Globbing means matching files by name patterns containing wildcards.

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206 views

Begin a glob with an exclude pattern

I am trying to tweak some completion. Suppose I have: $ ls bar.baz foo_bar.baz foo.bar If I want completion to match all files that don't end in baz: $ shopt|grep extglob extglob on $ ...
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2answers
517 views

Can I make `rm` interactive only when using globbing? (in either bash or zsh or both)

Whenever I rm multiple items at once with shell globbing and there's even the slightest possibility that the pattern expands to more than I expect it to, I always try to remember to add -i, but (of ...
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2answers
5k views

What is the difference between “du -sh *” and “du -sh ./*”?

The title says it all. What's the difference between those 2 commands? NOTE: I'm more interested in the * and ./* part.
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8answers
51k views

Rsync filter: copying one pattern only

I am trying to create a directory that will house all and only my PDFs compiled from LaTeX. I like keeping each project in a separate folder, all housed in a big folder called LaTeX. So I tried ...
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3answers
8k views

Using OR patterns in shell wildcards

Contents of my dir are $ ls -lrt total 0 -rw-r--r-- 1 user1 admin 19 Oct 8 12:31 night.txt -rw-r--r-- 1 user1 admin 19 Oct 8 12:31 noon.txt -rw-r--r-- 1 user1 admin 38 Oct 8 12:31 day.txt I ...
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5answers
391 views

How can I use a wildcard to match just files, not directories?

I have a folder called home/homeLife I have a file called home1 home2 and home3 stored in /home I want to move all files that start with home* to home/homeLife/.. I typed mv home* /home/homeLife ...
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3answers
79 views

How to can I make Filename Sequencing with the help of Loops

my intention is to keep the code as simple as possible.Here there are 5 files namely A_1.CSV, A_2.CSV, A_3.CSV, A_4.CSV, A_5.CSV The below code retrieves the first row in a CSV file. Code : ...
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1answer
67 views

how to locate a name-not-specified file in bash? [closed]

I have a bash like this to easily upload a file to my server: FILE=../"$1"/1.txt scp 1.txt remoteserver #upload the file to a remote server. The $1 is for input directory and I have a lot of ...
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1answer
25 views

how to find the files in a directory with Prefix__date_030000_1.txt?

how to find the files in a directory with Prefix__date_030000_Suffix here Prefix is the Actual file name and format of the date is date +%Y%m%d and Suffix is the '.txt' and the 030000 number will ...
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0answers
133 views

What is the meaning of the string **/* when used with grep?

I came across this picture (below), obviously it is a pun or some kind of allusion incorporating command-line expressions. Frankly speaking I do not understand anything of it except for grep -n. ...
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5answers
419 views

execute a command in $PATH matching a wildcard

I'd like to find and execute a command in the current $PATH matching this wildcard libreoffice?.? (eg. libreoffice4.0, libreoffice4.3, etc.) EDIT: if multiple matches are found, you can pick one ...
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3answers
2k views

How to match * with hidden files inside a directory

How to match the hidden files inside the given directories for example If I give the below command it's not giving the result of the hidden files, du -b maybehere*/* how to achieve this ...
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1answer
195 views

How do you get the first file in each subdirectory matching a list of file extensions?

How do you get the first file in each subdirectory matching a list of file extensions? My goal is to run a program on just any one of the files in a series of subdirectories. For example, below ...
3
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1answer
146 views

Filename expansion from date ranges

Consider dates in the ISO 8601 format i.e. ‘YYYY-MM-DD’, e.g. 2015-01-28, and say we have a folder with files of the form: AAAA_<date>_BBBB I am looking for a glob pattern in zsh (or Bash) ...
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1answer
459 views

Triple dot wildcards

I have a very large directory structure of source code that is very difficult to work with. I would like to run a tool to transform it to a Maven like structure that works better for me. When I have ...
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2answers
89 views

List the files of another format while finding a certain name pattern

I had wanted to edit the txt files of videoA and videoB only if the movs files names contains the namespace -test For eg. videoDir |-videoA |- videoA_v001_test.mov |- ...
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How to get the last N files in a directory?

I have many files that are ordered by file name in a directory. I wish to copy the final N (say, N=4) files to my home directory. How should I do it? cp ./<the final 4 files> ~/
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1answer
58 views

Getting globbing to work with `locate`?

I'm on Ubuntu 11.04, where I have: $ locate --version mlocate 0.23.1 [...] The man locate page says: If --regex is not specified, PATTERNs can contain globbing characters. If any PATTERN ...
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3k views

In a Bash if condition, how to check whether any files matching a simple wildcard expression exist?

Stupidly, I had been using a condition like this as part of a script: if [ $(ls FOO* 2> /dev/null) ] # if files named "FOO*" were downloaded then echo "Files found" # ... process and ...
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2answers
153 views

Can I use variables inside {} expansion without `eval`?

Can I use variables inside {} expansion without appealing to eval? If so, how? This doesn't work: $ touch 1.foo 1.bar $ ls 1.{foo,bar} 1.bar 1.foo $ extensions=foo,bar $ ls 1.{$extensions} ls: ...
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73 views

“dpkg -l” receives shell wildcard character?

In a bash shell where I have globbing enabled if I execute ls -l *ou*, then shell should pass out.dot and out.png as arguments to ls, i.e. ls never sees the * character. However, looks like in case of ...
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2answers
950 views

Why does ls display a non-existing file?

I want to list all the files whose name begins with uppercase: [root@localhost /]# ls /usr/bin/[[:upper:]]* /usr/bin/AtoB /usr/bin/GenIssuerAltNameExt /usr/bin/PKCS12Export ...
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38 views

optimisation of bash globs

Looking for a guide to optimising regexp matches in bash. I have a script that loops over a very long list of URLs looking for patterns. Currently it looks a little like the fragment below. Is there ...
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Bash globs as non-file arguments. Example: apt-get remove pkg-*

I know * and other glob patterns are transformed into words by pathname expansion, based on the current working directory. Hovever, some commands seem to use them for non file arguments. For example, ...
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54 views

Meaning of “[--0]” in a glob pattern

I am a Linux/Unix newbie. I was reading about "Glob" and "Globbing Pathnames", and I found this strange (to me) part in man pages: "[--0]" matches the three characters '-', '.', '0', since '/' ...
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Bash globbing and argument passing

I have the following simplified bash script #!/bin/bash files=("$@") if [ "X$files" = "X" ]; then files=$HOME/print/*.pdf; fi for file in "${files[@]}"; do ls "$file"; done If I pass ...
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225 views

processing multiple extensions

I have done a script to convert recursive .jpg files to another size: echo $re mkdir "$re"_tmp for a in *.jpg ; do convert "$a" -resize $re "$re""_tmp/${a%.*} ["$re"].jpg" ; done I'd like integrate ...
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3answers
343 views

Number of files in a directory starting with specific text

How to get count of files in a directory starting with specific text like dataxxx.csv
5
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2answers
186 views

Unzip source arguments

To copy a bunch of zip files from one location to another: $ cp *.zip destination/ To unzip a bunch of zip files to a directory: $ unzip \*.zip -d destination/ man unzip says: The backslash ...
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276 views

delete files having a certain pattern in their names

I want to delete all files that have two numbers and a dot in beginning of their names for example: 01. abc 02. xyz
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List files that do not begin with a specific prefix

I need to list only the files in a directory that do NOT begin with qc_dl, qc_dt or qd_df, but that also DO end in .sas. I can list the files that do not begin with "qc_dl" as such: ls -I "qc_dl*" ...
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order for listing files

If I have a list of files under a directory ullman-000.pbm ullman-001.pbm ... ullman-098.pbm ullman-099.pbm ullman-1000.pbm ullman-1001.pbm ullman-1002.pbm ullman-1003.pbm ullman-1004.pbm ...
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3answers
1k views

Find files that end with number

Im trying to make some backup script as the log files get bigger and bigger. What i have is coping the current file, (for example secure file in /var/log/) and remove the content from that file. But ...
2
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1answer
404 views

Find Command: File Path vs -name Argument

I'm currently building a script to handle some files in a directory. In the first example, I use the find command and pass a directory in as the argument. In the second I instead use the -name switch ...
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1answer
213 views

Shell glob expansion after loop variable substitution

How can the following be changed example so that it does glob expansion after loop variable substitution? for i in a b c do echo $i/*.txt done UPDATE: This normally does work, however set -f ...
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1answer
263 views

defining rename command scope; replace word; replace entire file name; wildcards

Im looking to use the rename command to edit file names. More specifically, Im trying to isolate specific pieces to change, or in some cases, the whole name. For example: Lets say I have three ...
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4answers
3k views

How to silently get an empty string from a glob pattern with no matches

Say I have a folder with three files: foo1 foo2 bar 1. If I run list_of_files=$(print foo*) echo $list_of_files I get: foo1 foo2 2. If I run list_of_files=$(print bar*) echo $list_of_files ...
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2answers
809 views

Bash extended globbing

I'm unable to show JUST ONE file from the output of ls using bash extended globbing. From info bash If the `extglob' shell option is enabled using the `shopt' builtin, several extended pattern ...
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2answers
172 views

Tar a list of files which don't all exist

I'm running a command from a script like tar -c -f ar.tar a b c d where b, c, and d may not exist, and may be directories. The solutions that I've come up with are piping the output of ls -d to ...
3
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4answers
283 views

what is the difference between `find .` and /home/user/* as an input to for command

What is the difference between find . and /home/user/* as an input to for command.? For example: for var in $(find .) do echo "$var" done or for var in /home/user/* do echo "$var" done In the ...
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3answers
872 views

How to view last 5 lines from last created/modified file?

Every day I have to take backup and update the status to support teams at particular time for which I need to check last 5 lines of last created/modified *.aff file in a directory and update them. ...
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2answers
3k views

How to show only total file size of particular extension by `du` command

I have a hundreds of pdf files and html files in a directory. And I want to know total size of pdf files. By command du -ch /var/foo I can see total file size but I only need last line, the total ...
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158 views

can I use logical operators to remove all files that matches with one and/or other pattern in a single line?

I want to remove .txt or .csv files in a single line. What I have in my directory tachomi$ ls file1.csv file1.sql file1.txt file2.csv file2.sql file2.txt I only want .sql files so I want to ...
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4answers
785 views

keep the last file of every month and delete the rest

I have files like below. I want to keep SEP 30, OCT 30....files and delete the rest. Can you please help me with any script? -rw-r--r-- 1 nbswmcm advboprd 13463761 Sep 2 01:19 ...
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5answers
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How can I programatically tell if a filename matches a shell glob pattern?

I would like to tell if a string $string would be matched by a glob pattern $pattern. $string may or may not be the name of an existing file. How can I do this? Assume the following formats for my ...
2
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1answer
116 views

How can I use `find` with `-pattern` and also restrict depth?

This is as far as I've gotten: find . -path \*/pages/*/index.css Which will find: ./lib/pages/home/index.css ./lib/pages/home/lib/header/index.css What I really want is to only find: ...
2
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3answers
83 views

Specifiy Unix TimeStamp Range in Parameter

I am launching a mrjob in bash and need to pass in as parameters a range of gz files which have unix time stamps in them as: filename_9127381923.gz. How to do this in the simplest possible way? I can ...
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2answers
1k views

How to enable tab completion of wildcards in bash?

How can I enable tab completion in bash for a statement such as vim db/migrate/*crea? Essentially I am looking for tab completion to match the regular expression and present the options. How would ...
4
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1answer
11k views

proper way to iterate through contents in a directory [duplicate]

I need to iterate through every file inside a directory. One common way I saw was using the for loop that begins with for file in *; do. However, I realized that it does not include hidden files ...
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164 views

How to copy with wildcard in directory name?

I would like to copy the html directory inside a directory like cms_drupal_PROJ-1-2 to /var/www. The last digit in the working directory is dynamic so at any given time all I know is ...