Anything related with user accounts and user management on Unix-like systems.

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3
votes
3answers
3k views

Why is file ownership inconsistent between two systems mounting the same NFS share?

I have one IBM AIX server (serverA) which is connected to the san storage. I have created a volume group and also file system (jfs2) and mounted to directory /profit. After that I created a NFS ...
3
votes
1answer
148 views

Is running programs as another user useful?

After watching a talk by Douglas Crockford on security where he talks about how browsers got the right answer to the question "Who's interest does the program represent?", I wondered if it was ...
1
vote
1answer
552 views

Allow all group members to create directories and files

There are 2 users sftp_user apache Both users belong to the updaters group as well as other groups. New directories and files are created in the /updates/ directory. drwxrwsr-x 8 sftp updaters ...
1
vote
4answers
2k views

Changing user while scp

I need to copy file between Linux machines. The problem that the user I use to login (myuser), is different from the user that can access the file. If I just ssh to the machine, I can switch the user ...
1
vote
2answers
93 views

understanding how to run script securely as limited user

I'm a long time dev but linux newbie. I've been building this (http://tryperl.com) to learn linux. So, my question is just about some *nix stuff I don't fully grok. One of the things I want to do is ...
0
votes
0answers
116 views

Creating a Safe Web Server

Web server hosts multiple websites. Multiple users update each website. User home directory /home/user1 /home/user2 Web directory /var/www/site1 /var/www/site2 Each user uses SFTP to upload ...
1
vote
5answers
2k views

Hiding User from Last Command

Is there any way to hide a particular user's login entry from other users who run the last command?
3
votes
1answer
342 views

Is there a way to find out how many instances of the root user are logged into a Linux machine?

We have a handful of users that login to our Linux virtual machine as root either through the vSphere client or through SSH and I want to see if there is a way to tell if multiple root users are ...
2
votes
1answer
154 views

How do I stop Apache from running as root?

New on the job, small place, and the security stuff just landed on my desk. I was hired to be a front-end developer. Happy to learn new things, but never had to do sysadmin stuff before. I started ...
0
votes
0answers
136 views

Buildroot: Unknown own user

I crated an image with buildroot. Everything went smooth. When I untarred the bz2 image in vmware and tried to boot into it then I observed an issue, in which, system is unable to recognize any user, ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

What is the source of truth for currently active tty/pts connections?

I'm looking for a simple way to determine the number of currently logged in users, using only the filesystem and basic bash functions (instead of using binaries). The uptime binary appears to be ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Securely running LAMP under a specific user

I'm setting up a sandbox type of server that will be used by a couple users as a development environment and knowledge base. The server will have a web frontend so I've installed Apache, MySQL and ...
7
votes
1answer
477 views

How to stop users from Switching to Root user

I have disabled the root user login from Sshd.conf file so now no one can login using root user even if they know the password SOMEHOW. Now I have 3 users in server ROOT,EMERG and ORACLE. I want to ...
0
votes
1answer
197 views

Single-user binary installation location?

I'd like to install a binary for only my user, because I don't have root, and therefore don't have access to /usr/bin. I've tried ~/bin, and it can't find the binary. I'm on Mac OS 10.6.7. Is there ...
0
votes
1answer
216 views

SSH minimal rights user - su only [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Creating a UNIX account which only executes one command I am trying to setup a user account that only has as minimal rights as possible. The user should be able to log ...
0
votes
0answers
271 views

How to switch user if the Screen is Lock

Sometime this happen that when I had to do something on server I find that the screen is lock and I dont know the password of that user to unlock it and switch the user. So i need to know that How to ...
2
votes
2answers
40 views

Applying and linking all settings/binaries of one user to another user in Linux

In a linux machine, we may have to compile our programs with respect to that linux machine. Now, if we already have some other users (not root. A typical user.) who have already compiled many ...
1
vote
3answers
469 views

Linux Kernel: uid and gid vs /etc/passwd

How does the Linux kernel deal with UIDs and GIDs? When I want to add a user to a system, does the kernel require some type of "registration" for this user (syscall?)? Does the kernel even care about ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

How to restore the user postgres?

In the second answer in this thread is a warning about changing the UNIX password for "postgres". I have already changed the password for "postgres". How could I restore the initially state of the ...
4
votes
2answers
85 views

Is it a good practice to have different users for different contexts?

I'm a software developer and I have a new laptop with Ubuntu. I plan to set up this laptop as a development workstation where I'll do my professional work (for my company) and also I'll develop some ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

Is it possible to log directly into chroot?

Lets say I boot up my computer and I see the login screen. When I log in as myuser, I want to be restricted to a certain root directory via. chroot. Let's assume that the directory is ...
3
votes
1answer
738 views

How to clear the last -10 info?

How to clear the last -10 information only for a Linux system? I tried to execute the command > /var/log/wtmp to clear the last info, but it clears the whole login info , but I need to clear only ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Force the owner and group for the contents of a tar file?

I would like to create a tar file with contents belonging to an owner:group pair who do not exist on the system from which the file is being made. Here's the direction I've tried: tar ca ...
11
votes
3answers
12k views

Which users are allowed to log in via SSH by default?

When I set up my Debian 6, I was wondering, which users apart from root whose password I know can log into my system via SSH? When I install Apache 2 a user called www-data gets created. Does this ...
12
votes
1answer
1k views

Can one PC be used by two users at the same time via dual-monitor?

Since modern PCs can use two screens at the same time I wonder if it is possible to plug in two keyboards and mouses as well to have the two screens run two (more or less) independent X-sessions at ...
1
vote
2answers
497 views

How to check how many Oracle user sessions are running

I need to check how many users are connected to server for specific applications through a browser. I'm mainly interested in Oracle. My server runs RHEL.
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Trouble adding existing user to existing group in ubuntu

I was trying to add a user called bill to www group useradd -G www bill It gives me error UX: useradd: ERROR: bill is already in use. Choose another. I checked if this user already in the group ...
2
votes
1answer
163 views

Does each user get his/her own tty(s)?

I put a simple echo command in a CLI tty by user1 expecting it to reach user2 who is logged in a separate tty. echo "Hello, world!" >> /dev/tty5 I expected user2 to get the echo message but ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Why can't I use arrow keys in terminal on Debian 6? (nonroot)

When I am on a non-root user I cannot use ↑/↓ to list my previous commands, and if I am typing I can't use ←/→ to say, add in a directory or to correct the ...
3
votes
0answers
345 views

recommended procedure to create a user/group during RPM install

after trying hard to search for RPM best practices guides and finding virtually none, to my surprise, I resort to the community - I need to ensure that some users and groups exist after the ...
3
votes
1answer
228 views

Linux: Current correct/recommended use of games-group?

What is currently considered the correct/recommended/best-practice use of the games-group... As a "device group" for game-ports and joy-sticks, unassociated with the games-user (except for being one ...
2
votes
1answer
163 views

Delete every users from a group

I search a clean way to delete every users from the 'sudo' group. On several distributions the user created during the installation process has sudo rights, I don't want this. I search for an ...
1
vote
1answer
289 views

Can I export an NFS share with faked root privileges

I'm writing software for an embedded linux system and I'm using an NFS share as root directory. The root filesystem resides in /srv/nfs/rootfs, and it is exported using the following /etc/exports: ...
3
votes
2answers
171 views

Unix command to find files read by specific user

I would like to find files accessed by specific user (even just read) within a folder tree. I thought the find command had this option, but it actually just searches for owner user. Is there any other ...
0
votes
2answers
112 views

Change/Create permissions for a folder

How can I create (if the folder is new) or change (if the folder was already existent) permissions for a folder? In particular, I want to create a subdirectory in /etc/bind/ where I can put the ...
1
vote
2answers
570 views

Get a list of users with access to the host

I tried to go into /home and list all the subdirectories but it seems that all dirs that are not mine are hidden. I also tried cat /etc/passwd but that didn't list my very own ID I was logged in ...
3
votes
2answers
5k views

Creating an user without a password

I'm trying to create user without password like this: sudo adduser \ --system \ --shell /bin/bash \ --gecos ‘User for managing of git version control’ \ --group \ --disabled-password \ ...
2
votes
1answer
840 views

How to change the username in Ubuntu 10.10?

I want to change a username. In the prompt, which says abhishek@hello$, I want to replace abhishek with alok (i.e. alok@hello$). Is it possible to do that without reinstalling Ubuntu?
1
vote
1answer
338 views

Is there a shorter way to change username, home directory and move files at the same time

I wanted to use and have tried sudo usermod durrantm_test -mdl durrantm_test2 but I get Usage: usermod [options] LOGIN ... However sudo usermod durrantm_test -l durrantm_test2 -md ...
2
votes
2answers
374 views

Unix executable file permission vs runtime user's permissions

I have heard that it is good practice to run an executable as a user with a completely different privilege set than the owner of the task. In fact I heard that it is best to run it as a different user ...
2
votes
1answer
322 views

Why am I not able to login directly using SSH

Suppose, the server address is abcd.com. On my local machine at my workplace, I have to login to that server, using ssh <my employeeid>@abcd.com Then, to login to user myname , I have to use ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

new user can't login in Mint

I have created a new user in Mint 12, with this commands: sudo useradd irene sudo passwd irene //here I entered the password But if I try to login with this user the screen goes black for a ...
4
votes
1answer
146 views

Easiest way to manage users for two machines

I'm administrating two ubuntu desktops and one debian server. There are abount ~20 active users on the desktops. A few (5-10) user accounts are added each year and about the same amount become ...
4
votes
2answers
713 views

Why don't /etc/group and /etc/password match?

OK this is a basic question showing my ignorance of sysadmin matters... Looking at the UNIX system I work on, my /etc/passwd entry says my_name:x:uid:gid:comments:home directory:login shell Then ...
4
votes
3answers
4k views

Disable user shell for security reasons

We have several user accounts that we create for automated tasks that require fine-grained permissions, such as file transfer across systems, monitoring, etc. How do we lock down these user accounts ...
3
votes
2answers
668 views

Bash is not fully functional for a new user

I just created a new user on my system using useradd -d /home/users/john -m john (Using Ubuntu 11.04). This worked fine, but when I changed to john, my bash is not fully functional. That is, it has no ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

How to tell who is connected via vnc to my machine?

How do I check how many vnc connections or different users are currently connected to my machine? Only through wireshark? And how do I kill any other users connected through vnc?
9
votes
1answer
367 views

Why are user IDs recycled?

The other day, I deleted a user from one of our servers. That user had the ID 1002. Today, I've added a new user to the system. To my surprise, he got the user ID 1002. Because I neglected to delete ...
7
votes
2answers
565 views

chown removes sticky bit: bug or feature?

Steps to reproduce: germar@host:~$ cd /tmp/ germar@host:/tmp$ touch test && chmod u+s test && ls -la test -rwSr--r-- 1 germar germar 0 Nov 2 20:11 test germar@host:/tmp$ chown ...
0
votes
1answer
796 views

Difference between passwd and passwd- file [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Who creates /etc/{group,gshadow,passwd,shadow}-? I have a strange passwd- file in /etc, notice the trailing dash: root@ubuntu:~# ls /etc/passw* /etc/passwd ...