Ubuntu is a Linux distribution with an emphasis on ease of use and installation. Note that http://askubuntu.com is specifically dedicated to Ubuntu questions.

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Where did /usr/lib64 go and what is /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu?

I have two Ubuntu-x86_64 systems. One is version 10.04, the other 12.04 and there is a difference in the structure of the lib directories. This doesn't surprise me, but I'm curious if anyone knows ...
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2answers
931 views

Should I use http or ftp links in apt sources.list

Should I use http or ftp links in /etc/apt/sources.list? What I mean is is using something like, deb ftp://ftp.debian.org/debian/ squeeze main contrib non-free deb-src ftp://ftp.debian.org/debian/ ...
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2answers
6k views

Add Apache to Ubuntu's startup

I'm currently learning the Linux environment, and decided to manually install the Apache server. For educational purposes, I've compiled it into: /server/apache The http.conf location is configured ...
7
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1answer
682 views

How do I use colors in the MOTD?

I edited the default /etc/update-motd.d/00-header, adding some color to make it easier to read: printf "Welcome to \e[1;34m%s\e[0m \e[2m(%s %s %s)\e[0m\n" "$DISTRIB_DESCRIPTION" "$(uname -o)" ...
7
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3answers
4k views

How do I “merge” two text files?

I recently upgraded from Ubuntu 12.04 to 12.10 and at one point, it encountered an Apache config file conflict in apache2.conf. I didn't give me a merge option at that point, so I just rejected the ...
7
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2answers
325 views

Can I get infected in this case if I run a live cd?

I recently got rid of a nasty trojan on Windows and want to migrate to Linux(Ubuntu). I want to run a Live CD so that I can format an SD card to put my brand new firmware on my router and format the ...
7
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1answer
544 views

GPU computing without X?

I am attempting to run GPU computation software on Ubuntu Server 12.04 without X since this box is going to be a dedicated computation machine. However the last requirement "Without X" is proving to ...
7
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2answers
1k views

Fixing CTRL-* in vim under GNU screen

When running vim under GNU screen, I'm finding that combinations of CTRL with the arrow and Pg* keys don't work as expected. I'm using the Ubuntu 10.10 vim-gnome package. On a different machine, ...
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4answers
4k views

When does chmod fail?

Under what circumstances will chmod fail? I looked at the man page but it only specifies usage and doesn't go into details about what circumstances it won't work in. I'd assume chmod will work if: ...
7
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1answer
4k views

How to launch an application with default “terminal emulator” on Ubuntu?

I wanted to execute some command in terminal emulator, like Konsole, but I need to make this cross-desktop. Is there some command like xdg-open, but for getting the default terminal emulator? I'm ...
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1answer
1k views

Can I use and install Ubuntu packages in Debian?

I'm looking to install Linux Mint on my main work computer. Presently, I'm running Ubuntu 10.04 on it after upgrading from 9.10 (both 64bit). Previously, I have always backed up and formatted my hard ...
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2answers
904 views

Cisco-like command Line Interface

I'm looking for a way to implement a fairly basic Cisco like command line interface on my Ubuntu server appliance (12.04 in particular). I've come across the following project: CLISH however, ...
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3answers
3k views

“Unable to resolve hostname” - how to cleanly change hostname without rebooting

At work, I work on a small website using Ubuntu servers hosted on Amazon EC2 instances. We have two webservers, and at any given time one of them is 'live' and one is 'testing', but when we've got our ...
7
votes
1answer
356 views

Installing USR 5422 on Ubuntu 12.04

I am a newbie to Linux. I was trying to set up the USR5422 USB adapter. It worked fine for the first time, but since then it freezes the computer most of the time. What commands can I fire to see ...
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2answers
2k views

autofs with sshfs not working anymore [closed]

I just upgraded from Ubuntu 12.04 to 12.10. Before that I backed up my autofs config which worked fine. I appended the line from my old /etc/auto.master to the new one: +dir:/etc/auto.master.d ...
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5answers
2k views

Unable to connect to a wifi network with a special SSID

My current wifi network (and i'm writing this with the help of Windows -.- ) has a special character in it's SSID: "ö", a so-called "umlaut". If changing the SSID is not an option, how to connect to ...
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3answers
597 views

Is it possible to execute scripts in BIND based on lookup

Is it possible, to set up BIND as DNS server on my local network, and make execute scripts when it gets a lookup? I would like to execute a Python or Bash script, based on the incoming DNS lookup, ...
7
votes
2answers
637 views

No sound when attached to docking station

I have been using Linux and Ubuntu only since the last two months on my (2006) Sony Vaio VGN A617S laptop which is going pretty well on Ubuntu 10.10. When installing Ubuntu audio did get installed ...
7
votes
1answer
365 views

Low battery freezes laptop [closed]

I have a laptop Lenovo G575. MS Windows works without any problems on it, but with Linux, it freezes during login or up to 10 minutes after power on. I have tried Ubuntu, Fedora 15 and 16, Fedora 16 ...
6
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4answers
42k views

mount.nfs: access denied by server while mounting on Ubuntu machines?

I am a linux newbie and I have a very basic question. I have three machines in production - machineA 10.66.136.129 machineB 10.66.138.181 machineC 10.66.138.183 and all those machines ...
6
votes
2answers
125 views

What is the rationale behind using non-numeric package component for the version?

In ubuntu (and not only in ubuntu) default repository you could see a package version like 2.2.14-5ubuntu8.12. Why do the maintainers give such a weird version in the central package repository? ...
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3answers
377 views

Effect of compiling from source on already installed applications

I use Ubuntu 12.04. Say I have installed package x from the repository (with all its dependencies) at version 1.7 but I need some functionality that is only available in version 1.8, so I download the ...
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3answers
1k views

Command line join of password protected wireless networks in Ubuntu, Arch Linux, or other distros?

Is there a way to join a password protected wireless network via the command line in installations of Ubuntu or Arch Linux with no desktop environment or any GUI installed? Also, could this be done ...
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6answers
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Where is Netbeans installed on Ubuntu?

I installed Netbeans on my Ubuntu 11.10 machine. I used the combined method, so Netbeans and JDK are installed from a single file. However, now that it's installed I can't figure out how to start ...
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4answers
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Ctrl+C does not work in gnome-terminal

On my Linux host, Ctrl+C does not seem to work and I do not know how to proceed to make it work. I am using Ubuntu 10.04 with bash 4.1.5(1), and working in Gnome-terminal. When I pressed Ctrl+C while ...
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3answers
407 views

How does bash know how it is being invoked?

I've installed jailkit on Ubuntu 12.04 and I have set up a user's shell to /bin/bash - but when it is invoked it runs /etc/bash.bashrc instead of /etc/profile If you haven't used jailkit before ...
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3answers
1k views

How does one open a new window from the shell with a specific size and position?

For example, say I wanted to start gnome-terminal with it's northwest corner at 0,0, and make the window 736x434 pixels (apparently the default, which allows for an an 80-character by 24-character ...
6
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1answer
6k views

apt-get doesn't stop on Ctrl-c, what to do?

Occasionally I have connection problem with apt-get (typically because I use it behind a proxy and try to install/upgrade flash). I have been trying sending Ctrlc but it would not stop. I thought it ...
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3answers
10k views

File in Ubuntu equivalent to /etc/inittab file in RedHat

I searched a lot but can't get any solution. My question is what file in Ubuntu is equivalent to /etc/inittab file in RedHat. In RedHat /etc/inittab file contains the setting related to runlevel in ...
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4answers
2k views

Tmux xclip copy no longer working

On mu ubuntu 12.04 setups my tmux clipboard copy and paste commands are setup as follows: set -g prefix M-a unbind C-b bind C-c run "tmux save-buffer - | xclip -i -sel clipboard" bind C-v run "tmux ...
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3answers
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How to mount/recover data on a disk that was part of a mdadm raid 1 on another machine?

Some background The disk itself was "worked on" by a friend and is said to be still intact, undamaged and still mountable/recoverable The disk was part of a software raid 1 on Ubuntu 12.04 The other ...
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3answers
8k views

How can I install perldoc on Ubuntu?

Ubuntu 10.10 comes with Perl 5.10.1 pre-installed, but strangely enough perldoc isn't part of the package. $ perldoc You need to install the perl-doc package to use this program. How can I make ...
6
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1answer
2k views

Find a user's writable files and directories

How can I determine all files and folders that given user can write to? The user is nobody. Some script in bash or python, perhaps? I'm using Ubuntu 11.04
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2answers
747 views

emacs does not see my fonts in gentoo

I copied my ~/.emacs file from ubuntu linux; I've installed Consolas font (and it works in gnome terminal, and as a default Monospace font); but Emacs does not see it (custom-set-faces '(default ((t ...
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3answers
186 views

Passwords for newly created users?

I am fairly new to Linux and I have question regarding users. When I use the useradd command I don't specify a password. I must use the passwd command afterwards. Does this mean that the user is ...
6
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1answer
788 views

Security of an encrypted (dm-crypt & LUKS) Ubuntu 12.04 installed by somebody else?

Suppose I want an Ubuntu setup (let it be 12.04) with full disk encryption. Ubuntu offers this as an option during installation. Suppose also that I have somebody (e.g. my vendor) else set this up ...
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3answers
2k views

Get diff changes between original files installed with apt and current files

I installed php5-fpm package using apt; then I made some changes to the PHP configuration files. Now I would get the diffs between the original files versions (the ones of the package installed) and ...
6
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3answers
9k views

'iwlist' -> interface doesn't support scanning (Ubuntu LTS 10.04)

I am using Ubuntu 10.04 (LTS) on a Samsung N150+ netbook. I cannot scan wifi networks using iwlist and I would like to do so. Here is the output from some tests: ...
6
votes
1answer
18k views

Installing openjdk-7-jdk does not update java (which is still version 1.6)

I am having issues updating Java. I am running Ubuntu 11.10. I can execute sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jdk and it completes successfully. javac -version is 1.7, however java -version is 1.6. This ...
6
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2answers
3k views

My .xsession and .xinitrc files are not executing

I have installed xmobar, xmonad on ubuntu 11.04. #!/bin/bash trayer --edge top --align right --SetDockType true --SetPartialStrut true \ --expand true --width 10 --transparent true --tint ...
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votes
2answers
4k views

How to show the tree view in left pane of Nautilus?

My question is similar to this one, however the answers provided are not sufficient. I'm a linux occasional user / learner, not having much background to understand what to do reading between the ...
6
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1answer
538 views

HDD allocation fstab

In my PC running Ubuntu 12.04 LTS I have installed three SATA hard drives. Two of them are installed near a cooler. I want to physically switch two drives (one that is not near the fan should be moved ...
6
votes
2answers
438 views

A simple hierarchical task list (that lets you cross out tasks) for linux in the Ubuntu repositories?

I just spent way too much time looking for this. Treeline is very close, but it doesn't allow marking a task as done with a single key press. It's a powerful data organizer and one has to change ...
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1answer
2k views

Evince fails to start because it cannot read .Xauthority

I'm logged in remotely over SSH with X forwarding to a machine running Ubuntu 10.04 (lucid). Most X11 applications (e.g. xterm, gnome-terminal) work fine. But Evince does not start. It seems unable to ...
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2answers
2k views

Why is screen seemingly doing nothing with commands passed with -X?

I've been trying to set up an automated backup system for a minecraft server, and I'm having trouble with screen, specifically when using 'screen -r sessionname -X "/var/minecraft/somebatchfile"', ...
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2answers
452 views

How to automatically generate .desktop file?

There's a .deb software that doesn't have a .desktop file, I created that file. I want to create another package for that software, when the user installs it, I want the .desktop file to be generated ...
6
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2answers
367 views

Nautilus special URIs

Where are these special URIs used in Nautilus defined in Ubuntu? recent:/// trash:/// x-nautilus-desktop:/// computer:/// burn:/// These can instantly open special locations in Nautilus by typing ...
6
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2answers
206 views

du command show a slash after directories?

How to use du command show a slash after directories? For example: du -ab /root/test/php-5.4.8/ Result: 1781 /root/test/php-5.4.8/main/internal_functions.c.in 973596 ...
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4answers
7k views

Switch Fn key state

I have this issue with Lenovo Thinkcentre Edge. Its keyboard has Fn key, which acts in my Ubuntu (with Fluxbox) as if it is always "active/pressed". I can't use standard F1-F12 keys unless I hold ...
6
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1answer
634 views

Assistance wanted in removing the “No mail.” notification in MOTD for Ubuntu 10.10

How do I remove the No mail. notification on Ubuntu 10.10 Server? This occurs when I log in, and is located underneath the message of the day I have a separate script which uses a different messaging ...