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3
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3answers
2k views

Discrepancy between reported used memory and sum of application memory usage

I'm running a desktop system that quite regularly suffers from lack of memory, this prompted me to investigate what causes the issue in the first place. Problem is, there's no single process that ...
7
votes
1answer
572 views

How do I increase the maximum swap space on Mac OS X?

On Mac OS X Yosemite 10.10.5, when I try to run a calculation that needs to allocate and use 128 GB of memory (it is a command line program written in C), the kernel kills my process with extreme ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

Linux always hangs when out of physical memory

I'm using ArchLinux, with 3.18.6-1 kernel, when a software uses more than physical memory (when total memory used is >5.8 GB), it always lags, unresponsive, and all that I can do is reset the ...
1
vote
1answer
186 views

How does the kernel know how much user addressable memory to set aside?

I was reading up on a rather-dated article on the kernel managing memory and had this question on where the Page Table Entries (PTE) would go into. For this example, the author assumes we are on a ...
5
votes
0answers
85 views

How do I vmtouch a directory (not the files it contains)?

The vmtouch(8) tool allows locking a file or files in memory. It has recursive mode, but the directories are used just for discovering files and are not locked themselves. How do I lock a directory ...
4
votes
0answers
905 views

How extended (4MB) and regular (4KB) paging coexist?

On x86 architecture, "Extended paging" allows page frames (physical memory) to be 4 MB instead of 4 KB. The book "Understanding the Linux Kernel, 3rd" at chapter 2 "Memory Addressing", sub-chapter ...
3
votes
0answers
303 views

Why does saving a KVM-QEMU VM requires additional memory?

I have three VMs running on Red Hat Enterprise Linux with 8 GB RAM, each of the VMs has 3 GB allocated, and I also run a 512 MB VM. If we also consider the guest OS's memory usage (usually 1.5 GB due ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

What does it mean when a private VM page is none of `rwx`?

UPDATE: It's a padding: every such non-rwx area is preceded with a readable and/or writable area and together they constitute a 64Mb segment (for 64bit architecture). A relevant question on SO: ...
2
votes
0answers
48 views

When waiting on a pagefault, in what kind of sleep is a task?

Are tasks put into interruptible/uninterruptible/killable sleep when waiting on a pagefault? Does it matter, what kind of pagefault is it?
2
votes
0answers
68 views

JVM low-memory tuning

What command-line options would provide the lowest memory-footprint JVM, in OpenJDK, or possibly other JVMs (Linux/Debian)? I'm willing to disable JIT, live with slow or choppy garbage collection, ...
2
votes
0answers
77 views

How can I let high priority processes continue when low priority processes are causing free memory to be low

Ok I'm not sure if this is the correct place to post this. It is more of a 'why not' question than a 'how to' one (assumption is that it isn't/can't be done). Why don't we allow RAM to be partitioned ...
2
votes
0answers
132 views

Disk page cache size in Linux for integrity purposes

I am trying to bound corruption in a block-based disk format in the presence of plausible machine failures in a Linux-specific application. That is, the file is read and written in application-defined ...
2
votes
0answers
224 views

Virtual kernel memory layout in dmesg linux kernel 2.6.31

I'm working on a embedded linux project for ARM architecture, kernel version is 2.6.31.12-rt21. In dmesg, I cannot see the virtual kernel memory layout like this: virtual kernel memory layout: ...
1
vote
0answers
11 views

FORTRAN executables: heap maxed out

I am trying to run a FORTRAN program on stampede (xsede machine). The error message I am getting is 'heap maxed out'. I think it has something to do with virtual memory allocation. So I use the ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Print kernel memory layout

Userland memory layout can be inspected by looking into /proc/self/maps. I am wondering if there is a similar facility allowing to inspect runtime kernel memory layout?
1
vote
0answers
58 views

In the Linux Kernel what file/process controls the assignment of permissions to memory pages?

A given memory page may be writable, readable or executable. What kernal source code file in the linux kernal describes the setting of these rights? What process or kernal data structure would set the ...
1
vote
0answers
493 views

Xorg consuming 1.1GB, is it a leak?

I am facing a problem wherein Xorg starts to consume more and more memory and finally eats up the whole swap space. As shown below, Xorg's virtual memory is about 1.1GB. My system runs only one GTK ...
1
vote
0answers
712 views

About mem and vmem

I am working with a cluster machine running under linux. I have a shell script that uses mpirun to submit my jobs to the cluster machine. In that same script, I can choose the number of nodes that ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

How fast is a process reading/writting virtual memory?

So, we have top, htop, iotop, iostat, vmstat, etc, to measure many different things on Linux, but how can one measure how much MB/s a process is reading and writting to/from RAM, i.e., virtual memory? ...
1
vote
0answers
207 views

Virtual address of Global variables in Kernel code

If my understanding is not wrong, every process has a Kernel Address space associated with it (which is typically 1GB). As far as local variables are concerned, they are assigned on the kernel stack ...
1
vote
0answers
738 views

Where does the Linux kernel reside in memory ?

From some book I have, I have in my notes that the Linux kernel resides at 0xc00000000 on 32-bit systems, and is mapped into user space for performance reasons. Is this accurate ? How can I verify ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Linux kernel running only with use of physical address

Is theoretically possible to make Linux which for its own kernel (include modules) uses only physical addresses? (it means it completely omits MMU) For processes there would be normal virtual space ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

How do I find corresponding kernel virtual addresses and userspace virtual addresses for a coreboot table driver?

How does kernel virtual addresses relate to userspace virtual addresses and is there a way to map the two with a kernel function? Some background: Coreboot puts some information in a table structure ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Where can I find the MMU,CR3 and TLB for creating virtual addresses?

I want to understand virtual addressing and read many times the terms: MMU TLB (Translation Lookaside Buffer) and CR3 But currently I'm a bit confused. My confusion is: MMUThe MMU is hardware. ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Why process is killed while a lot of memory is free?

I am running a python script in ipython. This script will take about 8GB RAM. The system has more than 80 GB free RAM but the swap is nearly 0. My script was killed after it runned for a while. I want ...
0
votes
0answers
81 views

Is High Virtual Memory usage a problem or may cause problems?

In our server, we have a python based code that listen ports. The amount of Virtual Memory it uses is increased greatly with time Like: USER PID %CPU %MEM VSZ RSS TTY STAT ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Page Fault Frequency Algorithm - Compute number of frames and mean resident set

I'm reading about Page Fault Frequency algorithm but I don't understand how can I compute the number of frames. For example I have my reference string: 112233444412412214432255543 and control ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

fast way to find the address range from the given info

I have a question, If I am given some memory devices with size specifications, how do i map it to address range quickly. if the address space is of 32 GB. Ex: ROM - 1Mb 3 RAMs - 2 GB each 2 FLASH - ...
0
votes
0answers
463 views

swap space allocation vs swaptotal

I created a Red Hat 9 virtual machine on VMware Workstion 9 by allocated the physical memory of 256MB. See pic. When installing Linux, I created the swap partition with a size of 256MB. See ...