Anything related with user accounts and user management on Unix-like systems.

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3
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2answers
203 views

Execute command on shared account login

At work our team uses a shared account "appadmin" to administer our application. At login, each one of us sources an "aliasrc" file containing his or her preferences. (aliases, display, prompt, ...). ...
3
votes
2answers
375 views

What is nobody nobody user and group?

On my server (Synology DS212) some files and folders have nobody nobody users and groups. What are the characteristics of this user and group? Who can write of read this file? How can I change it ? ...
3
votes
3answers
59 views

Understanding a couple of points regarding root privileges

I just wanted to confirm my understanding of a couple of things related to root privileges. Is it correct that: The user name "administrator" is not a reserved name with implied privileges, it is ...
3
votes
1answer
400 views

Why does every user have his own group?

One thing I've noticed in a lot of recent distros is that users all have their own groups with the same name as their user name. What's the purpose of that? Groups are made to group users together in ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Listing users and usergroups in Raspbian

It surprised me, that no search has led me to such a simple question like this one. All I want is to get a list of users and usergroups (whatever the second thing actually is). I've found many ...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

Gives access to root user for a period of time

I want to know if it's possible to give access to root user for one week or a month, for example. It's possible to increase the period of time before the defined period ends? Is it possible to give ...
3
votes
1answer
179 views

Duplicate a user, or at least the password

I have some application that needs to create users that have the same password as others. Is there a way to do this without having to edit the /etc/shadow manually? Some sort of command?
3
votes
2answers
1k views

PHP interface to manage linux user accounts

I have a linux web & samba server. I need to give administrators access to manage minor accounts & groups. Is there a secure php web interface that can do this? I don't want to give them shell ...
3
votes
1answer
653 views

/home/user: change directory failed error

I just installed Arch reading from the Beginners' Guide on the Arch Wiki. Once I rebooted Arch, I logged into root then I added my own personal account: useradd fox then passwd fox and set my password ...
3
votes
2answers
57 views

Why does “logging out” of a session activate a newly added supplementary group? [duplicate]

I asked the following question Added user supplementary group, but 'groups(1)' not showing change earlier today. Now I'd like to know why the answer works. After running adduser user group ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

New user can't login in Linux Mint

I have created a new user in Linux Mint 12 with these commands: sudo useradd irene sudo passwd irene //Here I entered the password But if I try to login with this user, the screen goes black for a ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

User logged in by sftp does not show up in `w`

My server is Centos 5. I have a chroot environment set up with the following in my sshd_config Match group sftponly ForceCommand internal-sftp ChrootDirectory %h AllowTcpForwarding no ...
3
votes
2answers
5k views

smbpasswd failed for new Samba install on fresh Ubuntu 11.04

I've installed Samba on a fresh Ubuntu install. I run the command sudo smbpasswd -a someuser New SMB password: Retype new SMB password: Failed to add entry for user someuser. I've read that you ...
3
votes
2answers
841 views

In new users's home directory create sub-directory with a specific group and permissions

Linux will copy the the contents of /etc/skel when a new user is created. I want to have a sub-directory in each user's home directory, MyStevedore. I want this directory to have the owner be the new ...
3
votes
1answer
719 views

Set visible directories for SFTP access?

I am setting up SFTP access to one of my machines running Linux with the Dropbear SSH server. When I SFTP onto the machine remotely, I can see the entire filesystem on it, even if I might not have ...
3
votes
2answers
147 views

Is it possible to change passwords temporarily?

I have a Linux system with several users. I don't know their passwords, nor do I want to know them. I have to do a batch copy of some of their directories over SSH, with their account and password. ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I create a new user but with a home directory that already exists?

Let's say I have a user called panos and he has his home directory located at /home/panos. Then, I create a another user called Tom: adduser Tom It creates a user Tom who has home dir: /home/Tom ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Allow other user to copy the files from my folder?

I am working with Ubuntu and I have a jar file in this folder /export/home/david And I am logged in machineB as david user. Some other user is also logged in that same machine. And I want other user ...
3
votes
1answer
478 views

How to properly setup user/groups/permissions for a web server?

I spent all day figuring this out, but without success, so hopefully I can get some help here: I have Ubuntu 13.10 VPS server with nginx, PHP 5 and MariaDB installed. I created custom system user ...
3
votes
1answer
104 views

New webserver: What all user accounts should I create and permissions to provide for

This is a followup on my question here. I am setting up the first webserver and am fumbling with what user accounts to create and permissions to provide for better security. Below is what I have. ...
3
votes
2answers
169 views

Log in as one user but authenticate as another

This might be a weird question but I wonder if there are possibilities to this. When I'm configuring a system I prefer to be root so that I don't have to sudo everything. However, the root account is ...
3
votes
2answers
942 views

A question about permissions of hierarchical directories

I have some directories, with following permissions: drwxr-xr-x 18 user1 root 4096 Oct 27 11:25 /home/test1/test2 drwxr-xr-x 24 user1 root 4096 Oct 21 08:38 /home/test1 drwxr-xr-x 492 root root 12288 ...
3
votes
2answers
8k views

Will a users password expire if I set the “maxexpired” to “-1”? [maxage not 0] - AIX

So under AIX 6, according to "lsuser" the user has the following settings: maxexpired=-1 maxage=2 So this means that 2 weeks after the last password update of the user the password will expire, but ...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

Workstation-like environment across Debian clients

At our university we have a workstation-like system. It's windows XP (or Win-7 on some machines) and you can sit to any computer and log in with your credentials. It seems to be pulling some of your ...
3
votes
4answers
9k views

How do I know a specified user's permissions on Linux with root access?

I have root access to my local server. And some days ago my colleague created a user on that server, giving me the uesrname and password. But the user has a minimized permissions. Like the user can't ...
3
votes
2answers
223 views

What is the proper solution to a web server trying to write to a directory?

So, I have a box with a "deploy" user. This deploy user owns a code repository and wordpress is running on this box... When wordpress attempts to do something like upload a plugin, it is using the ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

'mysql' user and group creation, ownership settings

I know what the linux command chown does, I used it to change the ownership or group of a file. If there is a MySQL installation on a Ubuntu machine, I saw some people doing the following thing: ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How to trace a process to original user?

Say, on a Solaris server, user1 logs in, switches to someother user, say sruser, using su - and then starts a process of id X. And then another user user2 logs in, switches to sruser the same way and ...
3
votes
0answers
14 views

Where do I put my web services? [closed]

I'm administrating my server since a few year but I'm looking for good practice like: What is the best place web service like my wordpress website files? My etherpad-lite instance? Which user shall ...
3
votes
1answer
121 views

Ubuntu user disappeared from machine

Unsolved mystery - I was given a coworker's Ubuntu 12.04.1 LTS machine and set up my own (sudo/admin) user on there from the command line. I switched to my user (from his sudo/admin user) and ...
3
votes
1answer
208 views

What are the default openSUSE 13.1 user groups?

I just installed openSUSE 13.1, and I can't even start X on boot. I have to switch to another tty and type startx (after I set suid for xorg). On top of this, I can barely do anything without root ...
3
votes
0answers
844 views

recommended procedure to create a user/group during RPM install

after trying hard to search for RPM best practices guides and finding virtually none, to my surprise, I resort to the community - I need to ensure that some users and groups exist after the ...
3
votes
0answers
244 views

Will a account get locked while logging in FTP mode to a remote server whose password has already expired in UNIX

I have a FTP user id to a remote server, the password for which has expired.The account is getting locked if connection is being made in FTP mode to the server with the old(expired) password. Is ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How do I add a local user to a box that uses LDAP authenticaiton?

I'm working with a box that uses LDAP for user authentication. However, I need to add a local user to run some services and I don't want non-person users junking up the LDAP directory. Does anyone ...
2
votes
3answers
979 views

What mechanism prevents any user from accessing any other user's files via root?

On a multi-user system, what protects against any user accessing any other users files via root? As context, the question is based on my understanding as follows: There are two commands related to ...
2
votes
4answers
271 views

Is there a way to show the history of the commands used in the shell?

If my Linux installation has three registered user accounts, is possible to check the history of the commands introduced by each one, and how?
2
votes
4answers
307 views

Moving a directory from a user to another user, keeping the correct permissions

Let's suppose we have to users: alice and bob. Now Bob wants to move Alice's ~/Documents directory into his home folder. What's the best workflow to do that, updating the permissions (from Alice to ...
2
votes
3answers
162 views

How to determine users connected ssh

I want to see how many users are connected to a PC to see who is gonna see the message when I do for example: echo hello users! | wall
2
votes
6answers
2k views

sort ls output by users

On Linux, is there a way to sort ls output by users? What I try to achieve is something like this: user_a   file1 user_a   file2 user_b   another_file user_c   this_file user_c ...
2
votes
2answers
298 views

using chown in linux

I want to assign www-data user full rights in folder /var/www/ and all of the files inside this folder. I have tried chown www-data /var/www/
2
votes
2answers
2k views

How to get hashed password in /etc/shadow using getpwnam()?

Apparently there is a function (getpwnam) that given a username, will return the appropriate entry in /etc/passwd with the other details for that user (shell, uid, gid, etc.). However, I have no idea ...
2
votes
5answers
16k views

What is the command for listing all users who are members of the admin group?

I am looking for the name of the superusers list on Fedora. (On Ubuntu is seems to be "sudo".) I want to add one of the users to the superusers list. The groups command only lists the groups of the ...
2
votes
4answers
71 views

How to find out which package a user belongs to?

In Linux distributions, some packages create user accounts. How can I determine which package created a given user? I want to know specifically for Fedora and Ubuntu, but answers for other ...
2
votes
4answers
629 views

delete a system user account if daemon is no longer needed?

In an unusual scenario, I have to get rid of a specific system user account called 'lp' (line printing deamon) on an openSUSE system. Can I just comment out the line for that account in /etc/passwd ...
2
votes
1answer
410 views

How to create a sudo user that cannot delete me?

I'm sudoer on a remote linux machine and would like to create another user with the maximum privileges, except the privilege of managing my account. I'm assuming a sudoer can delete or change the ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Directory/files owned by a non-existent user

A user has created a directory with files, but the user does not exist in /etc/passwd or /etc/group. The system is a Fedora server with an FTP server and proxy which redirects to a CentOS server with ...
2
votes
1answer
29k views

How can I create an SFTP user in CentOS?

I'd like to give temporary SFTP access to a support guy. How do I create an SFTP user? And how can I delete it once the job is done? Also, how do I specify a home directory for them? Can I prevent ...
2
votes
3answers
16k views

usermod -d /path user - User is currently logged in

good Day I want to make a change to a user on my CENTOS server. I want to change his default directory. When running the command: usermod -d /path_to_new_dir david terminal gives me the following ...
2
votes
4answers
3k views

Allow paswordless user to change to another passwordless user

I have two users dev and tomcat neither of them have a password. How can I allow dev 1 do su - tomcat without having him having to enter any credentials? 1 connects with ssh keyfile
2
votes
4answers
838 views

different shell for root and non-root user

When I ssh as root, my shell is bash, but when it's a non-root user it is sh. How can I make them both to use bash? This actually goes against the logic in this question: Why root's default shell is ...