Anything related with user accounts and user management on Unix-like systems.

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1
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1answer
3k views

Trouble adding existing user to existing group in ubuntu

I was trying to add a user called bill to www group useradd -G www bill It gives me error UX: useradd: ERROR: bill is already in use. Choose another. I checked if this user already in the group ...
1
vote
1answer
200 views

security concern around adding cron user to web application group

I have a permissions issue on my CentOS 5.6 machine with regards to the cron user. On my test/staging environment my cron user (picco-cron) is a member of one group - picco-cron, as below: ...
2
votes
1answer
175 views

Does each user get his/her own tty(s)?

I put a simple echo command in a CLI tty by user1 expecting it to reach user2 who is logged in a separate tty. echo "Hello, world!" >> /dev/tty5 I expected user2 to get the echo message but ...
3
votes
0answers
552 views

recommended procedure to create a user/group during RPM install

after trying hard to search for RPM best practices guides and finding virtually none, to my surprise, I resort to the community - I need to ensure that some users and groups exist after the ...
4
votes
1answer
316 views

Linux: Current correct/recommended use of games-group?

What is currently considered the correct/recommended/best-practice use of the games-group... As a "device group" for game-ports and joy-sticks, unassociated with the games-user (except for being one ...
2
votes
1answer
186 views

Delete every users from a group

I search a clean way to delete every users from the 'sudo' group. On several distributions the user created during the installation process has sudo rights, I don't want this. I search for an ...
1
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1answer
329 views

Can I export an NFS share with faked root privileges

I'm writing software for an embedded linux system and I'm using an NFS share as root directory. The root filesystem resides in /srv/nfs/rootfs, and it is exported using the following /etc/exports: ...
3
votes
2answers
178 views

Unix command to find files read by specific user

I would like to find files accessed by specific user (even just read) within a folder tree. I thought the find command had this option, but it actually just searches for owner user. Is there any other ...
0
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2answers
124 views

Change/Create permissions for a folder

How can I create (if the folder is new) or change (if the folder was already existent) permissions for a folder? In particular, I want to create a subdirectory in /etc/bind/ where I can put the ...
1
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2answers
1k views

Get a list of users with access to the host

I tried to go into /home and list all the subdirectories but it seems that all dirs that are not mine are hidden. I also tried cat /etc/passwd but that didn't list my very own ID I was logged in ...
5
votes
3answers
9k views

Creating an user without a password

I'm trying to create user without password like this: sudo adduser \ --system \ --shell /bin/bash \ --gecos ‘User for managing of git version control’ \ --group \ --disabled-password \ ...
2
votes
1answer
975 views

How to change the username in Ubuntu 10.10?

I want to change a username. In the prompt, which says abhishek@hello$, I want to replace abhishek with alok (i.e. alok@hello$). Is it possible to do that without reinstalling Ubuntu?
4
votes
1answer
160 views

Easiest way to manage users for two machines

I'm administrating two ubuntu desktops and one debian server. There are abount ~20 active users on the desktops. A few (5-10) user accounts are added each year and about the same amount become ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Why don't /etc/group and /etc/password match?

OK this is a basic question showing my ignorance of sysadmin matters... Looking at the UNIX system I work on, my /etc/passwd entry says my_name:x:uid:gid:comments:home directory:login shell Then ...
5
votes
3answers
6k views

Disable user shell for security reasons

We have several user accounts that we create for automated tasks that require fine-grained permissions, such as file transfer across systems, monitoring, etc. How do we lock down these user accounts ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

How to tell who is connected via vnc to my machine?

How do I check how many vnc connections or different users are currently connected to my machine? Only through wireshark? And how do I kill any other users connected through vnc?
7
votes
2answers
706 views

chown removes sticky bit: bug or feature?

Steps to reproduce: germar@host:~$ cd /tmp/ germar@host:/tmp$ touch test && chmod u+s test && ls -la test -rwSr--r-- 1 germar germar 0 Nov 2 20:11 test germar@host:/tmp$ chown ...
10
votes
1answer
435 views

Why are user IDs recycled?

The other day, I deleted a user from one of our servers. That user had the ID 1002. Today, I've added a new user to the system. To my surprise, he got the user ID 1002. Because I neglected to delete ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Difference between passwd and passwd- file [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Who creates /etc/{group,gshadow,passwd,shadow}-? I have a strange passwd- file in /etc, notice the trailing dash: root@ubuntu:~# ls /etc/passw* /etc/passwd ...
5
votes
2answers
573 views

How to disable login for an user?

My Linux has many not-human users like cron, ntp, daemon, http, etc. I want to disable anybody to login as any of this users. Real people on my machine are root and me, so only root and me should be ...
3
votes
2answers
207 views

What is the proper solution to a web server trying to write to a directory?

So, I have a box with a "deploy" user. This deploy user owns a code repository and wordpress is running on this box... When wordpress attempts to do something like upload a plugin, it is using the ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Optimal way to setup user account / accesses?

I have a (home) Ubuntu machine; upon installation I created the "x" user during the installation (who is not the root) so often when I want to run apt-get or other things that require write access to ...
1
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1answer
229 views

For an init.d startup script, what is the ideal user to use as the owner of that process

Everyone says that running processes as root is bad, since it defeats the security and privileges model. But what user should be used to run a startup process? Is it really necessary to create a new ...
4
votes
1answer
333 views

Force pubkey-auth user to set password at first login

When I create a new user account I ask users to send me a public key, and want to force users to set the password the first time they log in with keypair authentication. If I create an account with an ...
1
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3answers
183 views

User's name appears as “bash-3.0” on SSH shell

I am working on a Redhat server and one of the users' names appears as "bash-3.0" on the "SSH Secure Shell Client." His name is appearing correct under /etc/passwd. How could this happen? How can I ...
2
votes
1answer
191 views

Home folder name with Unicode characters? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Does character 'ä' in usernames cause bugs in linux systems? Is it possible to create a user with a Unicode login name (and home folder name) ? For ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Another account with same uid as root gets prompted to set new password for root, not itself

After upgrading the os from 5300-06 to 5300-11, this weird behaviour happened. My system had another unix account, let's call it "abc", purposely configured its uid to 0 for working as a root with ...
1
vote
2answers
143 views

Login to super user for running script

I have sample.sh script in /u01/dump location. I'm running it from root. My requirement is while running the sample.sh script it has to be login as oracle1 user using SU (super user) and display all ...
0
votes
2answers
728 views

How to suppress su authentication failure warning?

I created an account "diag" and set it as expired (usermod --expiredate 1). Then I have a script which I want to run to log into it, so in the script I use the following command: su -s /bin/bash - ...
0
votes
2answers
4k views

Avoid asking password if `su -m user command` is used under `user`?

If I run the script containing su -m user service userservice start under root user, I do not need to enter the password. But when I run it under user user, it asks passwords all the time. That really ...
6
votes
1answer
480 views

/etc/passwd sql with bash access

I just got a CentOS VPS and was reviewing the passwd file and saw this: mysql:x:498:499:MySQL server:/var/lib/mysql:/bin/bash Is bash necessary for mysql?
3
votes
1answer
247 views

Can linux use a mix of SHA-1 and CRYPT passwords?

We have an automated sync-routine that uses useradd to create new users on a Ubuntu 10.04 machine. The application launching the routine provided both username and CRYPT-encrypted password. However, ...
1
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1answer
233 views

Copying a directory to multiple users home dir and changing user/group ownership

On my Ubuntu server there are about 150 shell accounts. All usernames begin with the prefix u12.. I have root access and I am trying to copy a directory named "somefiles" to all the home directories. ...
6
votes
1answer
5k views

Group within group file permissions

I tried finding this on here, but couldn't so sorry if it's a duplicate. Say I have 2 groups and a user: group1, group2, user1 with the following structure: group1 is a member of group 2, user1 is a ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

SSH not landing in the home directory

I have recently installed Raspbian into a Raspberry Pi. As part of the installation process I changed the user name and group from the default (pi) to my own (let's call it user) using usermod and ...
1
vote
2answers
423 views

Can't SSH/FTP into new user account in Ubuntu?

Created new user from shell script using following command: sudo useradd $1 -p $2 --home /var/www/$1 I'm not able to login to FTP or SSH as that user, do i need to add the user to some group for ...
3
votes
2answers
748 views

Start Vim as my user with root privileges

I have my custom Vim files in ~/.vim and settings in ~/.vimrc. However, sometimes I have to edit some files in /etc and such. If I start Vim like this: $ sudo vim /etc/rc.conf I lose my config ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

In /etc/group what is the meaning of the second field?

A sample /etc/group file contains the following entries: root:*:0: adm:!:4:logcheck antoine:x:1000: The man pages I've read (Debian & OSX) says the second field is to store a group password. ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

Allow paswordless user to change to another passwordless user

I have two users dev and tomcat neither of them have a password. How can I allow dev 1 do su - tomcat without having him having to enter any credentials? 1 connects with ssh keyfile
5
votes
2answers
4k views

How do I add a guest account to Linux Mint 13?

Is there a way to add a guest login account on welcome screen of Linux Mint 13 MATE-32bits, similar to the one present in Ubuntu 12.04?
1
vote
1answer
587 views

Correct owner, group and permissions when mounting an image file

Suppose I have an image home.img of a home partition of another linux machine (B). On that machine there is a users userB and there is a special group, groupB. Consider for example a file fileB in the ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

file system uid and gid in linux

I came across a linux kernel tutorial and there they talked about 4 pairs of identifiers and one of them was file system uid and gid. Could someone explain me what it is and how it is different from ...
2
votes
1answer
257 views

What user installs a .deb package?

I am experiencing a behavior in the installation of a .deb package that I don't really understand. I have a set of "things" in my computer that I deploy to remote computers using a .deb package. I ...
2
votes
2answers
123 views

How to generate folder ownership lists for each user?

I'd like to generate several separate lists for each user in Ubuntu. The lists contains the files and folders belong to each user. Using the command following list me all the users in the system: ...
3
votes
0answers
190 views

Will a account get locked while logging in FTP mode to a remote server whose password has already expired in UNIX

I have a FTP user id to a remote server, the password for which has expired.The account is getting locked if connection is being made in FTP mode to the server with the old(expired) password. Is ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Why is /etc/passwd open to public for reading?

Is there any reason that /etc/passwd should be world-wide readable ? It's not like password hashes that shouldn't be exposed, I just want to know why.
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Limited SSH user on Ubuntu 12

I'm running Minecraft on a server. How can I give my friend SSH access just to the minecraft folder (a root folder), the screen command, and some ports?
4
votes
1answer
138 views

In crontab is it possible to specify a user from a variable?

I am trying to have the following cron executed with a certain user. U=`/usr/bin/w | grep -w :0 | awk '{ print $1 }'` */1 * * * * $U /opt/script.sh It seems the deamon doesn't know how to interpret ...
4
votes
2answers
951 views

How can I make all my processes start with niceness 5

I know that niceness values are inherited from the niceness value of the parent process, but can I globally change the default niceness value for a particular user (myself). In this case I have a ...
5
votes
1answer
450 views

Is it safe to use /bin/cat as shell for a restricted user?

I need to remontely log on to few peoples machines to do maintanance tasks, but sometimes the machines can be behind firewalls or NAT's. The way I have been doing it is to give the user advice on how ...