Ubuntu is a Linux distribution with an emphasis on ease of use and installation. Note that http://askubuntu.com is specifically dedicated to Ubuntu questions.

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Ubuntu vs Debian for server

What would be a better choice for a web server, Debian or Ubuntu? I mainly use Python & PostgreSQL with Nginx and sometimes PHP & MySQL. What are pros/cons of each?
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2answers
854 views

View Script Over SSH?

A friend, using a remote machine, SSHed to my machine and ran the following python script: while (1): ....print "hello world" (this script simply prints 'hello world' continuously). I am now ...
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3answers
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How can I install perldoc on Ubuntu?

Ubuntu 10.10 comes with Perl 5.10.1 pre-installed, but strangely enough perldoc isn't part of the package. $ perldoc You need to install the perl-doc package to use this program. How can I make ...
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3answers
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How do I make my disk unmap pending unreadable sectors

I have a disk with some pending unreadable sectors, according to smartd. What would be the easiest way to make the disk remap them and stop smartd from complaining? Today, I get two of these every ...
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3answers
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Harddrive I/O per Pid

is there any way to see the disk I/O per pid/process ? Monitorix shows me the following and correct me if I´m wrong, but it looks like that the harddrive is slowing down the whole system: UPDATE #1 ...
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7answers
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invalid SSL_version specified at /usr/share/perl5/IO/Socket/SSL.pm line 332

Since I upgraded my PC from (k)ubuntu 12.04 to 12.10 I receive this error message when trying to send an email using sendemail. Installing an older version of IO::Socket::SSL is not an option. I ...
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2answers
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How do I find the process generating a lot of network traffic?

My machine is generating a lot of network traffic, all from the same source port, with many different destinations (found this out by running iftop -P, and from my router's logs). How do I find the ...
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1answer
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chmod: What does the `+a` parameter mean?

I was following a tutorial and it told me to run sudo chmod +a "SOME_PARAMS" some/dir I was surprised to see that fail telling me chmod: invalid mode: `+a' So I wonder: What does the +a mode ...
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3answers
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Cleaning log files under linux

I am using a kvm ubuntu 10.04 virtual machine to test some features of a kernel module. I grep through the /var/log files to observe the kernel messages about that module. To start from a clean ...
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2answers
883 views

emacs does not see my fonts in gentoo

I copied my ~/.emacs file from ubuntu linux; I've installed Consolas font (and it works in gnome terminal, and as a default Monospace font); but Emacs does not see it (custom-set-faces '(default ((t ...
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5answers
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Why is this network connection so slow?

I am having some problems with network performance speed on a Linux server running Ubuntu 9.10. Transfer speeds on all types of traffic are around 1.5MB/s on a 1000mbit/s wired ethernet connection. ...
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2answers
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Should I use http or ftp links in apt sources.list

Should I use http or ftp links in /etc/apt/sources.list? What I mean is is using something like, deb ftp://ftp.debian.org/debian/ squeeze main contrib non-free deb-src ftp://ftp.debian.org/debian/ ...
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1answer
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start-stop-daemon not working as expected, no pid file was written

I'm trying to control a python based program (which doesn't detach itself from console) #!/bin/bash user=nobody pid=/var/run/xx.pid name=xx prog=/xx.py case $1 in start) ...
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4answers
26k views

Proper way of changing username in Ubuntu or any linux

I am using Ubuntu 12.04 and made some customization. I will also make it a new iso which is customized ubuntu. What I want to ask is how can I change my username. There are plenty much configuration ...
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2answers
3k views

Evince fails to start because it cannot read .Xauthority

I'm logged in remotely over SSH with X forwarding to a machine running Ubuntu 10.04 (lucid). Most X11 applications (e.g. xterm, gnome-terminal) work fine. But Evince does not start. It seems unable to ...
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2answers
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CPU stuck at 99% for a few hours. Really need help figuring out logs

extract from syslog: CRON[pid]: (user) CMD ( [ -x /usr/lib/php5/maxlifetime ] && [ -d /var/lib/php5 ] && find /var/lib/php5/ -depth -mindepth 1 -maxdepth 1 -type f -cmin ...
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2answers
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udev rule for assigning known symlinks for identical usb serial devices

I have two (and possibly in the future, more) USB serial devices which are identical (down to the serial number, unfortunately) - they're actually BTC miners. Currently they end up as ttyUSBX where X ...
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1answer
7k views

Using upstart with stop unknown instance

I'm just getting into upstart so i wrote a very basic script just to print to log file called: vm-service.conf that I put in /etc/init: description "Virtual Images" author "Me" start on ...
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1answer
14k views

~/.xinitrc not being run

I am not able to run my ~/.xinitrc (~/.xsession) scripts when logging into my computer. I'm using Xubuntu 12.10 with vanilla lightgm as the login manager. Both these files have the right permission ...
8
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1answer
453 views

Finding the library versions a library was linked against

I have a library that was compiled on an unknown Ubuntu machine, And I'd like to determine what version of Ubuntu that machine had at the compile time. My idea was to try and find the versions of ...
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1answer
2k views

Can I use and install Ubuntu packages in Debian?

I'm looking to install Linux Mint on my main work computer. Presently, I'm running Ubuntu 10.04 on it after upgrading from 9.10 (both 64bit). Previously, I have always backed up and formatted my hard ...
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1answer
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How to get Nautilus to “Open with Archive Mounter”?

I see Ubuntu screenshots showing that one can right-click an ISO, and have an option to "Open with Archive Mount". How do I get that running elsewhere where it isn't default (Debian in my case)? This ...
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1answer
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How do you fix apt-get update “Hash Sum mismatch”

I have an Ubuntu 12.04 virtual box vm that I instantiate using Vagrant. git clone https://github.com/spuder/puppet-gitlab vagrant up As soon as the vagrant box runs apt-get update, I get the ...
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1answer
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How do I use a font in .ttc format as the console font?

I rather dislike the available tty fonts and would rather use Menlo, which is what I use in OS X's Terminal. Menlo is in a .ttc format, but (from the contents of /usr/share/consolefonts) Linux seems ...
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1answer
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How to launch an application with default “terminal emulator” on Ubuntu?

I wanted to execute some command in terminal emulator, like Konsole, but I need to make this cross-desktop. Is there some command like xdg-open, but for getting the default terminal emulator? I'm ...
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2answers
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Cisco-like command Line Interface

I'm looking for a way to implement a fairly basic Cisco like command line interface on my Ubuntu server appliance (12.04 in particular). I've come across the following project: CLISH however, ...
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3answers
580 views

What could cause the clock to jump by 5 minutes?

I have a (physical) box running a stripped down Ubuntu; every now and then (6 times in 3 months), the clock jumps backwards by exactly 300 seconds (+- 0.01 seconds; always exactly 300 seconds). It ...
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1answer
3k views

Using setkeycodes to map pressed and released to different “keys”

I have a keyboard that has a scroll wheel, but it doesn't work on Ubuntu and xev command doesn't show anything when moving it. But with the dmesg command I found this: When moving the scroll wheel ...
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2answers
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Kernel Panic because of RAM stick?

one of my RAM sticks causes a Kernel Panic on my Ubuntu 10.10 (something like "not syncing" with a lot of memory adresses shown on screen). It's definitely this one RAM stick and not its socket ...
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1answer
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How to write/edit/update the OsIndications efi variable from command line?

In the need to enter the UEFI firmware setup utility while using ultra fast boot (keyboard drivers are not loaded during POST), I wish to write to the "Os Indications" efi variable. My OS is Ubuntu ...
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2answers
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rsync is very slow (factor 8 to 10) compared to cp on copying files from nfs-share to local dir

I have a freshly installed Ubuntu-server which is ought to be the new backup-server for our VM-storage. The server has 4 nics, 2 of them 10Gbit (in fact an intel x540-T2 with the newest driver ...
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4answers
974 views

Is it possible to tell if my Linux kernel is custom (i.e. compiled) as opposed to distro?

Taking example of Ubuntu, can we tell if the kernel was custom compiled rather than what comes with distro?
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2answers
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What is the rationale behind using non-numeric package component for the version?

In ubuntu (and not only in ubuntu) default repository you could see a package version like 2.2.14-5ubuntu8.12. Why do the maintainers give such a weird version in the central package repository? ...
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4answers
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Ctrl+C does not work in gnome-terminal

On my Linux host, Ctrl+C does not seem to work and I do not know how to proceed to make it work. I am using Ubuntu 10.04 with bash 4.1.5(1), and working in Gnome-terminal. When I pressed Ctrl+C while ...
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2answers
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Long line wrapping in Nano

When editing an authorised_keys file in Nano, I want to wrap long lines so that I can see the end of the lines (i.e tell whose key it is). Essentially I want it to look like the output of cat ...
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2answers
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What are the ramifications of setting the hostname?

I have several Amazon EC2 servers and I'm using Chef to manage the configuration. I'd like to set the hostname so that the default bash prompt is more helpful. Right now after launching a new server ...
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3answers
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Does a bad sector indicate a failing disk?

My Ubuntu 13.10 system has been performing very poorly over the last day or so. Looking at the kernel logs, it appears that the <1yr old 3TB SATA disk is having issues with a particular sector: ...
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3answers
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How to pipe md5 hash result in shell

I am looking for a simple way to pipe the result of md5sum into another command. Something like this: $echo -n 'test' | md5sum | ... My problem is that md5sum outputs not only the hash of the ...
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6answers
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Negatives/downsides of Ubuntu's no-root sudo setup

By default, Ubuntu does not create a root account that the user can login to. Instead users use sudo when they need to perform actions that require administrative access. Obviously, the people at ...
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2answers
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How to fix intermittant “No space left on device” errors during mv when device has plenty of space?

Ubuntu 14.04 on a desktop Source Drive: /dev/sda1: 5TB ext4 single drive volume Target Volume: /dev/mapper/archive-lvarchive: raid6 (mdadm) 18TB volume with lvm partition and ext4 There are ...
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4answers
6k views

tail -f, but with line numbers

I'm trying to see how many times foo bar appears in /var/log/foo.log within an arbitrary amount of time on a remote server, but nothing that I've tried so far has worked. I've already got a timer ...
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4answers
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Switch Fn key state

I have this issue with Lenovo Thinkcentre Edge. Its keyboard has Fn key, which acts in my Ubuntu (with Fluxbox) as if it is always "active/pressed". I can't use standard F1-F12 keys unless I hold ...
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2answers
482 views

Is there a reason I would not add /usr/local/sbin, /usr/sbin, /sbin to my path on Debian?

Compare Debian (left) and Ubuntu (right): $ ifconfig $ ifconfig bash: ifconfig: command not found eth0 Link encap ... $ which ifconfig ...
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2answers
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Difference between /run and /var/run

Is there any difference between /run directory and var/run directory. It seems the latter is a link to the former. If the contents are one and the same what is the need for two directories?
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1answer
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where is /var/log/messages

I have several sources saying that /var/log/messages has system log message but I don't have that file (Ubuntu 11, Debian). Is the messages file somewhere else now? I tried using locate to look for ...
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3answers
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File in Ubuntu equivalent to /etc/inittab file in RedHat

I searched a lot but can't get any solution. My question is what file in Ubuntu is equivalent to /etc/inittab file in RedHat. In RedHat /etc/inittab file contains the setting related to runlevel in ...
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4answers
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Tmux xclip copy no longer working

On mu ubuntu 12.04 setups my tmux clipboard copy and paste commands are setup as follows: set -g prefix M-a unbind C-b bind C-c run "tmux save-buffer - | xclip -i -sel clipboard" bind C-v run "tmux ...
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1answer
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Why root's default shell is configured differently with other normal user account's default shell?

As I know, root's default shell is configured csh and normal user's default shell is sh in FreeBSD. And in Ubuntu, root is dash, normal user is bash. (refer: What's the Ubuntu's default shell?) Why ...
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2answers
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Set Ubuntu System Proxy Settings without Restart from commandline

I am using Ubuntu 14.04 . I want to change the http proxy settings from the command line. This should be equivalent to changing in the GUI(All Settings->Network->Network Proxy) and clicking the button ...
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3answers
31k views

Every package “has no installation candidate”

While attempting to install openssh-server on Ubuntu 14.04 64-bit, I get the following error: Package openssh-server is not available but is referred to by another package. This may mean that the ...