Globbing means matching files by name patterns containing wildcards.

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3
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1answer
159 views

Passing all files of specific filetype in current and subdirectories

I have constructed an elaborate 500+ character command with many arguments and switches to autosign multiple PDF documents. I'm using JSignPDF and I'd like to use it's batch mode including the ...
40
votes
2answers
3k views

Why does rm *(1)* remove all files in a directory?

I expected that: $ rm *(1)* would remove all files containing (1) in the name. I was wrong. It removed all files in the directory. Why?
7
votes
2answers
1k views

How does a shell (bash, for example) expand wildcard patterns?

Assume that a directory has 100 files starting with the letter 'a'. If I do a grep <some string> a* from the terminal, how will the shell handle this? Will it expand the regular expression, ...
15
votes
3answers
762 views

What is the difference between [[ $a == z* ]] and [ $a == z* ]?

Is there is any difference between these two. [[ $a == z* ]] and [ $a == z* ] Can I have an example where they would have different outputs? Furthermore, how does the working of [[ ]] differs ...
7
votes
7answers
20k views

List only regular files (but not directories) in current directory

I can use ls -ld */ to list all the directory entries in the current directory. Is there a similarly easy way to just list all the regular files in the current directory? I know I can use find find . ...
2
votes
5answers
322 views

Copy Sequential Files

I have 12 files named dmp_000, dmp_001, etc, all the way to dmp_011. I would like to copy all of them to rdmp_000, rdmp_001, and so on, sequentially so the numbered files coincide. There must be an ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Can I use variables inside {} expansion without `eval`?

Can I use variables inside {} expansion without appealing to eval? If so, how? This doesn't work: $ touch 1.foo 1.bar $ ls 1.{foo,bar} 1.bar 1.foo $ extensions=foo,bar $ ls 1.{$extensions} ls: ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Remove unknown unicode character from textfiles - sed, other bash/shell methods

I need to search and replace all occurences of an unknown character in some files having the same name. Opening such files with vi, I read <91> code for that character. Opening them with nano, I ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

How can we rename a file with semi-colon as part of the filename?

I tried to rename all file with extension "XLS;1" to "XLS" but it just didn't work. I tried the following in cygwin in windows xp and they don't work: mv *.XLS;1 *.XLS mv *.XLS\;1 *.XLS mv ...
4
votes
1answer
147 views

Why does grep treat '[D]ebug' string differently?

I've created simple text file named "T" to test the unusual behavior of grep: 1 Debug 2 debug 3 determined 4 Determined Tried different syntax: $ grep De T 1 Debug ...
2
votes
2answers
407 views

delete directory with special character in filename

I have these tricky directories that I can't figure out how to delete. If I run ls -ld * I get… drwxrwxr-x 7 user1 taskfmri 2048 Jan 22 15:26 857263 drwxrwx--- 4 user2 ...
28
votes
1answer
2k views

Does 'rm .*' ever delete the parent directory?

The expression .* is expanded by bash to include the current and parent directories: $ ls -la total 2600 drwxrwxrwx 2 terdon terdon 2162688 Sep 10 16:22 . drwxr-xr-x 142 terdon terdon 491520 Sep ...
9
votes
1answer
21k views

How can I assign the result of a command to a shell variable?

I want to assign the result of an expression to a variable and concatenate it with a string, then echo it. Here's what I've got: #!/bin/bash cd ~/Desktop; thefile= ls -t -U | grep -m 1 "Screen Shot"; ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the difference between “du -sh *” and “du -sh ./*”?

The title says it all. What's the difference between those 2 commands? NOTE: I'm more interested in the * and ./* part.
4
votes
2answers
219 views

Force Bash 4 'globstar' option to ignore symlinks

Bash 4 has a fantastic option called 'globstar' that emulates (i.e. was stolen from) zsh's ** syntax for globbing across multiple directories. However, it's somewhat crippled (for my usage, at least) ...
7
votes
5answers
7k views

In linux, how to delete all files EXCEPT the pattern *.txt?

I know how to delete all txt file under current directory by rm *.txt. Does anyone know how to delete all files in current directory EXCEPT txt file?
3
votes
3answers
79 views

Full path in glob in Zsh

Say I run the following on /some/path: for x in foo/*; do print $x done Are there any parameters I can use to tell Zsh to print, not just the filename, but the full absolute path to $x? (without ...
10
votes
4answers
16k views

How do I recursively delete directories with wildcard?

I am working through SSH on a WD My Book World Edition. Basically I would like to start at a particular directory level, and recursively remove all sub-directories matching .Apple* - how would I go ...
1
vote
2answers
65 views

Is there an equivalent to bash's “nocaseglob” in ksh?

I would like to do what is mentioned in How to match case insensitive patterns with ls? except for ksh. Is it possible to do it without any pain(regex)?
2
votes
2answers
298 views

Bash's declare -p HISTIGNORE brings bash to a halt! Why?

Executing the following code in GNU bash, Version 4.2.45(1)-release (x86_64-redhat-linux-gnu), Fedora 19 ... shopt -s extglob export ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Does * match hidden files in tar even with dotglob unset?

I was under the impression that the * glob does not match dot-prefixed files unless you manually enable such functionality (through dotglob, or your shell's equivalent). Yet if I have a directory a ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

**/ not working with a mounted volume

I'm trying to recursively extract a set of .jpgs from a mounted volume using SMB1, to a folder on my computer. Here's what I've got: cp -a **/97*.jpg /Users/.../All_Covers This works as long as my ...
12
votes
2answers
716 views

Shell filename pattern that expands to dot files but not to `..`?

Recently I had a little mishap caused by a shell pattern that expanded in an unexpected way. I wanted to change the owner of a bunch of dot files in the /root directory, so I did chown -R root .* ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Differing outputs of the commands “ls .*” and “ls *.”

The command ls .* when run gives as output the following : All the files in the current directory starting with a . (hidden files) All the files in the hidden directories present in the ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

How to delete 2 months back files in unix

Say I have below log files, AA_XX_20130719185428.log exec_xxx_cpb_20130712182453.log 13122013121327_AR_INC_DOBC_1.dprf.log 24122013_masterscript.LOG Date part contains both date and time. I want ...
2
votes
1answer
135 views

SFTP chroot jail/access based on wildcard

I want to give a list of people SFTP access to /webdocs/ABC* where they will read-write access to only directories that match this wildcard. How do I do this? Can I create a chroot jaill or some ...
6
votes
2answers
588 views

How does GLOBIGNORE work?

According to bash's manual page: GLOBIGNORE A colon-separated list of patterns defining the set of filenames to be ignored by pathname expansion. If a filename matched by a ...
5
votes
5answers
808 views

How to search in specific files matching a pattern

How can I find a word in specific files matching a pattern. e.g. searching for version in CMake* files recursively found in the current directory.
6
votes
3answers
604 views

ImageMagick on multiple files

I have converted a single file from BMP to PNG with ImageMagick's convert using the command below convert CD\ Front.bmp CD\ Front.png I have many such files, thus I tried: for f in */*.bmp ; do ...
3
votes
3answers
696 views

How to move the first x files

I have this huge folder with thousands of unordered files. Is it feasible to move the first 5000s to a subfolder via the mv command? For now I move files with mv *some_pattern* ./subfolder1/ ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Searching a pattern in file names with number

I have a large number of files in a folder each with the date as the filename. For example 20130101 20130102 20130103 . . . 20130131 similarly for other months 20130201 to 20130230, the pattern is ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Why does grep sometimes show the file name, sometimes not?

Can somebody please explain to me why I don't get the full path in example 1? example 1 - returning found line grep MODIFY /opt/releases/packages/cr_c_cr6/sas/dbms/*/*; outcome: MODIFY example 2 ...
1
vote
3answers
235 views

Prevent wildcard expansion on find

Is there a way to prevent wildcard expansion on the find command so that the following would work? find . -iname "foo [bar]" As pointed out here, I tried running set -f, set -o noglob and setopt ...
7
votes
3answers
578 views

Remove all but one ( or more ) kind of filetype

I've been trying to find a command to remove all files in a folder but not a kind of filetype. But I seems to not have any luck. What I've tried so far : set extended_glob rm !(*.dmg) # this returns ...
1
vote
4answers
215 views

Exclude characters for SCP-filepattern

Is there a way to build an expression for scp with which I can manage to copy the file file-name-version-1.2.1.jar without copying the files file-name-version-1.2.1-sources.jar ...
0
votes
2answers
188 views

Regex and patterns on a ksh command line

I'm wondering what's the difference between using * and .* in a regex string. I guess, * stands for "0 to n characters" but I don't see what .* stands for. For example, what is the difference ...
5
votes
4answers
210 views

is the behaviour of .* to include . and .. defined in LSB or POSIX or some other specification?

as title: is the behaviour of .* to include . and .. defined in LSB or POSIX or some other specification?
6
votes
2answers
222 views

Why two almost idetical grep commands return different output: w/o and with filename

I have 2 almost identical greps: [Alex@localhost tmp]$ grep /bin/bash /etc/passwd root:x:0:0:root:/root:/bin/bash AlexL:x:500:500::/home/AlexL:/bin/bash user1:x:501:501:user1 ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

ls *.* gives: “*.*: No such file or directory” message [duplicate]

I'm using Linux app-server 3.2.0-4-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 3.2.41-2+deb7u2 x86_64 GNU/Linux. When I go to a directory with several files named name1.php, name1.html, name2.php, etc. and type: $ sudo ls ...
7
votes
1answer
225 views

Cannot expand asterisk without proper permission

Can someone explain to me the following? $ ls -ld /temp/sit/build/ dr-xr-s--- 3 asdf qwer 4096 Jan 31 2012 /temp/sit/build/ $ ls -ld /temp/sit/build/* ls: /temp/sit/build/*: Permission denied So ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Bash globbing and argument passing

I have the following simplified bash script #!/bin/bash files=("$@") if [ "X$files" = "X" ]; then files=$HOME/print/*.pdf; fi for file in "${files[@]}"; do ls "$file"; done If I pass ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

How to cd open / autocomplete a folder that ends in a specific phrase

I have a folder with subfolders named like this: 1122334 important things 1122335 less important things 1122336 notes 1122337 pictures of kittens etc The numbers at the beginning are date codes. ...
2
votes
2answers
228 views

Use xargs to move files from within a directory

I am searching for some folders in my current directory. What I want to do is, move all the files within those directories to another directory. I am using the following command: find -maxdepth 1 ...
2
votes
1answer
187 views

Why is `find -name *.jks` not returning some files? [duplicate]

find . -name *.jks -print 2>/dev/null returns files of extension jks that do not have underscores as part of their name. Much to my surprise, I have just discovered that * does NOT substitute ...
3
votes
2answers
293 views

List all dotfiles current directory using zsh

How can I list all dotfiles in a directory using zsh.?
3
votes
3answers
505 views

copying specific files in directory

I am trying to copy some of the files in a directory. The directory contains following files my current directory is ~/certificate/ drwxrwxr-x 2 ubuntu ubuntu 4096 Oct 16 11:58 apache -rw-rw-r-- ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Why does copying from a script screw with my files?

I am at a loss here, trying to find out the reason why a shell script that is basically copying a couple of files and directories from one place to another will result in the content of two of the ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

Why the order of wildcard results might be different when used from the terminal or from perl?

There's a folder with a bunch of files and a perl scrip that lists them using ls with a wildcard like: #!/usr/bin/perl system("ls -U -1 dir/*"); I noticed that if I run exactly the same command ...
8
votes
4answers
8k views

How do I reverse a for loop?

How do I properly do a for loop in reverse order? for f in /var/logs/foo*.log; do bar "$f" done I need a solution that doesn't break for funky characters in the file names.
1
vote
6answers
4k views

ls: Do not show directories that match same pattern in wildcard searches, only files

Supposing I have something like the following, a typical business PC situation: drwxr-xr-x 1 whatever whoever 3 Oct 3 16:40 invoices2009 drwxr-xr-x 1 whatever whoever 4 Oct 3 16:40 ...