small programs used on the command line to do a specific job

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

3
votes
2answers
94 views

Select added lines from file

I have two versions of a file where the newer one has some lines added. The files are sorted (think of wordlists) and I want to print out the newly added lines (given file1 and file2). I know how to ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

Why do some utilities parse operands before options?

According to several sources, the UNIX utility guidelines specify that operands should always be processed after options: utility_name[OPTIONS][operands...] Some older UNIX utilities are known to ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Is there a difference between gunzip -c and gunzip in terms of system utilization?

Is there a difference between zcat/gunzip -c and gunzip apart from the obvious one that one outputs it to the terminal and the other decompresses it to a file? I'm looking from a CPU utilization ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

It is a good idea to download the default Linux utilities?

I am working on a server environment which has almost no executables in its /bin folder, except for some basic ones like ls and ln, but I want other common binaries (like sed, awk, gcc etc.) to be ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

how to use ser2net control port

man ser2net says that by running ser2net with a -p flag I can execute a number of commands. If I run ser2net -p 12345 and, then, lsof -i :12345, I can see the service on that port. How would I, for ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Can I check how much energy a USB device is consuming?

Is there any utility I could use to check how much energy a USB device is consuming, for a given time frame?
2
votes
2answers
91 views

Check files for conventions

I need a script that checks and lists all text files for project conventions. With conventions I mean for example: UTF-8 encoding No trailing white spaces Newline at the end of file No not-ascii ...
1
vote
1answer
565 views

Ubuntu runuser command?

I am creating a bash script that requires to run commands as a specific user. As a result I am using the command: runuser I have tested this script and it works perfectly in Ubuntu Server 14.10. ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Problem with install command to copy a whole directory

So I have a repo with some of my config files and I'm trying to create a makefile to install them in the homedir. The problem I have is that when I run the following command straight in bash install ...
4
votes
4answers
299 views

How do I show the numeric character sequence of a string?

Is there a command either standalone or in vi or similar (can be gui) that will show me the numeric sequence of a string? Input: The cat hopped in a box. Output: T h e c a t h o p p e d ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Change encoding of a text file in-place: iconv alternative? [duplicate]

Apparently, iconv is unable to use the same file as input and output file. Other tools, e.g. sed, have an -i switch that allows "updating" a file in-place. (Under the hood, temporary files are ...
8
votes
2answers
468 views

Finding a file type assuming wrong extension

I have an image archive I keep up. Sometimes, the sites I pull them from reformat the file while keeping the extension the same, most often making PNG images into JPG's that are still named ".png". ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Tool to give only the built linux source code

Linux is large complex piece of software. A running kernel in the system would not be using all the code. I'm looking for a tool which can give me the source code needed for the .config I used to ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Makeself --notemp clean up

I am using makeself to have a self extracting installer package, on the target system I have a /tmp directory that is set to noexec. Thus, I am trying to figure out a way to use makeself without ...
4
votes
2answers
6k views

How to “List Disk” in Linux

In Windows, all you have to type is "List Disk" using DisPart in a command prompt and it'll list all physical storage devices available, their size, format, etc. How do I do this in Linux?
0
votes
1answer
18 views

2.6.35 armel header files?

Debian does not seem to include a package linux headers 2.6.35-9 for the armel chipset - compiling drivers work, but insmod, and insmod -f is failing with a version mismatch and invalid moduel format. ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Log new files in a directory

Is there a tool, which lets me know about the last newly created files? The still common way of using a hierarchically file system makes it hard to save files in different places, so sometimes I sort ...
4
votes
2answers
741 views

Convert file with integers written in ascii to binary file of integers

I have a file that contains a long list of integers written in ascii separated with newlines, like such: -175 2 -19345 345592 -45 2355 etc... I want to convert this file into a "binary" file ...
9
votes
4answers
409 views

Store output of a command into a ring-buffer

I've got a long-running command that generates a lot of output on stdout. I'd like to be able to retain, for instance, only the last three days or the last gibibyte (avoiding cutting lines in the ...
3
votes
0answers
53 views

What are good document organization utilities? [closed]

I'm a graduate student and I have to deal with reading a lot of academic papers. I was wondering if there were any good utilities for linux for organizing documents (pdfs mostly) for reading. Having ...
4
votes
2answers
121 views

Factor is too large

I'm trying to use a factor utility but it tells me that number is too large. Is there any utility that can do what factor doing but not tells that number is too large?
0
votes
0answers
101 views

Tools to inspect local network, and find local IP address of device?

This is my specific context (Latex/TikZ code for the diagram below): Now this local "Router", has broke down several times, and several different devices have had its role (sometimes they have a ...
2
votes
1answer
292 views

alternative for digest -a sha256 command from solaris in linux

I have file from solaris which have digest -a sha256. But this command is not working in linux. I want the alternative for this command.
0
votes
1answer
923 views

What does chmod stand for?

In order to memorize a command, it is usually a good idea to learn where it's name comes from. For example, cp comes from copy. usermod means "User Modifiy" (at least I guess so). Where does chmod ...
1
vote
1answer
187 views

On why touch, mv, etc., won't create subdirectories “as needed”

There are many Unix commands that will fail unless some subdirectory already exists, even though it would be a trivial matter for such commands to go ahead and create the missing subdirectory before ...
-5
votes
1answer
104 views

What does -p do when creating directories

What does the following command do to my system? $ mkdir -p /tmp/aes I typed the following command into my command line and it executes as expected. I know the folder is created as when I attempt ...
3
votes
2answers
276 views

How can I get the version of the pgrep & pkill commands?

I looked at the manpages and there is no -v or --version argument for pgrep or pkill. How can i get some info on the version? I'm asking because on my version of Ubuntu man pgrep is giving me a ...
3
votes
2answers
140 views

Tool to force use FILE instead of RAM

I'm wondering why there is no such tool like ram2swap, similar to cpulimit in parts. E.g. There is program daemon.bin. Let's create temporary swap file ( 1 Gb ): % dd if=/dev/zero of=tmp.swap ...
0
votes
3answers
80 views

How to find the difference in tokens in two strings using Unix tools?

I have two strings as below- token1, token2, token3, token4, token5, token6, token8, token9, token10 token2, token7, token4, token3, token5, token6, token8, token10, token9 Visually, I can see ...
1
vote
4answers
95 views

What are considered utilities and applications?

Commands like cp, ls, chmod, pwd etc are called as utilities. I seem to not able to define what kind of things are called applications. Let's abandon GUI to make the definition more precise.
7
votes
1answer
63 views

Swap (exchange) two big files in limited environment

Let's say I have two flash memory devices 1GB capacity each. Let's also say each device contains one big file ~ 1GB size. Assuming, I have limited (64MB) RAM and no hard disk drive, what is the ...
1
vote
0answers
132 views

List/query Open X11 Display Connections?

I am hitting this bug: NEWT errors when closing sketch on Linux · Issue #1651 · processing/processing · GitHub, when using Processing on Linux (Ubuntu 11.04); my messages are: X11Util.Display: ...
1
vote
3answers
91 views

Use Unix tools to look for a definition block in an XML.

I am using an XML that has definitions in this form - <definition name="ticketOpen" extends="ticketUpdate"> <put name="title" value="Open Ticket" /> <put name="mainForm" ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Utility to tag regions of audio files

For example, say I have a recording with lots of noise and people speaking, I'd like to tag areas where people are speaking with a 1, and by default everywhere else is 0. Then save this file ...
0
votes
3answers
171 views

running an executable in parallel by dividing the input directory tree

Commands like find and grep would benefit greatly if they were to run in parallel. Is there a utility or a program that takes a command as an argument and makes it run in parallel by running multiple ...
0
votes
0answers
167 views

What's the problem with fsck.ext3?

It seems there is some problem with my HDD in my satellite box. The box records to and plays video from the HDD, but occasionally it hangs (it was stable before). It's Linux version ...
22
votes
2answers
1k views

Why use install rather cp and mkdir?

I've seen in many places used install -d to create directories and install -c to copy a file. Why not use mkdir and cp? Is there an advantage in using install?
31
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the point of the `yes` command? [duplicate]

This question concerns the yes command found in UNIX and Linux machines: Basically, what is the point (if any) and history of this tool? Are there practical applications for it? Can an example be ...
1
vote
4answers
2k views

Count tabs per line in text file with utils

I have a tab-tabulated file. I would like to check if every line has the same number of tabs. For first step, I'd like to print the number of tabs for each individual line. I've tried grep -o '\t' ...
2
votes
2answers
81 views

Is there a distribution-independent tool to autocompile+install dependencies?

I like the way e.g. ArchLinux' yaourt (or if you're not that lazy, abs+makepkg; and from what I read so far, Gentoo's ebuild as well) automatically take care of obtaining, compiling and installing ...
2
votes
2answers
106 views

When do `sort -k 2,3b` and `sort -k 2,3` differ?

The POSIX description of the -b flag for the sort command is Ignore leading characters when determining the starting and ending positions of a restricted sort key. I can understand the use for ...
5
votes
1answer
666 views

`unbuffer` or `stdbuf` for removing stdout buffering?

Is there a difference between unbuffer(1) and stdbuf(1)? From what I gather, unbuffer makes more than the "best effort" of calling the libc function set(X)buf at the beginning, and then letting things ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Checking the order of items in a shell environment variable

I am wanting to check that a certain directories always appear after other directories in an environment variable. List items are separated by a colon, as with the PATH variable. This is not simply ...
7
votes
2answers
129 views

Why is there a mix of symlinks and hardlinks in /bin?

I understand the technical difference between symlinks and hardlinks, this is a question about their use in practice, particularly I'm curious to know why both are used in seemingly similar ...
2
votes
1answer
459 views

Is there any tool to view live statistics about a Radeon GPU?

I've checked out GPU usage monitoring (CUDA), but are there similar tools for AMD/ATI cards? Or kind of universal tools? I want to check out if my applications use the 256 MB of RAM of the video card ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Where can I find some good documentation for bash printf?

man printf, info printf and printf --help are all pretty useless to me; I want an explanation of the FORMAT options. For example, I could use: printf '%s\n' foo bar and get output: foo bar From ...
4
votes
5answers
220 views

Standard unix util to split “foo.bar.baz” into “foo.bar” + “.baz”?

I want to split a string $basename, containing the output in two parts, $stem and $ext, such that: the string "${stem}${ext}" is identical to the original string $basename; either $stem or $ext may ...
0
votes
1answer
143 views

wc - setting a terminating character

I've got that far: wc --files0-from=FILE lets one get the word count of a list of files. Each entry in this list mus be terminated with an ASCII NUL character. Question: A way to set a terminating ...
1
vote
4answers
877 views

crash shell: any way to check if a command executed Successfully

I'm automating a test using crash package. Is there some thing like $?, which can be used to check if the previous command executed successfully or not inside a crash shell? For example, when ...
2
votes
1answer
151 views

Is there a text-only equivalent (no curses) of `zenity --question`?

For my mercurial commit hook, I want to run my test cases and be asked whether I really want to commit if any of the tests fail. I'm thinking something like <run-the-tests> || ...