Globbing means matching files by name patterns containing wildcards.

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Bash globbing and argument passing

I have the following simplified bash script #!/bin/bash files=("$@") if [ "X$files" = "X" ]; then files=$HOME/print/*.pdf; fi for file in "${files[@]}"; do ls "$file"; done If I pass ...
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1answer
62 views

How to cd open / autocomplete a folder that ends in a specific phrase

I have a folder with subfolders named like this: 1122334 important things 1122335 less important things 1122336 notes 1122337 pictures of kittens etc The numbers at the beginning are date codes. ...
2
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2answers
199 views

Use xargs to move files from within a directory

I am searching for some folders in my current directory. What I want to do is, move all the files within those directories to another directory. I am using the following command: find -maxdepth 1 ...
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2answers
291 views

In a Bash if condition, how to check whether any files matching a simple wildcard expression exist?

Stupidly, I had been using a condition like this as part of a script: if [ $(ls FOO* 2> /dev/null) ] # if files named "FOO*" were downloaded then echo "Files found" # ... process and ...
2
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1answer
1k views

lftp exclude syntax confusion

I am confused with the syntax description given for lftp from their website: -x RX, --exclude=RX exclude matching files -X GP, --exclude-glob=GP exclude matching files How ...
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2answers
265 views

List all dotfiles current directory using zsh

How can I list all dotfiles in a directory using zsh.?
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2answers
190 views

Force Bash 4 'globstar' option to ignore symlinks

Bash 4 has a fantastic option called 'globstar' that emulates (i.e. was stolen from) zsh's ** syntax for globbing across multiple directories. However, it's somewhat crippled (for my usage, at least) ...
3
votes
3answers
446 views

copying specific files in directory

I am trying to copy some of the files in a directory. The directory contains following files my current directory is ~/certificate/ drwxrwxr-x 2 ubuntu ubuntu 4096 Oct 16 11:58 apache -rw-rw-r-- ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

Why does copying from a script screw with my files?

I am at a loss here, trying to find out the reason why a shell script that is basically copying a couple of files and directories from one place to another will result in the content of two of the ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

Why the order of wildcard results might be different when used from the terminal or from perl?

There's a folder with a bunch of files and a perl scrip that lists them using ls with a wildcard like: #!/usr/bin/perl system("ls -U -1 dir/*"); I noticed that if I run exactly the same command ...
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5answers
2k views

Find files by the length of filename

I want to find all files by length of the file names. For example if I want to find files of length 1, such as a.go, b.go I put: grep '.\{1\}' file But this does not work. What command can I use ...
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2answers
573 views

Way to write new filename on wildcard input?

I have some experience with Inix terminals from science internships I've been part of, mainly using a few utilities like grep, awk, and sed but there is one thing I've been trying to figure out for a ...
3
votes
2answers
627 views

How to copy multiple files but keep their extensions the same?

I am looping through a number of files, and $file represents the current file. How can I make copies or renames and keep the extension the same for this current file? e.g. if $file = x.jpg How to ...
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4answers
1k views

How to rotate all images in a directory with imagemagic?

I want to rotate all the images in a directory that match a pattern. So far I have: for file in `ls /tmp/p/DSC*.JPG`; do convert $file -rotate 90 file+'_rotated'.JPG done but that gives no ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Does wildcarding significantly hurt BIND Performance?

I have enabled RPZ on my BIND 9.9.4 DNS server and I wanted to be able to wildcard some records in my RPZ zone, but I am afraid of the performance hit this might cause. Does anyone out there have some ...
2
votes
1answer
174 views

Why is `find -name *.jks` not returning some files? [duplicate]

find . -name *.jks -print 2>/dev/null returns files of extension jks that do not have underscores as part of their name. Much to my surprise, I have just discovered that * does NOT substitute ...
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votes
2answers
666 views

Copy all dotfiles except for `.git` and `..`

I am aware of using .[!.]* to refer to all dotfiles in a directory with the exception of .., but how might one refer to all dotfiles except for .. and .git? I have tried several variations on ...
28
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1answer
1k views

Does 'rm .*' ever delete the parent directory?

The expression .* is expanded by bash to include the current and parent directories: $ ls -la total 2600 drwxrwxrwx 2 terdon terdon 2162688 Sep 10 16:22 . drwxr-xr-x 142 terdon terdon 491520 Sep ...
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2answers
132 views

Discrepancy between the two expansions

If you input the command ls * and echo *, you will notice the remarkable discrepancy between the results. The former recursively includes while the latter totally excludes files in subdirectories. ...
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4answers
1k views

cp hidden files with glob patterns

Situation : $ mkdir foo && touch foo/.test $ cp foo/* . zsh: no matches found: test/* (or bash : cp: cannot stat ‘test/*’: No such file or directory) I have a directory full of hidden ...
5
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1answer
117 views

“globbing” (*) comes from “global command”… Huh?

According to legend, in the early days what we now call "globbing" (i.e. using expressions like e.g. *.c, ./*.p?) was supported by one certain program /etc/glob, whose name in turn derived from ...
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4answers
2k views

How do I select files in a bash script that do not have an extension?

Let's say I have files xinitrc, alphabetsoup, ieat.pie in the current directory. Need a bash script to select only xinitrc and alphabetsoup.
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votes
4answers
3k views

Shell script to check for the presence of one or more files with a specific extension?

I want to write a script to find a file with specific extension.this much i have done: #!/bin/bash file="/home/Savio/Dsktop/check/*.csv" file1="/home/Savio/check/*.txt" if [[ -f "$file" && -f ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

watch command to delete files in a directory every N secs

I thought of using watch command to delete files in a directory every N seconds with the command running in background. This is what I was planning to use: nohup watch -n1200 rm -rf ...
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5answers
4k views

cp with a single argument containing wildcards [duplicate]

If I have the following 2 files and 1 folder: someuser@computer:~/Desktop/test$ ls -l total 340 -rw-r--r-- 1 someuser someuser 45082 ago 5 09:56 file1.pdf -rw-r--r-- 1 someuser someuser 291836 ago ...
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1answer
4k views

delete files matching pattern

I need to recursively remove all files in all subdirs where the filename contains a number followed by an 'x' followed by a number, at least two times. Example: I'd want to remove these files: ...
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5answers
3k views

What does `mv ./*` without specifying destination do?

I accidentally forgot to specify destination before hitting the Return key. Where does mv ./* without specifying destination move the files and directories under current directory to?
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1answer
2k views

Using regex in ls and mv

I have a directory structure like this ├── UK │   ├── BuyBand_go_UK.png │   ├── BuyBand_go_UK.svg │   ├── BuyBand_K.png │   ├── BuyBand_K.svg │   ├── BuyBago_UK.png │   ├── BuyBago_UK.svg │   ├── ...
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1answer
243 views

The result of echo * and echo .*

Thereotically, the result of command echo * should be "Any file in the current directory". Should it include the dotfile? Similarly, Should the result of ls * include the dotfile?
2
votes
1answer
165 views

Curly Brace glob order?

If I have two files (in a folder with similarly numbered files) such as foo.18 foo.19 And I want to use a glob on them, do I do it like so: cp -r /folder1/*.{19,20} /folder2/ or like so? cp -r ...
14
votes
1answer
2k views

Delete all files starting with a question mark

I have a folder in which I have around 4k files. Some of these files start with a a ? or ! character. I need to delete them but can't find an expression that would do so: rm -f ./?* just deletes ...
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2answers
351 views

What is the difference between “*.pl” and *.pl in grep? Why does quoting change the result?

What is the difference between: grep "string" . -r --include *.pl and grep "string" . -r --include "*.pl" The latter includes files in subdirectoried while the former not. Why?
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1answer
497 views

Bash command that uses wildcard in place of folder to copy folder contents of multiple files into one directory?

I have a directory ~/dir that contains a bunch of random folders like: ~/dir/av 801 and ~/dir/lm 320. I want to copy the contents of every inner folder (ie: av 801) into a different directory. The ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How do I run a command on multiple files

This is pretty basic, I have a folder with several subfolders of JS files and i want to run Google's Clojure compiler on all of the files in those folders. The command to process a single file is as ...
3
votes
1answer
150 views

How to use parameter substitution in glob pattern (zsh)

I want to process a bunch of files ending in some suffixes, so I wrote the following zsh script but it did not work. EXT=(.jpg .png .gif) EXT=${(j.|.)EXT} # EXT becomes '.jpg|.png|.gif' for f in ...
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vote
1answer
257 views

I quite like mercurial .hgignore-style globbing. Is there a Linux shell that supports it?

I quite like mercurial .hgignore-style pattern globbing. Globs are rooted at the current directory; a glob such as *.c will only match files in the current directory ending with .c. The ...
3
votes
3answers
346 views

What exactly did mv /tmp/folder/* /* do to my filesystem?

It's hard to search for special characters on google, which is why I'm posting this here. I recently ran (as root) a mv /tmp/folder/* /* when I meant to run mv /tmp/folder/* ./ Big mistake! Things ...
6
votes
3answers
11k views

Test if there are files matching a pattern in bash

I am trying to write an if statement in bash to test whether there are any files matching a certain pattern. If there is a text file in a directory it should run a given script. My code currently if ...
6
votes
5answers
6k views

In linux, how to delete all files EXCEPT the pattern *.txt?

I know how to delete all txt file under current directory by rm *.txt. Does anyone know how to delete all files in current directory EXCEPT txt file?
4
votes
2answers
417 views

Sort files by modification time

I've seen many questions and answers here using a construction along the lines of list_dir=`ls -t /path/to/dir/` for i in $list_dir; do or ls -t | while read i; do Now, I know that you shouldn't ...
14
votes
4answers
8k views

rm -rf all files and all hidden files w/o . & .. error?

rm -rf /some/path/* deletes all non-hidden files in that dir (and subdirs). rm -rf /some/path/.* deletes all hidden files in that dir (but not subdirs) and also gives the following error/warning: ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

ffmpeg -pattern_type glob — not loading files in correct order

I have a dilemma.. I've had a script for a while now that downloads pictures from a webcam every few minutes. The naming convention just does new_image((len(files(dir))+1) + '.jpg') and that's all ...
5
votes
2answers
186 views

Passing glob expressions to functions/scripts

The following script is supposed to concatenate multiple csv files in a path specified in the first argument into a single csv file specified in the second argument #!/bin/zsh set -x set -v ...
3
votes
2answers
376 views

How do I let bash autocomplete wildcards?

If I have directory containing the files foo.bar.a.cat foo.bar.a.hat and I type ls f+TAB the bash shell autocompletes to ls foo.bar.a.. If I type ls *bar*+ TAB I would like it to autocomplete to ...
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7answers
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why does ls -d also list files, and where is it documented?

when specifying ls --directory a* it should list only directories starting with a* BUT it lists files AND directories starting with a Questions: where might I find some documentation on this, ...
3
votes
4answers
180 views

Expansion with numbers in human readable format

So, I want to play some MP3s in a console player that takes file names as inputs. I have the following files, as given by ls -1 * where * get expanded by my shell (zsh): 1 - Main title.mp3 10 - End ...
2
votes
3answers
605 views

Very strange behavior with grep and IFS

I'm having trouble using grep, the returned results are "n-empty", I mean without the 'n' character... This is the script sample : OLDIFS=$IFS IFS="\\n" i=$(grep -ril $1 *) echo $i IFS=$OLDIFS ...
2
votes
2answers
86 views

“or” in shell glob

I want to ls the files containing the substring "s1r", "s2r", "s3r" or "s19r" in their filenames. I'm almost there! Botched attempts: ls *s[123][9?]r* The above gives me only files including the ...
5
votes
2answers
180 views

Modifying zsh globbing patterns to use with cp

I'm trying to write a script to copy files recursively from a particular folder except files A.extn, B/*.extn and C/* where B and C are directories and extn is just some generic extension. This is ...
4
votes
3answers
285 views

Why should 'Character Classes' be preferred over 'Character Ranges' In Shell (Bash)?

The Linux Command Line (Book - page count 47) says: ... you have to be very careful with them [character ranges] because they will not produce the expected results unless properly configured. For ...