Globbing means matching files by name patterns containing wildcards.

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2
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1answer
89 views

Move extension-less files with mv

I have a folder with images(png, bmp, jpg) and extension-less files. I cant figure out how to move only the extension-less files. They are all random numbered files.
5
votes
2answers
93 views

ls command: how to ignore case without globbing

I use the shopt -s nocaseglob command to ignore case, but it seems like it doesn't work if I use a string without glob. Just a question out of curiosity, is it possible to ignore case without ...
4
votes
1answer
51 views

Use rsync to just get a folder and its content with a pattern

I've looked all around the internet, looked in regexp sites and everything else, but I'm unable to write a rsync command to fetch what I want to. I need to mirror the FreeBSD release, but I don't ...
4
votes
4answers
533 views

How to exclude some files not matching certain extensions with grep?

I want to output all lines containing the word OK recursively from a directory. But there are a few extensions which I need to exclude from the result: *~ *.map *.js except *.debug.js I tried: ...
4
votes
2answers
233 views

Script to loop through folders with numeric names

I am working on a bash script to compress the images in my Wordpress folders. The wordpress folder structure is as follows: > wp-content/uploads/2014/01/filename.jpg > ...
1
vote
2answers
64 views

tar specific files based on a pattern

I got a lot of files with the following format: 2014_04_01_11.txt 2014_04_01_12.txt 2014_04_01_13.txt 2013_03_25_12.txt 2013_04_29_15.txt I would like to tar all theses files into an archive 20?? _ ...
4
votes
1answer
858 views

Why is my find not recursive?

I am running the following command, but it is not performed recursively: find . -name *.java I know there are java files further down in the current directory but it is performing the find on the ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Specifying full range of printable ASCII characters in a glob pattern

I want to use a globbing pattern to match only printable (including space) ASCII characters 0x20 through to 0x7e. This is being used inside a super super.tab database. I've arrived at the pattern: ...
1
vote
3answers
197 views

Delete files with same name at the end of the file

Delete files with same name at the end of the file i have a lot of files in my folder and sub directories like ajax_hostel_room_master.php.php class_hostel_registration.php.php ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

grepping with “shopt -s globstar extglob”

I have shopt -s globstar extglob in my ./bashrc. I'm searching for files that refer to string Foo in the following command: grep -Fwn Foo /**/src/**/*.@(h|cpp) Now I want to except all refers from ...
34
votes
6answers
4k views

The result of ls * , ls ** and ls ***

I know using the command ls will list all the directories. But what does the ls * command do ? I used it and it just lists the directories. Is the star in front of ls means how deep it can list the ...
3
votes
1answer
137 views

Passing all files of specific filetype in current and subdirectories

I have constructed an elaborate 500+ character command with many arguments and switches to autosign multiple PDF documents. I'm using JSignPDF and I'd like to use it's batch mode including the ...
38
votes
2answers
2k views

Why does rm *(1)* remove all files in a directory?

I expected that: $ rm *(1)* would remove all files containing (1) in the name. I was wrong. It removed all files in the directory. Why?
25
votes
1answer
1k views

Why does my regular expression work in X but not in Y?

I wrote a regular expression which works well in a certain program (grep, sed, awk, perl, python, ruby, ksh, bash, zsh, find, emacs, vi, vim, gedit, …). But when I use it in a different program (or on ...
7
votes
2answers
950 views

How does a shell (bash, for example) expand wildcard patterns?

Assume that a directory has 100 files starting with the letter 'a'. If I do a grep <some string> a* from the terminal, how will the shell handle this? Will it expand the regular expression, ...
15
votes
3answers
713 views

What is the difference between [[ $a == z* ]] and [ $a == z* ]?

Is there is any difference between these two. [[ $a == z* ]] and [ $a == z* ] Can I have an example where they would have different outputs? Furthermore, how does the working of [[ ]] differs ...
6
votes
7answers
13k views

List only regular files (but not directories) in current directory

I can use ls -ld */ to list all the directory entries in the current directory. Is there a similarly easy way to just list all the regular files in the current directory? I know I can use find find . ...
3
votes
1answer
394 views

bash globstar matching

I have this directory structure: ~/tmp/globstar ɀ find dir -type f dir/file.ext dir/subdir1/file.ext dir/subdir2/file.ext and, with the globstar option enabled in Bash, I can say: ~/tmp/globstar ...
2
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5answers
268 views

Copy Sequential Files

I have 12 files named dmp_000, dmp_001, etc, all the way to dmp_011. I would like to copy all of them to rdmp_000, rdmp_001, and so on, sequentially so the numbered files coincide. There must be an ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Can I use variables inside {} expansion without `eval`?

Can I use variables inside {} expansion without appealing to eval? If so, how? This doesn't work: $ touch 1.foo 1.bar $ ls 1.{foo,bar} 1.bar 1.foo $ extensions=foo,bar $ ls 1.{$extensions} ls: ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Remove unknown unicode character from textfiles - sed, other bash/shell methods

I need to search and replace all occurences of an unknown character in some files having the same name. Opening such files with vi, I read <91> code for that character. Opening them with nano, I ...
1
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3answers
1k views

How can we rename a file with semi-colon as part of the filename?

I tried to rename all file with extension "XLS;1" to "XLS" but it just didn't work. I tried the following in cygwin in windows xp and they don't work: mv *.XLS;1 *.XLS mv *.XLS\;1 *.XLS mv ...
3
votes
1answer
135 views

Why does grep treat '[D]ebug' string differently?

I've created simple text file named "T" to test the unusual behavior of grep: 1 Debug 2 debug 3 determined 4 Determined Tried different syntax: $ grep De T 1 Debug ...
2
votes
2answers
182 views

delete directory with special character in filename

I have these tricky directories that I can't figure out how to delete. If I run ls -ld * I get… drwxrwxr-x 7 user1 taskfmri 2048 Jan 22 15:26 857263 drwxrwx--- 4 user2 ...
26
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1answer
1k views

Does 'rm .*' ever delete the parent directory?

The expression .* is expanded by bash to include the current and parent directories: $ ls -la total 2600 drwxrwxrwx 2 terdon terdon 2162688 Sep 10 16:22 . drwxr-xr-x 142 terdon terdon 491520 Sep ...
9
votes
1answer
16k views

How can I assign the result of a command to a shell variable?

I want to assign the result of an expression to a variable and concatenate it with a string, then echo it. Here's what I've got: #!/bin/bash cd ~/Desktop; thefile= ls -t -U | grep -m 1 "Screen Shot"; ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the difference between “du -sh *” and “du -sh ./*”?

The title says it all. What's the difference between those 2 commands? NOTE: I'm more interested in the * and ./* part.
4
votes
2answers
153 views

Force Bash 4 'globstar' option to ignore symlinks

Bash 4 has a fantastic option called 'globstar' that emulates (i.e. was stolen from) zsh's ** syntax for globbing across multiple directories. However, it's somewhat crippled (for my usage, at least) ...
5
votes
5answers
4k views

In linux, how to delete all files EXCEPT the pattern *.txt?

I know how to delete all txt file under current directory by rm *.txt. Does anyone know how to delete all files in current directory EXCEPT txt file?
3
votes
3answers
53 views

Full path in glob in Zsh

Say I run the following on /some/path: for x in foo/*; do print $x done Are there any parameters I can use to tell Zsh to print, not just the filename, but the full absolute path to $x? (without ...
9
votes
4answers
13k views

How do I recursively delete directories with wildcard?

I am working through SSH on a WD My Book World Edition. Basically I would like to start at a particular directory level, and recursively remove all sub-directories matching .Apple* - how would I go ...
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vote
2answers
51 views

Is there an equivalent to bash's “nocaseglob” in ksh?

I would like to do what is mentioned in How to match case insensitive patterns with ls? except for ksh. Is it possible to do it without any pain(regex)?
2
votes
2answers
202 views

Bash's declare -p HISTIGNORE brings bash to a halt! Why?

Executing the following code in GNU bash, Version 4.2.45(1)-release (x86_64-redhat-linux-gnu), Fedora 19 ... shopt -s extglob export ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Does * match hidden files in tar even with dotglob unset?

I was under the impression that the * glob does not match dot-prefixed files unless you manually enable such functionality (through dotglob, or your shell's equivalent). Yet if I have a directory a ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

**/ not working with a mounted volume

I'm trying to recursively extract a set of .jpgs from a mounted volume using SMB1, to a folder on my computer. Here's what I've got: cp -a **/97*.jpg /Users/.../All_Covers This works as long as my ...
12
votes
2answers
471 views

Shell filename pattern that expands to dot files but not to `..`?

Recently I had a little mishap caused by a shell pattern that expanded in an unexpected way. I wanted to change the owner of a bunch of dot files in the /root directory, so I did chown -R root .* ...
1
vote
2answers
962 views

Differing outputs of the commands “ls .*” and “ls *.”

The command ls .* when run gives as output the following : All the files in the current directory starting with a . (hidden files) All the files in the hidden directories present in the ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

How to delete 2 months back files in unix

Say I have below log files, AA_XX_20130719185428.log exec_xxx_cpb_20130712182453.log 13122013121327_AR_INC_DOBC_1.dprf.log 24122013_masterscript.LOG Date part contains both date and time. I want ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

SFTP chroot jail/access based on wildcard

I want to give a list of people SFTP access to /webdocs/ABC* where they will read-write access to only directories that match this wildcard. How do I do this? Can I create a chroot jaill or some ...
5
votes
2answers
351 views

How does GLOBIGNORE work?

According to bash's manual page: GLOBIGNORE A colon-separated list of patterns defining the set of filenames to be ignored by pathname expansion. If a filename matched by a ...
5
votes
5answers
392 views

How to search in specific files matching a pattern

How can I find a word in specific files matching a pattern. e.g. searching for version in CMake* files recursively found in the current directory.
6
votes
3answers
344 views

ImageMagick on multiple files

I have converted a single file from BMP to PNG with ImageMagick's convert using the command below convert CD\ Front.bmp CD\ Front.png I have many such files, thus I tried: for f in */*.bmp ; do ...
3
votes
3answers
394 views

How to move the first x files

I have this huge folder with thousands of unordered files. Is it feasible to move the first 5000s to a subfolder via the mv command? For now I move files with mv *some_pattern* ./subfolder1/ ...
3
votes
4answers
752 views

Searching a pattern in file names with number

I have a large number of files in a folder each with the date as the filename. For example 20130101 20130102 20130103 . . . 20130131 similarly for other months 20130201 to 20130230, the pattern is ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Why does grep sometimes show the file name, sometimes not?

Can somebody please explain to me why I don't get the full path in example 1? example 1 - returning found line grep MODIFY /opt/releases/packages/cr_c_cr6/sas/dbms/*/*; outcome: MODIFY example 2 ...
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3answers
150 views

Prevent wildcard expansion on find

Is there a way to prevent wildcard expansion on the find command so that the following would work? find . -iname "foo [bar]" As pointed out here, I tried running set -f, set -o noglob and setopt ...
6
votes
3answers
366 views

Remove all but one ( or more ) kind of filetype

I've been trying to find a command to remove all files in a folder but not a kind of filetype. But I seems to not have any luck. What I've tried so far : set extended_glob rm !(*.dmg) # this returns ...
1
vote
4answers
143 views

Exclude characters for SCP-filepattern

Is there a way to build an expression for scp with which I can manage to copy the file file-name-version-1.2.1.jar without copying the files file-name-version-1.2.1-sources.jar ...
0
votes
2answers
129 views

Regex and patterns on a ksh command line

I'm wondering what's the difference between using * and .* in a regex string. I guess, * stands for "0 to n characters" but I don't see what .* stands for. For example, what is the difference ...
5
votes
4answers
204 views

is the behaviour of .* to include . and .. defined in LSB or POSIX or some other specification?

as title: is the behaviour of .* to include . and .. defined in LSB or POSIX or some other specification?