Globbing means matching files by name patterns containing wildcards.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (2)

5
votes
2answers
133 views

scp command behaves differently when used with expect utility

expect -c 'spawn scp -C -o CompressionLevel=9 ~/partFiles/* abc@10.200.4.15:/export/home/abc/; sleep 10; expect password; send "secretPassword\n";interact' throws - ~/partFiles/*: No such file or ...
5
votes
1answer
122 views

Bash globbing: how to express “something-*.txt except *-foobar.txt” as glob?

On the command line, can I express easily in terms of shell globs that I would like to catch all files something-*.txt, except for something-*-foobar.txt? If I can, how? NB: I know how to achieve the ...
5
votes
2answers
170 views

ls command: how to ignore case without globbing

I use the shopt -s nocaseglob command to ignore case, but it seems like it doesn't work if I use a string without glob. Just a question out of curiosity, is it possible to ignore case without ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Copy all dotfiles except for `.git` and `..`

I am aware of using .[!.]* to refer to all dotfiles in a directory with the exception of .., but how might one refer to all dotfiles except for .. and .git? I have tried several variations on ...
5
votes
1answer
8k views

Listing with `ls` and regular expression

How can I list files with a filename ending with last character and with .txt extension ? I have tried ls *+([[:digit:]]).txt but this is true for abc12.txt and abc2.txt. But I need to get only ...
5
votes
2answers
617 views

How can I make bash not match `.` and `..` with `.*`

When I try to match all dot files in a directory with .* it seems to have a nasty side-effect: besides matching all (real) files and directories, it matches . and ... bash-3.2$ mv test/.* dest/ mv: ...
5
votes
1answer
548 views

ZSH: Globbing the first N files under a path in lexicographic order

I was wondering if there is a way to specify the first N files under a given a directory in zsh. I am interested in solutions for recursive enumeration (i.e. any file recursively below a path is ...
5
votes
1answer
123 views

“globbing” (*) comes from “global command”… Huh?

According to legend, in the early days what we now call "globbing" (i.e. using expressions like e.g. *.c, ./*.p?) was supported by one certain program /etc/glob, whose name in turn derived from ...
5
votes
2answers
320 views

Passing glob expressions to functions/scripts

The following script is supposed to concatenate multiple csv files in a path specified in the first argument into a single csv file specified in the second argument #!/bin/zsh set -x set -v ...
5
votes
3answers
851 views

How can I list all *.doc files in a Zip archive, including files in subdirectories?

I have Zip files, that might look like this: $ zipinfo -1 zip.zip doc.doc dotx.dotx xls.xls ppt.ppt txt.txt c.c subdir/subdir2/doc.doc subdir/xls.xls subdir/ppt.ppt subdir/c.c subdir/txt.txt ...
5
votes
2answers
992 views

How to enable tab completion of wildcards in bash?

How can I enable tab completion in bash for a statement such as vim db/migrate/*crea? Essentially I am looking for tab completion to match the regular expression and present the options. How would ...
5
votes
3answers
667 views

Bash globbing of multi-part argument

Below are some examples of a find command I'm trying to run. I'm looking for different ways that I might be able to use globbing to generate (as an example) a find command with predicates joined ...
5
votes
2answers
736 views

ls, regexp and environment variable

I wanted to declare an environment variable that stocks all the extensions of video files so I can use it when using the shell. I tried several things but never got it to work: If in my .bash_profile ...
5
votes
2answers
240 views

Modifying zsh globbing patterns to use with cp

I'm trying to write a script to copy files recursively from a particular folder except files A.extn, B/*.extn and C/* where B and C are directories and extn is just some generic extension. This is ...
5
votes
5answers
510 views

How can I programatically tell if a filename matches a shell glob pattern?

I would like to tell if a string $string would be matched by a glob pattern $pattern. $string may or may not be the name of an existing file. How can I do this? Assume the following formats for my ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

bash globstar matching

I have this directory structure: ~/tmp/globstar ɀ find dir -type f dir/file.ext dir/subdir1/file.ext dir/subdir2/file.ext and, with the globstar option enabled in Bash, I can say: ~/tmp/globstar ...
4
votes
4answers
447 views

List all the files ending with 10 or 11 or 12

To list all the files ending with 10 or 11 or 12 I have tried ls *[10-12] and ls *[10,11,12] but these are not working. I don't know why. Can anyone help me?
4
votes
5answers
786 views

Bash pattern to match all files but directories

In bash, how do I specify a pattern that matches everything but subdirectories in current directory. Given that the pattern */ matches all the subdirectories, I tried (with extglob turned on): $ echo ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

How to exclude some files not matching certain extensions with grep?

I want to output all lines containing the word OK recursively from a directory. But there are a few extensions which I need to exclude from the result: *~ *.map *.js except *.debug.js I tried: ...
4
votes
8answers
273 views

“which” with a little “grep”-like solution?

# which mkdir /bin/mkdir # which mkdi # How can I get the path of the e.g.: mkdir's binary without knowing the name of the binary file? (command). So that which mkdi would output the /bin/mkdir ...
4
votes
5answers
173 views

How can I use a wildcard to match just files, not directories?

I have a folder called home/homeLife I have a file called home1 home2 and home3 stored in /home I want to move all files that start with home* to home/homeLife/.. I typed mv home* /home/homeLife ...
4
votes
2answers
780 views

Why does ls display a non-existing file?

I want to list all the files whose name begins with uppercase: [root@localhost /]# ls /usr/bin/[[:upper:]]* /usr/bin/AtoB /usr/bin/GenIssuerAltNameExt /usr/bin/PKCS12Export ...
4
votes
2answers
10k views

How can I search a wild card name in all subfolders?

How can I search a wild card name in all subfolders? What would be the equivalent of DOS command: dir *pattern* /s in *nix?
4
votes
3answers
4k views

Why does tar --exclude=“.*” create an empty archive?

Everything I read says that to exclude .svn and .htaccess and other hidden files when creating a tar archive, use the --exclude=".*" pattern. When I try, I get an empty archive. When I leave out the ...
4
votes
2answers
262 views

Why 2 linux machine behave differently with command of the same syntax?

I am using 2 machine , which is both Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS release 3 (Taroon Update 2) ( I check it in /etc/*-release ). I checked they are using the same default shell by ps -p $$, which is ...
4
votes
2answers
968 views

mv on a glob pattern does not work without sudo

I am using MySQL database on Ubuntu machine. My MySQL data directory is /var/lib/mysql/ , since I have a database named "db_test" , so, I have a directory named db_test/ under /var/lib/mysql/ . And ...
4
votes
2answers
113 views

brace expansion and * expansion

Assume in the working directory, there is only one djvu file. I would like to backup the file into a file with file name having extra .bk at the end. cp *.djvu{,.bk} copies the djvu file into a file ...
4
votes
2answers
581 views

How do I let bash autocomplete wildcards?

If I have directory containing the files foo.bar.a.cat foo.bar.a.hat and I type ls f+TAB the bash shell autocompletes to ls foo.bar.a.. If I type ls *bar*+ TAB I would like it to autocomplete to ...
4
votes
3answers
9k views

checking an argument to a bash script is a string of all digits

The Bash FAQ says If you're validating a simple "string of digits", you can do it with a glob: # Bash if [[ $foo = *[!0-9]* ]]; then echo "'$foo' has a non-digit somewhere in it" else echo ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

Bash globbing and argument passing

I have the following simplified bash script #!/bin/bash files=("$@") if [ "X$files" = "X" ]; then files=$HOME/print/*.pdf; fi for file in "${files[@]}"; do ls "$file"; done If I pass ...
4
votes
2answers
744 views

Get the complement of the result of an ls command

Let's say I have a directory with multiple files, all of which are either binary files (files with no declared extensions) and source files (.c extension). I do this: $ ls and get: README.md ...
4
votes
3answers
324 views

How to pipe to multiple places with vertical bar?

I have a folder full of files with a .dot extension like this: a.dot b.dot c.dot I want to go through all the files in this folder and run a command on them such as this: dot -Tpdf a.dot -o a.pdf ...
4
votes
1answer
181 views

Why does `du -sh *` complain about invalid options?

I've searched my best through Google, but for the life of me I can't figure out what to use instead of * (asterisk) after a recent update (even Wikipedia seems to think du -sh * and du -sh * should ...
4
votes
4answers
658 views

Find files without a number

I am trying to write a simple script that will iterate through all drives except sda. Right now I have this for i in $(find /dev/ -name "sd*" ! -name "sda*") do echo $i done However this ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

file $(ls /usr/bin/* | grep zip) command gives me errors. What's wrong?

I'm a total noob when it comes to unix/linux commands and I decided to read a book. I've reached a chapter where they try to explain how to pass the output of commands as expansions to the shell. ...
4
votes
1answer
233 views

How/why does this globbing expression work?

In one of my bash scripts I needed to obtain the last part of a colon delimited string. For example I needed to grab the numeric 289283 value from the following value: OK: DriveC-ReadBytesPerSec: ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Why does grep sometimes show the file name, sometimes not?

Can somebody please explain to me why I don't get the full path in example 1? example 1 - returning found line grep MODIFY /opt/releases/packages/cr_c_cr6/sas/dbms/*/*; outcome: MODIFY example 2 ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

zsh: excluding files from a pattern

Say I have the following files: |-- bar `-- foo |-- type_A_1 |-- type_A_2 |-- type_B_1 |-- type_B_2 |-- type_B_xx |-- type_B_xx `-- something_else I thought the ...
4
votes
4answers
72 views

Searching file in a directory through bash script

I have written the following code to search all the file names in the current working directory that contain the letter 'f'. for i in * do echo $i if [ $i = "*f*" ] then echo "no" else ...
4
votes
2answers
107 views

Move every file that is not a directory

I have a directory that I am trying to clean out that contains both files and subdirectories. What I am trying to do is simple: move all the files into another directory, but leave all the ...
4
votes
1answer
185 views

Why does grep treat '[D]ebug' string differently?

I've created simple text file named "T" to test the unusual behavior of grep: 1 Debug 2 debug 3 determined 4 Determined Tried different syntax: $ grep De T 1 Debug ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How can I search for a file with fixed name length using ls?

In a directory, I have files like lazer_100506 lazer_100707 lazer_091211 lazer_110103 lazer_100406_temp lazer_100622#delete etc How can I get a listing of only the first four files? $ ls ...
4
votes
2answers
85 views

Unzip source arguments

To copy a bunch of zip files from one location to another: $ cp *.zip destination/ To unzip a bunch of zip files to a directory: $ unzip \*.zip -d destination/ man unzip says: The backslash ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

find files without extension

Let say I have: foo.txt bar baz.ooo If I use ls -1 !(*.*) then I'll get only bar on the output. Great, now I wish to have same results with find - some find -regex that will do the job. NOTE: ...
4
votes
2answers
989 views

Script to loop through folders with numeric names

I am working on a bash script to compress the images in my Wordpress folders. The wordpress folder structure is as follows: > wp-content/uploads/2014/01/filename.jpg > ...
4
votes
2answers
9k views

ls *.* gives: “*.*: No such file or directory” message [duplicate]

I'm using Linux app-server 3.2.0-4-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 3.2.41-2+deb7u2 x86_64 GNU/Linux. When I go to a directory with several files named name1.php, name1.html, name2.php, etc. and type: $ sudo ls ...
4
votes
2answers
6k views

How to use 7z to archive all the files and directories (including hidden ones) in a directory?

Because of specifics of my archiving needs I am not comfortable with solid tar.gz archives and use 7z instead. I use the following command to do this: 7z a -t7z -m0=lzma -mx=9 -mfb=64 -md=32m ...
4
votes
4answers
6k views

How to exclude numeric directories with rsync?

I know rsync has an --exclude option which I use quite frequently. But how can I specify that it should exclude all "numeric" directories? In the directory listing below I would like to only have it ...
4
votes
2answers
43 views

Meaning of “[--0]” in a glob pattern

I am a Linux/Unix newbie. I was reading about "Glob" and "Globbing Pathnames", and I found this strange (to me) part in man pages: "[--0]" matches the three characters '-', '.', '0', since '/' ...
4
votes
4answers
774 views

What is the Linux command to display how many file names in the directory end in two digits

What is the Linux command to display how many file names in the directory end in two digits? Using ls with a command like this : ls -l | wc –l *[0-9][0-9]