Ubuntu is a Linux distribution with an emphasis on ease of use and installation. Note that http://askubuntu.com is specifically dedicated to Ubuntu questions.

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Why root's default shell is configured differently with other normal user account's default shell?

As I know, root's default shell is configured csh and normal user's default shell is sh in FreeBSD. And in Ubuntu, root is dash, normal user is bash. (refer: What's the Ubuntu's default shell?) Why ...
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2answers
3k views

How do I find the process generating a lot of network traffic?

My machine is generating a lot of network traffic, all from the same source port, with many different destinations (found this out by running iftop -P, and from my router's logs). How do I find the ...
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5answers
7k views

Dual monitors and panels

I have a question with regard to a multiple monitor setup. I'm currently primarily a Windows user, but I've been running Ubuntu in dual boot to get a feel for it. The one thing I find lacking that ...
7
votes
2answers
673 views

Is it possible to install a linux desktop environment from a live cd?

My question is about Linux in general but lets suppose my ubuntu isn't working property, booting in tty or whatever. I have no internet connection but I have ubuntu live cd. Is it possible to ...
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5answers
14k views

invalid SSL_version specified at /usr/share/perl5/IO/Socket/SSL.pm line 332

Since I upgraded my PC from (k)ubuntu 12.04 to 12.10 I receive this error message when trying to send an email using sendemail. Installing an older version of IO::Socket::SSL is not an option. I ...
7
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4answers
8k views

Switch Fn key state

I have this issue with Lenovo Thinkcentre Edge. Its keyboard has Fn key, which acts in my Ubuntu (with Fluxbox) as if it is always "active/pressed". I can't use standard F1-F12 keys unless I hold ...
7
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1answer
1k views

wubi pros and cons

Do you have experience using Wubi and if so, what are the major pros and cons ? I am of course particularly interested in potential problems.
7
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2answers
145 views

Removed apt-get from Ubuntu

Well my fingers did manage to do sudo apt-get remove libstdc++6 and write, yes. That removed alot of system files. Is there any way to bring it up working again? I have connected to terminal, and wget ...
7
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1answer
6k views

Where did /usr/lib64 go and what is /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu?

I have two Ubuntu-x86_64 systems. One is version 10.04, the other 12.04 and there is a difference in the structure of the lib directories. This doesn't surprise me, but I'm curious if anyone knows ...
7
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2answers
3k views

Evince fails to start because it cannot read .Xauthority

I'm logged in remotely over SSH with X forwarding to a machine running Ubuntu 10.04 (lucid). Most X11 applications (e.g. xterm, gnome-terminal) work fine. But Evince does not start. It seems unable to ...
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2answers
1k views

Should I use http or ftp links in apt sources.list

Should I use http or ftp links in /etc/apt/sources.list? What I mean is is using something like, deb ftp://ftp.debian.org/debian/ squeeze main contrib non-free deb-src ftp://ftp.debian.org/debian/ ...
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2answers
7k views

Add Apache to Ubuntu's startup

I'm currently learning the Linux environment, and decided to manually install the Apache server. For educational purposes, I've compiled it into: /server/apache The http.conf location is configured ...
7
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1answer
1k views

How do I use colors in the MOTD?

I edited the default /etc/update-motd.d/00-header, adding some color to make it easier to read: printf "Welcome to \e[1;34m%s\e[0m \e[2m(%s %s %s)\e[0m\n" "$DISTRIB_DESCRIPTION" "$(uname -o)" ...
7
votes
3answers
5k views

How do I “merge” two text files?

I recently upgraded from Ubuntu 12.04 to 12.10 and at one point, it encountered an Apache config file conflict in apache2.conf. I didn't give me a merge option at that point, so I just rejected the ...
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2answers
333 views

Can I get infected in this case if I run a live cd?

I recently got rid of a nasty trojan on Windows and want to migrate to Linux(Ubuntu). I want to run a Live CD so that I can format an SD card to put my brand new firmware on my router and format the ...
7
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2answers
46k views

How to fix boot into initramfs prompt and “mount: can't read '/etc/fstab': No such file or directory” and “No init found”?

Installing a new system using a GPT partitioned disk dedicated to a single partition, ext4 formatted, extlinux (version 4.05) as bootloader, Ubuntu Core version 13.10 amd64 as rootfs, and Ubuntu ...
7
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1answer
582 views

GPU computing without X?

I am attempting to run GPU computation software on Ubuntu Server 12.04 without X since this box is going to be a dedicated computation machine. However the last requirement "Without X" is proving to ...
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2answers
1k views

Fixing CTRL-* in vim under GNU screen

When running vim under GNU screen, I'm finding that combinations of CTRL with the arrow and Pg* keys don't work as expected. I'm using the Ubuntu 10.10 vim-gnome package. On a different machine, ...
7
votes
1answer
11k views

~/.xinitrc not being run

I am not able to run my ~/.xinitrc (~/.xsession) scripts when logging into my computer. I'm using Xubuntu 12.10 with vanilla lightgm as the login manager. Both these files have the right permission ...
7
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4answers
5k views

When does chmod fail?

Under what circumstances will chmod fail? I looked at the man page but it only specifies usage and doesn't go into details about what circumstances it won't work in. I'd assume chmod will work if: ...
7
votes
1answer
4k views

How to launch an application with default “terminal emulator” on Ubuntu?

I wanted to execute some command in terminal emulator, like Konsole, but I need to make this cross-desktop. Is there some command like xdg-open, but for getting the default terminal emulator? I'm ...
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1answer
1k views

Can I use and install Ubuntu packages in Debian?

I'm looking to install Linux Mint on my main work computer. Presently, I'm running Ubuntu 10.04 on it after upgrading from 9.10 (both 64bit). Previously, I have always backed up and formatted my hard ...
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2answers
2k views

udev rule for assigning known symlinks for identical usb serial devices

I have two (and possibly in the future, more) USB serial devices which are identical (down to the serial number, unfortunately) - they're actually BTC miners. Currently they end up as ttyUSBX where X ...
7
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1answer
9k views

How can I make this daemon/init run as a non root user?

I have an init script to kick off a daemon. The problem is it runs as root. I would like it to run as a user called "deploy". Ubuntu 12.04 #! /bin/sh # File: /etc/init.d/unicorn ### BEGIN INIT ...
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3answers
25k views

How do I find out why cron is not running my jobs?

I'm using Ubuntu 14.04, and the cron daemon is running: # ps ax | grep cron 822 ? Ss 0:00 cron but it is not executing any jobs. I was previously getting entries in /var/log/syslog such ...
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3answers
12k views

Proper way of changing username in Ubuntu or any linux

I am using Ubuntu 12.04 and made some customization. I will also make it a new iso which is customized ubuntu. What I want to ask is how can I change my username. There are plenty much configuration ...
7
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2answers
1k views

Cisco-like command Line Interface

I'm looking for a way to implement a fairly basic Cisco like command line interface on my Ubuntu server appliance (12.04 in particular). I've come across the following project: CLISH however, ...
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2answers
92 views
+50

Cursor is huge on Ubuntu due to high resolution monitor

So I have a 4k display, and for some reason Ubuntu decides that it's a good idea to give me a huge cursor instead of something normal. I don't have any DPI settings on the 4k monitor, and I don't want ...
7
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3answers
4k views

“Unable to resolve hostname” - how to cleanly change hostname without rebooting

At work, I work on a small website using Ubuntu servers hosted on Amazon EC2 instances. We have two webservers, and at any given time one of them is 'live' and one is 'testing', but when we've got our ...
7
votes
1answer
368 views

Installing USR 5422 on Ubuntu 12.04

I am a newbie to Linux. I was trying to set up the USR5422 USB adapter. It worked fine for the first time, but since then it freezes the computer most of the time. What commands can I fire to see ...
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2answers
2k views

autofs with sshfs not working anymore [closed]

I just upgraded from Ubuntu 12.04 to 12.10. Before that I backed up my autofs config which worked fine. I appended the line from my old /etc/auto.master to the new one: +dir:/etc/auto.master.d ...
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5answers
3k views

Unable to connect to a wifi network with an SSID containing diacritics

My current WiFi network (and i'm writing this with the help of Windows -.- ) has a diacritic in it's SSID: "ö". If changing the SSID is not an option, how to connect to such a network? This does not ...
7
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3answers
653 views

Is it possible to execute scripts in BIND based on lookup

Is it possible, to set up BIND as DNS server on my local network, and make execute scripts when it gets a lookup? I would like to execute a Python or Bash script, based on the incoming DNS lookup, ...
7
votes
2answers
699 views

No sound when attached to docking station

I have been using Linux and Ubuntu only since the last two months on my (2006) Sony Vaio VGN A617S laptop which is going pretty well on Ubuntu 10.10. When installing Ubuntu audio did get installed ...
7
votes
1answer
371 views

Low battery freezes laptop [closed]

I have a laptop Lenovo G575. MS Windows works without any problems on it, but with Linux, it freezes during login or up to 10 minutes after power on. I have tried Ubuntu, Fedora 15 and 16, Fedora 16 ...
6
votes
5answers
2k views

How do you free up resources in Ubuntu?

What steps do you take to make a vanilla Ubuntu system run faster and use less memory? I'm using Ubuntu as the OS for my general purpose PC, but it's on slightly older hardware and I want to get as ...
6
votes
2answers
125 views

What is the rationale behind using non-numeric package component for the version?

In ubuntu (and not only in ubuntu) default repository you could see a package version like 2.2.14-5ubuntu8.12. Why do the maintainers give such a weird version in the central package repository? ...
6
votes
3answers
460 views

Effect of compiling from source on already installed applications

I use Ubuntu 12.04. Say I have installed package x from the repository (with all its dependencies) at version 1.7 but I need some functionality that is only available in version 1.8, so I download the ...
6
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2answers
23k views

Where does postfix store email?

I can't find any documentation on how postfix stores email. Where is it stored, and in what format? I'm using Ubuntu server 11
6
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3answers
1k views

Command line join of password protected wireless networks in Ubuntu, Arch Linux, or other distros?

Is there a way to join a password protected wireless network via the command line in installations of Ubuntu or Arch Linux with no desktop environment or any GUI installed? Also, could this be done ...
6
votes
4answers
5k views

Ctrl+C does not work in gnome-terminal

On my Linux host, Ctrl+C does not seem to work and I do not know how to proceed to make it work. I am using Ubuntu 10.04 with bash 4.1.5(1), and working in Gnome-terminal. When I pressed Ctrl+C while ...
6
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3answers
436 views

How does bash know how it is being invoked?

I've installed jailkit on Ubuntu 12.04 and I have set up a user's shell to /bin/bash - but when it is invoked it runs /etc/bash.bashrc instead of /etc/profile If you haven't used jailkit before ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

How does one open a new window from the shell with a specific size and position?

For example, say I wanted to start gnome-terminal with it's northwest corner at 0,0, and make the window 736x434 pixels (apparently the default, which allows for an an 80-character by 24-character ...
6
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1answer
6k views

apt-get doesn't stop on Ctrl-c, what to do?

Occasionally I have connection problem with apt-get (typically because I use it behind a proxy and try to install/upgrade flash). I have been trying sending Ctrlc but it would not stop. I thought it ...
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3answers
12k views

File in Ubuntu equivalent to /etc/inittab file in RedHat

I searched a lot but can't get any solution. My question is what file in Ubuntu is equivalent to /etc/inittab file in RedHat. In RedHat /etc/inittab file contains the setting related to runlevel in ...
6
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2answers
595 views

Difference between /run and /var/run

Is there any difference between /run directory and var/run directory. It seems the latter is a link to the former. If the contents are one and the same what is the need for two directories?
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4answers
2k views

Tmux xclip copy no longer working

On mu ubuntu 12.04 setups my tmux clipboard copy and paste commands are setup as follows: set -g prefix M-a unbind C-b bind C-c run "tmux save-buffer - | xclip -i -sel clipboard" bind C-v run "tmux ...
6
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3answers
32k views

How to mount/recover data on a disk that was part of a mdadm raid 1 on another machine?

Some background The disk itself was "worked on" by a friend and is said to be still intact, undamaged and still mountable/recoverable The disk was part of a software raid 1 on Ubuntu 12.04 The other ...
6
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3answers
790 views

Terminal change keys

Is it possible in the Unix terminal to change some of the keyboard keys? For example: when I press , then _ gets printed? If this is indeed possible, how do I go about doing that? I'm on Ubuntu.
6
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4answers
8k views

FTP client with a good GUI?

I love linux because I get control over my system. But I do herald from the school of mac, where things are simple, beautiful, and powerful. I like it that way, as opposed to having lots of knobs and ...