Anything related with user accounts and user management on Unix-like systems.

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3
votes
3answers
2k views

What command should I run after making changes to /etc/passwd file

I have made some changes to /etc/passwd file ,now I wanted to see if the effect of changes taken place or not .What command should I run for that. For example after making change to ...
0
votes
2answers
318 views

How to change user name

I somehow changed my prompt (PS1) from [mpatil@localhost ~]$ to bash-4.1$. I also have changed my user mpatil's home directory from /home/mpatil to /home/algo. Now some applications are not working ...
1
vote
3answers
55 views

How to find from what computer I connected to a current server

I often work on one of available to me Linux/HP-UX servers (let's say it is server1) and then do ssh server2 ((let's say it is server2)) and start working on another Linux/HP-UX server. Then I can ...
3
votes
2answers
6k views

su - user doesn't work for users without a password

I've created a user on CentOS with useradd -M username. Now, I want to become that user just like su - username. It asks me for a password for that user but I didn't set a password for that user. As ...
11
votes
4answers
3k views

What are the dangers of creating a normal user with UID < 500?

What are the dangers of creating a normal user with UID < 500? Assuming the UID's are not duplicates of existing UID's, what could go wrong? This is not something that I want to do, but something ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

deleted user is still an option in gnome login in Debian 6

I'm running Debian 6.0.8. I misnamed the original username I wanted, so I made a new user with the proper username. On the gnome log on screen, I see two users of the same name (the login screen ...
0
votes
2answers
100 views

Local mail delivery not working

We are using RHEL 6.1 server. We need to send a mail from server to local domain (tcs.com). we are using mail command for this purpose. [bsoauser@hsluabsoa ~]$ echo "hi" | mail -s "test" ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

Setting default username and group for files in directory

Using this helpful post I am able to set a default group and file permissions in a folder. I'm having trouble setting a default owner (teamlead uid 1234). setfacl -d -m g::rwx /my/test/folder ...
0
votes
4answers
8k views

New user with root access in Linux Debian

I've created a new user by using "User Accounts" in "System Settings". How do I grant rights so that this new user can have the same level of access as root?
2
votes
1answer
128 views

Shell Script for collecting user login dates

I'm having trouble making a shell script that will make a list of all the dates when users log in. I want the most recent entries to be on the top (because I know if you just use date >> ...
4
votes
2answers
7k views

Proper way of changing username in Ubuntu or any linux

I am using Ubuntu 12.04 and made some customization. I will also make it a new iso which is customized ubuntu. What I want to ask is how can I change my username. There are plenty much configuration ...
2
votes
2answers
450 views

talkd doesn't print a message

I wanted to use talk with my brother (we both have Debian jessie). So i installed inetutils-inetd, inetutils-talk, and inetutils-talkd. Now i wanted to try wether it works. So i created a testuser ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I sftp to a server if the username contains @ symbol

I have to sftp to a server to a specific port but the username contains the @ symbol. suppose the user is "user@domain.com" and the ftp server is just "domain.com" I will end with sftp -oPort:8777 ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

How to check where users come from? [duplicate]

w command displays useful information about where users come from and what are they doing. A example of its output is: ~ $ w -V procps version 3.2.8 ~ $ w 13:53:14 up 164 days, 3:12, 5 users, ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

Why do I see myself twice when I run the who command? [duplicate]

When I run who on my ubuntu laptop I see myself listed twice. Once with pts/0 and once with pts/2. Why is that?
3
votes
2answers
57 views

Why does “logging out” of a session activate a newly added supplementary group? [duplicate]

I asked the following question Added user supplementary group, but 'groups(1)' not showing change earlier today. Now I'd like to know why the answer works. After running adduser user group ...
0
votes
1answer
258 views

Added user supplementary group, but 'groups(1)' not showing change [duplicate]

I'm trying to add myself to the fuse user group but it doesn't look like the change is taking effect even though /etc/group looks correct after invoking addgroup or usermod. I've tried both ... sudo ...
2
votes
1answer
430 views

how can we know which pts in /dev/pts mapping to which ip address?

Can anyone explain , how can we detect which ssh session belong to which ip address using /dev/pts directory ?
4
votes
2answers
305 views

How do I execute a command on login for a system user with no home folder and no personal .bashrc file?

I set these users' home folders through the /etc/passwd file, but when they log in I would like them to activate a python virtualenv. If they had a personal .bashrc file, I'd just include the activate ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

How do I set a newly created user account to NOT prompt the user to change their password?

I created a new user account, but the user is prompted to change their password on first login. I don't want them to change their password, I want them to use the password they were assigned. How do ...
1
vote
1answer
119 views

Linux statistics script (Google analytics-like)

We own a few servers, each with about 100 users on it, some with 1 domain, some with a few. I'm looking for a script which runs in the background which can provide information about which users uses ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

New webserver: What all user accounts should I create and permissions to provide for

This is a followup on my question here. I am setting up the first webserver and am fumbling with what user accounts to create and permissions to provide for better security. Below is what I have. ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

permission on a user I added locally

I added a user to my Mint (Ubuntu) Desktop so that he could ftp files that I can share – I am peter he is john, so we have /home/peter and /home/john. I want to have full permissions on his home ...
1
vote
0answers
76 views

How come the postfix user can't even read its own files?

I have a Postfix configuration file. Let's assume it's named /etc/postfix/somefile.cf. I have run the following command as root to change ownership of the file to the postfix (105) user: ...
1
vote
1answer
240 views

Remove user space quota in Ubuntu 12.04?

I'm trying to install Unity3D but I only have 1.5GB (EDIT: I forgot to mention this is what the Unity3D installer says, but I have also had problems with downloading things of large sizes) free space ...
12
votes
1answer
850 views

How to tell sudo to repeat lecture once?

I'm letting one of my coding buddies have root access to my Raspberry Pi, and as I was getting everything set up, I tested sudo as him. It gave me "the speech": We trust you have received the ...
0
votes
3answers
408 views

How to stop regular users from Switching Users

I want to stop the normal users from using following commands /bin/bash /usr/bin/sudo /bin/su I added them in sudoers file but normal user can still use the following command This is how i add the ...
5
votes
1answer
12k views

Samba share permission denied user writing file but still shows

Very strange issue... Samba share on remote: [javaerpm] path = /u/abas/erpm/java force user = erpm guest ok = yes read only = no writeable = yes Mount command on local using ...
2
votes
2answers
5k views

How to change file owner in AIX?

How can I change a owner of a file in AIX? I created a file using my personal account and then I tried to change user for this file: chown rootuser myfile.csv chown: myfile.csv: Operation not ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

How to find a file with specific permission of a specific user?

How do I get a list of all the files which permission is "read and write" for a specific user. For example, when I go on the desktop of my mac, then right click on file "A", then "get info", then on ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How can a user run a program in kernel mode?

Is it possible for a user to run their own program in kernel mode? How could a user accomplish this? What weakness in the system's protection mechanism would they have to bypass? I'm thinking that a ...
2
votes
3answers
214 views

How to create a user account with specific permissions?

I want to create a unix user account with specific permissions: this user must be able to install software, but can't remove software. Furthermore, when the user logs in, root must receive a ...
2
votes
2answers
306 views

Execute user script as root in startup applications

I just created a script (logscreenlock) to log lock/unlock screen events (derived from this post): #! /bin/bash dbus-monitor --session "type='signal',interface='org.gnome.ScreenSaver'" | ( while ...
2
votes
2answers
577 views

What does the `who` command result `root :0` mean?

The return value of command who will always include root :0 in X Window pts. I guess it actually means the GNOME login. Am I right? Another question is where to get this knowledge, as I don't see it ...
2
votes
1answer
376 views

Sendmail can't find local users (with uppercase letters)

Sendmail works through sending to a smarthost, but can't find local users. # sendmail -bv LocalUser@myhost.net LocalUser@myhost.net... User unknown # grep LocalUser /var/log/maillog Sep 8 03:48:30 ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

When is an account displayed on the Unity login screen?

What are the exact rules for an account to be offered for login on the Unity login screen? I figured out: Locked accounts are still displayed Without password are still displayed Marked as ...
4
votes
4answers
172 views

“Who” prints duplicated usernames

This is result of who -uH: NAME LINE TIME IDLE PID COMMENT me :0 2013-08-29 01:29 ? 1686 (:0) me pts/0 2013-08-29 01:42 old ...
24
votes
2answers
848 views

Why did a new user inherit files from a deleted user?

So I had to do an exercise in a book as homework. First you had to create a user like: useradd -c "Steven Baxter" -s "/bin/sh" sbaxter Then you had to add some files to the /home/sbaxter directory: ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

What part of the Linux kernel determines the execution order of userland apps? [closed]

Stripping the source, I can't pinpoint which part of the kernel sets and manages the userland apps, and how it does it. For example, in the Linux main source, is the procedure have options to set ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Create user who can only access one directory [duplicate]

I would like to create a user that only has access to one folder and nothing else whatsoever. I have already created a user but he has access to other parts of the system according to corresponding ...
2
votes
0answers
3k views

Permission denied for user accessing mount

Using root I can mount another Linux share no problem. root@crunchbang:/mnt# mkdir javalib root@crunchbang:/mnt# mount -t cifs //10.1.3.7/javalib ./javalib -o username=guest Root can read/write to ...
0
votes
1answer
293 views

Why the non-root user can't login with a key in putty? [duplicate]

I read an article and found it very useful: http://www.howtoforge.com/ssh_key_based_logins_putty I made two key pairs for root and the other user. But it only works for root When it comes to the ...
3
votes
4answers
4k views

How do I know a specified user's permissions on Linux with root access?

I have root access to my local server. And some days ago my colleague created a user on that server, giving me the uesrname and password. But the user has a minimized permissions. Like the user can't ...
3
votes
2answers
157 views

Log in as one user but authenticate as another

This might be a weird question but I wonder if there are possibilities to this. When I'm configuring a system I prefer to be root so that I don't have to sudo everything. However, the root account is ...
1
vote
3answers
130 views

Renaming the system users bin and man without doing harm?

In my setup I need to rename the Linux system users man and bin because I need the usernames for humans. I'm using Ubuntu 12.04. I know that I have to change /etc/passwd, /etc/shadow, etc. But when ...
1
vote
1answer
430 views

halt, poweroff, shutdown, reboot don't require root?

For some reason, I can run halt, poweroff, shutdown, and reboot as a regular user without root. How can I fix this? Is it something to do with user groups, or is it a seting somewhere?
4
votes
3answers
10k views

Restrict FTP user to a directory

Sorry if this is an obvious question, but I don't have a lot of knowledge about this sort of thing, and I've googled for hours, nothing worked. So on a Ubuntu 11.04 server, I want to restrict a user ...
4
votes
1answer
126 views

Where are passwords stored and how are they encrypted in OS X?

I know that on a Linux system passwords are stored in /etc/shadow and are salted and encrypted using a one way hashing algorithm like MD5, SHA-256 or SHA-512. It looks like there is no /etc/shadow ...
7
votes
2answers
340 views

With which user should I run web servers, redis & mongodb?

On this VPS there are three users: root, another_one, nobody. All webserver files, configs, &c. are owned by root. However, I'm in doubt for what regards running things. If I use root for the web ...
2
votes
4answers
527 views

delete a system user account if daemon is no longer needed?

In an unusual scenario, I have to get rid of a specific system user account called 'lp' (line printing deamon) on an openSUSE system. Can I just comment out the line for that account in /etc/passwd ...