Anything related with user accounts and user management on Unix-like systems.

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4
votes
1answer
1k views

How to clear the last -10 info?

How to clear the last -10 information only for a Linux system? I tried to execute the command > /var/log/wtmp to clear the last info, but it clears the whole login info , but I need to clear only ...
3
votes
2answers
5k views

New user can't login in Linux Mint

I have created a new user in Linux Mint 12 with these commands: sudo useradd irene sudo passwd irene //Here I entered the password But if I try to login with this user, the screen goes black for a ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Allow non-root process to access all home directories without compromising security?

Any ideas how to allow one non-root process to access (read&write) all home directories without compromising security? Normal users should not have access to each other's home directories. All ...
2
votes
3answers
137 views

Is unix good with many users/groups?

If I have 10,000 webapps on my server and I'd like enhanced permissions and make a user for every app (/var/www/NAME will have a matching /tmp/www/NAME), will everything be fine or will problems occur ...
1
vote
2answers
7k views

Changing user in a script?

I am trying to change user in order to execute a specific command during startup. It fails silently and apparently the userchange isn't carried out as I can tell that the command isn't executed. What ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

How to mass change password attributes in AIX uname -rv=3 5 for all users but root

I want to do a mass change on all users but root in AIX for the following "password attributes": Weeks before password reuse: 15 Password min length: 6 Can it be done, or do I need to do them one ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How do I stop Apache from running as root?

New on the job, small place, and the security stuff just landed on my desk. I was hired to be a front-end developer. Happy to learn new things, but never had to do sysadmin stuff before. I started ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Ubuntu 11.10 Server: create user, home directory, sudo privileges: command line only

I have a rackspace server and I'm having problems with configuration. I need to lock it down and throw away the key, because right now I can only login with root to do anything substantial. I also am ...
10
votes
3answers
26k views

Can I search bash history across all users on a server?

I want to see all bash commands that have been run on a Linux server across multiple user accounts. The specific distribution I'm using is CentOS 5.7. Is there a way to globally search .bash_history ...
31
votes
2answers
88k views

What user should apache and PHP be running as? What permissions should /var/www files have?

I just spun up an Ubuntu 11.10 box and then ran apt-get install apache2 php5 to install apache2 and PHP 5 on the box. Now it is functioning as a "web server" and it loads the "It Works!" page. Now I'm ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How do I add a local user to a box that uses LDAP authenticaiton?

I'm working with a box that uses LDAP for user authentication. However, I need to add a local user to run some services and I don't want non-person users junking up the LDAP directory. Does anyone ...
17
votes
1answer
24k views

How do I set the user of php-fpm to be php-user instead of www-data?

I am using php-fpm on debian with nginx for php5 support. I would like to have php-fpm to be under the user&group php-user instead of www-data. I thought the init.d script would have the user ...
2
votes
4answers
31k views

How can I list all user names on Solaris 10?

I forgot a user that I created on solaris 10, so now I would like to list all user names on my server. Is it possible (I am root user)? What command I should use if possible? Somewhere on the net ...
147
votes
9answers
230k views

How do I remove a user from a group?

Which command should I use to remove a user from a group in Debian? When adding a user to a group, it can be done with: usermod -a -G group user However, I could not find a similar command ...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

Fedora15/Gnome3 - Exit elevated priviliges mode

While using Fedora 14 (Gnome2), Each time if I was doing some privileged task (ex - mounting a new hard drive), I would be prompted for password and then there would appear an icon (like keys) on the ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Killing other user processes

There are certain user environments in which we have to login during certain performance testing and and kill all the process running in that environment. The environment names are like rswrk01, … up ...
1
vote
5answers
4k views

Hiding User from Last Command

Is there any way to hide a particular user's login entry from other users who run the last command?
6
votes
5answers
3k views

Why is it recommended to create a group and user for some applications?

Most of the time, when installing a program from source it is recommended to create a new user and a new group and give /usr/local/<myapp> the recently created user and group ownership. Why is ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

Changing the UID of files in /proc

In a follow up to this question about changing the UID of a user, it is recommended to change the ownership of all files on the system (this answer) find / -uid 1000 -exec chown 5000 '{}' \+ where ...
2
votes
1answer
246 views

Where can I find a reference to the format of the comment field (field 5) of the /etc/passwd file?

In the /etc/passwd file on my system, the "comment" field, field 5, is inconsistent in its contents. I thought that I could extract it to get the full name of the user. fullname=`awk -F: '$1 == name ...
24
votes
5answers
15k views

Add a user to the system *only if it doesn't exist*

I've been running the useradd {user} command to add users to my system, though I plan on running this in an automated environment, and it might end up being run again, even though the user already ...
1
vote
1answer
306 views

permission and user/group of a program executed through a script

I am curious, in the following scenario, what kind of permission does a shell script or Java program has (owner/group/other)? There is a script called run.sh, and it in turn calls a Java program ...
8
votes
1answer
453 views

Why does the 'w' command show phantom logged in users?

On Linux (Fedora 14), the "w" command says this: [USERNAME@PC ~] w 23:51:32 up 13 min, 7 users, load average: 0,22, 0,42, 0,34 USER TTY FROM LOGIN@ IDLE JCPU PCPU WHAT ...
8
votes
1answer
810 views

Lightweight virtualization on Linux with user isolation

What Linux-on-Linux virtualization technologies provide user isolation? Specifically, I want root in the virtual machine not to have any privilege on the host. This was not the case for LXC, but was ...
2
votes
1answer
417 views

How to create a sudo user that cannot delete me?

I'm sudoer on a remote linux machine and would like to create another user with the maximum privileges, except the privilege of managing my account. I'm assuming a sudoer can delete or change the ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Create / Edit files in specific folder using different user / group

I want to know if the following scenario is possible. I am a user called www-admin and I am in the group www-admin. I am also a sudoer. I want to have all the files I create in the folder ...
23
votes
2answers
89k views

How can I change a user's default group in Linux?

Being new to Linux administration, I'm a little confused about the following commands: useradd usermod groupadd groupmod I've just finished reading the user administration book in the Linux/Unix ...
15
votes
1answer
13k views

How do I set a user's default .bashrc file?

On Ubuntu 10.4 I have edited the /etc/bash.bashrc file to set some variables like the command history size (HISTSIZE=5000), however if I create a new users Ubuntu by default gives them a .bashrc file ...
2
votes
1answer
991 views

Deny external SSH access to a user

Is it possible to deny access to a user (in my case www-data) from outside the network? Or possibly deny this: ssh www-data@example.com But allow this if already logged in: su www-data
1
vote
1answer
624 views

Broken PATH in CentOS 5.x

I am having troubles with typing commands within the terminal on some of our CentOS servers. For example, I have to include the complete and full path to the command (i.e. /sbin/chkconfig vs. ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

'mysql' user and group creation, ownership settings

I know what the linux command chown does, I used it to change the ownership or group of a file. If there is a MySQL installation on a Ubuntu machine, I saw some people doing the following thing: ...
11
votes
2answers
4k views

Bash is not fully functional for a new user

I just created a new user on my system using useradd -d /home/users/john -m john (Using Ubuntu 11.04). This worked fine, but when I changed to john, my bash is not fully functional. That is, it has no ...
5
votes
3answers
6k views

Running a bash script as a less privileged user with upstart

This is the script, /home/jack/myscript.sh, which I want to run: export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java-6-sun-1.6.0.26/ /home/jack/myapp/apache-tomcat-6.0.32/bin/./catalina.sh run The upstart file, ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

A question about permissions of hierarchical directories

I have some directories, with following permissions: drwxr-xr-x 18 user1 root 4096 Oct 27 11:25 /home/test1/test2 drwxr-xr-x 24 user1 root 4096 Oct 21 08:38 /home/test1 drwxr-xr-x 492 root root 12288 ...
3
votes
2answers
11k views

Will a users password expire if I set the “maxexpired” to “-1”? [maxage not 0] - AIX

So under AIX 6, according to "lsuser" the user has the following settings: maxexpired=-1 maxage=2 So this means that 2 weeks after the last password update of the user the password will expire, but ...
1
vote
1answer
6k views

How to show and modify user info in Ubuntu server?

If I want to put some personal information (like Full Name) to an account, how can I check it again? And how can I modify it? On Ubuntu server. With command line only.
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Is it possible to log in in a host with an user created for programs like apache or postgreSQL?

I am wondering whether is it possible to log in in a computer with users like www-data or postgres as I do with my own user. Are some users "allowed to log in" while others not? Is there any ...
2
votes
1answer
12k views

Changing user and group ID system wide (including file system attributes)?

(this question possibly related to Linux: simulating/masking user ownership upon mount of 'external' partitions? - Stack Overflow) I typically use Ubuntu (currently 11.04) as my desktop OS; let's say ...
7
votes
2answers
7k views

Why is sudo telling me my password is wrong?

I recently installed OpenBSD 4.9 in my computer, so I could learn a little bit about Unix-like operating systems. I added a new user to the system called bruno. Ok. When I use the 'sudo' command, it ...
2
votes
1answer
6k views

Changing my default primary GID for every login session

I read the following about newgrp: The newgrp command is used to change the current group ID during a login session. This made me think, how can I change my default's primary group ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Seem to be having a problem with RealVNC with centos can't input username

Hello I seem to be having a problem with RealVNC with centos. I want to connect to a another machine, but can't because it has been "grayed out". In otherwords, I can't type in the username in the ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Directory/files owned by a non-existent user

A user has created a directory with files, but the user does not exist in /etc/passwd or /etc/group. The system is a Fedora server with an FTP server and proxy which redirects to a CentOS server with ...
7
votes
3answers
20k views

How to create an unprivileged user in CentOS?

I want to create an unprivileged user to run my RhodeCode server and Celery daemon on a CentOS instance. I think the accepted definition of this is no home directory, login disabled, and no shell ...
0
votes
2answers
211 views

Can't login into webmin on a VPS

I bought a VPS server, and I have installed webmin on it. When I want to login to webmin via: http://88.198.196.118:10000/ it will redirect me to: ...
2
votes
2answers
848 views

su user fails with “grep: /var/cpanel/users/user: Permission denied”

I just did something pretty simple. Given a user user, I modified his user id, primary group's id, and added him to a new group in order to make my server use the same uid and gid as another server ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

skill on your own session

So I kind of (read: did) run skill -STOP -u <username> on my own session... and I don't have root privileges on the machine. Short of getting the sysadmin to restore things (he's away), is ...
10
votes
2answers
4k views

How to restrict internet access for a particular user on the lan using iptables in Linux

Let's say there are two users on the LAN, A and B. How do I restrict user A from internet access using iptables rules and saving the rules so that after reboot, they are still effective. And suppose I ...
16
votes
2answers
9k views

How do I leave a message for another (local) user?

I know you can use write to send a message to a currently logged in user, but how do you leave a message for a user who is not logged in? The solution I have seen is modify the motd, but that will be ...
3
votes
2answers
272 views

Execute command on shared account login

At work our team uses a shared account "appadmin" to administer our application. At login, each one of us sources an "aliasrc" file containing his or her preferences. (aliases, display, prompt, ...). ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

NFS to clients with different uid:s than on the server, where the client uid:s shall not show up in the server

I have a problem with a embedded Linux device that is mounting its root filesystem over NFS. But for different reason the embedded device is a single user device running as root (and later it will ...