir by, first sorting them according to ...
2
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3answers
116 views

Filter a list of strings using math

I have a directory with files listed like so: abc201303130110.txt abc201303140511.txt abc201303150112.txt As you can see, the filename contains a datetime stamp. I want to return all files with the ...
2
votes
2answers
932 views

Working of rm/ls with [0-9]

I am learning the shell commands and came across the short tags eg.[0-9],[[:digit:]] etc.. As a proof of concept i tried deleting all the files with the rm command(i know its not a good practise but i ...
2
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5answers
417 views

Copy Sequential Files

I have 12 files named dmp_000, dmp_001, etc, all the way to dmp_011. I would like to copy all of them to rdmp_000, rdmp_001, and so on, sequentially so the numbered files coincide. There must be an ...
2
votes
2answers
144 views

Zipping files two by two

I have a directory that has 800 files like this: file1.png file1@2x.png file2.png file2@2x.png file3.png file3@2x.png ... etc I need to create zip files like this file1.zip (containing ...
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3answers
3k views

Selecting files that start with $LETTER, or a letter later than $LETTER in the alphabet

Suppose a directory contains the following files: afile1 afile2 bfile cfile ffile ffile2 qfile zfile I am looking for an easy way of selecting all the files which start with $LETTER, or start with ...
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2answers
36 views

“dpkg -l” receives shell wildcard character?

In a bash shell where I have globbing enabled if I execute ls -l *ou*, then shell should pass out.dot and out.png as arguments to ls, i.e. ls never sees the * character. However, looks like in case of ...
2
votes
1answer
175 views

Bash: Syntax Error on @()

I have the following function in my .bashrc file: extract() { local c e i (($#)) || return for i; do c='' e=1 if [[ ! -r $i ]]; then echo "$0: file ...
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votes
3answers
3k views

Count files in a directory by extension

For the purpose of testing, I'd like count how many images files are inside a directory, separating each image file type by file extension (jpg="yes". This because later it will be useful for another ...
2
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2answers
605 views

how to show total files size in a folder by filtering extension without showing each file size

du -hc *zip shows me total size of zip files in a folder, but it shows also every single file size of the folder. I only need total size. Is there way to show the total size of a folder without ...
2
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1answer
102 views

Why the order of wildcard results might be different when used from the terminal or from perl?

There's a folder with a bunch of files and a perl scrip that lists them using ls with a wildcard like: #!/usr/bin/perl system("ls -U -1 dir/*"); I noticed that if I run exactly the same command ...
2
votes
1answer
662 views

unzip two different kind of file extensions

Note here, .zip and .jar is just an example, my file extensions are different. Suppose I have a directory which can contain number of zip files a.zip b.zip c.zip AND/OR z.jar x.jar y.jar along ...
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2answers
2k views

Using wildcards to match a directory in bash

Lets say the folder structure is like so: /home/ --user1/asdf --user2/asdf1234 --user3/asdf325234 --cool/asdf How could I change to asdf1234 without specifying the user? For example: cd ...
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1answer
763 views

Extended file globbing not working with cat inside bash script

When, in my terminal, I type cat ~/my/+(a|b)/doc It reads ok from both ~/my/a/doc and ~/my/b/doc, but when I put that command in a bash script: #!/bin/bash cat ~/my/'+(a|b)'/doc I get the error: ...
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3answers
148 views

Find files that end with number

Im trying to make some backup script as the log files get bigger and bigger. What i have is coping the current file, (for example secure file in /var/log/) and remove the content from that file. But ...
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2answers
60 views

Wildcard for arbitrary depth

I want to use grep where paths are arbitrary depth under the directory /path/to/dir and has the file name foo. I thought that the wildcard for arbitrary depth is **, and I tried grep some_pattern ...
2
votes
1answer
157 views

Move extension-less files with mv

I have a folder with images(png, bmp, jpg) and extension-less files. I cant figure out how to move only the extension-less files. They are all random numbered files.
2
votes
1answer
243 views

Curly Brace glob order?

If I have two files (in a folder with similarly numbered files) such as foo.18 foo.19 And I want to use a glob on them, do I do it like so: cp -r /folder1/*.{19,20} /folder2/ or like so? cp -r ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

ffmpeg -pattern_type glob — not loading files in correct order

I have a dilemma.. I've had a script for a while now that downloads pictures from a webcam every few minutes. The naming convention just does new_image((len(files(dir))+1) + '.jpg') and that's all ...
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2answers
112 views

“or” in shell glob

I want to ls the files containing the substring "s1r", "s2r", "s3r" or "s19r" in their filenames. I'm almost there! Botched attempts: ls *s[123][9?]r* The above gives me only files including the ...
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6answers
2k views

How to make tar globbing work with the 'change directory' option

I have the followin directory structure: base/ files/ archives/ scripts/ I want a script to run from scripts/, compress files that match results.*.log in files/ into a gzipped tar archive ...
2
votes
2answers
172 views

Bash variables and types

I'm making a script that validate an IP address. I do this: read pool checkIp() { local ip=$1 local stat=1 if [[ $ip =~ ^[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}$ ]]; then ...
2
votes
2answers
159 views

What is an equivalent of rm `find lib/ -name *.swp` without find?

As in the title, I would like to remove all files in the lib directory with .swp in the end. How can I do this without find in: rm `find lib/ -name *.swp`
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3answers
3k views

How can I loop through lines of a file and find files matching each line?

In a BASH shell, I would like to take the lines of a file (eg pattern.txt) and find the files on my system whose names contain the patterns in each line of my file. So, I have the following for loop ...
2
votes
2answers
190 views

Bash extended globbing

I'm unable to show JUST ONE file from the output of ls using bash extended globbing. From info bash If the `extglob' shell option is enabled using the `shopt' builtin, several extended pattern ...
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1answer
92 views

How to use " rm !(*keyword) in bash 4.1.2?

I got bash 4.1.2 on remote centos machine. When using my favorite rm !(*keyword) I got bash: !: event not found I tried to upgrade its bash, but seems the edition remains after upgrade. The ...
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2answers
74 views

Is a ? treated in a special way in parameter expansion?

I'm attempting to parse to output from git status --porcelain -b for use in my prompt but I'm coming across strange behaviour when performing parameter expansion. This snippet should demonstrate the ...
2
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2answers
495 views

delete directory with special character in filename

I have these tricky directories that I can't figure out how to delete. If I run ls -ld * I get… drwxrwxr-x 7 user1 taskfmri 2048 Jan 22 15:26 857263 drwxrwx--- 4 user2 ...
2
votes
1answer
176 views

SFTP chroot jail/access based on wildcard

I want to give a list of people SFTP access to /webdocs/ABC* where they will read-write access to only directories that match this wildcard. How do I do this? Can I create a chroot jaill or some ...
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2answers
317 views

Select greatest numbered filename

Simple requirement but can't find anything online which can achieve it. I have a list of dated files as below... filename_20120101.dat filename_20120102.dat filename_20120103.dat I ...
2
votes
6answers
386 views

Copy/Move whole folder but with certain extentions

I have a backup copy of my site located in /tmp/backup and want to copy it to /home/mysite/public_html But my aim is to copy only the .php files (with nested folders) and replace. If I don't have ...
2
votes
2answers
82 views

order for listing files

If I have a list of files under a directory ullman-000.pbm ullman-001.pbm ... ullman-098.pbm ullman-099.pbm ullman-1000.pbm ullman-1001.pbm ullman-1002.pbm ullman-1003.pbm ullman-1004.pbm ...
2
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1answer
73 views

Find Command: File Path vs -name Argument

I'm currently building a script to handle some files in a directory. In the first example, I use the find command and pass a directory in as the argument. In the second I instead use the -name switch ...
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2answers
61 views

how to filteri by asterisk or similar expression by rsync in zsh

I have a lot of files named like: /var/log/foo/2014-07-06-01.log ... /var/log/foo/2014-07-20-04.log Everyday I have several log files and I want to download specified day's log files: $ rsync ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

Globbing fails in zsh, but works in bash

I have an alias in bash, that I'm trying to port over to zsh. I thought it may have been the alias itself, but now it seems it's just the globbing. grep -irl --exclude=\*.{log,class,fuegoclass,dat}* ...
2
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2answers
315 views

Use xargs to move files from within a directory

I am searching for some folders in my current directory. What I want to do is, move all the files within those directories to another directory. I am using the following command: find -maxdepth 1 ...
2
votes
4answers
5k views

Shell script to check for the presence of one or more files with a specific extension?

I want to write a script to find a file with specific extension.this much i have done: #!/bin/bash file="/home/Savio/Dsktop/check/*.csv" file1="/home/Savio/check/*.txt" if [[ -f "$file" && -f ...
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3answers
800 views

Very strange behavior with grep and IFS

I'm having trouble using grep, the returned results are "n-empty", I mean without the 'n' character... This is the script sample : OLDIFS=$IFS IFS="\\n" i=$(grep -ril $1 *) echo $i IFS=$OLDIFS ...
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2answers
111 views

Select a range of logs from daily log archives

I have a folder containing daily logs, named as : system-2013-01-01.log system-2013-01-02.log system-2013-01-03.log system-2013-01-04.log system-2013-01-05.log system-2013-01-06.log ...