Anything related with user accounts and user management on Unix-like systems.

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4
votes
2answers
1k views

How to see who is logged on to many workstations?

Before I go to work creating my own I would like to find an existing system to do the following: Provide a concise list of users logged on to any of the workstations Show workstation host name, IP, ...
4
votes
1answer
570 views

Why do I need to use newgrp or su (or logout and login again) to have new group memberships applied?

What is it that makes new group membership require a new login (or new login shell as started by su or newgrp) to be visible? Just running another bash (or whatever other shell) instance with --login ...
7
votes
2answers
5k views

Why is sudo telling me my password is wrong?

I recently installed OpenBSD 4.9 in my computer, so I could learn a little bit about Unix-like operating systems. I added a new user to the system called bruno. Ok. When I use the 'sudo' command, it ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Why can't I use arrow keys in terminal on Debian 6? (nonroot)

When I am on a non-root user I cannot use ↑/↓ to list my previous commands, and if I am typing I can't use ←/→ to say, add in a directory or to correct the ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Once sudo su'd to root, is there a command to see my username?

I have sudo rights on a redhat box; once I've sudo su - to become root in a shell, are there any commands I can run to see what username I su'd FROM?
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Disk usage summary per user

Is there a way to get the disk usage per user under a given path? du doesn't seem to have an option to aggregate disk usage per user, and df only seems to report how much disk is left on the drive. ...
4
votes
2answers
114 views

Fully seperate two accounts without installing seperate operating systems?

Our class is finally installing Mint Linux on our machines. The problem is our teacher is scared that we'll play war games against the two classes that use the computers. His solution is to install ...
2
votes
1answer
320 views

Verify that /etc/passwd has correct number of fields on each line?

I'm looking for an easy, portable way to validate the number of fields in /etc/passwd, /etc/shadow, /etc/group and /etc/master.passwd. This would run on FreeBSD, Linux and other Un*xes. pwck does ...
1
vote
0answers
166 views

User Acces restrict to only one folder

I am trying to establsih SFTP User rights at a server to only one folder, following the guidelines here: ...
1
vote
1answer
674 views

How to copy files as Jenkins “post build” action if i don't have privileges to destination directory

I have the following users "architecture" : root access is disabled. admin user have access only to its home directory. Apache runs as root service (root is the only one that have access to ...
1
vote
3answers
6k views

Get environment variable of other user [closed]

Is there a way I can see the environment variable of an other user? I want to do that as root, so permissions won't be a problem I guess. For the user himself, I use echo $PATH or set | grep PATH ...
1
vote
2answers
386 views

Changing username but not home directory

Is it a bad idea to do usermod -l login-name old-name to change my username while leaving my home directory name intact? A few years ago my university changed my username, but since it didn't affect ...
1
vote
1answer
8k views

switching from user to root and revers (FreeBSD)

I want to make some modification with root and then with my user, in fact I want to install sudo and he give me the error in the first step: cd /usr/ports/security/sudo make install clean ...
11
votes
4answers
4k views

What are the dangers of creating a normal user with UID < 500?

What are the dangers of creating a normal user with UID < 500? Assuming the UID's are not duplicates of existing UID's, what could go wrong? This is not something that I want to do, but something ...
7
votes
1answer
937 views

Why root's default shell is configured differently with other normal user account's default shell?

As I know, root's default shell is configured csh and normal user's default shell is sh in FreeBSD. And in Ubuntu, root is dash, normal user is bash. (refer: What's the Ubuntu's default shell?) Why ...
5
votes
2answers
333 views

How to control the time that users spend on

I need a solution that allows me to control the time that each user spend on the computer, excluding idle time (some kind of parental control). I've tried timekpr, but it doesn't work on Ubuntu 13.10. ...
4
votes
3answers
972 views

Restrict user access in linux

I'm creating a new user with the following details: useradd -d /var/www/html/testuser.com -G users testuser I proceed by creating a new password for the user and attempt to login via SSH, I land on ...
4
votes
2answers
210 views

Why are newly created users assigned to primary groups of their usernames?

I've noticed that on a number of linux distributions that whenever a new user is created, it is assigned to a primary group of its own name. eg. If i create a user called "testuser", by default it is ...
4
votes
2answers
337 views

Understanding getlogin()

I think the previous iteration of this question was a little bit like a carpet bomb of questions, so that may have turned people off to it (to the point of almost being flagged for removal) so I'll ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

How to set permissions in /sys/ permanent?

I'm starting X as a user and need to set my keyboard brightness in /sys/class/leds/asus\:\:kbd_backlight/brightness. The /sys/ directory gets recreated after reboot, so the permissions will reset too. ...
3
votes
2answers
985 views

A question about permissions of hierarchical directories

I have some directories, with following permissions: drwxr-xr-x 18 user1 root 4096 Oct 27 11:25 /home/test1/test2 drwxr-xr-x 24 user1 root 4096 Oct 21 08:38 /home/test1 drwxr-xr-x 492 root root 12288 ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

Reset all groups to default

I recently set up some groups and users on my machine, and now I want to remove all those users and all those groups. Somewhat stupidly, I read on an Ubuntu forum or something like that that it was ...
2
votes
2answers
56 views

How does one permissibly access files on non-booted system's user's home folder?

I have a dual boot system with Mint 17.1 and Centos 6.6 I want to access a file in my CentOS user's home directory from Mint. (I cannot boot CentOS right now.) What is a clean/standard method for ...
2
votes
1answer
163 views

Adding a user to a group by default

I have a group that all users on the system share. The group name is common and it is to allow for a universal fileshare for everyone on the machine. How would I make it so that all new users are ...
2
votes
1answer
388 views

Unable to preserve ownership in a copy but able with a move?

I have noticed that I am unable to preserve ownership if I rsync -o files. However, I am when I move them. This is all without admin privileges. What is the rationale of this? Several threads e.g. ...
2
votes
1answer
10k views

Changing user and group ID system wide (including file system attributes)?

(this question possibly related to Linux: simulating/masking user ownership upon mount of 'external' partitions? - Stack Overflow) I typically use Ubuntu (currently 11.04) as my desktop OS; let's say ...
2
votes
4answers
963 views

different shell for root and non-root user

When I ssh as root, my shell is bash, but when it's a non-root user it is sh. How can I make them both to use bash? This actually goes against the logic in this question: Why root's default shell is ...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

backup user accounts without giving a home directory to them

I am reinstalling the older Ubuntu machines with the latest RHEL 6.0 in servers. I have /etc/passwd and /etc/group and /etc/shadow file backed up for the list of user accounts that I need to create ...
1
vote
2answers
515 views

I can not log into Ubuntu 12.04

by ignorance and error I renamed the user_name of the directory /home/, called frank_account (home/frank_account) to sixven(/home/sixven) (using gksudo nautilus). Restarting Ubuntu, I get 3 users: ...
1
vote
2answers
33 views

Backup server users creation

I have a RHEL server which acts as the web server for all the users (around 1000 users). Now, I have a backup script which backs up the data (all data inside /home folder) into an external HDD. This ...
1
vote
4answers
8k views

What type of permissions should a user's home directory and files have?

I'm working with a fresh install of Ubuntu 12.04 and I've just added a new user: useradd -m testuser I thought that the -m flag to create a home directory for users was pretty standard, but now ...
1
vote
1answer
462 views

Is there a shorter way to change username, home directory and move files at the same time

I wanted to use and have tried sudo usermod durrantm_test -mdl durrantm_test2 but I get Usage: usermod [options] LOGIN ... However sudo usermod durrantm_test -l durrantm_test2 -md ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Allow non-root process to access all home directories without compromising security?

Any ideas how to allow one non-root process to access (read&write) all home directories without compromising security? Normal users should not have access to each other's home directories. All ...
1
vote
2answers
131 views

How would you create a user with the HOME_DIR field in /etc/passwd completely blank?

Closest I can come is: useradd --home / -r --shell /sbin/nologin someuser But this creates an entry into /etc/htpasswd that looks something like this: someuser:x:100:100::/:/sbin/nologin I want ...
0
votes
1answer
556 views

SCP without password prompt using different username [duplicate]

I have 2 servers, Server1 and Server2. On Server1 I have a user named user1. On Server2 I have the user named user2. I need to be able to write a script that runs on Server1, which will scp some ...
0
votes
1answer
922 views

Grant FTP access to specific directory

I have setup CentOS on a box on my local network and installed httpd, PHP, Webmin (and UserMin) etc. I opted for ProFTPd and have opened up ports for FTP, Webmin and Apache. I can now access Webmin ...
0
votes
1answer
618 views

Single-user binary installation location?

I'd like to install a binary for only my user, because I don't have root, and therefore don't have access to /usr/bin. I've tried ~/bin, and it can't find the binary. I'm on Mac OS 10.6.7. Is there ...