Globbing means matching files by name patterns containing wildcards.

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38
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7answers
7k views

why does ls -d also list files, and where is it documented?

when specifying ls --directory a* it should list only directories starting with a* BUT it lists files AND directories starting with a Questions: where might I find some documentation on this, ...
2
votes
2answers
164 views

Role switch of special characters in bash

On what basis does the role of asterisk keep changing? CASE 1: var1=abcd-1234-defg echo ${var1#*-*} # RESULT: 1234-defg CASE 2: stringZ=abcABC123ABCabc echo `expr match "$stringZ" '\(abc[...
0
votes
1answer
202 views

scp with sshpass - remote directory and file with wildcards

I have a list with 950 MongoDB VMs I wish to collect all mongodb.log. The path to log file is depending on database name. for i in $(cat /tmp/mongonodes.txt) ; do sshpass -p34dDgdWger@rg4fll434ef ...
2
votes
3answers
433 views

Why rm exclude using ! doesn't work in zsh?

I have 10 files in current directory: 10test 1test 2test 3test 4test 5test 6test 7test 8test 9test I want to remove all file except 2test and 3test, but I run command rm !(2test|3test) doesn't work....
10
votes
2answers
5k views

Exclude one pattern from glob match

I have several files with the same base filename. I'd like to remove all but one foo.org #keep foo.tex #delete foo.fls #delete foo.bib #delete etc If I didn't need to keep one, I know I could use ...
0
votes
0answers
221 views

rsync “no such file or directory” when using wildcard

I am trying to use rsync to copy the contents of a folder to another folder. This is the command I am using for this. rsync -v -r $folder64/Pictures/* $folder65/Pictures/ And here is the error code....
2
votes
1answer
84 views

bash regex: asterisk gives ambiguous search results with grep

I am using a simple text file to test the * meta-character through grep. The text file is as below: 1 11 111 1111 11111 111111 d da daa daaa b bc bcc bccc Now when I search digit 1 using grep ...
0
votes
2answers
23 views

file globbing in bash not being picked up by php -l

I am trying to run php's lint function on all files in a directory, and it's proving to be harder than I expected. (I know there are non-php files here; I'm not concerned about that right now.) Here's ...
30
votes
10answers
65k views

Converting multiple image files from JPEG to PDF format

I want to convert some files from jpeg to pdf. I am using following command. $ convert image1.jpg image1.pdf But I have 100 images. How should I convert all of them to corresponding pdfs? I ...
3
votes
5answers
626 views

Copy Sequential Files

I have 12 files named dmp_000, dmp_001, etc, all the way to dmp_011. I would like to copy all of them to rdmp_000, rdmp_001, and so on, sequentially so the numbered files coincide. There must be an ...
3
votes
4answers
129 views

Why does the wildcard * not work when changing directories?

For example I'm in my directory: /home/myname and then I want to CD into a different directory. /home/pulsar/... Since I need to go pretty deep into the other directory, how can I go about this ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

How to reuse file pattern in .gitignore in bash/zsh?

Here is the content of the .gitignore cron.yaml build target webview *.pyc *.sublime-workspace .idea *.rej .coverage app/tools/temp_*.py app/tools/*/temp_*.py I am currently iteraring files in a ...
3
votes
4answers
214 views

Match-zero-or-more operator in shell globbing

I'm stuck in a quite trivial problem here: how can I make the * symbol in bash mean zero or more, like it does in tools such as sed? For example, ak* should match any file whose name consists ...
1
vote
2answers
69 views

Internal expansion with the find command and wildcard character [duplicate]

I'm still learning the command line and I am having some trouble fully understanding the use of the wildcard within the find command. I'm working in the directory user/temp and use the find command ...
2
votes
3answers
55 views

Recursively delete files with 'WIDTHxLENGTH' in the name in a directory

I have a directory that has subdirectories, and I want to delete images named like thumbnail-name_WIDTHxLENGTH.{jpg,png}, where WIDTH and LENGTH are both decimal integers, like box-image-150x150.jpg ...
56
votes
7answers
21k views

The result of ls * , ls ** and ls ***

I know using the command ls will list all the directories. But what does the ls * command do ? I used it and it just lists the directories. Is the star in front of ls means how deep it can list the ...
3
votes
5answers
614 views

Look if a folder has some files with certain extensions

Suppose I have a file structure: $ cd /home/Desktop $ ls -d */ Abc/ Qwe/ Zxc/ Rty/ $ Now I want to iterate through every directory and see if they have any ".pdf" files. Could some one please ...
0
votes
2answers
41 views

Find a file that doesn't include specific characters

I want to find a specific file that doesn't start with a,k,G or Q and in which the third letter in the name is not a digit. I have tried many links, but found nothing regarding to this composite ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Having trouble with img2pdf and spaces in filenames

I am trying to convert a bunch of jpeg files to a pdf file. When I type the filenames with the quotes all is fine: $ img2pdf "./Page 001.jpg" "./Page 002.jpg" -o book.pdf When I go for the ...
1
vote
3answers
92 views

What is the bash equivalent of the where cmdlet?

The where cmdlet is something I use in PS quite often- its very convenient. If I want to get all files with a name starting with "test" I would do this: ls | ?{$_.name -like 'test*'} What is an ...
4
votes
5answers
13k views

Count files in a directory by extension

For the purpose of testing, I'd like count how many images files are inside a directory, separating each image file type by file extension (jpg="yes". This because later it will be useful for another ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

Is it possible to reference the most recently modified file in a command line argument?

I frequently download PDF files with heinous numeric file names from my browser. These automatically go into ~/Downloads. Ideally I would like to just be able to open these files with: evince "the ...
3
votes
3answers
133 views

Why are square brackets preventing shell expansion?

'4800483343' is a directory, and 'file1' & 'file2' are two files in it. Why is the following happening? $ ls 4800483343 file1 file2 $ md5sum 4800483343/* 36468e77d55ee160477dc9772a99be4b ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Handle wildcards matching no file in bash

I am trying to read files from a directory into an array but even when the file doesn't exist, it is saved into the array. I want to exclude the file name if it doesn't exist. a=(/tmp/nofileexists) &...
8
votes
6answers
538 views

Force newlines with cat wildcard printing

I want to use cat with wildcards in bash in order to print multiple small files (every file is one sentence) to standard output. However, the separate file contents are not separated by a newline, ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

Ignore globs that don't match anything

I want to select all files in a directory that end with any of the following extensions: txt, java, xml, csv Right now I'm doing like this: echo *.{txt,java,xml,csv} The problem is, if the ...
3
votes
2answers
583 views

Regex file name with multiple digits

Say I have the following file: test_file-1234-master.tar.gz I have tried to un tar using the following commands tar -xf test_file-[0-9]+-master.tar.gz tar -xf test_file-[:digit]-master.tar.gz ...
5
votes
3answers
376 views

Use shell's “*” glob, but exclude one file and don't match directories?

I've got a makefile rule that builds a zip/tarbar for distribution. In the recipe, it does some "value added" things, like ensure CR/LF's are correct, and ensures execute bits are correct before ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Why is the redirection of loop output dependent on the filename?

I have two files: a.csv and b.csv: echo $'a_header\na1' > a.csv echo $'b_header\nb1' > b.csv Now I want to remove the first line from each, and concatenate them. for file in `ls *.csv`; do ...
2
votes
3answers
266 views

tar unix not changing directory

I am executing a tar command to compress files which are present in another directory. I executed following command: tar -czf /backupmnt/abc.tar.gz -C /backupmnt/statusService/ * I want to create ...
1
vote
4answers
896 views

How to list filenames that contain spaces and special characters without using find

I am writing a script that requires me to provide a list of files in my directory, whose filenames contain spaces,*,?,$,%,etc. How can I do this, I have seen multiple posts but couldn't find anything ...
22
votes
5answers
7k views

What does `mv ./*` without specifying destination do?

I accidentally forgot to specify destination before hitting the Return key. Where does mv ./* without specifying destination move the files and directories under current directory to?
1
vote
4answers
468 views

Bash: move files of specific pattern

I write a script that iterates over a set of zip files, extracts them and moves only files that match a specific filename pattern to another folder. The script: #!/bin/bash ARCHIVE_FILEMASK="????-??...
4
votes
3answers
90 views

Move unique files from a folder with duplicates files

Well to put it simply, I have duplicate files in a folder, with this form: file.ext file(1).ext file(2).ext file(3).ext otherfile.ext otherfile(1).ext otherfile(2).ext ... I want to move only file....
1
vote
2answers
88 views

Cannot run command inside bash variable including square brackets with nullglob

Assuming I want to run commnand stored inside the variable with nullglob turned on. For example: shopt -s nullglob a="echo [foo]bar" ${a} This gives me an empty output due to the nullglob option of ...
18
votes
2answers
6k views

Delete all files starting with a question mark

I have a folder in which I have around 4k files. Some of these files start with a a ? or ! character. I need to delete them but can't find an expression that would do so: rm -f ./?* just deletes ...
85
votes
3answers
326k views

Zip all files in directory?

Is there a way to zip all files in a given directory with the zip command? I've heard of using *.*, but I want it to work for extensionless files, too.
24
votes
1answer
705 views

Why does a unquoted wildcard work remotely with scp?

I'm typing this in Bash: scp user@remote:~/dir/*.xml . and it works, getting all the files that make the wildcard on the remote server. But why does this work? I thought that Bash expands wildcard ...
28
votes
6answers
4k views

Why does [A-Z] match lowercase letters in bash?

In all shells I am aware of, rm [A-Z]* removes all files that start with an uppercase letter, but with bash this removes all files that start with a letter. As this problem exists on Linux and ...
1
vote
2answers
112 views

List files in hierarchy of directory

I need to list files in hierarchy of directory. For that I wrote script like foreach file ( * ) ls ${file}/*/*/*/*/*.root > ${file}.txt end But for this I have to know that in the directory $...
2
votes
3answers
166 views

List transient files by numerical value having number greater than a given constantly varying filename

I've a directory having constantly changing filenames (by numerical value) listed as: -rw-rw----. 1 root root 10493952 May 7 10:39 A0000000.LOG -rw-rw----. 1 root root 10493952 May 7 08:38 ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

tar command - skip symlinks

I use the tar command as, tar -cvf protTests.tar protTests/* to tar all files inside the folder, protTests. But this is including the symbolic links inside the folder, which is not a desired one. ...
0
votes
0answers
127 views

how to exclude specific subfolder when creating zip file via command line linux

I do want to exclude subfolder like uploads/2015/OtherSubfolderName through command line. I have tried with below command, its working fine. zip -r zipfile.zip public_html -x *uploads* but can we ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Check if multiple files exist in directory

How to find multiple files present in a directory in ksh (on AIX) I am trying below one: if [ $# -lt 1 ];then echo "Please enter the path" exit fi path=$1 if [ [ ! f $path/cc*.csv ] &&...
0
votes
1answer
507 views

find delete shows “No such file or directory”

I just run a command to "find and delete files & folder older than 100 days" on a folder, and got the following: $ find . * -mtime +100 -delete find: May_01_2015: No such file or directory find: ...
1
vote
3answers
261 views

Copy filenames, and add path prefix, in a directory, recursively

I have a working directory: /home/myusername/projectdir The working directory contains files and sub-directories. The depth of sub-directories is not known. I want to put all the *.log files into the ...
0
votes
4answers
117 views

How can I test for the .RAW file extension?

I'm trying to set up an sh script that will run every 30 minutes. During each run, I want to check a directory for the presence of at least one .RAW file. Upon finding that file extension, I will have ...
0
votes
3answers
161 views

regex in `/bin/sh` shell

I would like to remove all files ending with a given set of extensions in a particular directory in a /bin/sh shell. With a /bin/bash I can do it with regex like this : rm path/(*.pdf|*.png) but ...
2
votes
2answers
259 views

Cygwin using wildcard to trim all images

Unortunately, I am forced to use windows. So, I installed Cygwin to use some Linux commands. The following command works fine. It replaces an image with its trimmed version. "C:\Program Files\Cygwin\...
3
votes
2answers
251 views

Is there a reason to use multiple question marks instead of an asterisk in filename expansion?

If I have a number of directories, named, for example 10001 through 10025 is there any reason to use ls 1*/foo vs. ls 100??/foo? I have a lot more than 25 of them, so I mostly curious if there's any ...