Mask that controls which file permissions are set for files and directories when they are created. It also refers to a function that sets the mask, and to the mask itself, which is formally known as the file mode creation mask.

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62
votes
3answers
81k views

Make all new files in a directory accessible to a group

Suppose I have two users A and B and a group G and a folder foo, both users are members of G (using linux and ext3). If I save as user A a file under foo, the permissions are: -rw-r--r-- A A. ...
10
votes
3answers
951 views

Why are files in my home dir being created as world-writable despite a more-restrictive umask?

I've realized that the permissions for new files and directories behave a bit strangely. First of all, umask seems to return the right answer: $ umask 0002 This means full access for my user and ...
9
votes
2answers
26k views

How to check umask for all users under Linux?

Under AIX I can check the umask for all users with: cut -d : -f 1 /etc/passwd | while read ONELINE; do lsuser -a umask "$ONELINE"; done But how can I check the umask setting for all users under ...
8
votes
4answers
5k views

Downsides of umask 077?

What are the cons, for having a restrictive umask of 077? A lot of distros (I believe all, except Red Hat? ) have a default umask of 022, configured in /etc/profile. This seems way too insecure for a ...
8
votes
1answer
6k views

How is umask calculated in Linux?

So I know umask can restrict privileged users, using this format umask ugo. I understand that the read = 4, write = 2, and exec = 1. However, when I type umask, it returns 4 digits which is 0022 or ...
7
votes
3answers
12k views

How to set umask for a system-user?

Is it possible to set the umask for a system-user (created with useradd --system username)?
6
votes
1answer
803 views

Default umask 077 not applied at session start

I cannot get the default umask for a session to be 0077. I have edited /etc/login.defs and set the value to 077 there: UMASK 077 Also I've made sure the following entry exists in ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I change the umask for one command only?

How can I interactively execute a command in Linux (zsh, if it matters) with a different umask from the default, for one command only? Perhaps a combination of commands combined in a single line? The ...
5
votes
3answers
162 views

Historically why is umask the way it is?

umask has always tripped me up. Logically I would prefer to have a 'setmask' instead that takes chmod-style arguments. Anyone know why it is the way it is?
4
votes
2answers
5k views

Setting umask for su root

In my user account I set the umask to be 022 with my .bashrc, but I want root to use a umask of 077 no matter how I become root (e.g., logging in directly as root on a tty or using sudo or su). If I ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Using umask to set group permissions

A long time ago an old friend showed me a way to use an octal or hex umask with a group I think using /etc/profile. I'm not sure. I'm trying to create group on Debian so that every member of that ...
4
votes
3answers
263 views

mkdir permissions do not correspond to umask (change depending on location)

Whenever I create new directories in my home (or its subdirectories) they do not have write permission, even though umask is set correctly. Files I make DO have write permission. [mmanary@seqap33 ~]$ ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

scp and umask setting

How do i make SCP respect umask ? Ive tried adding this Subsystem sftp internal-sftp -u 0002 in /etc/ssh/sshd_config and session optional pam_umask.so umask=0002 in ...
3
votes
2answers
5k views

How to make scp respect umask

My scp doesn't respect umask setting of the user it's sending files to. Is there a setting somewhere or should I use a different solution?
3
votes
2answers
8k views

How can I have a separate umask for directory or user?

I want a separate umask for a directory or a user. How can I do this? Edit: I am using Debian 6. The reason why I want to do this is, I want all my SFTP users to create files with write on group. ...
3
votes
2answers
565 views

umask XXX (permission bits) to give execute permission to files

Because files created by default having permission of 666 and umask (in permission bits form) subtract bit-wise from this permission, can we do something to give execute permission without using ...
3
votes
2answers
285 views

Setting correct permissions automatically for certain file type when file is copied from non-Linux file system

The main reason I want this is my heavy use of dircolors, especially for ls --color=auto. For example, whenever a .mp3 file is copied from NTFS, it will have permissions set by umask 022 which ought ...
3
votes
3answers
48 views

What are the conventional file permissions per filetype before umask is applied

I am looking for a list that specifies the conventional file permission of all the different file-types before the umask is applied. I read in man 1p touch that the default for a regular file is: ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

umask changes to 0002 after cd

I've noticed an odd behavior on my Ubuntu 12.04 LTS system. This is my first experience with Ubuntu; previously I used Fedora and never had this problem. I have set my umask in .bashrc to 0027. But ...
3
votes
1answer
787 views

How to have correct permissions of files from usb disks?

Does anyone have the following problem? I have an Ubuntu box at work and also one at home. I always copy folders/files to/from an usb disk to/from my boxes. I have to change permissions of ...
3
votes
2answers
150 views

How to set `umask` for the entire gnome session?

Using Gnome 3.18. I share files between other family members, but the default umask on my distro (archlinux) is 0022. So every file/directory created is not writable for our common group. I tried to ...
3
votes
1answer
260 views

How to display the permissions of a new file in the status line of the Vim editor?

With the following piece of code I get the permissions for an existing file: augroup Get_file_perm autocmd! autocmd BufWinEnter,FileChangedShell * let w:file_perm=getfperm(expand('%:p')) augroup ...
3
votes
2answers
241 views

What is the proper solution to a web server trying to write to a directory?

So, I have a box with a "deploy" user. This deploy user owns a code repository and wordpress is running on this box... When wordpress attempts to do something like upload a plugin, it is using the ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How to make a cifs/smb mount ignore umask?

I have a cifs mount that is mounted from /etc/fstab. But I would quite like creation of files/dirs on that share to ignore my umask. Is that possible? It seems that cifs does not support the umask=000 ...
2
votes
4answers
5k views

Why is the default umask value for useradd in openSuSE set to 022?

I recently built a very simple test environment with oepnSuSE. As I tried to configure a shared directory, wihtout using ACLs, but with SetGID on that directory instead for some reason, I noticed ...
2
votes
2answers
95 views

Read umask for a user

Plenty of examples on how to set umask for a user... but how do you read (or uncover) the default umask for a given user (say the logged in user)
2
votes
1answer
191 views

How to set umask so that directories to be `r-x` and files to be `---`

I want to set the default permissions for newly created directories to have r-x for others and those of newly created files (non-directory files) to have ---. If I set the umask to 2, directory ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

No effect of umask and chmod on mounted drives

The windows drives are mounted at boot-time using pysdm. The setting were nls=iso8859-1,users,umask=002,sync,user,dirsync,uid=mtk When I try to change the permission of files using chmod, I don't ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

How to find where I have set “umask 077”?

When logged in as root, I have umask set to 077 which causes problems (such as /etc/resolv.conf being unreadable for non-root and thus DNS not working. I don't know where I have set the umask 077. It ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Pre-defined umask under a given path [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to set default file permissions for all folders/files in a directory? Say I have default umask, umask1. I would like all files/folders that I create/modify under a ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the difference between cmask and umask?

What is the difference between the umask setting that can be found in /etc/profile and the cmask setting that can be found in /etc/default/init? What is the difference between the two? When will one ...
2
votes
2answers
149 views

SFTP clients uploading files with too restrictive rights

I have the following setup: Ubuntu 14.4 server offering SFTP service in a front-end area. External clients have the ability to upload files. A back-end process (on another server) tracks uploaded ...
2
votes
2answers
175 views

How to change permission of anonymous pipe?

I've the script which loads the SSH key from the variable (as part of script in CI environment) in order to not keep the private file in the public repository, however ssh-add complains about the ...
2
votes
1answer
983 views

Default umask for cron jobs

How to set default umask for cron jobs, please? (On RHEL 6.) Jobs are started under non-interactive (obviously) no-login (?) shell. Not only I prefer dash over bash. But consider also bash called as ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Where does the value that umask is applied to come from

I'm trying to understand umask properly. If I set umask to 0000 and then create a file I get the following permissions: -rw-rw-rw- I presume that this value (or set of permissions) is what the ...
2
votes
2answers
313 views

set umask (permissions) similarly as setgid on a directory

I know how to use setgid on directories, to enforce that whole directory structure has uniform user:group ownership. Is there a similar way to set the umask for a directory, so that the whole ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

AIX ftpd - how to set umask for a given user?

I know how can I change the umask settings for all the users using ftpd, but how can I change the umask for a given user using FTPD? AIX/6100-05-02-1034 FTP server (Version 4.2)
2
votes
1answer
455 views

On AIX 6100-05-02-1034 how can I create custom umask for a specific directory?

On AIX 6100-05-02-1034 how can I create custom umask for a specific directory?
2
votes
1answer
177 views

files saves to ntfs drive adhere to umask, ext4 does not

I have 2 storage drives, 1 is ntfs and the other is ext4. Both mounted in /media as Storage_1 and Storage_2 I've run chmod -R user:user /media/Storage_* I've tried putting umask=022 in ...
2
votes
1answer
597 views

setting default umask and user:group on directory

I have a directory data and I need to set default umask and ownership for all directories/files (both existing and future files). I want all files in data to have ownership root:martin ans ...
2
votes
1answer
194 views

Permissions UMASK for New Directories

I have a directory "dir1" who's owner is "owner1" and it has 775 permissions. Another user in the same group as "owner1" is called "owner2" Whenever a file is written to "dir1" by "owner2" I need ...
2
votes
0answers
67 views

What is the effect of ACLs/umask on the permissions of the executable file generated by gcc?

I have been wondering how gcc determines the resulting file permissions of the executable file being generated. To gain some insight, I considered a minimalistic program test.c #include ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Confused on file and directory permissions for Samba shares

I've been searching for while to try to understand the following mask/mode fields for creating files/folders in Samba shares: create mask force create mode directory mask force directory mode But ...
2
votes
1answer
277 views

How are default permissions determined (on OS X)?

My (limited) understanding of basic Unix is that any files that are created will be created based on the permissions of the creating user. In particular, the group assigned will be the creating user's ...
1
vote
2answers
284 views

How umask works [duplicate]

I'm new to Linux. I have been practicing a few commands. My question is about when I'm creating different files using a different umask. For example: umask 222, as I understand it, is the same as 777 ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Why can't my python script change umask?

This is my script #!/usr/bin/python import os print "hello world from python" os.system("echo 'hello world from bash'") os.system("umask 055") os.system("ls -alh > test") If I run this code ...
1
vote
1answer
123 views

set umask before every non login non interactive shell command

I'm using PHP script and to connect to ssh server. It executes one command and exits. Connection is made to non interactive and non login shell. Because of that it does not load .bashrc or ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

umask vs -m, --mode command options

Is there any technical merit/necessity to numerous *nix commands (mkdir, mkfifo, mknod) having a -m (--mode) option? I ask this because near as I can tell, umask (both the shell command and the ...
1
vote
1answer
143 views

Set default permissions so only owner can read, execute and write for every new file and directory

I added this to my ~/.bashrc file: umask 077 So that every new file and directory has by default read, write and execute permissions. It does work with directories, but files only have write and ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

UMASK privacy- how can I make user files private to the users

I have a debian virtual machine set up and thought of something in regards to UMASK. First I would like to ask if the function of UMASK is to set CHMOD values on any file created by a user. Secondly, ...