small programs used on the command line to do a specific job

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9
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5answers
43k views

How to recover data from a bad SD card?

I have a 4GB SD card with some family pictures on it that I need to recover. When I insert the card into my card reader, it shows up as an unknown 32MB device (as /dev/sde) and cannot be mounted. When ...
4
votes
2answers
979 views

Why is bash completion of a symlink different than a directory?

I usually do a find with an environment variable as the path when searching for source code. Recently I replaced my environment variable with a symbolic link, and it broke Bash's shell completion. ...
16
votes
3answers
3k views

Why use superflous dash (-) to pass option flags to tar?

To create a tar file for a directory, the tar command with compress, verbose and file options can be typed thus: $ tar -cvf my.tar my_directory/ But it also works to do it this way: $ tar cvf ...
14
votes
5answers
6k views

Alternative to find?

Is there an alternative find program with a more conventional CLI interface? find works and expects parameters in a painfully different way from most other utils. Clarification: I'm looking for a ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Explain the output of -D rates in GNU find

I did ~/pythonsource1/python2.6-2.6.5$ find -D rates . -type d and got Predicate success rates after completion: [need type] -type d [0.4] [280/4350=0.0643678] -a [0.4] [280/4350=0.0643678] ...
2
votes
1answer
568 views

ntop versus mrtg

I'm evaluating tools for measuring network activity and although mrtg seems to be the most highly regarded, I'm really impressed by ntop. Are there any reasons that mrtg is preferred to ntop?
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Good base converter or help using gbase?

Dear all, Could you suggest a good base converter that also does "signed" conversions? Either gbase does not do it, or I can't see how it's done. Any help would be great. What I want to do is give the ...
15
votes
2answers
31k views

How can I test the encoding of a text file… Is it valid, and what is it?

I have several .htm files which open in Gedit without any warning/error, but when I open these same file in Jedit, it warns me of invalid UTF-8 encoding... The html meta tag states ...
39
votes
4answers
7k views

What is the difference between a builtin command and one that is not?

Is there any intrinsic difference between a builtin command and another command which can nominally do the same thing? eg. Do builtins get "special" treatement? ... is there less overhead running ...
144
votes
3answers
38k views

What does “--” (double-dash) mean? (also known as “bare double dash”)

I have seen -- used in the compgen command. For example: compgen -W "foo bar baz" -- b What is the meaning of the --.
43
votes
9answers
10k views

Linux tools to treat files as sets and perform set operations on them

Does anyone know of any linux tool specifically designed to treat files as sets and perform set operations on them? Like difference, intersection, etc?
37
votes
4answers
32k views

What is the mknod command used for?

I just started using Ubuntu as my main OS and I wanted to learn about things I should not do, and learn by the bad things people have done in the past. I came across these email about horror stories ...
8
votes
2answers
528 views

Is there a way to make perl -i not clobber symlinks?

A friend of mine points out that if you do: perl -pi.bak -e 's/foo/bar/' somefile when "somefile" is actually a symlink, perl does just what the docs say it will do: It does this by renaming ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

Sources to learn about performing certain tasks on command line?

Can someone transform it into community wiki please? I guess I've got no privileges for that. Let's list practical sources for learning about performing certain tasks on *nix command line. E.g. I ...
20
votes
4answers
9k views

Setting the window dimensions of a running application

I'm trying to start an application within Ubuntu (xfce or gnome) and via the command line and was wondering if there's a generic way to set the dimensions of a given window of a given app that is ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

wgetpaste alternatives?

Are there any wgetpaste alternatives? As a clarification... wgetpaste is an extremely simple command-line interface to various online pastebin services. The basic usage is to simply upload a ...
9
votes
3answers
471 views

Doing two things with output from a command

I have a program texcount that outputs the number of words in my LaTeX document. I can also pipe the output of this to sed to make the newlines TeX linebreaks and write this to a file which I can then ...
5
votes
1answer
768 views

How to use the ul command line utility

I wanted to answer http://unix.stackexchange.com/questions/3043/use-roff-to-underline-words with "just use ul, this command is meant specifically for underlining text", however I just can't grasp how ...
7
votes
1answer
870 views

Difference between references of Linux “utilities”, “commands” and “programs”

I read uses of the word "utilities" for commands/programs such as 'ls', 'chmod', 'mv', etc. Is "commands" is Linux referring to the same things as top, ps, etc., or are those something different? ...
17
votes
8answers
12k views

Tool in UNIX to subtract dates

Is there any tool in Solaris UNIX (so no GNU tool available) to subtract dates? I know that in Linux we have gawk that can subtract one date from another. But in Solaris the maximum we have is nawk ...
31
votes
5answers
13k views

Is there any option with 'ls' command that I see only the directories?

Sometimes, I need to check only the directories not files. Is there any option with the command ls? Or is there any utility for doing that? EDIT: I'm using Mac OS X, and ls -d gives me . even though ...
7
votes
9answers
474 views

What is/are the standard CLI program(s) to manage users and groups?

As the title says, I'm basically asking about user management from the command line (e.g. on a system where there are no graphical tools available). In the past I've used several different programs to ...
19
votes
8answers
2k views

What are the best general purpose programming tools to complement Vim?

I've been using Vim as my text editor for a little while now and I feel like I'm taking the long way to do anything. I use ctags to tag my code base for navigation and I use grep (although ...