Globbing means matching files by name patterns containing wildcards.

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0
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2answers
103 views

Supress expansion of * in echo

I am working on a script which dynamically executes some queries on daily basis. These queries are coming from a table in the database. Here is the sample output of the query table: ...
3
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2answers
1k views

Excluding a directory name in a zsh recursive glob

I'm running zsh on Linux under setopt extended_glob ksh_glob glob_dots. I'm looking for something easy to type on the command line, with no portability requirements. I'm looking at a source code tree, ...
2
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6answers
1k views

How to make tar globbing work with the 'change directory' option

I have the followin directory structure: base/ files/ archives/ scripts/ I want a script to run from scripts/, compress files that match results.*.log in files/ into a gzipped tar archive ...
0
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3answers
584 views

How to find files ending with ~ and pyc? [duplicate]

I want to find all files (in current and all subdirectory) which end in'~' or 'pyc'. To do so I have tried the following find pattern: find . -name '*{~,pyc}' find . -name '{*~,*.pyc}' but neither ...
9
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5answers
558 views

Can I select only one result from a bash glob?

I'm trying to write a script for work to automate some reporting on an output. The Log files are (currently, it's being 'standardise' in the future) stored in this sort of path structure: ...
4
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4answers
1k views

How to remove files which do not end with “.c”?

I have a directory which contains all the C programs. I have also compiled them at the creation time so as to check my code. There are a lot of programs nearly 100 of them. So I want a BASH script ...
3
votes
1answer
581 views

Shell wildcards and dot files

I am a beginner terminal user trying to understand wildcards. I think I pretty much have a good grasp on it, but I have a couple of questions: Why do the following two codes work as expected: ls -d ...
1
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3answers
570 views

What does a question mark in a filename matching pattern mean?

What does the question mark in this command mean? find . –type d –name "?d*" –print I tried to to run it without it but didn't notice any change.
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3answers
115 views

Filter a list of strings using math

I have a directory with files listed like so: abc201303130110.txt abc201303140511.txt abc201303150112.txt As you can see, the filename contains a datetime stamp. I want to return all files with the ...
2
votes
2answers
622 views

Working of rm/ls with [0-9]

I am learning the shell commands and came across the short tags eg.[0-9],[[:digit:]] etc.. As a proof of concept i tried deleting all the files with the rm command(i know its not a good practise but i ...
0
votes
1answer
281 views

Working of the [0-9] [duplicate]

I am learning the shell commands and came across the short tags eg.[0-9],[[:digit:]] etc.. As a proof of concept i tried deleting all the files with the rm command(i know its not a good practise but i ...
6
votes
3answers
5k views

How do I remove all sub-directories from within a directory?

This question is kind of a phase II to the first question I posted at here I have a directory that contains a bunch of sub-directories, .zip files, and other random files not contained within a ...
1
vote
1answer
104 views

starting vim with command substitution

I am working on a project on two different machines - one running Mac OSX 10.8.3, and one running Red Hat Enterprise Linux. On my Mac, I can do this: vim $(ls -R */*.@(h|cpp) */*/*.@(h|cpp)) and ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

How does logrotate treat globbing?

If I have a logrotate config file like this, # matches multiple ones /var/log/project/*.log { ... prerotate ... endscript ... } So how does the glob work here? If I have 3 log ...
8
votes
1answer
768 views

Wildcards inside quotes

This will be an easy one, but in my memories, when shell scripting, using double quotes would allow expanding globbing and variables. But in the following code: #!/bin/sh echo *.sh echo "*.sh" echo ...
1
vote
1answer
233 views

How to prevent double escaping?

I'm trying to put a bunch of images together into a pdf. I ran gm convert *.jpg out.pdf and it worked, but the images were not in the right order. I found that ls -v orders them correctly so then I ...
2
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2answers
189 views

Select greatest numbered filename

Simple requirement but can't find anything online which can achieve it. I have a list of dated files as below... filename_20120101.dat filename_20120102.dat filename_20120103.dat I ...
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votes
8answers
2k views

Run a command on all subfolders

If you have a series of subfolders (like from a to z) and want to run a command on each one of them (like rm *.pdf or ls *.pdf), how do you do that? The "manual" approach would be cd a, rm *.pdf, or ...
3
votes
1answer
558 views

for loop in bash function

I recently wrote the following bash function: makeaudiobook () { count=1 almbumartist=$2 for f in $1; do preprocess $f > $f-preprocessed text2wave $f-preprocessed -o $f.wav ...
6
votes
2answers
459 views

Remove all Vim undo files in all but one directory

I just realized that I have tons of Vim undo (.un~) files sprinkled around my file system. I'd like to delete all of these files except in one directory—~/.tmp. My first problem is that I can't seem ...
1
vote
2answers
126 views

How to get “current glob” in zsh

I want to do something like: $ convert [a,b,c,d,e].png -resize 50% <current_match>_half.png How can I do this? Is there some variable that stores the current match? I couldn't find anything in ...
1
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3answers
465 views

Reading a directory in shell script

I want to read a numbered directory which is under a path, into a variable in shell script. The paths are something like this: .../releases/R1/... .../releases/R2/... .../releases/R3/... Each time ...
2
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2answers
719 views

Bash Wildcard Partial Match Directory

I have this bash script which is trying to find a directory that partially changes on peoples systems. cd "$HOMEDIR/AppData/Local/GitHub/PortableGit"*"/bin" Yet this does not seem to work - it ...
1
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1answer
138 views

Copy files excluding x,y,z causing error in shell script

I'm not well versed in shell scripting but I imagine this to be a painfully easy fix but its eluding me. I need to copy the contents of a directory excluding a number of files. I have a command that ...
1
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1answer
1k views

How can I zip the contents of current directory minus all hidden files?

How can I zip up the contents (excluding hidden files and folders) of the folder I am currently in? zip -r extension.xpi . -x "*/.*" This is what I have so far, but I am still getting hidden files. ...
5
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1answer
112 views

Bash globbing: how to express “something-*.txt except *-foobar.txt” as glob?

On the command line, can I express easily in terms of shell globs that I would like to catch all files something-*.txt, except for something-*-foobar.txt? If I can, how? NB: I know how to achieve the ...
1
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1answer
261 views

Why does printf ignore the IFS when printing out the result of my script?

This is a follow up to a question posted on SO. I've written a script called except which should print all filenames / directories except the ones given like so. $ ls a b c d $ rm $(except b d) $ ls ...
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3answers
602 views

Shell script Variable Structure

How can I create a variable with a file name format like : FileName pattern: SnapshotIR__somenumber.csv I tried something like : TODAY=$(date +"%m%d%Y") SNAPSHOT = $(SnapshotIR$TODAY*.csv) I ...
5
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3answers
1k views

Create symbolic links to files using wildcards

I want to create symlinks to multiple files: ln -s dev-*.php 's/dev-(.*\.php)/$1/' Results hoped for: site.php links to dev-site.php file.php links to dev-file.php What's the most ...
4
votes
2answers
533 views

Get the complement of the result of an ls command

Let's say I have a directory with multiple files, all of which are either binary files (files with no declared extensions) and source files (.c extension). I do this: $ ls and get: README.md ...
3
votes
5answers
228 views

Regex match in CLI

Is there something like a logical for the cli? I want to achieve this mv -t newfolder *.(png|jpg) so that alls jpg and png files are moved into newfolder. I know it could be done with mv -t ...
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2answers
84 views

Select a range of logs from daily log archives

I have a folder containing daily logs, named as : system-2013-01-01.log system-2013-01-02.log system-2013-01-03.log system-2013-01-04.log system-2013-01-05.log system-2013-01-06.log ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

rsync all directories that start with a specific digit

I have directory loaded with thousands of sub directories: /home/tmp/ 1 12 123 1234 2345 234 3456 345 34 ...
10
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5answers
2k views

Pattern matching on path names in bash

I want to act on a list of subdirectories in a directory. Consider: for x in x86-headers/*/C/populate.sh; do echo $x; done This gives x86-headers/elf/C/populate.sh x86-headers/gl/C/populate.sh ...
3
votes
1answer
150 views

Passing all files of specific filetype in current and subdirectories

I have constructed an elaborate 500+ character command with many arguments and switches to autosign multiple PDF documents. I'm using JSignPDF and I'd like to use it's batch mode including the ...
2
votes
2answers
163 views

Bash variables and types

I'm making a script that validate an IP address. I do this: read pool checkIp() { local ip=$1 local stat=1 if [[ $ip =~ ^[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}$ ]]; then ...
2
votes
5answers
301 views

Copy Sequential Files

I have 12 files named dmp_000, dmp_001, etc, all the way to dmp_011. I would like to copy all of them to rdmp_000, rdmp_001, and so on, sequentially so the numbered files coincide. There must be an ...
1
vote
2answers
470 views

aptitude remove pkg_name* not working like apt-get

I have uninstalled (aptitude purge) the qt-sdk package but there is still a lot of qt4* and libqt* packages on my system. Is there a way to remove all these packages with aptitude remove/purge ...
37
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6answers
5k views

The result of ls * , ls ** and ls ***

I know using the command ls will list all the directories. But what does the ls * command do ? I used it and it just lists the directories. Is the star in front of ls means how deep it can list the ...
2
votes
2answers
143 views

What is an equivalent of rm `find lib/ -name *.swp` without find?

As in the title, I would like to remove all files in the lib directory with .swp in the end. How can I do this without find in: rm `find lib/ -name *.swp`
7
votes
1answer
394 views

What is the significance of the dot in bash commands and how is it different from an asterisk?

I'm trying to understand the significance of the dot in bash and how it differs from an asterisk. Can someone please elaborate? For example, what's the difference between cp -ar /foo/. /foo2/ and cp ...
9
votes
7answers
5k views

How do I create a directory in all subdirectories?

Suppose I have a directory structure like this: $ [~/practice] ls a/ b/ c/ d/ Now I want to create a directory tmp1 in all sub directories of practice and I do this: $ [~/practice] mkdir */tmp1 ...
9
votes
2answers
748 views

“grep -r foo *” vs “grep -r foo .”

When using grep -r you could search in all files with either * or . and it seems to return the same thing but is it really the same? Let's say I search for "foo", then I could write grep -r foo * ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

what is wild card to select all directories in a directory

i want to set sticky bit for all directories in a directory excluding files. is there any wild card to do this? #sudo chmod g+s /var/www/<WILD_CARD_FOR_ALL_DIRECTORIES>
1
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1answer
307 views

imagemagick globbing multiple extensions

I have a folder containing photos coming from different cameras. I use Imagemagick to convert to resized and renamed photos in another folder. Something like this: convert "*.jpg" \ -resize 640 ...
6
votes
2answers
29k views

Zip all files in directory?

Is there a way to zip all files in a given directory with the zip command? I've heard of using *.*, but I want it to work for extensionless files, too.
0
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4answers
558 views

Bash Globbing Variable Substitution? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Batch renaming files I want to rename files using their existing name as a base for the new one. So if I can ls these files with ls blue*+(.png) I'd want to rename ...
15
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3answers
748 views

What is the difference between [[ $a == z* ]] and [ $a == z* ]?

Is there is any difference between these two. [[ $a == z* ]] and [ $a == z* ] Can I have an example where they would have different outputs? Furthermore, how does the working of [[ ]] differs ...
2
votes
2answers
134 views

Zipping files two by two

I have a directory that has 800 files like this: file1.png file1@2x.png file2.png file2@2x.png file3.png file3@2x.png ... etc I need to create zip files like this file1.zip (containing ...
6
votes
4answers
757 views

Avoiding errors due to unexpanded asterisk

In bash I often use for-loops such as the following for file in *.type; do sommecommand "$file"; done; to perform an operation for all files matching *.type. If no file with this ending is ...