small programs used on the command line to do a specific job

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18
votes
4answers
7k views

Setting the window dimensions of a running application

I'm trying to start an application within Ubuntu (xfce or gnome) and via the command line and was wondering if there's a generic way to set the dimensions of a given window of a given app that is ...
7
votes
2answers
656 views

Can hd and od replace each other?

hd and od are both dump viewers of binary content. Can hd be used wherever od is and vice versa?
0
votes
1answer
22 views

2.6.35 armel header files?

Debian does not seem to include a package linux headers 2.6.35-9 for the armel chipset - compiling drivers work, but insmod, and insmod -f is failing with a version mismatch and invalid moduel format. ...
8
votes
1answer
463 views

Is there a way to make perl -i not clobber symlinks?

A friend of mine points out that if you do: perl -pi.bak -e 's/foo/bar/' somefile when "somefile" is actually a symlink, perl does just what the docs say it will do: It does this by renaming ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Does hexdump respect the endianness of its system?

On my machine I get the following output when I run these commands: $ echo foos > myfile $ hexdump myfile 6f66 736f 000a The output from hexdump is little-endian. Does this mean that my machine ...
16
votes
9answers
11k views

Tool in UNIX to subtract dates

Is there any tool in Solaris UNIX (so no GNU tool available) to subtract dates? I know that in Linux we have gawk that can subtract one date from another. But in Solaris the maximum we have is nawk ...
4
votes
2answers
953 views

Convert file with integers written in ascii to binary file of integers

I have a file that contains a long list of integers written in ascii separated with newlines, like such: -175 2 -19345 345592 -45 2355 etc... I want to convert this file into a "binary" file ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views
3
votes
0answers
56 views

What are good document organization utilities? [closed]

I'm a graduate student and I have to deal with reading a lot of academic papers. I was wondering if there were any good utilities for linux for organizing documents (pdfs mostly) for reading. Having ...
4
votes
2answers
149 views

Factor is too large

I'm trying to use a factor utility but it tells me that number is too large. Is there any utility that can do what factor doing but not tells that number is too large?
0
votes
0answers
148 views

Tools to inspect local network, and find local IP address of device?

This is my specific context (Latex/TikZ code for the diagram below): Now this local "Router", has broke down several times, and several different devices have had its role (sometimes they have a ...
0
votes
1answer
294 views

Is expect tool availabe for ARM platform

I need to get expect (tool for automating interactive applications) for the ARM platform. Is it a readily cross compiled to ARM and is it available? I tried googling but was unable to get the ...
2
votes
1answer
417 views

alternative for digest -a sha256 command from solaris in linux

I have file from solaris which have digest -a sha256. But this command is not working in linux. I want the alternative for this command.
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Phrase Express Equivalent for Linux?

Is there some sort of auto text-insertion program with macros, similar to PhraseExpress for Windows in Linux? In case you've never seen this application it offers the following features: Organize ...
1
vote
1answer
283 views

On why touch, mv, etc., won't create subdirectories “as needed”

There are many Unix commands that will fail unless some subdirectory already exists, even though it would be a trivial matter for such commands to go ahead and create the missing subdirectory before ...
-6
votes
1answer
143 views

What does -p do when creating directories

What does the following command do to my system? $ mkdir -p /tmp/aes I typed the following command into my command line and it executes as expected. I know the folder is created as when I attempt ...
3
votes
2answers
332 views

How can I get the version of the pgrep & pkill commands?

I looked at the manpages and there is no -v or --version argument for pgrep or pkill. How can i get some info on the version? I'm asking because on my version of Ubuntu man pgrep is giving me a ...
3
votes
2answers
162 views

Tool to force use FILE instead of RAM

I'm wondering why there is no such tool like ram2swap, similar to cpulimit in parts. E.g. There is program daemon.bin. Let's create temporary swap file ( 1 Gb ): % dd if=/dev/zero of=tmp.swap ...
1
vote
4answers
109 views

What are considered utilities and applications?

Commands like cp, ls, chmod, pwd etc are called as utilities. I seem to not able to define what kind of things are called applications. Let's abandon GUI to make the definition more precise.
7
votes
1answer
65 views

Swap (exchange) two big files in limited environment

Let's say I have two flash memory devices 1GB capacity each. Let's also say each device contains one big file ~ 1GB size. Assuming, I have limited (64MB) RAM and no hard disk drive, what is the ...
0
votes
3answers
104 views

How to find the difference in tokens in two strings using Unix tools?

I have two strings as below- token1, token2, token3, token4, token5, token6, token8, token9, token10 token2, token7, token4, token3, token5, token6, token8, token10, token9 Visually, I can see ...
1
vote
0answers
150 views

List/query Open X11 Display Connections?

I am hitting this bug: NEWT errors when closing sketch on Linux · Issue #1651 · processing/processing · GitHub, when using Processing on Linux (Ubuntu 11.04); my messages are: X11Util.Display: ...
1
vote
3answers
117 views

Use Unix tools to look for a definition block in an XML.

I am using an XML that has definitions in this form - <definition name="ticketOpen" extends="ticketUpdate"> <put name="title" value="Open Ticket" /> <put name="mainForm" ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Utility to tag regions of audio files

For example, say I have a recording with lots of noise and people speaking, I'd like to tag areas where people are speaking with a 1, and by default everywhere else is 0. Then save this file ...
0
votes
3answers
257 views

running an executable in parallel by dividing the input directory tree

Commands like find and grep would benefit greatly if they were to run in parallel. Is there a utility or a program that takes a command as an argument and makes it run in parallel by running multiple ...
4
votes
3answers
5k views

touch: cannot touch file: No such file or directory

I am getting the error: touch: cannot touch `/opt/tsrm/compliance/cme/log/20121207.log`: No such file or directory on the touch command: touch $LOGFILE I also checked the link: touch: cannot ...
0
votes
0answers
195 views

What's the problem with fsck.ext3?

It seems there is some problem with my HDD in my satellite box. The box records to and plays video from the HDD, but occasionally it hangs (it was stable before). It's Linux version ...
32
votes
3answers
4k views

What is the point of the `yes` command? [duplicate]

This question concerns the yes command found in UNIX and Linux machines: Basically, what is the point (if any) and history of this tool? Are there practical applications for it? Can an example be ...
25
votes
2answers
2k views

Why use install rather cp and mkdir?

I've seen in many places used install -d to create directories and install -c to copy a file. Why not use mkdir and cp? Is there an advantage in using install?
7
votes
2answers
640 views

What commands have -h human readable option, and how can I enable it by default w/env variable?

I'm tired of using aliases or typing -h. I want human readable output 24/7. Is there a way to enable it all the time for all commands that offer it?
2
votes
2answers
88 views

Is there a distribution-independent tool to autocompile+install dependencies?

I like the way e.g. ArchLinux' yaourt (or if you're not that lazy, abs+makepkg; and from what I read so far, Gentoo's ebuild as well) automatically take care of obtaining, compiling and installing ...
2
votes
2answers
107 views

When do `sort -k 2,3b` and `sort -k 2,3` differ?

The POSIX description of the -b flag for the sort command is Ignore leading characters when determining the starting and ending positions of a restricted sort key. I can understand the use for ...
6
votes
1answer
922 views

`unbuffer` or `stdbuf` for removing stdout buffering?

Is there a difference between unbuffer(1) and stdbuf(1)? From what I gather, unbuffer makes more than the "best effort" of calling the libc function set(X)buf at the beginning, and then letting things ...
4
votes
2answers
10k views

Why is 'df' hanging?

I have recently been having problems running df, where it just hangs. Here's strace output, and in it, you'll see that I killed since it was just sitting there: $ strace /bin/df execve("/bin/df", ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Checking the order of items in a shell environment variable

I am wanting to check that a certain directories always appear after other directories in an environment variable. List items are separated by a colon, as with the PATH variable. This is not simply ...
2
votes
1answer
590 views

Is there any tool to view live statistics about a Radeon GPU?

I've checked out GPU usage monitoring (CUDA), but are there similar tools for AMD/ATI cards? Or kind of universal tools? I want to check out if my applications use the 256 MB of RAM of the video card ...
7
votes
2answers
133 views

Why is there a mix of symlinks and hardlinks in /bin?

I understand the technical difference between symlinks and hardlinks, this is a question about their use in practice, particularly I'm curious to know why both are used in seemingly similar ...
4
votes
2answers
375 views

tac command's option creates strange output [comprehension question]

Say I have this file, containing nothing but a b c b a Using tac --separator=a file in BASH [on a Debian based Linux], I get this: # empty line # empty line b c ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Where can I find some good documentation for bash printf?

man printf, info printf and printf --help are all pretty useless to me; I want an explanation of the FORMAT options. For example, I could use: printf '%s\n' foo bar and get output: foo bar From ...
4
votes
5answers
232 views

Standard unix util to split “foo.bar.baz” into “foo.bar” + “.baz”?

I want to split a string $basename, containing the output in two parts, $stem and $ext, such that: the string "${stem}${ext}" is identical to the original string $basename; either $stem or $ext may ...
0
votes
1answer
164 views

wc - setting a terminating character

I've got that far: wc --files0-from=FILE lets one get the word count of a list of files. Each entry in this list mus be terminated with an ASCII NUL character. Question: A way to set a terminating ...
1
vote
4answers
934 views

crash shell: any way to check if a command executed Successfully

I'm automating a test using crash package. Is there some thing like $?, which can be used to check if the previous command executed successfully or not inside a crash shell? For example, when ...
7
votes
4answers
6k views

cp or rsync, is cp really worth it?

I hope this does not count as a question without a real answer, as I can't seem to find a good reason to use cp(1) over rsync(1) in virtually all circumstances. Should one typically favour rsync over ...
2
votes
1answer
178 views

Is there a text-only equivalent (no curses) of `zenity --question`?

For my mercurial commit hook, I want to run my test cases and be asked whether I really want to commit if any of the tests fail. I'm thinking something like <run-the-tests> || ...
3
votes
4answers
550 views

Decomposition of path specs into longest-common-prefix + suffix

Given any two absolute Unix path specs1, one could decompose each spec as the concatenation of a longest common prefix and a specific suffix. E.g., /abc/bcd/cdf -> /abc/bcd + cdf ...
1
vote
1answer
222 views

Is Mac OS X really SUS compliant?

Internet says that Mac OS X 10.8 has achieved certification to The Open Group UNIX® 03 standard and that it is a compliant system. But a simple test with echo seems to indicate otherwise:  a) The ...
1
vote
1answer
412 views

lspci machine-readable format (-vmm) does not show a kernel Module/Driver line

I briefly read the manual of lspci, where I found out that there is a machine-readable format lspci output using "-m" or "-mm" or "-vmm". I need to print out the device name, the device id and the ...
1
vote
1answer
555 views

Install vmware-tools using yum in vmware fusion

I added vmware-tools repo [1] to my virtual CentOS box. What is the exact set of packages I have to install? The rationale is to be able to update vmware-tools using yum. Environment: Host OS: Mac ...
7
votes
9answers
468 views

What is/are the standard CLI program(s) to manage users and groups?

As the title says, I'm basically asking about user management from the command line (e.g. on a system where there are no graphical tools available). In the past I've used several different programs to ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

ASCII art generator

I'm looking for an ASCII art generator (text is preferred, but images will do too) in the sl style, but with text instead of trains. Any suggestion?