Globbing means matching files by name patterns containing wildcards.

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Passing glob expressions to functions/scripts

The following script is supposed to concatenate multiple csv files in a path specified in the first argument into a single csv file specified in the second argument #!/bin/zsh set -x set -v ...
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833 views

How can I list all *.doc files in a Zip archive, including files in subdirectories?

I have Zip files, that might look like this: $ zipinfo -1 zip.zip doc.doc dotx.dotx xls.xls ppt.ppt txt.txt c.c subdir/subdir2/doc.doc subdir/xls.xls subdir/ppt.ppt subdir/c.c subdir/txt.txt ...
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959 views

How to enable tab completion of wildcards in bash?

How can I enable tab completion in bash for a statement such as vim db/migrate/*crea? Essentially I am looking for tab completion to match the regular expression and present the options. How would ...
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647 views

Bash globbing of multi-part argument

Below are some examples of a find command I'm trying to run. I'm looking for different ways that I might be able to use globbing to generate (as an example) a find command with predicates joined ...
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711 views

ls, regexp and environment variable

I wanted to declare an environment variable that stocks all the extensions of video files so I can use it when using the shell. I tried several things but never got it to work: If in my .bash_profile ...
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232 views

Modifying zsh globbing patterns to use with cp

I'm trying to write a script to copy files recursively from a particular folder except files A.extn, B/*.extn and C/* where B and C are directories and extn is just some generic extension. This is ...
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355 views

How can I programatically tell if a filename matches a shell glob pattern?

I would like to tell if a string $string would be matched by a glob pattern $pattern. $string may or may not be the name of an existing file. How can I do this? Assume the following formats for my ...
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1k views

bash globstar matching

I have this directory structure: ~/tmp/globstar ɀ find dir -type f dir/file.ext dir/subdir1/file.ext dir/subdir2/file.ext and, with the globstar option enabled in Bash, I can say: ~/tmp/globstar ...
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4k views

Using OR patterns in shell wildcards

Contents of my dir are $ ls -lrt total 0 -rw-r--r-- 1 user1 admin 19 Oct 8 12:31 night.txt -rw-r--r-- 1 user1 admin 19 Oct 8 12:31 noon.txt -rw-r--r-- 1 user1 admin 38 Oct 8 12:31 day.txt I ...
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702 views

Bash pattern to match all files but directories

In bash, how do I specify a pattern that matches everything but subdirectories in current directory. Given that the pattern */ matches all the subdirectories, I tried (with extglob turned on): $ echo ...
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How to exclude some files not matching certain extensions with grep?

I want to output all lines containing the word OK recursively from a directory. But there are a few extensions which I need to exclude from the result: *~ *.map *.js except *.debug.js I tried: ...
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“which” with a little “grep”-like solution?

# which mkdir /bin/mkdir # which mkdi # How can I get the path of the e.g.: mkdir's binary without knowing the name of the binary file? (command). So that which mkdi would output the /bin/mkdir ...
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5answers
878 views

How do I extract all .htaccess files from a tarball?

I want to extract all .htaccess files from a tarball, how can I do so? I see only one mention of "include" in the manual page of tar which is not related with an option for including only certain ...
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5answers
160 views

How can I use a wildcard to match just files, not directories?

I have a folder called home/homeLife I have a file called home1 home2 and home3 stored in /home I want to move all files that start with home* to home/homeLife/.. I typed mv home* /home/homeLife ...
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735 views

Why does ls display a non-existing file?

I want to list all the files whose name begins with uppercase: [root@localhost /]# ls /usr/bin/[[:upper:]]* /usr/bin/AtoB /usr/bin/GenIssuerAltNameExt /usr/bin/PKCS12Export ...
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How can I search a wild card name in all subfolders?

How can I search a wild card name in all subfolders? What would be the equivalent of DOS command: dir *pattern* /s in *nix?
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Why does tar --exclude=“.*” create an empty archive?

Everything I read says that to exclude .svn and .htaccess and other hidden files when creating a tar archive, use the --exclude=".*" pattern. When I try, I get an empty archive. When I leave out the ...
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247 views

Why 2 linux machine behave differently with command of the same syntax?

I am using 2 machine , which is both Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS release 3 (Taroon Update 2) ( I check it in /etc/*-release ). I checked they are using the same default shell by ps -p $$, which is ...
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mv on a glob pattern does not work without sudo

I am using MySQL database on Ubuntu machine. My MySQL data directory is /var/lib/mysql/ , since I have a database named "db_test" , so, I have a directory named db_test/ under /var/lib/mysql/ . And ...
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102 views

brace expansion and * expansion

Assume in the working directory, there is only one djvu file. I would like to backup the file into a file with file name having extra .bk at the end. cp *.djvu{,.bk} copies the djvu file into a file ...
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541 views

How do I let bash autocomplete wildcards?

If I have directory containing the files foo.bar.a.cat foo.bar.a.hat and I type ls f+TAB the bash shell autocompletes to ls foo.bar.a.. If I type ls *bar*+ TAB I would like it to autocomplete to ...
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checking an argument to a bash script is a string of all digits

The Bash FAQ says If you're validating a simple "string of digits", you can do it with a glob: # Bash if [[ $foo = *[!0-9]* ]]; then echo "'$foo' has a non-digit somewhere in it" else echo ...
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Bash globbing and argument passing

I have the following simplified bash script #!/bin/bash files=("$@") if [ "X$files" = "X" ]; then files=$HOME/print/*.pdf; fi for file in "${files[@]}"; do ls "$file"; done If I pass ...
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643 views

Get the complement of the result of an ls command

Let's say I have a directory with multiple files, all of which are either binary files (files with no declared extensions) and source files (.c extension). I do this: $ ls and get: README.md ...
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320 views

How to pipe to multiple places with vertical bar?

I have a folder full of files with a .dot extension like this: a.dot b.dot c.dot I want to go through all the files in this folder and run a command on them such as this: dot -Tpdf a.dot -o a.pdf ...
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Find files without a number

I am trying to write a simple script that will iterate through all drives except sda. Right now I have this for i in $(find /dev/ -name "sd*" ! -name "sda*") do echo $i done However this ...
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file $(ls /usr/bin/* | grep zip) command gives me errors. What's wrong?

I'm a total noob when it comes to unix/linux commands and I decided to read a book. I've reached a chapter where they try to explain how to pass the output of commands as expansions to the shell. ...
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227 views

How/why does this globbing expression work?

In one of my bash scripts I needed to obtain the last part of a colon delimited string. For example I needed to grab the numeric 289283 value from the following value: OK: DriveC-ReadBytesPerSec: ...
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Why does grep sometimes show the file name, sometimes not?

Can somebody please explain to me why I don't get the full path in example 1? example 1 - returning found line grep MODIFY /opt/releases/packages/cr_c_cr6/sas/dbms/*/*; outcome: MODIFY example 2 ...
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Move every file that is not a directory

I have a directory that I am trying to clean out that contains both files and subdirectories. What I am trying to do is simple: move all the files into another directory, but leave all the ...
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Why does grep treat '[D]ebug' string differently?

I've created simple text file named "T" to test the unusual behavior of grep: 1 Debug 2 debug 3 determined 4 Determined Tried different syntax: $ grep De T 1 Debug ...
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How can I search for a file with fixed name length using ls?

In a directory, I have files like lazer_100506 lazer_100707 lazer_091211 lazer_110103 lazer_100406_temp lazer_100622#delete etc How can I get a listing of only the first four files? $ ls ...
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Unzip source arguments

To copy a bunch of zip files from one location to another: $ cp *.zip destination/ To unzip a bunch of zip files to a directory: $ unzip \*.zip -d destination/ man unzip says: The backslash ...
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Script to loop through folders with numeric names

I am working on a bash script to compress the images in my Wordpress folders. The wordpress folder structure is as follows: > wp-content/uploads/2014/01/filename.jpg > ...
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ls *.* gives: “*.*: No such file or directory” message [duplicate]

I'm using Linux app-server 3.2.0-4-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 3.2.41-2+deb7u2 x86_64 GNU/Linux. When I go to a directory with several files named name1.php, name1.html, name2.php, etc. and type: $ sudo ls ...
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How to use 7z to archive all the files and directories (including hidden ones) in a directory?

Because of specifics of my archiving needs I am not comfortable with solid tar.gz archives and use 7z instead. I use the following command to do this: 7z a -t7z -m0=lzma -mx=9 -mfb=64 -md=32m ...
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How to exclude numeric directories with rsync?

I know rsync has an --exclude option which I use quite frequently. But how can I specify that it should exclude all "numeric" directories? In the directory listing below I would like to only have it ...
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Meaning of “[--0]” in a glob pattern

I am a Linux/Unix newbie. I was reading about "Glob" and "Globbing Pathnames", and I found this strange (to me) part in man pages: "[--0]" matches the three characters '-', '.', '0', since '/' ...
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find files without extension

Let say I have: foo.txt bar baz.ooo If I use ls -1 !(*.*) then I'll get only bar on the output. Great, now I wish to have same results with find - some find -regex that will do the job. NOTE: ...
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What is the Linux command to display how many file names in the directory end in two digits

What is the Linux command to display how many file names in the directory end in two digits? Using ls with a command like this : ls -l | wc –l *[0-9][0-9]
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160 views

What is the tool that allows me to specify arbitrary directories using **

I once saw a colleague uses a tool which allows to use ** to represent any directories. For example: if a file called myfile.java sits deep inside: src/main/com/mycompany/product/store/myfile.java ...
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72 views

Expand wild cards in command before executing it

Suppose I want to type something like this: rm build/* tmp/* I am about to run it but I want to expand the wildcards before executing so I can verify what is about to happen. How can I do this? ...
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187 views

Disable glob qualifiers in zsh

Is there a way to disable glob qualifiers with zsh? It seems like a useful feature, but it gets in the way of normal parentheses. I use ag to search files, and ag mymethod(param) causes zsh to ...
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969 views

Delete matching file from every subfolder of current dir

I used this one to copy file in every dir: find -type d -maxdepth 1 -print0 | xargs -0 -n1 cp .htaccess Now i need to do reverse one and delete file with matching name from every sub directory of ...
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shopt -s nocaseglob is not working on Ubuntu

Case insensitive file name globbing is not working in bash on Ubuntu 11.04 64bit. The shell options specified in .bashrc are as follows: shopt -s nocaseglob shopt -s nocasematch shopt also shows ...
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Use rsync to just get a folder and its content with a pattern

I've looked all around the internet, looked in regexp sites and everything else, but I'm unable to write a rsync command to fetch what I want to. I need to mirror the FreeBSD release, but I don't ...
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341 views

Why should 'Character Classes' be preferred over 'Character Ranges' In Shell (Bash)?

The Linux Command Line (Book - page count 47) says: ... you have to be very careful with them [character ranges] because they will not produce the expected results unless properly configured. For ...
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Get the number of files that match a pattern in a directory and delete the oldest one

I'd like to do the following: Get the number of files in a given directory that match a given pattern, for example: ExtractBackup_{date}.tar.gz If that number is 2 or higher, delete the oldest file ...
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685 views

How to show only total file size of particular extension by `du` command

I have a hundreds of pdf files and html files in a directory. And I want to know total size of pdf files. By command du -ch /var/foo I can see total file size but I only need last line, the total ...
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Force Bash 4 'globstar' option to ignore symlinks

Bash 4 has a fantastic option called 'globstar' that emulates (i.e. was stolen from) zsh's ** syntax for globbing across multiple directories. However, it's somewhat crippled (for my usage, at least) ...