Globbing means matching files by name patterns containing wildcards.

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25
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7answers
35k views

How to match case insensitive patterns with ls?

I would like to list all files matching a certain pattern while ignoring the case. For example, I run the following commands: ls *abc* I need to see all the file that have "abc" as a part of the ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Why doesn't `tar --exclude` take multiple options?

Looking at the man-page for tar it's stated that --exclude=PATTERN will " exclude files, given as a PATTERN ". I'm not sure if PATTERN is explained in more detail somewhere else, but why does the ...
4
votes
2answers
88 views

confusing about double quoting

I learned when I use command, double quoting treat all things as character except $, `, \ . But, when use command like find -type f -name "*.jpg" *.jpg is inside double quotes. Then, it means we want ...
3
votes
4answers
226 views

How to escape shell metacharacters automatically with `find` command?

I've got a bunch of XML files under a directory tree which I would like to move to corresponding folders with the same name within that same directory tree. Here is sample structure (in shell): ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

How does logrotate treat globbing?

If I have a logrotate config file like this, # matches multiple ones /var/log/project/*.log { ... prerotate ... endscript ... } So how does the glob work here? If I have 3 log ...
5
votes
2answers
93 views

How to store a path built with wildcards and containing with spaces into a variable

Here's the situation (I'm on a Mac, OS X El Capitan): # This works: $ cd /Applications/Adobe\ Illustrator*/Cool\ Extras.localized/en_US/Templates/; # These do not work: $ ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Cannot expand asterisk without proper permission

Can someone explain to me the following? $ ls -ld /temp/sit/build/ dr-xr-s--- 3 asdf qwer 4096 Jan 31 2012 /temp/sit/build/ $ ls -ld /temp/sit/build/* ls: /temp/sit/build/*: Permission denied So ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Can I use Zsh's built-in wildcard matching to replace the use of `find` here?

This is a follow-up to another question I posted I use a script to automatically rename files according to a particular order: #!/usr/bin/env zsh pages=($(sed -n '/page_order/,/^$/ p' _config.yml | ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

zsh glob pattern to match all files except one, does not work, despite EXTENDED_GLOB being set [duplicate]

I have a directory containing several files: $ ls tdir xx yy zz I'm looking for a zsh glob pattern, which expands to all (non-dot)-files except xx. This is what I tried: $ set -o EXTENDED_GLOB $ ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Listing files with a certain extension

I'm suppose to write a command that would list all files that end in .tx with an optional t at the end. So far all I got is listing the files that end in .tx which is: ls *.tx Now my problem is ...
0
votes
2answers
90 views

For loop cannot distinguish * syntax

set -x for f in ~/1/2/*/*_1.txt; do subdir="${f%/*}" pushd "$subdir" &>/dev/null file="${f##*/}" expTool INPUT1= "${f##*/}" INPUT2= "${f%_1.txt}_2.txt OUTPUT1= "${f%_1.txt}_3.txt" OUTPUT2= ...
2
votes
2answers
24 views

exclude target redirection file from being processed in for loop

This will cause LIST to grow very large (even a couple of GB in a short time etc): $ for i in *; do echo $i; cut -d ' ' -f1 $i ; done > LIST For example, after 10 seconds: $ wc -l LIST ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

How to copy image files whose names don't end with their resolution size?

I have a folder with images in it and it is organized by year and month folders (ie. /2015/08/image.jpg). Whenever an image is added, it is also copied and resized like so: image-1024x768.jpg ...
3
votes
1answer
28 views

Rsync unable to remove remote file not exist in local

Consider my local folder /tmp/foo/ /tmp/foo/1.txt /tmp/foo/2.txt /tmp/foo/3.txt and my remote folder /tmp/foo/ /tmp/foo/1.txt /tmp/foo/2.txt /tmp/foo/4.txt and in my local side, I run the ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

How to prevent bash from transforming arguments?

I am trying to use an argument of the script to find other files. The problem is that when i give the script the argument x.* in the command line, it is transformed into x.sh. Any ideas how i can get ...
18
votes
5answers
35k views

How do I recursively delete directories with wildcard?

I am working through SSH on a WD My Book World Edition. Basically I would like to start at a particular directory level, and recursively remove all sub-directories matching .Apple*. How would I go ...
3
votes
4answers
25k views

Unix Command to return all files that end with single digit and TXT extension

Which command returns all files that end with a single digit and have the TXT extension ?
33
votes
1answer
3k views

Does 'rm .*' ever delete the parent directory?

The expression .* is expanded by bash to include the current and parent directories: $ ls -la total 2600 drwxrwxrwx 2 terdon terdon 2162688 Sep 10 16:22 . drwxr-xr-x 142 terdon terdon 491520 Sep ...
0
votes
2answers
35 views

How to exclude the files with all the 4-digit numbers without the first five numbers by wild card in tree command

I want to exclude list the following number 0005 0006 ... 9998 9999 I try the following code, but failed And I use tree -I '*.[0-9][0-9][0-9][5-9]' But It creates line with 0014 0024... I ...
0
votes
2answers
47 views

Why doesn't this find command work? Regex & Find variants for .mp3 .wav and .m4a files

2015.10.25 Move on and Be Blessed.wav dummy.m4a 2015.11.17 BS Full.wav.mp3 2015.11.17 BS MOL.wav.mp3 find . -name '*.mp3' -o -name '*.wav' -o -name ...
12
votes
1answer
5k views

The best way to expand glob pattern?

I need to expand a glob pattern (like ../smth*/*, or /etc/cron*/) into a list of files, programmatically. What would be the best way to do it?
0
votes
2answers
114 views

tar “--exclude-from” double star wildcard

I wrote a backup script on my Debian 8 system which uses tar command with "--exclude-from" to exclude some files/dir. This works great, but today I would like to exclude some files sharing the same ...
2
votes
4answers
59 views

Does directory match array variable

I'd like to check to see if a directory contains an array of file extensions. I'm on Ubuntu using Bash. Something like : files=$(ls $1/*) extensions=$( txt pdf doc docx) if [[ -e $files[@] ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

What's the equivalent wildcard operator in Zsh to Bash's *

I have just started using Zsh and I have noticed that the asterisk (*) wildcard operator does not seem to work in it. For example, running cd ~/Doc* does not change me into the ~/Documents directory ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

find command match issue [duplicate]

I'm having some trouble while searching files with find command and the way it handles the search. Let's say I'm currently in the directory /tmp and the directory contains the files: ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

globbing and $# [closed]

Suppose my shell script gets 3 arguments: ./myscript dir1 material dir2 I need $# to report the count of items globbed with dir1/* and not the count of my script's original 3 arguments. Do you ...
3
votes
1answer
366 views

Odd alias “find . -name '*\!{*}*' -ls” in Unix Power Tools

From Unix Power Tools 3rd Edition page 175: Article 9.27 shows a way to match directories in the middle of a path. Here's a simpler "find file" alias that can come in very handy: alias ff ...
5
votes
4answers
6k views

How to exclude some files not matching certain extensions with grep?

I want to output all lines containing the word OK recursively from a directory. But there are a few extensions which I need to exclude from the result: *~ *.map *.js except *.debug.js I tried: ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Head and Tail of a directory, set by the user

I have this script that will show the user the head or tail of the files that are inside a set directory (currently that is set as '~/bin/new/*'). This script works but i would like to allow the user ...
38
votes
7answers
7k views

why does ls -d also list files, and where is it documented?

when specifying ls --directory a* it should list only directories starting with a* BUT it lists files AND directories starting with a Questions: where might I find some documentation on this, ...
2
votes
2answers
154 views

Role switch of special characters in bash

On what basis does the role of asterisk keep changing? CASE 1: var1=abcd-1234-defg echo ${var1#*-*} # RESULT: 1234-defg CASE 2: stringZ=abcABC123ABCabc echo `expr match "$stringZ" ...
0
votes
1answer
176 views

scp with sshpass - remote directory and file with wildcards

I have a list with 950 MongoDB VMs I wish to collect all mongodb.log. The path to log file is depending on database name. for i in $(cat /tmp/mongonodes.txt) ; do sshpass -p34dDgdWger@rg4fll434ef ...
2
votes
3answers
416 views

Why rm exclude using ! doesn't work in zsh?

I have 10 files in current directory: 10test 1test 2test 3test 4test 5test 6test 7test 8test 9test I want to remove all file except 2test and 3test, but I run command rm !(2test|3test) doesn't ...
10
votes
2answers
4k views

Exclude one pattern from glob match

I have several files with the same base filename. I'd like to remove all but one foo.org #keep foo.tex #delete foo.fls #delete foo.bib #delete etc If I didn't need to keep one, I know I could use ...
0
votes
0answers
158 views

rsync “no such file or directory” when using wildcard

I am trying to use rsync to copy the contents of a folder to another folder. This is the command I am using for this. rsync -v -r $folder64/Pictures/* $folder65/Pictures/ And here is the error ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

bash regex: asterisk gives ambiguous search results with grep

I am using a simple text file to test the * meta-character through grep. The text file is as below: 1 11 111 1111 11111 111111 d da daa daaa b bc bcc bccc Now when I search digit 1 using grep ...
0
votes
2answers
21 views

file globbing in bash not being picked up by php -l

I am trying to run php's lint function on all files in a directory, and it's proving to be harder than I expected. (I know there are non-php files here; I'm not concerned about that right now.) Here's ...
30
votes
10answers
63k views

Converting multiple image files from JPEG to PDF format

I want to convert some files from jpeg to pdf. I am using following command. $ convert image1.jpg image1.pdf But I have 100 images. How should I convert all of them to corresponding pdfs? I ...
3
votes
5answers
603 views

Copy Sequential Files

I have 12 files named dmp_000, dmp_001, etc, all the way to dmp_011. I would like to copy all of them to rdmp_000, rdmp_001, and so on, sequentially so the numbered files coincide. There must be an ...
3
votes
4answers
113 views

Why does the wildcard * not work when changing directories?

For example I'm in my directory: /home/myname and then I want to CD into a different directory. /home/pulsar/... Since I need to go pretty deep into the other directory, how can I go about this ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

How to reuse file pattern in .gitignore in bash/zsh?

Here is the content of the .gitignore cron.yaml build target webview *.pyc *.sublime-workspace .idea *.rej .coverage app/tools/temp_*.py app/tools/*/temp_*.py I am currently iteraring files in a ...
-1
votes
4answers
4k views

Wildcards: how do I list files ending in `.txt` only without using the dot character?

I have a directory with nine files in it. 1 ending in .bat 2 ending in .bak 4 ending in .txt 2 ending in .xtxt My question is, how do i list only the files ending in .txt, but without using the ...
3
votes
4answers
198 views

Match-zero-or-more operator in shell globbing

I'm stuck in a quite trivial problem here: how can I make the * symbol in bash mean zero or more, like it does in tools such as sed? For example, ak* should match any file whose name consists ...
1
vote
2answers
65 views

Internal expansion with the find command and wildcard character [duplicate]

I'm still learning the command line and I am having some trouble fully understanding the use of the wildcard within the find command. I'm working in the directory user/temp and use the find command ...
2
votes
3answers
54 views

Recursively delete files with 'WIDTHxLENGTH' in the name in a directory

I have a directory that has subdirectories, and I want to delete images named like thumbnail-name_WIDTHxLENGTH.{jpg,png}, where WIDTH and LENGTH are both decimal integers, like box-image-150x150.jpg ...
55
votes
7answers
20k views

The result of ls * , ls ** and ls ***

I know using the command ls will list all the directories. But what does the ls * command do ? I used it and it just lists the directories. Is the star in front of ls means how deep it can list the ...
3
votes
5answers
556 views

Look if a folder has some files with certain extensions

Suppose I have a file structure: $ cd /home/Desktop $ ls -d */ Abc/ Qwe/ Zxc/ Rty/ $ Now I want to iterate through every directory and see if they have any ".pdf" files. Could some one please ...
0
votes
2answers
40 views

Find a file that doesn't include specific characters

I want to find a specific file that doesn't start with a,k,G or Q and in which the third letter in the name is not a digit. I have tried many links, but found nothing regarding to this composite ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Having trouble with img2pdf and spaces in filenames

I am trying to convert a bunch of jpeg files to a pdf file. When I type the filenames with the quotes all is fine: $ img2pdf "./Page 001.jpg" "./Page 002.jpg" -o book.pdf When I go for the ...
1
vote
3answers
89 views

What is the bash equivalent of the where cmdlet?

The where cmdlet is something I use in PS quite often- its very convenient. If I want to get all files with a name starting with "test" I would do this: ls | ?{$_.name -like 'test*'} What is an ...