Ubuntu is a Linux distribution with an emphasis on ease of use and installation. Note that http://askubuntu.com is specifically dedicated to Ubuntu questions.

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How to get rid of the “scanning for btrfs file systems” at start-up?

After upgrading from Ubuntu 12.04 to Ubuntu 12.10, I get a message "scanning for btrfs file systems" at starting-up. I don't have any BTRFS filesystem. It delays the booting for about 15 seconds. How ...
9
votes
2answers
8k views

How do I prevent GRUB from using/starting any graphical UI?

I have a problem with an older Laptop (Fujitsu Siemens LifeBook S6010, to be precise) and an Ubuntu (10.10, Xubuntu desktop) installation (fresh install). During installation the graphics hardware ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Why 'echo $0' gives different result for two different terminals?

I opened a terminal on Ubuntu using Ctrl+Alt+T and a different terminal by going to a directory and then right clicking and choosing "Open in Terminal". I did an echo $0 in both cases. In the ...
8
votes
3answers
31k views

How to start a service automatically, when Ubuntu starts?

I am using Ubuntu 12.04 and want to have a service starting, when the system is booted normally. As 'service' I understand some code, for example cd my_directory; my_command -host 0.0.0.0 -port ...
8
votes
5answers
10k views

Can't apply chmod to a file

I have a file on my HDD, cd /media/celebisait/5AC69788C6976355 There is my file called myFile.tar.gz. I do als -l, -rw------- 2 celebisait celebisait 1387745311 Jun 6 2013 myFile.tar.gz ...
8
votes
5answers
4k views

How is sudo set to not change $HOME in Ubuntu and how to disable this behavior?

On Ubuntu 12.04, when I sudo -s the $HOME variable is not changed, so if my regular user is regularuser, the situation goes like this: $ cd $ pwd /home/regularuser $ sudo -s # cd # pwd ...
8
votes
4answers
891 views

A small challenge to familiarize myself with Linux [closed]

I would like to learn more about Linux. I briefly went through a few books and quite a few articles online, but the only way to learn something is to actually start using it. I would like to jump in ...
8
votes
4answers
6k views

/etc/rc.d vs /etc/init.d

Is ubuntu's /etc/init.d directory exactly equivalent (functionally) to what I presume to be the more standard /etc/rc.d/ (at least on arch)? Is there any particular reason canonical used init.d ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

l, ls & la — what are the differences, and are there more of these commands?

So, through typing several commands I've found that there's not only ls, but l and la too. There doesn't appear to be any man entries on Ubuntu 12.14. They all appear to do similar things with minor ...
8
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6answers
6k views

Is there parallel wget? Something like fping but only for downloading?

I've found only puf (Parallel URL fetcher) but could to get it work with reading urls from file and something like puf < urls.txt does not work either. The operating system installed on the ...
8
votes
3answers
10k views

The rc0.d,rc1.d,… directories in /etc

I'm running Ubuntu 10.04 LTS where I have the directories /etc/rc0.d, /etc/rc1.d, /etc/rc2.d, ..., /etc/rc6.d. Example files from my machine: directory example symlinks in the dir ...
8
votes
2answers
14k views

Use shared libraries in /usr/local/lib

I have build some libraries from sources, and the files after make install are in /usr/local/lib For example, in my case I have the file libodb-2.2.so which is in this directory. However when I ...
8
votes
4answers
805 views

Understanding different Linux Distros

I'm having a little bit of confusion when understanding linux based OS's. When I download the newest version of Mint and Ubuntu, aren't they the "same" at their core (kernel)? It just seems that they ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Ubuntu vs Debian for server

What would be a better choice for a web server, Debian or Ubuntu? I mainly use Python & PostgreSQL with Nginx and sometimes PHP & MySQL. What are pros/cons of each?
8
votes
2answers
804 views

View Script Over SSH?

A friend, using a remote machine, SSHed to my machine and ran the following python script: while (1): ....print "hello world" (this script simply prints 'hello world' continuously). I am now ...
8
votes
3answers
4k views

How do I make my disk unmap pending unreadable sectors

I have a disk with some pending unreadable sectors, according to smartd. What would be the easiest way to make the disk remap them and stop smartd from complaining? Today, I get two of these every ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Using Atlas from scipy

I installed Ubuntu 12.04 64 bit. I need to work with python and scipy, I installed them and when I run the test: python -c "import scipy; scipy.test()" I get the message: ImportError: ...
8
votes
4answers
9k views

I changed my hostname, why is my bash PS1 prompt unchanged

I changed my hostname by editing /etc/hostname and can see the new hostname using the hostname and hostname -F commands. But the shell prompt is still showing the old hostname. This is Ubuntu 11.0.4 ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Launchpad equivalent for Debian

I am thinking of switching to Debian (Squeeze) from Ubuntu (10.10). But these questions have been bugging me: Is there a Launchpad equivalent repository for Debian? I am not able compile packages ...
8
votes
4answers
10k views

Why is this python error message generated whenever I type a nonsense command?

Whenever I type any "nonsense" command, this python error message is generated. Normal commands work fine. Any idea how to debug this? $ somenonexistingcommand Traceback (most recent call last): ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

can packages marked Debian/Ubuntu be installed in Linux Mint as well?

I have been using Ubuntu 12.10 for some time now, and I kinda hate it. 12.04 was a lot better. While i can still revert to 12.04, I am thinking about trying out Linux Mint based on 12.10 (the Nadia ...
8
votes
2answers
5k views

Restore /etc/ configuration files from the default

Is there a way to replace /etc configuration files from a package, overwriting my local changes? I've tried apt-get install --reinstall mypackage but it doesn't update the files. How can I do this?
8
votes
5answers
10k views

Why is this network connection so slow?

I am having some problems with network performance speed on a Linux server running Ubuntu 9.10. Transfer speeds on all types of traffic are around 1.5MB/s on a 1000mbit/s wired ethernet connection. ...
8
votes
4answers
19k views

How to find the IP address of a KVM Virtual Machine, that I can SSH into it?

I have follow this guide (Virtualization With KVM On Ubuntu 11.10) to setup my KVM (Virtual Machines Software) on my Ubuntu 11.10 Server. However, I didn't setup my VM's IP address when creating the ...
8
votes
3answers
4k views

Why is my EC2 server's time off by ~10 seconds every day?

I have what I believe is a system file, /etc/cron.daily/ntpupdate which runs ntpdate ntp.ubuntu.com daily to sync with the network time. Every day it generates output very similar to this: ...
8
votes
1answer
26k views

Booting linux from usb using EFI

I need to use a USB drive as an installation media for my Mint and Ubuntu. For that I have unetbootin to make the usb bootable. But my PC only supports EFI boot (while adding the boot device, I need ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

CPU stuck at 99% for a few hours. Really need help figuring out logs

extract from syslog: CRON[pid]: (user) CMD ( [ -x /usr/lib/php5/maxlifetime ] && [ -d /var/lib/php5 ] && find /var/lib/php5/ -depth -mindepth 1 -maxdepth 1 -type f -cmin ...
8
votes
2answers
9k views

How to find out which X11 driver system is using?

How to find out which X11 driver system is using? For my chip openchrome is the best driver but I suspect that system is not using it. I just need at least 2D acceleration. How can I check? Here is ...
8
votes
4answers
25k views

How can I fsck a partition when the device reads as busy (but has been confirmed otherwise)?

I'm attempting to run fsck -p /dev/sda5 to repair errors on an ext4 partition, however the command outputs fsck from util-linux-ng 2.17.2 fsck.ext4: Device or resource busy while trying to open ...
8
votes
1answer
378 views

Finding the library versions a library was linked against

I have a library that was compiled on an unknown Ubuntu machine, And I'd like to determine what version of Ubuntu that machine had at the compile time. My idea was to try and find the versions of ...
8
votes
2answers
5k views

Merging two internet connections from two network interfaces in order to obtain double speed

I have two network interfaces (one wired & one wireless). I have two internet accounts too (each 256 kBps; one from a modem that I use as wired connection & the other from a wireless network). ...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

How to get Nautilus to “Open with Archive Mounter”?

I see Ubuntu screenshots showing that one can right-click an ISO, and have an option to "Open with Archive Mount". How do I get that running elsewhere where it isn't default (Debian in my case)? This ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I use a font in .ttc format as the console font?

I rather dislike the available tty fonts and would rather use Menlo, which is what I use in OS X's Terminal. Menlo is in a .ttc format, but (from the contents of /usr/share/consolefonts) Linux seems ...
8
votes
3answers
404 views

What could cause the clock to jump by 5 minutes?

I have a (physical) box running a stripped down Ubuntu; every now and then (6 times in 3 months), the clock jumps backwards by exactly 300 seconds (+- 0.01 seconds; always exactly 300 seconds). It ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Kernel Panic because of RAM stick?

one of my RAM sticks causes a Kernel Panic on my Ubuntu 10.10 (something like "not syncing" with a lot of memory adresses shown on screen). It's definitely this one RAM stick and not its socket ...
8
votes
1answer
698 views

Is there a tool(!) to list assigned subuid and subgid values for users?

The question is basically in the title. usermod -v (--add-sub-uids) and usermod -w (--add-sub-gids) can be used to manipulate the subuid and subgid ranges for a user account, but there appears to be ...
7
votes
4answers
15k views

How to find a file in the filesystem from the command line?

I'm fairly new to Linux, and I've now found myself in a situation where I'd like to find where a file (with a partially-known filename) is in the file system. I'd like to know how to do this from the ...
7
votes
6answers
22k views

Where is Netbeans installed on Ubuntu?

I installed Netbeans on my Ubuntu 11.10 machine. I used the combined method, so Netbeans and JDK are installed from a single file. However, now that it's installed I can't figure out how to start ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

What are the ramifications of setting the hostname?

I have several Amazon EC2 servers and I'm using Chef to manage the configuration. I'd like to set the hostname so that the default bash prompt is more helpful. Right now after launching a new server ...
7
votes
6answers
1k views

Negatives/downsides of Ubuntu's no-root sudo setup

By default, Ubuntu does not create a root account that the user can login to. Instead users use sudo when they need to perform actions that require administrative access. Obviously, the people at ...
7
votes
4answers
13k views

How to get back sudo on Ubuntu?

I have done this: sudo chown -R myname /usr/ and now I can't use the sudo command because of this error: sudo: must be setuid root And as I read this means that the owner of this file ...
7
votes
2answers
5k views

Does a bad sector indicate a failing disk?

My Ubuntu 13.10 system has been performing very poorly over the last day or so. Looking at the kernel logs, it appears that the <1yr old 3TB SATA disk is having issues with a particular sector: ...
7
votes
3answers
9k views

How can I install perldoc on Ubuntu?

Ubuntu 10.10 comes with Perl 5.10.1 pre-installed, but strangely enough perldoc isn't part of the package. $ perldoc You need to install the perl-doc package to use this program. How can I make ...
7
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3answers
721 views

Harddrive I/O per Pid

is there any way to see the disk I/O per pid/process ? Monitorix shows me the following and correct me if I´m wrong, but it looks like that the harddrive is slowing down the whole system: UPDATE #1 ...
7
votes
1answer
916 views

Why root's default shell is configured differently with other normal user account's default shell?

As I know, root's default shell is configured csh and normal user's default shell is sh in FreeBSD. And in Ubuntu, root is dash, normal user is bash. (refer: What's the Ubuntu's default shell?) Why ...
7
votes
1answer
10k views

How to permanently disable a network interface?

I've brought down a network interface with ifconfig wlan0 down, but every few hours or so, the wlan0 interface comes back up and I can't figure out why. I don't restart the machine, never changed ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I find the process generating a lot of network traffic?

My machine is generating a lot of network traffic, all from the same source port, with many different destinations (found this out by running iftop -P, and from my router's logs). How do I find the ...
7
votes
2answers
641 views

Is it possible to install a linux desktop environment from a live cd?

My question is about Linux in general but lets suppose my ubuntu isn't working property, booting in tty or whatever. I have no internet connection but I have ubuntu live cd. Is it possible to ...
7
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5answers
13k views

invalid SSL_version specified at /usr/share/perl5/IO/Socket/SSL.pm line 332

Since I upgraded my PC from (k)ubuntu 12.04 to 12.10 I receive this error message when trying to send an email using sendemail. Installing an older version of IO::Socket::SSL is not an option. I ...
7
votes
4answers
8k views

Switch Fn key state

I have this issue with Lenovo Thinkcentre Edge. Its keyboard has Fn key, which acts in my Ubuntu (with Fluxbox) as if it is always "active/pressed". I can't use standard F1-F12 keys unless I hold ...