Globbing means matching files by name patterns containing wildcards.

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211 views

Why should 'Character Classes' be preferred over 'Character Ranges' In Shell (Bash)?

The Linux Command Line (Book - page count 47) says: ... you have to be very careful with them [character ranges] because they will not produce the expected results unless properly configured. For ...
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3answers
525 views

How can I list all *.doc files in a Zip archive, including files in subdirectories?

I have Zip files, that might look like this: $ zipinfo -1 zip.zip doc.doc dotx.dotx xls.xls ppt.ppt txt.txt c.c subdir/subdir2/doc.doc subdir/xls.xls subdir/ppt.ppt subdir/c.c subdir/txt.txt ...
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5answers
2k views

In linux, how to delete all files EXCEPT the pattern *.txt?

I know how to delete all txt file under current directory by rm *.txt. Does anyone know how to delete all files in current directory EXCEPT txt file?
3
votes
4answers
627 views

cp hidden files with glob patterns

Situation : $ mkdir foo && touch foo/.test $ cp foo/* . zsh: no matches found: test/* (or bash : cp: cannot stat ‘test/*’: No such file or directory) I have a directory full of hidden ...
3
votes
3answers
900 views

Using OR patterns in shell wildcards

Contents of my dir are $ ls -lrt total 0 -rw-r--r-- 1 user1 admin 19 Oct 8 12:31 night.txt -rw-r--r-- 1 user1 admin 19 Oct 8 12:31 noon.txt -rw-r--r-- 1 user1 admin 38 Oct 8 12:31 day.txt I ...
3
votes
1answer
125 views

Why is my find not recursive?

I am running the following command, but it is not performed recursively: find . -name *.java I know there are java files further down in the current directory but it is performing the find on the ...
3
votes
5answers
589 views

How do I extract all .htaccess files from a tarball?

I want to extract all .htaccess files from a tarball, how can I do so? I see only one mention of "include" in the manual page of tar which is not related with an option for including only certain ...
3
votes
3answers
420 views

Fastest way to open all files in a directory with multiple file extensions on commandline

If I want to open all mp4 files in a directory, I can simply do something like totem *.mp4. But how can I open all mp4 and all flv files in that directory with one command. I.e. I want to do something ...
3
votes
7answers
247 views

“which” with a little “grep”-like solution?

# which mkdir /bin/mkdir # which mkdi # How can I get the path of the e.g.: "mkdir"'s binary without knowing the name of the binary file? (command). So that which "mkdi" would output the ...
3
votes
3answers
164 views

How to move the first x files

I have this huge folder with thousands of unordered files. Is it feasible to move the first 5000s to a subfolder via the mv command? For now I move files with mv *some_pattern* ./subfolder1/ ...
3
votes
2answers
271 views

What exactly did mv /tmp/folder/* /* do to my filesystem?

It's hard to search for special characters on google, which is why I'm posting this here. I recently ran (as root) a mv /tmp/folder/* /* when I meant to run mv /tmp/folder/* ./ Big mistake! Things ...
3
votes
4answers
142 views

Expansion with numbers in human readable format

So, I want to play some MP3s in a console player that takes file names as inputs. I have the following files, as given by ls -1 * where * get expanded by my shell (zsh): 1 - Main title.mp3 10 - End ...
3
votes
1answer
336 views

for loop in bash function

I recently wrote the following bash function: makeaudiobook () { count=1 almbumartist=$2 for f in $1; do preprocess $f > $f-preprocessed text2wave $f-preprocessed -o $f.wav ...
3
votes
2answers
220 views

How do I let bash autocomplete wildcards?

If I have directory containing the files foo.bar.a.cat foo.bar.a.hat and I type ls f+TAB the bash shell autocompletes to ls foo.bar.a.. If I type ls *bar*+ TAB I would like it to autocomplete to ...
3
votes
5answers
203 views

Regex match in CLI

Is there something like a logical for the cli? I want to achieve this mv -t newfolder *.(png|jpg) so that alls jpg and png files are moved into newfolder. I know it could be done with mv -t ...
3
votes
1answer
589 views

How do I filter a glob in zsh

Basically I can use a glob in zsh to a list. Often, it turns out, I would like to filter that list, grep'ishly I'm wondering though, if I need to do that. Does zsh have a method to filter a list? ...
3
votes
2answers
169 views

returning strings corresponding to shell glob matching

Suppose I have a subdirectory called sub. Then I want to operate on all files in that directory with the extension "txt". I want something like for f in sub/*.txt do enscript -b "" -o {$f ...
3
votes
4answers
206 views

Searching a pattern in file names with number

I have a large number of files in a folder each with the date as the filename. For example 20130101 20130102 20130103 . . . 20130131 similarly for other months 20130201 to 20130230, the pattern is ...
3
votes
2answers
519 views

Bash globbing and argument passing

I have the following simplified bash script #!/bin/bash files=("$@") if [ "X$files" = "X" ]; then files=$HOME/print/*.pdf; fi for file in "${files[@]}"; do ls "$file"; done If I pass ...
3
votes
2answers
157 views

List all dotfiles current directory using zsh

How can I list all dotfiles in a directory using zsh.?
3
votes
3answers
400 views

Where did scp put these files?

I ran an scp command to download some files from an SSH server. Instead of using the . to put it in the current folder, I accidentally typed *. It looks like scp copied the files and put them ...
3
votes
1answer
116 views

Why does grep treat '[D]ebug' string differently?

I've created simple text file named "T" to test the unusual behavior of grep: 1 Debug 2 debug 3 determined 4 Determined Tried different syntax: $ grep De T 1 Debug ...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

Passing all files of specific filetype in current and subdirectories

I have constructed an elaborate 500+ character command with many arguments and switches to autosign multiple PDF documents. I'm using JSignPDF and I'd like to use it's batch mode including the ...
3
votes
1answer
598 views

scp, globbing, and different shells

The other day at work I tried doing scp remotehost:~/*.txt . and I received an error about the *, *.txt file not found sorry, not at work and I forget the exact error on my workstation I run zsh ...
3
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2answers
1k views

ls *.* gives: “*.*: No such file or directory” message [duplicate]

I'm using Linux app-server 3.2.0-4-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 3.2.41-2+deb7u2 x86_64 GNU/Linux. When I go to a directory with several files named name1.php, name1.html, name2.php, etc. and type: $ sudo ls ...
3
votes
3answers
224 views

copying specific files in directory

I am trying to copy some of the files in a directory. The directory contains following files my current directory is ~/certificate/ drwxrwxr-x 2 ubuntu ubuntu 4096 Oct 16 11:58 apache -rw-rw-r-- ...
3
votes
2answers
176 views

Finding program name by wildcard pattern

I am trying to write a script that will attempt to find if a certain program is installed. Lets say that the program is called, myprog. The problem is that the program can be named in different ...
3
votes
2answers
310 views

Splitting a large directory tree by file type

I have a large data directory (20-30Gb) on my Ubuntu 10.10 desktop machine that consists of many raw data files, processed data files, and assorted scripts, tables, figures etc. generated from the ...
3
votes
1answer
33 views

grepping with “shopt -s globstar extglob”

I have shopt -s globstar extglob in my ./bashrc. I'm searching for files that refer to string Foo in the following command: grep -Fwn Foo /**/src/**/*.@(h|cpp) Now I want to except all refers from ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

How to cd open / autocomplete a folder that ends in a specific phrase

I have a folder with subfolders named like this: 1122334 important things 1122335 less important things 1122336 notes 1122337 pictures of kittens etc The numbers at the beginning are date codes. ...
3
votes
1answer
606 views

Using regex in ls and mv

I have a directory structure like this ├── UK │   ├── BuyBand_go_UK.png │   ├── BuyBand_go_UK.svg │   ├── BuyBand_K.png │   ├── BuyBand_K.svg │   ├── BuyBago_UK.png │   ├── BuyBago_UK.svg │   ├── ...
3
votes
1answer
308 views

Shell wildcards and dot files

I am a beginner terminal user trying to understand wildcards. I think I pretty much have a good grasp on it, but I have a couple of questions: Why do the following two codes work as expected: ls -d ...
3
votes
1answer
256 views

Copy files in different subdirectories that excludes a string

I'm trying to copy all files of a type in a given directory and subdirectories but excluding files of a different type. find /var/ftp/pub/bs -iname "*foo*.foo" -exec cp {} /var/ftp/pub/bs1 \; ...
3
votes
1answer
723 views

shopt -s nocaseglob is not working on Ubuntu

Case insensitive file name globbing is not working in bash on Ubuntu 11.04 64bit. The shell options specified in .bashrc are as follows: shopt -s nocaseglob shopt -s nocasematch shopt also shows ...
3
votes
1answer
538 views

Bash globbing hidden files

I'm trying the following globs in a bash shell: $ ls -d .* . .. .a .ab $ ls .a* .a .ab $ ls .[!.]* .a .ab $ ls .[!.]?* .ab Shouldn't the last expression mean "a dot followed by exactly one ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Get the number of files that match a pattern in a directory and delete the oldest one

I'd like to do the following: Get the number of files in a given directory that match a given pattern, for example: ExtractBackup_{date}.tar.gz If that number is 2 or higher, delete the oldest file ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

**/ not working with a mounted volume

I'm trying to recursively extract a set of .jpgs from a mounted volume using SMB1, to a folder on my computer. Here's what I've got: cp -a **/97*.jpg /Users/.../All_Covers This works as long as my ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

watch command to delete files in a directory every N secs

I thought of using watch command to delete files in a directory every N seconds with the command running in background. This is what I was planning to use: nohup watch -n1200 rm -rf ...
3
votes
2answers
599 views

How to enable tab completion of wildcards in bash?

How can I enable tab completion in bash for a statement such as vim db/migrate/*crea? Essentially I am looking for tab completion to match the regular expression and present the options. How would ...
3
votes
3answers
500 views

Configure bash globbing

After coming from cygwin, I'm quite confused about the bash (version 4.1.5) globbing on my Ubuntu 10.4. I'd love one of the following two possibilities: ignore . and .., match everything else ignore ...
3
votes
1answer
859 views

rsync pattern copy: dotfiles

I followed the advice given in the question Rsync filter: copying one pattern only to setup a command line I need to backup only the dotfiles .inF* Yet with the command: rsync -av --include='.inF*' ...
3
votes
3answers
272 views

How to delete 2 months back files in unix

Say I have below log files, AA_XX_20130719185428.log exec_xxx_cpb_20130712182453.log 13122013121327_AR_INC_DOBC_1.dprf.log 24122013_masterscript.LOG Date part contains both date and time. I want ...
2
votes
2answers
123 views

Discrepancy between the two expansions

If you input the command ls * and echo *, you will notice the remarkable discrepancy between the results. The former recursively includes while the latter totally excludes files in subdirectories. ...
2
votes
4answers
6k views

Unix Command to return all files that end with single digit and TXT extension

Which command returns all files that end with a single digit and have the TXT extension ?
2
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5answers
309 views

Is it possible to reference the most recently modified file in a command line argument?

I frequently download PDF files with heinous numeric file names from my browser. These automatically go into ~/Downloads. Ideally I would like to just be able to open these files with: evince "the ...
2
votes
1answer
126 views

Why is `find -name *.jks` not returning some files? [duplicate]

find . -name *.jks -print 2>/dev/null returns files of extension jks that do not have underscores as part of their name. Much to my surprise, I have just discovered that * does NOT substitute ...
2
votes
2answers
676 views

Excluding a directory name in a zsh recursive glob

I'm running zsh on Linux under setopt extended_glob ksh_glob glob_dots. I'm looking for something easy to type on the command line, with no portability requirements. I'm looking at a source code tree, ...
2
votes
1answer
313 views

remote execution via ssh doesn't follow links?

ssh server ls /var/lib/edumate/backup/weekly/*DBB* returns one file /var/lib/edumate/backup/weekly/DBB.0.db2inst1.NODE0000.CATN0000.20120610020013.001 but ssh server ls /data/backup/weekly/*DBB* ...
2
votes
3answers
975 views

untar a directory of *.tgz files using a wildcard

I've got a directory that looks like $ ls Broad_hapmap3_r2_Affy6_cels_excluded.tgz DINGO.tgz GIGAS.tgz index.html IONIC.tgz passing_cels_sample_map.txt ...
2
votes
3answers
105 views

Filter a list of strings using math

I have a directory with files listed like so: abc201303130110.txt abc201303140511.txt abc201303150112.txt As you can see, the filename contains a datetime stamp. I want to return all files with the ...